Vernon Duke

Nom Civil:
Vladimir Dukelsky
Profil:
Russian-American composer and songwriter.

Born: 10 October 1903 in Parafjanawa, Russian Empire (now Belarus).
Died: 16 January 1969 in Santa Monica, California, USA (aged 65).

Born Vladimir Dukelsky, he grew up in Kiev and showed remarkable musical talent at an early age; he was admitted to the Kiev Conservatory when he was only eleven years old. At the Conservatory, he studied with the composer Reinhold Glière, and one of his contemporaries there was the young Vladimir Horowitz. Duke was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.

His family fled Russia in 1919 at the outbreak of the Russian Revolution and spent eighteen months in Constantinople. In 1921, the Dukelsky family obtained United States visas and emigrated to New York. Vladimir became friends with George Gershwin, who suggested that he Americanize his name to Vernon Duke. He used his pen name for popular music and used his given name when writing classical music or Russian poetry (until 1955, when he dropped the name Dukelsky).

He moved to Paris in 1924 and wrote classical music (as Dukelsky) for Ballet Russes and also composed his First Symphony (1928). He became close friends with composer Sergei Prokofiev as well as Pablo Picasso and Jean Cocteau. He also traveled to London and contributed to musical comedies (as Vernon Duke).

In 1929, he returned to New York and began writing for Broadway, partnering with E.Y. Harburg to write his first pop hit "April in Paris." Duke's songs "April In Paris" (1932), "Autumn In New York" (1934), "I Like The Likes Of You" (1934), "Water Under the Bridge" (1934), and "I Can't Get Started" (1936), were hits of the 1930s.

Dukelsky became a US citizen in 1936 (some sources say 1939) and took Vernon Duke as his legal name. During World War II, he served in the US Coast Guard, where he wrote the score for a Coast Guard revue, "Tars And Spars", starring the young and then-unknown Sid Caesar.

After the war, his career lulled, and he lived in France, eventually settling in California in 1948. By 1955, he dropped the name Dukelsky, and from then on both his classical and popular compositions were credited to Vernon Duke. In that same year, he published an autobiography, "Passport To Paris", and in 1957 he married singer Kay McCracken.

Vernon Duke died during an operation for lung cancer in Santa Monica, California on 16 January 1969.
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Albums

Vernon Duke - This Is My Beloved illustration d'album John Dall, Vernon Duke, Lehman Engel John Dall, Vernon Duke, Lehman Engel - This Is My Beloved (Album) Atlantic US 1948 Vendre cette version
1252 Vernon Duke - This Is My Beloved illustration d'album Alfred Ryder, Vernon Duke, Lehman Engel, Walter Benton (2) Alfred Ryder, Vernon Duke, Lehman Engel, Walter Benton (2) - This Is My Beloved(LP, Album, Mono) Atlantic 1252 US 1956 Vendre cette version
Vernon Duke - André Previn Plays Songs By Vernon Duke illustration d'album André Previn Plays Songs By Vernon Duke André Previn Plays Songs By Vernon Duke - André Previn Plays Songs By Vernon Duke (Album) Contemporary Records UK 1958 Vendre cette version
Vernon Duke - Time Remembered illustration d'album Vernon Duke, Pete Rugolo And His Orchestra* Vernon Duke, Pete Rugolo And His Orchestra* - Time Remembered (Album) Mercury US 1957 Vendre cette version
C6004 Vernon Duke - String Quartet/Three Caprices/Variations On An Old Russian Chant/Surrealist Suite illustration d'album Vernon Duke String Quartet/Three Caprices/Variations On An Old Russian Chant/Surrealist Suite(LP, Album) Contemporary Records C6004 USA & Canada 1959 Vendre cette version
M 6007 Vernon Duke - Sonata in D / Etude for Violin and Bassoon / Souvenir de Venise / Parisian Suite illustration d'album Vernon Duke Sonata in D / Etude for Violin and Bassoon / Souvenir de Venise / Parisian Suite(LP, Mono) Contemporary Composers Series M 6007 US 1961 Vendre cette version
TER 1001 Vernon Duke - Nashville New York - A Revue illustration d'album Vernon Duke, Kurt Weill, Robert Cushman, Christopher Benjamin (2) Vernon Duke, Kurt Weill, Robert Cushman, Christopher Benjamin (2) - Nashville New York - A Revue(LP) That's Entertainment Records TER 1001 UK 1980 Vendre cette version
ZDM 0777 7 64892 2 3 Vernon Duke - Cabin In The Sky: A Musical Fantasy (New York Revival Cast Recording) illustration d'album Vernon Duke, John Latouche Vernon Duke, John Latouche - Cabin In The Sky: A Musical Fantasy (New York Revival Cast Recording)(CD, Album, RE, RM) Broadway Angel ZDM 0777 7 64892 2 3 US 1993 Vendre cette version
CD 952 Vernon Duke - Trio America Vol. IV illustration d'album The Mirecourt Trio, Otto Luening, Duke Ellington, Thomas Benjamin, Vladimir Dukelsky* & Lloyd Rogers* The Mirecourt Trio, Otto Luening, Duke Ellington, Thomas Benjamin, Vladimir Dukelsky* & Lloyd Rogers* - Trio America Vol. IV(CD) Music & Arts CD 952 US 1996 Vendre cette version
1020 Vernon Duke - Zenda illustration d'album Vernon Duke - Starring Alfred Drake, Anne Rogers, Chita Rivera Vernon Duke - Starring Alfred Drake, Anne Rogers, Chita Rivera - Zenda(CDr, RE, RM) Deja Vu Records (3) 1020 US 2003 Vendre cette version
PS-1198 Vernon Duke - Sweet Bye And Bye illustration d'album Vernon Duke, Ogden Nash Vernon Duke, Ogden Nash - Sweet Bye And Bye(CD, Album) PS Classics PS-1198 US 2011 Vendre cette version

Singles & EPs

2002 Vernon Duke I Can't Get Started, Part. 2(7") Melojazz 2002 US Unknown Vendre cette version