Eugene Ormandy

Vrai Nom:
Jenö Blau
Profil:
Hungarian-American conductor and violinist ( November 18, 1899, Budapest, Hungary – March 12, 1985, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA).

Ormandy is best known for his longstanding post as the conductor of The Philadelphia Orchestra. He also developed what came to be known as the "Philadelphia Sound," emphasizing lush string sonorities and, often, legato phrasing and rounded tone.

Ormandy, born Jenö Blau, began his musical career at an early age. He could identify symphonies at the age of 3 and could play the violin by the age of 4. When he was 5, he became a pupil at the Royal Academy of Music in Budapest (now the Franz Liszt Academy of Music). He studied with Jenő Hubay and began his conducting career with the Symphonisches Blüthner-Orchester Berlin (Blüthner Orchestra).

He moved to the United States in 1921 (taking citizenship in 1927). Around this time he changed his name to "Eugene Ormandy," "Eugene" being the equivalent of the Hungarian "Jenő." Accounts differ on the origin of "Ormandy"; it may have either been his own middle name at birth, or his mother's. In the 1920s, Ormandy worked in New York as a conductor and in 1930 made his first appearance in Philadelphia with The Robin Hood Dell Orchestra Of Philadelphia. When Arturo Toscanini was too ill to conduct the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1931, Ormandy was asked to sit in. This led to Ormandy's first major appointment as a conductor in Minneapolis.

From 1931 to 1936 Ormandy served as Music Director of Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra (now the Minnesota Orchestra). During his time in Minnesota, RCA Victor contracted the orchestra and recordings were made from 1934-1935. Several premiere recordings were made in Minneapolis, including Zoltán Kodály's <i> Háry János Suite </i> and Arnold Schoenberg’s <i> Verklärte Nacht </i>.

In 1936, Eugene Ormandy began his 44-year long tenure with The Philadelphia Orchestra when he became associate conductor under Leopold Stokowski. In 1938, he was promoted to permanent conductor. Ormandy was a quick learner of scores, often conducting from memory and without a baton. He developed an amazing ensemble rapport and personally hired every one of the 104 musicians who played under his baton.

As music director, Ormandy conducted from 100 to 180 concerts each year in Philadelphia. He led the Philadelphia Orchestra on several national and international tours, including a 1955 tour of Finland, where Ormandy and Orchestra members visited the elderly composer Jean Sibelius and in 1973, they became the first American symphony orchestra in the People's Republic of China. Ormandy and the orchestra recorded extensively for Columbia and RCA, especially during the stereo LP era. Ormandy retired as conductor in Philadelphia at the end of the 1979-1980 season (whereupon he was named Conductor Laureate).

Ormandy was always a knowledgeable, well-prepared conductor, but he was most comfortable with Romantic and post-Romantic music; especially noteworthy were his performances and recordings of Richard Strauss and Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff. He led the first performances of many works by American composers and, in 1948 he led the Philadelphia Orchestra in the first symphony concert broadcast on American TV.

Ormandy's awards include: <b> The Presidential Medal of Freedom</b>, presented by Richard M. Nixon in 1970; <b> The Ditson Conductor's Award </b> for championing American music in 1977; Appointment by Queen Elizabeth II as an honorary <b> Knight of the British Empire </b> in 1976; and he was awarded the <b> Kennedy Center Honors </b> in 1982.

He was the brother of Martin Ormandy
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Albums

DB 8395/8405 Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") illustration d'album Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Gustav Mahler, Eugene Ormandy, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Symphony No. 2 ("Resurrection") (Album) Victor Red Seal, Victor Red Seal DB 8395/8405 US 1935 Vendre cette version
M 274 Eugene Ormandy - Beethoven Symphony No. 4 In B Flat (Opus 60) illustration d'album Eugene Ormandy and the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Eugene Ormandy and the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven Symphony No. 4 In B Flat (Opus 60)(5xShellac, 12", Album) Victor Red Seal M 274 US 1935 Vendre cette version
M-555, M 555 Eugene Ormandy - Songs Of Brahms illustration d'album Brahms* - Marian Anderson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Brahms* - Marian Anderson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Songs Of Brahms Victor Red Seal, Victor Red Seal M-555, M 555 Canada 1939 Vendre cette version
DM-337, DM 337 Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 6, In B Minor "Pathetique", Op. 74 illustration d'album Tschaikowsky*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Tschaikowsky*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - Symphony No. 6, In B Minor "Pathetique", Op. 74 (Album) Victor Red Seal DM-337, DM 337 US 1940 Vendre cette version
DM 828 Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 5 In E Minor, Op. 64 illustration d'album Eugene Ormandy ,The Philadelphia Orchestra Tchaikovsky* Eugene Ormandy ,The Philadelphia Orchestra Tchaikovsky* - Symphony No. 5 In E Minor, Op. 64 (Album) Victor Red Seal DM 828 Canada 1941 Vendre cette version
M 750 Eugene Ormandy - Sibelius's 75th Anniversary illustration d'album Sibelius* Played By The Philadelphia Orchestra* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Sibelius* Played By The Philadelphia Orchestra* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Sibelius's 75th Anniversary (Album) Victor Red Seal M 750 US 1941 Vendre cette version
M 815 Eugene Ormandy - Double Concerto In A Minor, Op. 102 illustration d'album Jascha Heifetz, Emanuel Feuermann, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Brahms* Jascha Heifetz, Emanuel Feuermann, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Brahms* - Double Concerto In A Minor, Op. 102 (Album) Victor Red Seal M 815 US 1941 Vendre cette version
DM 854 Eugene Ormandy - Matthias The Painter ("Mathis Der Maler") illustration d'album The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Hindemith* The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Hindemith* - Matthias The Painter ("Mathis Der Maler") (Album) Victor Red Seal DM 854 US 1942 Vendre cette version
DM 900 Eugene Ormandy - Concerto In A Minor For Piano And Orchestra, Op. 16 illustration d'album Artur Rubinstein* And The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Grieg* Artur Rubinstein* And The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Grieg* - Concerto In A Minor For Piano And Orchestra, Op. 16 (Album) Victor Red Seal DM 900 US 1942 Vendre cette version
MM-557 Eugene Ormandy - Beethoven Seventh Symphony illustration d'album Beethoven* ; Eugene Ormandy And The Philadelphia Orchestra Beethoven* ; Eugene Ormandy And The Philadelphia Orchestra - Beethoven Seventh Symphony (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM-557 US 1944 Vendre cette version
MM 591 Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor, Op. 125 ("Choral") illustration d'album The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Beethoven* The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Beethoven* - Symphony No. 9 In D Minor, Op. 125 ("Choral") (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM 591 US 1945 Vendre cette version
J88 Eugene Ormandy - Rhapsody In Blue illustration d'album Gershwin* / Oscar Levant with The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Gershwin* / Oscar Levant with The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Rhapsody In Blue (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia J88 Canada 1945 Vendre cette version
MM 567, mm-567 Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 4 In E Minor, Op. 98 illustration d'album Johannes Brahms, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Johannes Brahms, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Symphony No. 4 In E Minor, Op. 98 (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MM 567, mm-567 US 1945 Vendre cette version
MM-584 Eugene Ormandy - Piano Concerto Number 2 In B-Flat Major illustration d'album Rudolf Serkin / The Philadelphia Orchestra / Eugene Ormandy - Brahms* Rudolf Serkin / The Philadelphia Orchestra / Eugene Ormandy - Brahms* - Piano Concerto Number 2 In B-Flat Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM-584 US 1945 Vendre cette version
MM-564 Eugene Ormandy - Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole In D Minor, Op. 21 illustration d'album Lalo*, Nathan Milstein With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Lalo*, Nathan Milstein With The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole In D Minor, Op. 21(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks MM-564 US 1945 Vendre cette version
MX-247, X-MX-247, MX 247 Eugene Ormandy - Two Nocturnes illustration d'album Debussy* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Debussy* - The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Two Nocturnes(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MX-247, X-MX-247, MX 247 US 1945 Vendre cette version
MM-642 Eugene Ormandy - Brahms: Symphony No. 3 In F Major illustration d'album The Philadelphia Orchestra , conducted by Eugene Ormandy The Philadelphia Orchestra , conducted by Eugene Ormandy - Brahms: Symphony No. 3 In F Major (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM-642 US 1946 Vendre cette version
D141 Eugene Ormandy - Alexander Nevsky - Cantata, Op. 78 illustration d'album Prokofiev*, The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy Prokofiev*, The Philadelphia Orchestra Conducted By Eugene Ormandy - Alexander Nevsky - Cantata, Op. 78 (Album) Columbia D141 Canada 1946 Vendre cette version
MM 570, MM-570 Eugene Ormandy - New World Symphony illustration d'album Dvořák* - Eugene Ormandy Conducting The Philadelphia Orchestra Dvořák* - Eugene Ormandy Conducting The Philadelphia Orchestra - New World Symphony (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MM 570, MM-570 US 1946 Vendre cette version
MM-616 Eugene Ormandy - The Pines Of Rome  illustration d'album Respighi*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra Respighi*, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra - The Pines Of Rome (3xShellac, 10", Album + Box) Columbia Masterworks MM-616 US 1946 Vendre cette version
MM-707 Eugene Ormandy - Feste Romane illustration d'album Respighi* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Conductor* Respighi* : The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Conductor* - Feste Romane(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia MM-707 US 1946 Vendre cette version
M-588 Eugene Ormandy - Six Dances illustration d'album The Philadelphia Orchestra "Pops"* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy & Saul Caston The Philadelphia Orchestra "Pops"* Conducted By Eugene Ormandy & Saul Caston - Six Dances(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks M-588 US 1947 Vendre cette version
MM 658 Eugene Ormandy - Dvorak: Concerto In B Minor For Cello And Orchestra, Op. 104 illustration d'album Gregor Piatigorsky, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Dvořák* Gregor Piatigorsky, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Dvořák* - Dvorak: Concerto In B Minor For Cello And Orchestra, Op. 104 (Album) Columbia Masterworks MM 658 US 1947 Vendre cette version
MM 674, mm-674 Eugene Ormandy - Concerto No. 3 For Piano And Orchestra illustration d'album Bartók* ; György Sándor, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Bartók* ; György Sándor, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Concerto No. 3 For Piano And Orchestra(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MM 674, mm-674 US 1947 Vendre cette version
ML 4020 Eugene Ormandy - Two Nocturnes: Nuages And Fêtes / The Pines Of Rome illustration d'album Debussy*, Respighi*, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Debussy*, Respighi*, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Two Nocturnes: Nuages And Fêtes / The Pines Of Rome Columbia Masterworks ML 4020 Canada 1948 Vendre cette version