Credits List

Discussion of credit roles should take place in the official New Credit Roles Forum thread.

Credit Indexed? Heading Subheading Notes
Artwork By N NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. Use "Artwork" for a linked credit.
Photography N NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. Use "Photography By" for a linked credit.
Executive Producer N NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. Use "Executive-Producer" for a linked credit.
Other N NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. To be used for roles credited on the release that are not musical or technical, and should not be linked, for example, catering personnel, drivers etc. Please see the note here regarding 'Thank You' type credits.
Written By N NON-LINKED CREDIT - This credit will not create any new artist, nor link to any artist page. This is a special unlinked role that can be used to group all credited writers of the music and display their names as formatted on the release. e.g. Lennon/McCartney. If the full name of the artist is displayed on the release you must use the linked Written-By credit, but can also use the unlinked credit if the formatting is of significance. The Artist Name Variation function should also be considered when deciding which credit should be used.
Written-By N Writing & Arrangement This is the new version of the Written By credit that is linked. It is used in the same way as all other linked credits. Note the dash '-', it is vital it is entered exactly this way.
Adapted By N Writing & Arrangement Somewhat similar to Arranged By.
Arranged By N Writing & Arrangement
Cadenza N Writing & Arrangement (Italian for cadence) Generically, an improvised or written-out ornamental passage played or sung by a soloist or soloists, usually in a "free" rhythmic style, and often allowing for virtuosic display. Often refers to a portion of a concerto in which the orchestra stops playing, leaving the soloist to play alone in free time (without a strict, regular pulse) and can be written or improvised, depending on what the composer specifies. Please also include the instrument they are playing, as a separate credit, if noted on the release. See Soloist.
Composed By N Writing & Arrangement Person who writes the musical composition or melody to songs (valid for all genres)
Concept By N Writing & Arrangement
Copyist N Writing & Arrangement Employed by the music industry to produce written parts for individual musicians from an orchestral score or composer's manuscript.
Instrumentation By N Writing & Arrangement For orchestral and other groups, refers to the selection of instruments to play the different parts.
Libretto By N Writing & Arrangement The text used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. The term "libretto" is also sometimes used to refer to the text of major liturgical works, such as mass and requiem.
Lyrics By N Writing & Arrangement Person who writes the lyrics to songs
Music By N Writing & Arrangement
Musical Assistance N Writing & Arrangement
Orchestrated By N Writing & Arrangement
Programmed By N Writing & Arrangement (also programming) - Working a computer or electronic instrument in order to create a sound or sequence of notes (see also Drum Programming, Sequenced By)
Score N Writing & Arrangement This is almost the same as Composed By
Score Editor N Writing & Arrangement
Sequenced By N Writing & Arrangement The act of programming a computer, drum machine, or other sequencer to play a sequence of musical events.
Songwriter N Writing & Arrangement Use if the artist is credited as "Songwriter" or with "Songs By" or "Songs written by" on the release
Sound Designer N Writing & Arrangement
Transcription By N Writing & Arrangement Notating a piece or a sound which was previously unnotated, or rewriting a piece of music, either solo or ensemble, for another instrument or other instruments than which it was originally intended.
Translated By N Writing & Arrangement For roles that involve translating lyrics from one language to another. This role is for translations that are used in the audio work only. For Liner Notes translation and the like, please use brackets such as "Liner Notes [Translated By]" (or whatever the role was) instead.
Words By N Writing & Arrangement Appears on many records as an alternative to "Lyrics By".
Featuring Y Featuring & Presenting
Hosted By N Featuring & Presenting An alternative credit for someone who presents a show, mixtape etc.
Music Consultant N Writing & Arrangement
Presenter N Featuring & Presenting If no specific credit is apparent on the release, an artist with a following 'Presents' joiner must be credited with 'Presenter' in the credits section, with specific tracks indicated if relevant
Chorus Master N Conducting & Leading
Concertmaster N Conducting & Leading (also concert-master, leader, concertmistress) The leader of the first violin section of a symphony orchestra. Any violin solo in an orchestral work is played by the concertmaster (except in the case of a concerto, in which case guest soloists may be heard).
Concertmistress N Conducting & Leading (also concertmaster, leader) The leader of the first violin section of a symphony orchestra. Any violin solo in an orchestral work is played by the concertmaster (except in the case of a concerto, in which case guest soloists may be heard).
Conductor N Conducting & Leading Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. Orchestras, choirs, concert bands and other musical ensembles are often conducted. The principal conductor of an orchestra or opera company is sometimes referred to as a music director or chief conductor, or by the German word, Kapellmeister. Conductors of choirs or choruses are sometimes referred to as choral director, chorus master, or choirmaster, particularly for choirs associated with an orchestra. Conductors of military bands and other bands may hold the title of bandmaster, or drum major. Respected senior conductors are sometimes referred to by the Italian word, maestro ("master").
Contractor N Conducting & Leading (also fixer) - A musical casting assistant, he is the person who hires the musicians to form an orchestra / choir / etc for a specific piece.
Directed By N Conducting & Leading Can be used for all types of music or non-music (radio plays etc) Director roles, but not to be used for video roles.
Leader N Conducting & Leading Also Band Leader or Orchestra Leader, the head of a group, orchestra, or other music ensemble who often takes on tasks such as organization, musical arrangement, hiring and firing musicians, musical direction, and other group based tasks.
Music Director N Conducting & Leading
Repetiteur N Conducting & Leading (also Répétiteur) - In opera, the person responsible for coaching singers and playing the piano for music and production rehearsals. In ballet, a répétiteur teaches the steps and interpretation of the roles to some or all of the company
Co-producer Y Production
Commissioned By N Production
Compilation Producer N Production Use instead of Other [Compilation Producer] or Producer [Compilation]
Compiled By N Production
Curated By N Production
Executive-Producer N Production This is the linked version of the legacy unlinked "Executive Producer" role.
Producer Y Production In the music industry, a record producer has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. This has been a major function of producers since the inception of sound recording, but in the latter half of the 20th century producers have also taken on a wider entrepreneurial role.
Recording Supervisor N Production Follows the orchestral scores during the recording process in a very critical way, in order to spot any mistakes that musicians or a conductor wouldn't notice or simply ignore. Common on classical recordings. For example on Deutsche Grammophon, it is "Aufnahmeleitung".
Reissue Producer N Production Someone who oversees the production of a reissued release.
Research N Production
Supervised By N Production
Remix Y Remix The creative manipulation of some elements of the original track into a different but derivative musical piece.
DJ Mix Y DJ Mix DJ Mix [Megamix] - to be used for crediting the creation of megamixes (this is a track that is made up of sections from many other tracks, cut together one after the other)
Animation N Visual
Art Direction N Visual
Artwork Y Visual Replaces the non-linked "Artwork By" credit, which can still be used if you are not sure of the artist to credit.
Assemblage N Visual Any form of composite assembly or 3-d form.
Cameraman N Visual
CGI Artist N Visual Computer-generated imagery
Cinematographer N Visual
Cover Y Visual A generic credit for cover artwork and / or design.
Creative Director N Visual
Design N Visual
Design Concept N Visual
Director Of Photography N Visual
Film Director N Visual This umbrella role is for any visual director, for example, a music video director or a director of a concert recording. An alternative name may be "video director", but the role usually appears on video / DVD releases as "directed by".
Film Editor N Visual
Film Producer N Visual Not to be confused with the audio producer role. Audio producers "Producer" credit may be listed on video / DVD releases as "Concert Sound Production" or "DVD Post Production Producer" or similar.
Film Technician N Visual
Gaffer N Visual
Graphics N Visual
Grip N Visual
Illustration Y Visual
Layout N Visual
Lighting N Visual
Lighting Director N Visual
Painting Y Visual
Photography By Y Visual Replaces the non-linked "Photography" credit, which can still be used if you are not sure of the artist to credit.
Production Manager N Visual Responsible for realizing the visions of the producer and the director or choreographer for stage productions. Please do not confuse with 'Product Manager'.
Realization N Visual denotes final stages of visual design
Set Designer N Visual
Sleeve Y Visual A generic credit for sleeve artwork and / or design.
Stage Manager N Visual
Typography N Visual
Video Editor N Visual
VJ N Visual Video Jockey - Someone who mixes video footage and graphics.
Abridged By N Acting, Literary & Spoken The person who condenses text from a book to be used as an audio book
Adapted By (Text) N Acting, Literary & Spoken Similar to Abridged By but in this case although the text has been condensed down it will also be rearranged and have additional text also. More commonly used for Radioplays.
Author N Acting, Literary & Spoken
Booklet Editor N Acting, Literary & Spoken
Choreography N Acting, Literary & Spoken
Dialog N Acting, Literary & Spoken
Interviewee N Acting, Literary & Spoken The person getting interviewed
Interviewer N Acting, Literary & Spoken
Liner Notes N Acting, Literary & Spoken (also sleeve notes or album notes) are the writings found in booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or the equivalent packaging for vinyl records and cassettes. Such notes often contained a mix of factual and anecdotal material, and occasionally a discography for the artist or the issuing record label. They were also an occasion for thoughtful signed essays on the artist by another party, often a sympathetic music journalist.
Music Librarian N Acting, Literary & Spoken The area of librarianship that pertains to music collections and their development, cataloging, preservation and maintenance, as well as reference issues connected with musical works and music literature.
Narrator N Acting, Literary & Spoken
Read By N Acting, Literary & Spoken The act of reading from a book or other manuscript.
Screenwriter N Acting, Literary & Spoken
Script By N Acting, Literary & Spoken Used for radio plays etc.
Sleeve Notes N Acting, Literary & Spoken Also see 'Liner Notes'
Text By N Acting, Literary & Spoken
Voice Actor N Acting, Literary & Spoken Used for actors in radio plays etc.
A&R N Management Short for Artists and repertoire, the person that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists. They also acts as a liaison between artists and the record label.
Administrator N Management
Advisor Management
Booking Y Management
Coordinator N Management (also Co-ordination / Coordination / Co-ordinator / Coordinator)
Legal Y Management
Management N Management
Product Manager N Management The person who looks after the creation and promotion of the physical release. Please don't confuse with 'Production Manager', which is a mainly theatrical role.
Promotion N Management
Public Relations N Management
Crew N Technical Stage Crew, Road Crew etc.
DAW N Technical (also Digital Audio Workstation)
Edited By N Technical
Engineer N Technical
Lacquer Cut By N Technical
Lathe Cut By N Technical
Mastered By N Technical
Mixed By Y Technical This credit is for the person that mixes the multitrack music to the final release mixdown, NOT for a mix by a DJ (which should be credited as "DJ Mix"), nor a remix type production (which should be credited as "Remix")
Plated By N Technical
Recorded By N Technical
Remastered By N Technical An engineering / production role where previously released audio is put through the mastering process again, often to improve upon previous efforts, taking into account more up to date technology, different tastes, and changed requirements of the mastering process, for example for digital releases.
Tape Op N Technical
Technician N Technical General, non-specific role for technical credits, use the brackets [...] to add more information if available.
Tracking By N Technical The act of recording, most likely overdubbing and building up the track.
Transferred By N Technical (also Audio Transfer, CD Transfer, Digital Transfer) - Technical transferring of audio from one medium to another, for example, analog tape to digital.
Alto Vocals N Vocal
Backing Vocals N Vocal
Baritone Vocals N Vocal
Bass Vocals N Vocal
Caller N Vocal
Choir N Vocal A company of singers, esp. an organized group employed in church service or sings sacred music.
Chorus N Vocal An ensemble which performs the non-soloist parts of an opera or musical theatre production (or sometimes an oratorio). Chorus can mean a section of a song, but it should not be used in this way for the credits. The specific instrument should be listed if possible, otherwise a generic role should be used, such as Performer [Chorus].
Contralto Vocals N Vocal A few popular music enthusiasts define the contralto and alto separately, as the contralto having an especially dark range, from the D above low C to Tenor C, which is essentially a female of tenor range, while alto is a voice with a range from G below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C, and is closer to the mezzo-soprano. The majority however define contralto and alto as synonyms, and assign the adjectives light and dark, with a dark alto being a female of tenor range, while a light alto, commonly referred to as simply alto, to include mezzo-sopranos as well.
Coro N Vocal Literally 'chorus' in Spanish, the coro in most Latin music has fixed melody and lyrics. Most coros feature two or three parts, rarely more, moving in parallel lines. The coro singer's function in a band is more like an instrumentalist's than a singer's.
Countertenor Vocals N Vocal
Harmony Vocals N Vocal
Human Beatbox N Vocal
Humming N Vocal A hum is a sound made by singing a wordless tone with the mouth completely closed, forcing the sound to emerge from the nose.
Kakegoe N Vocal (also 掛け声) kakegoe are usually words of encouragement for the musicians, singers, or dancers performing with the music. They are also used to cue different parts of a musical piece.
Lead Vocals N Vocal
MC N Vocal A Master of Ceremonies or MC (sometimes spelled emcee), sometimes called a compère or an MJ for "microphone jockey," MC became associated with what would change to become known as the rapper. Also is the host of an official public or private staged event or other performance, where the MC usually presents performers, speaks to the audience, and generally keeps the event moving
Mezzo-soprano Vocals N Vocal A mezzo-soprano (meaning "half soprano" in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the A two octaves above (i.e. A3-A5, middle C = C4).
Overtone Voice N Vocal Overtone Voice, also known as overtone singing, throat singing, overtone chanting, or harmonic singing, is a type of singing in which the singer manipulates the harmonic resonances (or formants) created as air travels from the lungs, past the vocal folds, and out the lips to produce a melody. Throat singing is both a generic and a specific term. Generally, the term is applied to any singing style which entails the application of a harsh voice or some other constriction, although it is sometimes incorrectly applied to unconstricted overtone singing. Specifically, the term refers to a type of Central Asian overtone singing.
Rap N Vocal
Scat N Vocal
Solo Vocal N Vocal
Soprano Vocals N Vocal
Speech N Vocal
Tenor Vocals N Vocal
Toasting N Vocal Toasting, chatting, or DJing (not to be confused with the more common use of DJ outside of Jamaica to mean someone who plays records) is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. Most common in the Reggae genre.
Treble Vocals N Vocal
Vocalese N Vocal
Vocals N Vocal
Voice N Vocal
Whistling N Vocal
Yodeling N Vocal (also yodelling, jodeling) A form of singing that involves singing an extended note which rapidly and repeatedly changes in pitch from the vocal or chest register (or "chest voice") to the falsetto/head register; making a high-low-high-low sound. This vocal technique is used in many cultures throughout the world.
Afoxé N Instruments Drums and percussion An Afro Brazilian musical instrument composed of a gourd (cabaça) wrapped in a net in which beads or small plastic balls are threaded. It looks like the xequerê, but the afoxé is smaller. The instrument is shaken to produce its musical noise.
Agogô N Instruments Drums and percussion (or agogo bell) - A multiple bell used in samba percussion ensembles. It is made of metal with each bell a different size. The most common arrangement is two bells attached by a U shaped piece of metal.
Ashiko N Instruments Drums and percussion A drum shaped like a truncated cone and meant to be played with bare hands. Played throughout sub-Saharan Africa and the Americas. In eastern Cuba, it is known as boku. Unlike the sounds of a Djembe whose body offers two main tones, the straight edges offer a continuum of tones depending on how close to the center of the head the drum is struck. Some consider the ashiko to be male and the djembe female.
Bapang N Instruments Drums and percussion
Bass Drum N Instruments Drums and percussion
Bata N Instruments Drums and percussion Sacred drum used by the Yoruba (of West Africa) and in the Caribbean. Bàtá
Bell Tree N Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument, consisting of vertically nested inverted metal bowls. The bowls, placed on a vertical rod, are arranged in order of pitch (inexactly). The number of bowls can vary between approximately 14 and 28. An effective glissando is done by sliding a triangle beater, a glockenspiel mallet, or a xylophone mallet down the tree.
Bells N Instruments Drums and percussion For all types of ringing metal. Use brackets for specifics, for example Bells [Tubular]. Note that Temple Bells have their own credit.
Bendir N Instruments Drums and percussion A frame drum used as a traditional instrument throughout North Africa, more specifically in Morocco
Bodhrán N Instruments Drums and percussion A frame drum ranging in anywhere from 10" to 26" in diameter, with most drums measuring from 14" to 18". The sides of the drum are 3 1/2" to 8" deep. A skin head is tacked to one side.
Body Percussion N Instruments Drums and percussion May be performed on its own or as an accompaniment to song. The folk traditions of many countries include the use of body percussion. Examples of these include Indonesian saman, Ethiopian armpit music, palmas in flamenco, and the hambone from the United States.
Bombo N Instruments Drums and percussion (also Bombo Legüero) An Argentine drum traditionally made of a hollowed tree trunk and covered with cured skins of animals such as goats, cows or sheep.
Bones N Instruments Drums & percussion A percussion instrument consisting of a pair of animal bones, or pieces of wood or a similar material.
Bongos N Instruments Drums and percussion
Buhay N Instruments Drums and percussion (also Bugai, Buhai, Berebenytsia, Bika, Buga, Bochka) - A friction drum. It consists of a conical barrel (sometimes a wooden bucket). At one end a sheep membrane is stretched with a hole in this skin's center. Through this hole a tuft of horse hair with a knot at one end is passed. Usually two performers are needed to operate the instrument, one to hold the instrument, the other to pull the horsehair with moistened fingers.
Buk N Instruments Drums and percussion A traditional Korean drum. It is barrel-shaped, with a round wooden body covered on both ends with animal skin.
Cabasa N Instruments Drums and percussion Also called Afuche. Similar to the shekere, is a percussion instrument that is constructed with loops of steel ball chain wrapped around a wide cylinder. The cylinder is fixed to a long, narrow wooden or plastic handle.
Caixa N Instruments Drums and percussion A brazilian snare drum
Cajón N Instruments Drums and percussion
Calabash N Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument, of the family of idiophones, consisting of a dried half calabash, of large size, that is struck with the palms, fingers, wrist or objects to produce a variety of percussive sounds.
Castanets N Instruments Drums and percussion
Caxixi N Instruments Drums and percussion A Brazilian percussion instrument consisting of a closed basket with a flat-bottom filled with seeds or other small particles.
Chak'chas N Instruments Drums and percussion Pre-Columbian percussion instrument, made from the hooves of small animals.
Ching N Instruments Drums and percussion A small bowl-shaped finger cymbals of thick and heavy bronze, with a broad rim commonly used in Cambodia and Thailand.
Claves N Instruments Drums and percussion Also called Clavés or Clave, a pair of short (about 20-8 cm), thick dowels. Traditionally they were made of wood, but nowadays they are also made of fibreglass or plastics. When struck they produce a bright clicking noise. Claves are sometimes hollow and carved in the middle to amplify the sound.
Congas N Instruments Drums and percussion
Cowbell N Instruments Drums and percussion
Cuica N Instruments Drums and percussion Brazilian friction drum
Cymbal N Instruments Drums and percussion
Daf N Instruments Drums and percussion (also دف) A frame drum used in Middle East,Armenia, Pakistan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan and India. Some dafs are equipped with rings or small cymbals, making them a form of tambourine.
Davul N Instruments Drums and percussion A large double-headed drum that is played with mallets.
Dhol N Instruments Drums and percussion A double-sided sided barrel drum (straight barrels also exist) played mostly as an accompanying instrument to the traditional Punjabi dance of Bhangra, the traditional dance of Gujarat, Raas, and the religious music of Sufism, Qawwali.
Dholak N Instruments Drums and percussion (also ਢੋਲਕੀ, ढोलक, dholaki, dhool) A North Indian, Pakistani and Nepalese double-headed hand-drum.
Djembe N Instruments Drums and percussion
Drum N Instruments Drums and percussion
Drum Programming N Instruments Drums and percussion
Drums N Instruments Drums and percussion 'Baterias' in Spanish.
Dunun N Instruments Drums and percussion (also: djun-djun) A West African cylindrical drum.
Electronic Drums N Instruments Drums and percussion
Finger Cymbals N Instruments Drums and percussion
Finger Snaps N Instruments Drums and percussion The act of creating a cracking/clicking sound with one's fingers by building tension between the thumb and the middle or index finger, and then moving the middle or index finger so it hits the palm of one's hand.
Frame Drum N Instruments Drums and percussion A drum that has a drumhead width greater than its depth. Usually the single drumhead is made of rawhide or man-made materials.
Friction Drum N Instruments Drums and percussion (also Rommelpot) - A percussion instrument consisting of a single membrane stretched over a sound box, whose sound is produced by the player causing the membrane to vibrate by friction.
Ganzá N Instruments Drums and percussion A cylindrically shaped Brazilian rattle, can be either a hand-woven basket, or a metal canister which is filled with beads, metal balls, pebbles, or other similar items. Those made from metal produce a particularly loud sound.
Ghatam N Instruments Drums and percussion (also Gatham) - An earthenware pot used in indian classical music
Ghungroo N Instruments Drums and percussion (also گھنگرو‎, घुँघरू, Ghunghroo, Ghunghru, Ghungur, Salangai) small metallic bells strung together, a musical anklet tied to the feet of classical Indian dancers, and also Pakistani dancers.
Goblet Drum N Instruments Drums and percussion Also Called: Darabouka, Darbuka, Doumbek, Dumbek, Dumbeg, Tarambuke, Tombak, Zarb, Dumbelek, Tabla (not to be confused with Indian Tabla), Derbekkeh, Toumbeleki
Gong N Instruments Drums and percussion A wide variety of metal percussion instruments.
Guiro N Instruments Drums and percussion (also: Güiro)
Handclaps N Instruments Drums and percussion
Hihat N Instruments Drums and percussion (also Hi-Hat) Two cymbals that are mounted on a stand, one on top of the other, and clashed together using a pedal on the stand. A narrow metal shaft or rod runs through both cymbals into a hollow tube and connects to the pedal. The top cymbal is connected to the rod with a clutch, while the bottom cymbal remains stationary resting on the hollow tube. The height of the top-cymbal (open position) is adjustable.
Idiophone N Instruments Drums and percussion An idiophone is any musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument vibrating itself, without the use of strings or membranes. Idiophones are probably the oldest type of musical instrument (not counting the human voice). Most percussion instruments which are not drums are idiophones. Struck idiophones (sometimes called concussion idiophones) include most of the non-drum percussion instruments familiar in the west. They include all idiophones which are made to vibrate by being hit, either directly with a stick or hand (like the wood block, singing bowl, triangle or marimba), or indirectly, by way of a scraping or shaking motion (like maracas or flexatone). Various types of bells fall into both categories. The other three sub-divisions are rarer. They are plucked idiophones, such as the jew's harp, amplified cactus, music box or mbira (lamellophone / thumb piano); blown idiophones, of which there are a very small number of examples, the Aeolsklavier being one; and friction idiophones, such as the singing bowl, glass harmonica, glass harp, turntable, verrophone, daxophone, styrophone, musical saw, or nail violin (a number of pieces of metal or wood rubbed with a bow). A number of idiophones that are normally struck, such as vibraphone bars and cymbals, can also be bowed.
Janggu N Instruments Drums and percussion Also called janggo or changgo. A percussion instrument used in most kinds of Korean traditional music. It is made from a hollow wooden body and two leather skins. The two sides produce sounds of different pitch and tone.
K'kwaengwari N Instruments Drums and percussion Metal idiophone.
Kanjira N Instruments Drums and percussion (also ganjira) is a South Indian frame drum, an instrument of the tambourine family
Karkabas N Instruments Drums and percussion Metal double castanets of the Gnawa (Morocco)
Khartal N Instruments Drums and percussion This wooden clapper is a Ghana Vadya which has discs or plates that produce a clinking sound when clapped together.
Khurdak N Instruments Drums and percussion An Indian percussion instrument, a type of tambourine
Lion's Roar N Instruments Drums and percussion A membranophone instrument that has a drum head and a cord or horsehair passing through it. The home-made lion's roar is a drum that sits on the floor. The cord then makes friction with the drumhead as it is moved back and forth. It makes a noise effect like lion roaring.
Maracas N Instruments Drums and percussion
Monkey stick N Instruments Drums and percussion (also Mendoza, Mendozer, Murrumbidgee River Rattler, Lagerphone) a pole affixed to a heavy boot at the base. Metal "jingles", commonly beer-bottle tops, are fastened at intervals along the shaft.
Mridangam N Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument from South India. It is the primary rhythmic accompaniment in a Carnatic music ensemble. Alternate spellings include mridanga, mrudangam, mrdangam, mrithangam miruthangam and mirudhangam.
Pandeiro N Instruments Drums and percussion Brazilian tambourine with a tuned skin.
Percussion N Instruments Drums and percussion
Rainstick N Instruments Drums and percussion A long, hollow tube which is filled with small baubles such as beads or beans and has small pins arranged helically on its inside surface. When the stick is upended, the beads fall to the other end of the tube, making a sound reminiscent of a rainstorm as they bounce off the pins. The rainstick is generally used to create atmospheric sound effects or as a percussion instrument.
Ratchet N Instruments Drums & percussion
Rattle N Instruments Drums and percussion
Reco-reco N Instruments Drums and percussion A scraping instrument that is held in one hand whilst the other scrapes its springs with a metal stick.
Repinique N Instruments Drums and percussion A two-headed Brazilian drum used in samba baterias (percussion ensembles)
Rototoms N Instruments Drums & percussion Drums which have no shell. They consist of a single head in a die-cast zinc or aluminum frame. Unlike most other drums, they have a variable definite pitch.
Scraper N Instruments Drums and percussion
Shaker N Instruments Drums and percussion A shaker may comprise a container, partially full of small loose objects such as beads, which create the percussive sounds as they collide with each other, the inside surface, or other fixed objects inside the container.
Shekere N Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument from Africa, consisting of a dried gourd with beads woven into a net covering the gourd. Throughout the continent it is called different things, such as the lilolo, axatse (Ghana), Xequeré, and chequere.
Singing Bowls N Instruments Drums and percussion Also known as a Himalayan bowl or cup gong. The instrument is made of metal, played by hitting, striking, or slowly rubbing/stirring a wooden striker/mallet within or on the top outer surface of the bowl
Skratjie N Instruments Drums & percussion Surinam drum & percussion instrument, a bass drum with two cymbals mounted on top.
Slapstick N Instruments Drums and percussion A wooden percussion instrument consisting of two flat pieces of wood, hinged at one end, which, when snapped together produce a slapping sound.
Slit Drum N Instruments Drums and percussion A hollow percussion instrument, usually a log drum of bamboo or wood, that is made with one or more slits in it.
Snare N Instruments Drums and percussion A drum with strands of snares made of curled metal wire, metal cable, plastic cable, or gut cords stretched across the drumhead, typically the bottom. Pipe and tabor and some military snare drums often have a second set of snares on the bottom (internal) side of the top (batter) head to make a "brighter" sound, and the Brazilian caixa commonly has snares on the top of the upper drumhead.
Spoons N Instruments Drums and percussion (also Lojki / Lozhki in Russian for wooden spoons) Spoons can be played as a makeshift percussion instrument. A pair of spoons is held with concave sides facing out and with a finger between their handles to space them apart. When the pair is struck, the spoons sharply hit each other and then spring back to their original position. The spoons are typically struck against the knee and the palm of the hand.
Surdo N Instruments Drums and percussion A large bass drum used in many kinds of Brazilian music, most notably samba. Sizes normally vary between 8" or even 14" and 26" or even 29" diameter.
Tabla N Instruments Drums and percussion A popular Indian percussion instrument used in the classical, popular and religious music of the Indian subcontinent and in Hindustani classical music. The instrument consists of a pair of hand drums of contrasting sizes and timbres.
Taiko N Instrument Drums and percussion Generic Japanese word for 'drum'.
Talking Drum N Instruments Drums and percussion Also called Odondo, Dondo, Lunna, Donno, Kalangu, Doodo, Tama, Tamma, Dundun, Gangan - A West African drum whose pitch can be regulated to the extent that it is said the drum "talks". The player puts the drum under one shoulder and beats the instrument with a stick. A talking drum player raises or lowers the pitch by squeezing or releasing the drum's strings with the upper arm.
Tam-tam N Instruments Drums and percussion A flat faced gong
Tambora N Instruments Drums and percussion (from the Spanish word tambor, meaning "drum") is a name for a group of Afro-Caribbean musical instruments. It is used in many Latin American countries musical styles; in the Dominican musical folkloric styles and merengue, the Cumbia in Colombia, and the Venezuelan gaita.
Tamborim N Instruments Drums and percussion A small, round Brazilian frame drum of Portuguese and African origin. The frame is 6" in diameter and may be made of metal, plastic or wood. The head is typically made of nylon and is normally very tightly tuned in order to ensure a high, sharp sound and a minimum of sustain. The drum is devoid of snares or jingles.
Tambourine N Instruments Drums and percussion
Tan-Tan N Instruments Drums & percussion (also Tantan, Tan Tan) - a cylindrical hand drum from Brazil that is used in small samba and pagode ensembles. It imitates the big Surdo which is played by the famous samba baterias (percussion ensembles). But due to its smaller size the tan tan is not as loud as a Surdo and so it is played rarely in big samba schools.
Tap Dance N Instruments Drums and percussion The tapping sound made when the small metal plates on the dancer's shoes touch a hard floor. This lively, rhythmic tapping makes the performer not just a dancer, but also a percussive musician.
Tar (Drum) N Instruments Drums and percussion A single-headed frame drum from North Africa and the Middle East.
Temple Bells N Instruments Drums and percussion Also called: Japanese Temple Bells, Tibetan Bells
Temple Block N Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument originating in China, Japan and Korea where it is used in religious ceremonies. It is a carved hollow wooden instrument with a large slit. In its traditional form, (the Wooden Fish )the shape is somewhat bulbous; modern instruments are also used which are rectangular in shape.
Timbales N Instruments Drums and percussion
Timpani N Instruments Drums and percussion
Tom Tom N Instruments Drums and percussion A cylindrical drum with no snare.
Triangle N Instruments Drums and percussion
Tüngür N Instruments Drums and percussion While "kenggirge" is the term for "drum" (used in Lamaist temple ceremonies) in Tuvan, the term "tüngür" is used to refer to a shaman drum. Both are approximately two feet in diameter. Drums used by Tuvan shamans frequently have a skin on one side and a handle on the back; they are similar to sub-contrabass tambourines. They have small bells or jingles tied to their handle.
Udu N Instruments Drums and percussion A water jug with one more holes, usually made of clay
Vibraslap N Instruments Drums and percussion A percussion instrument consisting of a piece of stiff wire (bent in a handle-like shape) connecting a wood ball to a block of wood with metal "teeth" inside
Washboard N Instruments Drums and percussion The washboard and frottoir are used as a percussion instrument, employing the ribbed metal surface of the cleaning device as a rhythm instrument. It is played primarily by tapping and, but also scraping, the washboard with thimbles.
Waterphone N Instruments Drums and percussion A unique type of atonal acoustic musical instrument constructed largely of a stainless steel resonator "bowl" with a cylindrical "neck", containing a small amount of water, and with brass rods around the rim of the bowl. The waterphone produces a vibrant ethereal type of music.
Wood Block N Instruments Drums and percussion
Amadinda N Instruments Tuned Percussion A tuned log mallet instrument derivative of an Ugandan xylophone.
Angklung N Instruments Tuned Percussion A musical instrument made out of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. The tubes are carved so that they have a resonant pitch when struck. The two tubes are tuned to octaves. The base of the frame is held with one hand while the other hand shakes the instrument rapidly from side to side. This causes a rapidly repeating note to sound
Balafon N Instruments Tuned Percussion (also Bala, Balaphone) - a resonated frame, wooden keyed percussion idiophone of West Africa; part of the idiophone family of tuned percussion instruments that includes the xylophone, marimba, glockenspiel, and the vibraphone. Sound is produced by striking the tuned keys with two padded sticks.
Boomwhacker N Instruments Tuned Percussion Boomwhackers Tuned Percussion Tubes are lightweight, hollow, color-coded, plastic tubes, tuned to musical pitches by length.
Carillon N Instruments Tuned Percussion At least 23 cup-shaped bells played from a baton keyboard using fists and feet (such an instrument with fewer than this number of bells is known as a chime). Carillon bells are made of bell bronze, approximately 78% copper and 22% tin, normally housed in bell towers. However, there are indoor carillons usually of light weight bells which may be hung inside shopping malls or in theatres
Celesta N Instruments Tuned Percussion (also celeste} Operated by a keyboard, its appearance is similar to that of an upright piano (four- or five-octave) or of a large wooden music box (three-octave). The keys are connected to hammers which strike a graduated set of metal (usually steel) plates suspended over wooden resonators. One of the best-known works that makes use of the celesta is Tchaikovsky's "Dance of the Sugarplum Fairy" from The Nutcracker. The sound of the celesta is akin to that of the glockenspiel, but with a much softer and more subtle timbre. This quality gave rise to the instrument's name, celeste meaning "heavenly" in French.
Chimes N Instruments Tuned percussion An orchestral percussion instrument which is a set of about 18 metal tubes tuned chromatically and played with a hammer
Crotales N Instruments Tuned Percussion (also antique cymbals) - Percussion instruments consisting of small, tuned bronze or brass disks. Each is about 4 inches in diameter with a flat top surface and a nipple on the base. They are commonly played by being struck with hard mallets. They may also be played by striking two disks together in the same manner as finger cymbals, or by bowing. Their sound is rather like a small tuned bell, only with a much brighter sound, and a much longer resonance.
Glockenspiel N Instruments Tuned Percussion
Kalimba N Instruments Tuned Percussion Also called Thumb Piano, Finger Harp, Mbira, Kissansi, Sansa. An African plucked idiophone.
Marimba N Instruments Tuned Percussion
Marimbula N Instruments Tuned Percussion A lamellophone played by plucking metal keys attached to a resonator box
Metallophone N Instruments Tuned Percussion Any musical instrument consisting of tuned metal bars which are struck to make sound, usually with a mallet.
Musical Box N Instruments Tuned percussion (also music box) is a 19th century automatic musical instrument that produces sounds by the use of a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc so as to strike the tuned teeth of a steel comb.
Slagbordun N Instruments Tuned Percussion
Steel Drums N Instruments Tuned Percussion
Thumb Piano N Instruments Tuned Percussion
Txalaparta N Instruments Tuned Percussion
Vibraphone N Instruments Tuned Percussion Also called 'Vibraharp' or shortened to 'Vibes' - in the mallet subfamily of the percussion family. It is similar in appearance to the xylophone and marimba, although the vibraphone uses aluminum bars instead of the wooden bars of those instruments. Also features tuned resonators below the bars, with motor driven discs that vary the amplitude, giving the distinctive wavering sound to the instrument.
Xylophone N Instruments Tuned Percussion
Baby Grand Piano N Instrument Keyboard A grand piano that may be shorter than it is wide.
Chamberlin N Instruments Keyboard (also Chamberlain) - an electro-mechanical keyboard instrument that was a precursor to the Mellotron.
Concert Grand Piano N Instruments Keyboard A grand piano that is between about 2.2 m to 3 m long.
Dulcitone N Instrument Keyboard A keyboard instrument in which sound is produced by a range of tuning forks, which vibrate when struck by felt-covered hammers activated by the keyboard.
Electric Harpsichord N Instruments Keyboard
Electric Piano N Instruments Keyboard For Rhodes and Wurlitzer electric pianos, and variations.
Fortepiano N Instruments Keyboard The fortepiano has leather-covered hammers and thin, harpsichord-like strings. It has a much lighter case construction than the modern piano and it has no metal frame or bracing. The action and hammers are lighter. The tone of the fortepiano is quite different from that of the modern piano, being softer with less sustain. Accents tend to stand out more than on the modern piano, as they differ from softer notes in timbre as well as volume, and decay rapidly.
Grand Piano N Instruments Keyboard Grand pianos have the frame and strings placed horizontally, with the strings extending away from the keyboard.
Harmonium N Instruments Keyboard Pedal or hand pumped keyboard reed instrument, common in Indian music styles.
Harpsichord N Instruments Keyboard
Keyboards N Instruments Keyboard
Mellotron N Instruments Keyboard An electromechanical polyphonic keyboard musical instrument, in effect the world's first sample-playback keyboard. Works by playing back a bank of magnetic tape strips, each tape with approximately eight seconds of playing time
Melodica N Instruments Keyboard
Omnichord N Instruments Keyboard An electronic musical instrument manufactured by the Suzuki Musical Instrument Corporation. It typically features a touch plate and numerous chord buttons.
Ondes Martenot N Instruments Keyboard (also Ondium Martenot, Martenot and ondes musicales) is an early electronic musical instrument, invented in 1928 by Maurice Martenot and originally very similar in sound to the Theremin. The instrument is especially known for its eerie wavering notes produced by the thermionic valves that produce oscillating frequencies.
Organ N Instruments Keyboard For Hammond organ use Organ [Hammond]
Parlour Grand Piano N Instruments Keyboard A grand piano that is about 1.7 m to 2.2 m.
Pedalboard N Instruments Keyboard A keyboard played with the feet
Piano N Instruments Keyboard
Player Piano N Instruments Keyboard A piano that records a performance using rolls of paper with perforations, and then replays the performance using pneumatic devices.
Regal N Instruments Keyboard A small late-medieval portable organ, furnished with beating reeds and having two bellows like a positive organ.
Stylophone N Instruments Keyboard A miniature stylus-operated synthesizer.
Synth N Instruments Keyboard Shortened version of 'Synthesizer'.
Synthesizer N Instruments Keyboard (also Synthesiser, Synth) An electronic instrument capable of producing sounds by generating electrical signals of different frequencies. Synthesizers use a number of different technologies. Among the most popular waveform synthesis techniques are subtractive synthesis, additive synthesis, wavetable synthesis, frequency modulation synthesis, phase distortion synthesis, physical modeling synthesis and sample-based synthesis. Other sound synthesis methods, like subharmonic synthesis or granular synthesis, are not commonly found in hardware music synthesizers. Synthesizers are often controlled with a piano-style keyboard, leading such instruments to be referred to simply as "keyboards".
Toy Piano N Instruments Keyboard
Upright Piano N Instruments Keyboard Upright pianos, also called vertical pianos, are more compact because the frame and strings are vertical, extending up and down from the keyboard and hammers.
Virginal N Instruments Keyboard Member of the harpsichord family. Unlike the harpsichord and spinet, the virginal’s single set of strings runs nearly parallel to the keyboard. By building the instrument with its keyboard at one side or the other of the front of the rectangular case, different tone colours can be obtained because of the change in plucking point of the string.
5-String Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Acoustic Bass N Instruments Stringed instruments A bass version of the acoustic guitar. Please use carefully, as this is also sometimes used as a synonym for the Double Bass
Acoustic Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Folk Guitar)- Has metal strings and a larger body than a classical guitar.
Arco Bass N Instruments Stringed instruments An acoustic bass guitar redesigned to be played upright.
Arpa N Instruments Stringed instruments A native instrument from Paraguay (South America). Unlike "Harp", this doesn't have pedals. Called also "Arpa Paraguaya" or "Arpa Criolla". Also used in folkloric music of Venezuela and Honduras. Today, Japanese artists play it in experimental music.
Autoharp N Instruments Stringed instruments A zither-like musical string instrument having a series of chord bars attached to dampers which, when depressed, mute all the strings other than those that form the desired chord
Baglama N Instruments Stringed instruments A member of the long-necked lute family, used by various cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean. Also called a Saz.
Bajo Quinto N Instruments Stringed instruments A five course version of the bajo sexto
Bajo Sexto N Instrument Stringed instruments A type of 12 string guitar, fused with a bass, used in Mexican music
Balalaika N Instruments Stringed instruments
Bandura N Instruments Stringed instruments A Ukrainian plucked string instrument similar to a zither.
Bandurria N Instruments Stringed instruments A plectrum plucked chordophone from Spain, similar to the cittern and the mandolin, primarily used in Spanish folk music.
Banhu N Instruments Stringed instruments A Chinese traditional bowed string instrument in the huqin family of instruments. It is used primarily in northern China. Ban means a piece of wood and hu is short for huqin. Like the erhu and gaohu, the banhu has two strings, is held vertically, and the bow hair passes in between the two strings. The banhu differs in construction from the erhu in that its soundbox is generally made from a coconut shell rather than wood, and instead of a snakeskin that is commonly used to cover the faces of huqin instruments, the banhu uses a thin wooden board.
Banjo N Instruments Stringed instruments
Baritone Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments A variation on the standard guitar, with a longer scale length that allows it to be tuned to a lower range.
Bass Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments Another method of crediting this popular instrument, instead of having to use 'Bass [Bass Guitar]. Either method is acceptable.
Berimbau N Instruments Stringed instruments Single-string instrument, a musical bow, from Brazil
Bhapang N Instruments Stringed instruments A drum with a string in the centre, that is played by plucking the string and varying the tension on the string.
Biwa N Instruments Stringed instruments A Japanese short-necked fretted lute, and a close variant of the Chinese pipa.
Blaster Beam N Instruments Stringed instruments Also called just 'Beam'
Bouzouki N Instruments Stringed instruments
Bulbul Tarang N Instruments Stringed instruments A small music box like a combination of a typewriter, a mandolin and a dulcimer. 5 metal strings (usually all tuned the same) run over a square wooden box. The keys (usually keys from an old typewriter) press their arm onto the strings like it is a fret, shortening the strings to the appropriate note.
Byzaanchi N Instruments Stringed instruments Chinese long necked instrument
Cavaquinho N Instruments Stringed instruments Brazilian predecessor to the ukulele
Cello N Instruments Stringed instruments Short name for violoncello
Cello Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Chanzy N Instruments Stringed instruments Sometimes spelled "tschansy", a lute with three strings
Chapman Stick N Instruments Stringed instruments
Charango N Instruments Stringed instruments A small South American stringed instrument of the lute family, about 66 cm long, traditionally made with the shell of the back of an armadillo
Chitarrone N Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked string instrument.
Cimbalom N Instruments Stringed instruments Also cymbalum, cymbalom, tambal, tsymbaly, tsimbl or santouri, a musical instrument found mainly in the music of Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Greece and Ukraine. In Czechoslovakia it was also known as a Cimbal. It is related to the hammered dulcimer of Western Europe.
Cittern N Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed instrument of the guitar family dating from the Renaissance. The name "cittern" has also been applied in the late twentieth century to a number of variant members of the mandolin family.
Clàrsach N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Classical Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Spanish guitar, Nylon String Guitar) 6-stringed plucked string instrument.
Clavichord N Instruments Stringed Instruments A stringed keyboard instrument known from the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras. The clavichord produces sound by striking brass or iron strings with small metal blades called tangents. Vibrations are transmitted through the bridge(s) to the soundboard.
Clavinet N Instruments Stringed instruments An electrophonic keyboard instrument manufactured by the Hohner company. It is essentially an electronically amplified clavichord, analogous to an electric guitar. Its distinctive bright staccato sound has appeared particularly in funk, disco, rock, and reggae songs. Not to be confused with clarinet!
Cobza N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Koboz) A Romanian and Moldovan folk instrument of the lute family.
Contrabass N Instruments Stringed instruments Also called 'Double Bass'.
Cuatro N Instruments Stringed instruments Any of several Latin American instruments of the guitar or lute family. The cuatro is smaller in size than a guitar. Cuatro means four in Spanish, although the current instruments may have more than four strings.
Cümbüş N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Cumbus) a Turkish stringed instrument of relatively modern origin. Developed in the early 20th century by Zeynelabidin Cümbüş as an oud-like instrument that could be heard as part of a larger ensemble. In construction it resembles both the American banjo and the Middle Eastern oud.
Cura N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Dilruba N Instruments Stringed instruments A cross between the sitar and sarangi. It is extremely close to the esraj and the mayuri vina. It so close that most people are unable to tell them apart. The difference is to be found in the shape of the resonators and the manner in which the sympathetic strings attach. Still they are so similar that a dilruba player has no trouble playing an esraj or a mayuri vina and vice versa.
Dobro N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Resonator Guitar)
Domra N Instruments Stringed instruments (Ukrainian: домра) - A long-necked Ukrainian string instrument of the lute family with a round body and three or four metal strings.
Doshpuluur N Instruments Stringed instruments Long-necked Tuvan lute made from wood.
Double Bass N Instruments Stringed instruments Also called: Bass Fiddle, Contrabass, Upright Bass, String Bass, Standup Bass, Acoustic Bass (careful with this, as there are sit-down acoustic basses as well), Bass Viol, Contrabass Viol, Bass Violin, Doghouse Bass, Dog-House, Bull Fiddle, Hoss Bass, Bunkhouse Bass
Dulcimer N Instruments Stringed instruments
Dutar N Instruments Stringed instruments (also dotar, doutar, Persian دو تار , Uzbek dutor) is a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute found in Central Asia and South Asia.
Đàn bầu N Instruments Stringed instruments A Vietnamese monochord.
Ehru N Instruments Stringed instruments Chinese violin type instrument
Ektare N Instruments Stringed instruments From Nepal, consists of one string tied to a small drum with two flexible supports stretching the string to the 'head' of the instrument, which is constructed as a smaller version of the drum body. Played by plucking the string or playing the drum with the hand, the note can be altered by bending the supports, or by holding the string.
Electric Bass N Instruments Stringed instruments Also just 'Bass'
Electric Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments See also Guitar and Acoustic Guitar
Electric Upright Bass N Instruments Stringed instruments (also EUB, Stick Bass, Baby Bass) - An electronically amplified version of the double bass that has a smaller or non-existent body, which greatly reduces the size and weight of the instrument, as well as enhances the feedback resistance of the amplified instrument. The EUB retains enough of the features of the double bass so that double bass players are comfortable performing on it. While the EUB retains some of the tonal characteristics of the double bass, its electrically-amplified nature also gives it its own unique sound. Although invented in the 1930s, it wasn't really until the introduction in the late 1950s of the Ampeg Baby Bass that the concept took off.
Erhu N Instruments Stringed instruments (also 二胡, èrhú, nanhu 南胡, southern fiddle, Chinese violin, Chinese two-string fiddle) - A two-stringed bowed musical instrument, used as a solo instrument as well as in small ensembles and large orchestras. It is the most popular instrument in the huqin (胡琴) family of Chinese bowed string instruments.
Esraj N Instruments Stringed instruments (also এস্রাজ, इसराज, israja) A string instrument found in the east and central areas of India, particularly Bengal, as well as Bangladesh, and it is used in a somewhat wider variety of musical styles than is the dilruba.
Fiddle N Instruments Stringed instruments A violin, often used in folk music. One very slight difference between "fiddles" and ordinary violins may be seen in American (e.g., bluegrass and old-time music) fiddling: in these styles, the top of the bridge may be cut so that it is very slightly less curved. This reduces the range of right-arm motion required for the rapid string-crossings found in some styles, and is said to make it easier to play double stops and shuffles (bariolage), or to make triple stops possible, allowing one to play chords.
Flamenco Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments Built lighter in weight than classical guitars, which produces a “brighter” and more percussive sound quality. Volume has traditionally been very important for flamenco guitarists, as they must be heard over the sound of the dancers’ nailed shoes. In contrast to the classical guitar, the flamenco is often equipped with a tap plate (a golpeador), commonly made of plastic, similar to a pick guard, whose function is to protect the body of the guitar from the rhythmic finger taps, or golpes.
Gadulka N Instruments Stringed instruments (also gǎdulka, gudulka, g'dulka) A traditional Bulgarian bowed string instrument.
Gaohu N Instruments Stringed instruments (also 高胡, pgāohú, yuehu, 粤胡) is a Chinese bowed string instrument developed from the erhu in the 1920s. It belongs to the huqin family of instruments, together with the zhonghu, erhu, banhu, jinghu, and sihu, its name means "high pitched huqin". It has two strings and its soundbox is covered on the front (playing) end with snakeskin (from a python).
Gayageum N Instruments Stringed instruments (also spelled kayagûm) - A traditional Korean zither-like string instrument, with 12 strings, although more recently variants have been constructed with 21 or other numbers of strings
Geomungo N Instruments Stringed instruments (also spelled komungo or kŏmungo) is a traditional Korean stringed musical instrument of zither family instrument with both bridges and frets.
Gottuvâdyam N Instruments Stringed instruments (also gottuvadyam, chitravina, chitra vina, or mahanataka vina, கோடடு வாத்தியம்) A Carnatic music string instrument played mainly in South India. It is usually used as a solo instrument in Carnatic music.
Guimbri N Instruments Stringed instruments North African lute.
Guitalele N Instruments Stringed instruments (also guitarlele) A guitar-ukulele hybrid.
Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments
Guitar Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Guitar Synthesizer N Instruments Stringed instruments
Guitarrón N Instruments Stringed instruments (literally "large guitar" in Spanish) A very large, deep-bodied Mexican 6-string acoustic bass played in mariachi bands.
GuitarViol N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Bowed Guitar) - a guitar-formatted bowed string instrument.
Guqin N Instruments Stringed instruments (also 古琴, gǔqín, ku-ch'in) - The modern name for a plucked seven-string Chinese musical instrument of the zither family.
Gusli N Instruments Stringed instruments An ancient generic Slavic term for a stringed musical instrument. The term and its derivatives is used for either a plucked psaltery or zither-like instrument or for the violin or bowed equivalents. Originally the instrument had gut strings made from pig entrails. In recent times concert versions of the instrument have steel strings.
Guzheng N Instruments Stringed instruments (also gu zheng, gu-zheng, 古箏, gǔzhēng) A Chinese musical instrument that belongs to the zither family of string instruments.
Halldorophone N Instruments Stringed instruments An electro-acoustic instrument is loosely based on a cello and allows the player to color the sound of what is being played by feeding the vibrations of each string back into the body of the instrument.
Hardingfele N Instruments Stringed instruments A Hardanger fiddle or hardingfele (Norwegian) is a traditional stringed instrument from Norway. In modern designs, the instruments are very similar to the violin, but typically with thinner wood. The instrument typically has eight or nine strings; four are played like a violin, while the rest (aptly named sympathetic strings) resonate under the influence of the other four.
Harp N Instruments Stringed instruments
Harp Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments A guitar with any number of additional unstopped strings that can accommodate individual plucking.
Hummel N Instruments Stringed instruments An old Swedish stringed instrument similar to an older type of zither and is related to the Norwegian langeleik.
Huqin N Instruments Stringed instruments A family of bowed string instruments used in Chinese music. The most common huqin are the erhu (essentially a Chinese violin, also spelt Urhu), zhonghu (Chinese viola), and gaohu (a higher pitched instrument commonly used in Cantonese music.) Over thirty types of huqin instruments have been documented.
Hurdy Gurdy N Instruments Stringed instruments On this instrument, several strings arranged so that they can be played simultaneously by a rotating wheel covered with rosin. It is essentially a mechanical violin.
Igil N Instruments Stringed instruments Two-stringed Tuvan musical instrument, played by bowing the strings. The strings, and those of the bow, are traditionally made of hair from a horse's tail (strung parallel), but may also be made of nylon.
Jarana N Instruments Stringed instruments A guitar-shaped fretted stringed instrument from Mexico
Jinghu N Instruments Stringed instruments A Chinese bowed string instrument in the huqin family, used primarily in Beijing opera. It is the smallest and highest pitched instrument in the huqin family.
Jouhikko N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Jouhikannel) An ancient Finnish instrument, a type of bowed lyre, consisting of 2-4 strings. Its strings are traditionally of horsehair, though some modern instruments are made with carbon fibre, nylon, gut or metal viola strings.
Kabosy N Instruments Stringed instruments A box-shaped wooden guitar commonly played in music of Madagascar. It has four to six strings and is commonly thought to be a direct descendant of the Arabic lute. Known to locals as a 'mandoliny', also spelt kabossy
Kamancha N Instruments Stringed instruments folk fiddle of Rajasthan, is a rounded bowed instrument. It is also known as the Armenian spiked fiddle.
Kantele N Instruments Stringed instruments A traditional plucked string instrument of the zither family. It is related to the Russian gusli, the Latvian kokle and the Lithuanian kanklės. Together these instruments make up the family known as Baltic Psalteries.
Kanun N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Qanun, քանոն, K’anon, قانون , Qānūn, قوانين , Qawānīn, κανονάκι, κανονακια, قانون , Qānūn, Kanun, Qanún, Kanun) - A string instrument found in the 10th century in Farab in Turkestan.
Kemenche N Instruments Stringed instruments (Kurdish: kemençe, Turkish: kemençe, Laz: Ç'ilili Greek: κεμεντζές) is a bottle-shaped, 3-stringed type of rebec or fiddle from the Black Sea region of Asia Minor also known as the "kementche of Laz" in Turkey. In Greece and the Pontian Greek diaspora, it is known as the "Pontian lyra". It is the main instrument used in Pontian music. The kemenche is played in the upright position, either by resting it on the knee when sitting, or held in front of the player when standing.
Kobyz N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Kazakh: қобыз, Kyl-Kobyz) - An ancient Kazakh string instrument. It has two strings made of horsehair. The resonating cavity is usually covered with goat leather.
Kokyu N Instruments Stringed instruments (also kokyū) - A traditional Japanese string instrument, the only one played with a bow.
Kora N Instruments Stringed instruments A 21 string harp-lute used extensively by Mandingo peoples in West Africa.
Koto N Instruments Stringed instruments Traditional stringed musical instrument from Japan resembling a zither.
Langeleik N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Lap Steel Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments A type of steel guitar, an instrument derived from and similar to the guitar. The player changes pitch by pressing a metal or glass bar against the strings instead of by pressing strings against the fingerboard.
Laúd N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Laud) - Belongs to the cittern family of instruments. Although "laúd" translates as "lute" in Spanish, it is a different instrument than the lute. A plectrum plucked chordophone from Spain, it consists of twelve metallic strings (six double), as the bandurria, but the neck is longer than a bandurria. Traditionally it forms part of serenaders or folk string musical groups, together with the guitar and the bandurria.
Lead Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments
Liuqin N Instruments Stringed instruments (also 柳琴; pinyin: liǔq­ín) is a four-stringed Chinese mandolin with a pear-shaped body. It is small in size, almost a miniature copy of another Chinese plucked instrument, the pipa. But the range of its voice is much higher than the pipa.
Lute N Instruments Stringed instruments
Lyre N Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed musical instrument well known for its use in Classical Antiquity. The recitations of the Ancient Greeks were accompanied by lyre playing. The lyre is a member of the zither family, and was ordinarily played by strumming with a plectrum, like a guitar, rather than being plucked, like a harp.
Mandobass N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Mandocello N Instruments Stringed instruments (Mandoloncello, Liuto cantabile, Liuto moderno) - a plucked string instrument of the mandolin family. It has eight strings in four paired courses, tuned in 5ths like a mandolin, but is larger, and tuned CC-GG-dd-aa (low to high in pitch). It is to the mandolin what the cello is to the violin.
Mandoguitar N Instruments Stringed instruments A hybrid musical instrument that allows you to play mandolin music, sounding more or less like a mandolin, while playing the left-hand fingerings like a guitar. It has 6 single or double strings tuned to allow guitar-style fingerings and that it can be played in the tonal range of a standard mandolin.
Mandola N Instruments Stringed instruments (also tenor mandola) A fretted stringed musical instrument with the same relationship to the mandolin as the viola to the violin.
Mandolin N Instruments Stringed instruments
Mandolin Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Mandolincello N Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked string instrument of the mandolin family. It has eight strings in four paired courses, tuned in fifths like a mandolin, but is larger.
Monochord N Instruments Stringed instruments An ancient musical and scientific laboratory instrument. The word "monochord" comes from the Greek and means literally "one string." A misconception of the term lies within its name. Often a monochord has more than one string, most of the time two, one open string and a second string with a movable bridge. In a basic monochord, a single string is stretched over a sound box.
Morinhoor N Instruments Stringed instruments Also spelt as Morinhuur, A Horse-headed Mongolian Cello.
Musical Bow N Instruments Stringed instruments A simple string musical instrument consisting of a string supported by a flexible string bearer, usually made out of wood. Often, it is a normal archery bow used for music rather than as a weapon.
Ngoni N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Nyckelharpa N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Keyed Fiddle) - A traditional Swedish musical instrument. It is a string instrument or chordophone. Its keys are attached to tangents which, when a key is depressed, serve as frets to change the pitch of the string.
Open-Back Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Oud N Instruments Stringed instruments Small, pear-shaped, stringed musical instrument, used in traditional Middle Eastern music.
Outi N Instruments Stringed instruments A post-Baroque instrument similar to a lute
Pedal Steel Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments A type of electric guitar that uses a metal bar to "fret" or shorten the length of the strings, rather than fingers on strings as with a conventional guitar. Unlike other types of steel guitar, it also uses pedals and knee levers to affect the pitch, hence the name "pedal" steel guitar.
Piccolo Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Pipa N Instruments Stringed instruments (also pípá) - A plucked Chinese string instrument. Sometimes called the Chinese lute, the instrument has a pear-shaped wooden body.
Plectrum Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Portuguese Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Portuguese Guitarra, Guitarra Portuguesa) - a plucked string instrument with twelve steel strings, strung in six courses comprising two strings each. It is one of the few musical instruments to use Preston tuners.[clarification needed] It is most notably associated with fado.
Psalmodicon N Instruments String instruments (also Psalmodikon) - a single-stringed musical instrument. It was developed in Scandinavia for simplifying music in churches and schools.
Psaltery N Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed musical instrument of the harp or the zither family.
Rabab N Instruments Stringed instruments (not to be confused with Rebab) - The best known of all Afghan musical instruments. The rabab has a deep, waisted body, and the entire instrument is carved out of a single piece of mulberry wood. Its neck and upper body are hollow, covered with a thin piece of wood, and a membrane covers the lower body. It has three main playing strings tuned a fourth apart along with 12 to 15 wire sympathetic strings.
Rebab N Instruments Stringed instruments (also (الرباب , رباب, rebap, rebeb, rababah, or al-rababa)(not to be confused with Rabab) - The rebab usually consists of a small, usually rounded body, the front of which is covered in a membrane such as parchment or sheepskin and has a long neck attached. There is a long thin neck with a pegbox at the end and there are one, two or three strings. There is no fingerboard. The instrument is held upright, either resting on the lap or on the floor. The bow is usually more curved than that of the violin. The rebab, though valued for its voice-like tone, has a very limited range (little over an octave), and was gradually replaced throughout much of the Arab world by the violin and kemenche.
Rebec N Instruments Stringed instruments (sometimes rebeck, and originally various other spellings) A bowed string musical instrument. In its most common form, it has three strings and is played on the arm or under the chin, like a violin. Dates back to the Middle Ages and was particularly popular in the 15th and 16th centuries. The instrument is European, but probably developed from the arabo-islamic instrument, the rebab.
Requinto Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments Has six nylon strings and is about 18% smaller than a standard guitar scale. Requintos made in Mexico have a deeper body than a standard classical guitar (110 mm as opposed to 105 mm). Requintos made in Spain tend to be of the same depth as the standard classical. Requinto guitars are also used throughout Latin America.
Resonator Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Resonator Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Dobro) - An acoustic guitar whose sound is produced by one or more metal cones (resonators) instead of the wooden soundboard (guitar top/face). Resonator guitars were originally designed to be louder than conventional acoustic guitars which were overwhelmed by horns and percussion instruments in dance orchestras. They became prized for their distinctive sound however, and found life with several musical styles (most notably bluegrass and also blues) well after electric amplification solved the issue of inadequate guitar sound levels.
Rhythm Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments
Ronroco N Instruments Stringed instruments A larger version of a Charango
Ruan N Instruments Stringed instruments Chinese moon shaped, short necked, lute type instrument family. Please use the brackets to give the type - Ruan [Gaoyin], Ruan [Da], Ruan [Zhong], Ruan [Ziao]
Santoor N Instruments Stringed instruments A trapezoid-shaped hammered dulcimer often made of walnut, with seventy strings. The special-shaped mallets (mezrab) are lightweight and are held between the index and middle fingers. A typical santoor has two sets of bridges, providing a range of three octaves.
Sanxian N Instruments Stringed instruments (also 三弦) A Chinese lute — a three-stringed fretless plucked musical instrument. It has a long fingerboard, and the body is traditionally made from snakeskin stretched over a rounded rectangular resonator. It is made in several sizes for different purposes and in the late 20th century a four-stringed version was also developed.
Sarangi N Instruments Stringed instruments A bowed string instrument of India
Sarod N Instruments Stringed instruments Indian classical musical instrument, a 25-stringed lute-like instrument
Semi-Acoustic Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Hollow-Body Electric Guitar) - a type of electric guitar with both a sound box and one or more electric pickups. They evolved out of the full-bodied electric f hole archtop guitar. They do not provide enough acoustic volume to for live performance, but can be used "unplugged" for quiet practice.
Seperewa N Stringed Instruments
Shahi Baaja N Instruments Stringed instruments An electrified and slightly modified version of the Indian bulbul tarang, a type of Indian zither to which have been added typewriter keys which depress several of the strings to change their pitch. The modifications also include the addition of 12 additional unfretted strings which serve as an attached swarmandal (drone harp).
Shamisen N Instruments Stringed instruments
Sintir N Instruments Stringed instruments Three stringed bass lute from the Sub-Saharian West African region.
Sitar N Instruments Stringed instruments
Slide Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments
Spinet N Instruments Stringed instruments A smaller type of harpsichord, or other keyboard instrument such as a piano or organ. A spinet is a cheaper and more compact version of the full-size original, used primarily in the home.
Steel Guitar N Instruments Stringed Instruments Refers to at least three types of horizontally played guitar: "Pedal Steel Guitar" (Discogs credit "Steel Guitar [Pedal]")- A type of Electric guitar that uses a metal slide to stop the strings, rather than fingers on strings as with a conventional guitar. The pedal steel is placed horizontally on a stand, with the strings facing up towards the player, and is typically plucked with fingerpicks. The instrument's pedals are used to change the pitch of its strings while being played; the action of the pedals may either be fixed, or may be configurable by the player to select which strings are affected by the pedals. The pedal steel, with its smooth portamenti, bending chords and complex riffs, is one of the most recognizable and characteristic instruments of American country music. "Console Steel Guitar" (Discogs credit "Steel Guitar [Console]")- (also table steel guitar) A type of electric steel guitar intermediate between the lap steel guitar and the pedal steel guitar. Table steel guitars typically have multiple necks and/or more than six strings per neck, and are too large to be easily played in lap steel fashion. "Lap Steel Guitar" (Discogs credit "Steel Guitar [Lap]") - A guitar in which the strings are raised at both the nut and bridge ends of the fingerboard, typically to about half an inch. This makes the frets unusable, and they may be replaced by markers on some guitars.
Strings N Instruments Stringed instruments Generic credit for stringed instruments
Stroh Violin N Instruments Stringed instruments (also violinophone or horn-violin) A violin that amplifies its sound through a metal resonator and metal horns rather than a wooden sound box as on a standard violin. The instrument is named after its German designer, Johannes Matthias Augustus Stroh.
Strumstick N Instruments Stringed instruments A stringed instrument that uses a diatonic scale fretting (the notes of a major scale). The strings are tuned in a drone relationship (octaves and fifth).
Surbahar N Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked string instrument used in the Hindustani classical music of North India. It is related to the better-known sitar but has a lower tone.
Svara Mandala N Instruments Stringed instruments A rare kind of harp used in Indian classical music.
Swarmandel N Instruments Stringed instruments Also spelt Swarmandal and also credited as Indian harp, this is an Indian stringed instrument. The Indian harp is used in many traditional Hindu and Muslim rituals, and is a traditional instrument.
Sympitar N Instruments Stringed instruments A modern form of guitar combining functional aspects of the guitar and the Indian sitar. This instrument has a unique feature: there is a graphite channel which guides a series of "sympathetic" resonating strings through the neck from the bridge up to the headstock. These strings vibrate or resonate against a "jiwari" bridge, which produces the sustaining drone typically associated with Indian music.
SynthAxe N Instruments Stringed instruments A fretted, guitar-like MIDI controller, created in 1986 by Bill Aitken and manufactured in England in the middle to late 1980s.
Tambura N Instruments Stringed instruments Also called Tanpura, Tamboura. Found in various models in Bulgaria, Croatia, and India.
Tamburitza N Instruments Stringed instruments A Balkan stringed instrument similar to a mandolin in shape and sound. Variants include samica (three double strings), bisernica (two double strings and two single strings; four tones), prim (one double string and three single strings; four tones), bas-prim or brac (instrument) (two double strings and two single strings; four tones), celovic (two double strings and two single strings; four tones), celo (four strings), bas or berda (four strings), and the bugarija or kontra (one double string and three single strings; four tones).
Tapboard N Instruments Stringed instruments A guitar-based instrument which uses parts of a shower hose and an egg timer
Tar (lute) N Instruments Stringed instruments A long-necked, waisted lute found in Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia and other areas near the Caucasus region.
Tenor Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Theorbo N Instruments Stringed instruments A number of long-necked lutes with second peg-boxes, such as the liuto attiorbato, the French théorbe des pieces, the English theorbo, the archlute, the German baroque lute, the angelique or angelica
Tiple N Stringed instruments A small chordophone of the guitar family
Tipple N Instruments Stringed instruments Small ten-stringed instrument
Tonkori N Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked string instrument played by the Ainu people of Hokkaido, northern Japan and Sakhalin. It is unfretted and has between three and five strings which are not stopped but instead played "open."
Tres N Instruments Stringed instruments
Twelve-String Guitar N Instruments Stringed instruments
Tzouras N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Ukulele N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Ukelele, also abbreviated as uke.) A Hawaiian interpretation of small Portuguese guitar-like instruments. Ukuleles come in four sizes; Soprano, Concert, Tenor, and Baritone.
Ukulele Banjo N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Ütőgardon N Instruments Stringed instruments (also Gardon) - a folk musical instrument originating in Transylvania and played by the Székelys and Csángós, a Hungarian ethnic group in Transylvania, with a violin playing a melody. It is similar in appearance to a cello, but it is played percussively. It can have three or four strings, usually tuned to D and d, and is played with a stick instead of a bow, providing a droning accompaniment.
Valiha N Instruments Stringed instruments A bamboo tube zither from Madagascar. It is played by plucking the strings, which may be made of metal or (originally) the bamboo skin which is pried up in long strands and propped up by small bridges.
Veena N Instruments Stringed instruments A plucked stringed instrument used in Indian classical music from Southern India
Vielle N Instruments Stringed instruments A European bowed stringed instrument used in the Medieval period, similar to a modern violin but with a somewhat longer and deeper body, five (rather than four) gut strings, and a leaf-shaped pegbox with frontal tuning pegs.
Vihuela N Instruments Stringed Instruments A name given to two different guitar-like string instruments: one from 15th and 16th century Spain, usually with 12 paired strings, and the other, the Mexican vihuela, from 20th century Mexico with five strings and typically played in Mariachi bands.
Viol N Instruments Stringed instruments The viol (also called viola da gamba) is any one of a family of bowed, fretted stringed musical instruments developed in the 1400s and used primarily in the Renaissance and Baroque periods.
Viola N Instruments Stringed instruments
Viola d'Amore N Instruments Stringed instruments A 7- or 6-stringed musical instrument with sympathetic strings used chiefly in the baroque period. It is played under the chin in the same manner as the violin.
Viola da Gamba N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Violin N Instruments Stringed instruments
Violoncello N Instruments Stringed Instruments
Violone N Instruments Stringed instruments Instrument belonging to both the viol and violin families with many variations.
Xalam N Instruments Stringed instruments Also spelled khalam, also called bappe, diassare, hoddu, koliko, komsa, kontigi, koni, konting, molo, ndere, ngoni, and tidinit. a simple lute with one to five strings. The wooden body (soundbox) of the instrument is oval-shaped and covered with the hide of cattle. The strings of the xalam are typically made of two or three tightly wound strands of low-gauge nylon fishing line; these strings are fixed to the instrument's wooden neck by long and narrow leather strips and to its wooden bridge by cotton strings. By moving these strips, the instrument's tune can be adjusted. The xalam usually has two main melody strings that are fingered by the left hand (like the strings of a guitar or banjo) and two to three supplementary strings of fixed pitch.
Yang T'Chin N Instruments Stringed instruments No information available.
Yangqin N instruments Stringed instruments (also 扬琴, 揚琴, yángqín) A Chinese hammered dulcimer originally from Central Asia (Persia (modern-day Iran)).
Zither N Instruments Stringed instruments
Zongora N Instruments Stringed instruments An instrument typical of Maramureş, a region of Romania. It is similar to a guitar, but has fewer strings. In the past it had two strings, but nowadays it has four or even five.
Accordion N Instruments Wind instruments
Algoza N Instruments Wind instruments (also: Jorhi, Ngoza) a Punjabi woodwind instrument adopted by Sindhi folk musicians.
Alphorn N Instruments Wind instruments Also called alpenhorn, a wind instrument consisting of a natural wooden horn of conical bore, having a cup-shaped mouthpiece.
Alto Clarinet N Instruments Wind instruments
Alto Flute N Instruments Wind Instruments
Alto Horn N Instruments Wind instruments (also: Tenor horn, Althorn, E♭ horn)
Alto Recorder N Instruments Wind instruments
Alto Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Apito N Instruments Wind instruments A whistle from Brazil. Unlike the European variety the Apito has two openings at the sides and can thus make three different pitches.
Bagpipes N Instruments Wind instruments
Bandoneon N Instruments Wind instruments A free-reed instrument particularly popular in Argentina
Bansuri N Instruments Wind instruments An Indian side-blown flute made of bamboo or reed with six or seven holes
Baritone Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Barrel Organ N Instruments Wind instruments A mechanical musical instrument consisting of bellows and one or more ranks of pipes housed in a case, usually of wood, and often highly decorated. The basic principle is the same as a traditional pipe organ, but rather than being played by an organist, the barrel organ is activated either by a person turning a crank, or by clockwork driven by weights or springs. The pieces of music are encoded onto wooden barrels (or cylinders), which are analogous to the keyboard of the traditional pipe organ.
Bass Clarinet Instruments Wind instruments
Bass Harmonica N Instruments Wind instruments
Bass Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Bass Trombone N Instruments Wind Instruments
Bass Tuba N Instruments Wind instruments
Basset Horn N Instruments Wind instruments (also basset-horn) A member of the clarinet family. A wind instrument with a single reed and a cylindrical bore. However, the basset horn is larger and has a bend near the mouthpiece rather than an entirely straight body
Bassoon N Instruments Wind instruments
Bayan N Instruments Wind instruments A type of chromatic button accordion developed in Russia in the early 20th century and named after the bard, Boyan. It differs from western chromatic button accordions
Bellowphone N Instruments Wind instruments http://www.bellowphone.com/
Beresta N Instruments Wind instruments Russian Silver Birch Bark Bird Whistle
Blues Harp N Instruments Wind instruments Also called a richter tuned harmonica or 10-hole harmonica (in Asia), is the most widely known type of harmonica. In the United States and Europe, it is called a diatonic harmonica. It has ten holes which offer the player 19 notes (10 holes times a draw and a blow for each hole minus one repeated note) in a three octave range.
Bombarde N Instruments Wind instruments A folk musical instrument from Brittany and Cornwall that is a cross between an oboe and a conical-bored pipe chanter
Brass N Instruments Wind instruments
Brass Bass N Instruments Wind instruments An older term for Bass Tuba which appears on early 20th century records.
Bucium N Instruments Wind instruments (also trâmbiţă or tulnic) is a type of alphorn used by mountain dwellers in Romania.
Bugle N Instruments Wind instruments
Chalumeau N Instruments Wind instruments A woodwind instrument of the late baroque and early classical era, in appearance rather like a recorder, but with a mouthpiece like a clarinet's.
Chanter N Instruments Wind Instruments
Chirimia N Instruments Wind instruments Predecessor of oboe, used in medieval Europe and in colonial Spanish America.
Clarinet N Instruments Wind instruments
Clarion N Instruments Wind instruments (also: claro) A type of cylindrical brass instrument dating from the 11th to 14th centuries. It is the ancestor to the trumpet and was used by cavalries in camp and as a signal during war.
Claviola N Instruments Wind instruments Similar to a melodica, but worn like an accordion, the claviola has a set of piano keys on the right side that range 2 1/2 octaves. The left side is a set of pipes that range in length depending on the corresponding pitch.
Concert Flute N Instruments Wind instruments (also Western Concert Flute, Transverse Flute, Flute Traversière) - A side-blown woodwind instrument made of metal or wood. It is the most common variant of the flute.
Concertina N Instruments Wind instruments A member of the free-reed family of instruments. Concertinas typically have buttons on both ends and are distinguished from an accordion (piano or button) by the direction of their button travel when pushed. Concertina buttons travel in the same direction as the bellows
Conch N Instruments Wind instruments
Contra-Alto Clarinet N Instruments Wind instruments
Contrabass Clarinet N Instruments Wind instruments
Contrabass Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Contrabassoon N Instruments Wind instruments The contrabassoon, also contrafagotto or double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon sounding an octave lower.
Cor Anglais N Instruments Wind instruments Also known as English Horn
Cornet N Instruments Wind instruments
Cornett N Instruments Wind instruments An early wind instrument, dating from the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods. It is not to be confused with the trumpet-like instrument cornet.
Crumhorn N Instruments Wind instruments A musical instrument of the woodwind family, a capped reed instrument. A double reed is mounted inside a windcap at one end of a long pipe. Blowing into the windcap produces a musical note. The pitch of the note can be varied by opening or closing finger holes along the length of the pipe.
Daegeum N Instruments Wind instruments (also spelled taegum or taegŭm) is a large bamboo transverse flute used in traditional Korean music. It has a buzzing membrane that gives it a special timbre.
Didgeridoo N Instruments Wind instruments Also spelt Didjeridu
Dili Tuiduk N Instruments Wind instruments also( дилли туйдук, dilli düdük, dilli tuyduk , dili tüidük, dilli tüidük) is a Turkmen woodwind instrument. It is a clarinet-like, single-reed instrument used mainly in Turkmen folk music.
Dizi N Instruments Wind instruments (also dízi di 笛, hengdi 橫笛, has varieties including the qudi 曲笛 and bangdi 梆笛), is a Chinese transverse flute, it is a major Chinese musical instrument, and is widely used in many genres of Chinese folk music, as well as Chinese opera, and the modern Chinese orchestra.
Drone N Instruments Wind Instruments
Duduk N Instruments Wind instruments A traditional woodwind instrument of Armenian origins.[1][2] This English word is often used generically for a family of ethnic instruments including the doudouk or duduk (դուդուկ) (previously dziranapogh (ծիրանափող, literally "apricot horn") in Armenia, the düdük or mey in Turkey, the duduki in Georgia, the balaban in Azerbaijan, the narmeh-ney in Iran, the duduka or dudka in Russia and Ukraine, duduk in Serbia, and the daduk in Bulgaria.
Dulcian N Instruments Wind instruments Predecessor of bassoon (actually called "bajón" in Spanish).
Dulzaina N Instruments Wind instruments Spanish wind instrument (not to be confused with *dulcian*), somewhat similar to Chirimia.
Electronic Valve Instrument N Instruments Wind instruments (also EVI) - A controller intended to be played by brass instrumentalists.
Electronic Wind Instrument N Instruments Wind instruments (also EWI) - A combination of a controller and synthesizer that lets wind musicians (for example saxophonists) play electronic synthesizers using their breath and fingering technique.
English Horn N Instruments Wind instruments Also known as Cor Anglais
Euphonium N Instruments Wind instruments A conical-bore, tenor-voiced brass instrument.
Fife N Instruments Wind instruments A small, high-pitched, transverse flute that is similar to the piccolo, but louder and shriller due to its narrower bore. The fife originated in medieval Europe and is often used in military and marching bands. Someone who plays the fife is called a fifer. The word fife comes from the German Pfeife, or pipe, ultimately derived from the Latin word pipare.
Flageolet N Instruments Wind instruments A woodwind instrument and a member of the fipple flute family
Flugabone N Instruments Wind instruments A mix of trombone and flugelhorn
Flugelhorn N Instruments Wind instruments
Fluier N Instruments Wind instruments A Romanian 6 hole pipe similar to a tin whistle, but made out of wood.
Flute N Instruments Wind instruments
Flute D'Amour N Instruments Wind Instruments
French Horn N Instruments Wind instruments
Gemshorn N Instruments Wind instruments An instrument of the ocarina family that was historically made from the horn of a chamois, goat, or other suitable animal.
Harmonica N Instruments Wind instruments A free reed wind instrument which is played by blowing air into it or drawing air out by placing lips over individual holes (reed chambers) or multiple holes. The pressure caused by blowing or drawing air into the reed chambers causes a reed or multiple reeds to vibrate up and down creating sound. Each chamber has multiple, variable-tuned brass or bronze reeds which are secured at one end and loose on the other end, with the loose end vibrating and creating sound. The harmonica is used in blues and American folk music, jazz, classical music, country music, rock and roll, and pop music. The harmonica has other nicknames, especially in blues music, including: "harp," "blues harp," and "mouth organ."
Heckelphone N Instruments Wind Instruments A double reed instrument of the oboe family, but with a wider bore and hence a heavier and more penetrating tone. It is pitched an octave below the oboe. Approximately four feet in length, and is quite heavy, it rests on the floor, supported by a short metal peg attached to the underside of its bulbous bell. (An alternate second bell, called a "muting" bell, is also available, which serves to muffle the instrument for playing in a small ensemble.)
Helicon N Instruments Wind instruments Tuba-like brass instrument. Predecessor to the sousaphone, which was an improved version with a different shape.
Highland Pipes N Instruments Wind instruments
Horagai N Instruments Wind instruments Horagai (also 法螺貝. jinkai, 陣貝) - Large conch shells that have been used as a trumpets in Japan for many centuries. The instrument, which has served a number of purposes throughout Japanese history, has been given a number of Japanese names depending on its function. Special schools still teach students to play the traditional music associated with the conch.
Horn N Instruments Wind instruments Please use French Horn, Alphorn, Cor Anglais, Crumhorn, English Horn, and Flugelhorn if these are specifically used.
Horns N Instruments Wind instruments
Hunting Horn N Instruments Wind instruments
Jug N Instruments Wind instruments A jug (usually made of glass or stoneware) played with the mouth. With an embouchure like that used for a brass instrument, the musician holds the mouth of the jug about an inch from his or her mouth and emits a blast of sound, made by a "buzzing" of the lips, directly into it. The jug does not touch the musician's mouth, but serves as a resonating chamber to amplify and enrich the sound made by the musician's lips. Changes in pitch are controlled by loosening or tightening the lips, and an accomplished jugplayer might have a two octave range.
Kaval N Instruments Wind instruments A chromatic end-blown flute traditionally played throughout Azerbaijan, Turkey, Bulgaria, Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo / Serbia (Kavall), northern Greece (Kavali or Dzhamara), southern Romania (Caval), Armenia (Բլուլ or Blul) and Kurdistan (Blul).
Kazoo N Instruments Wind instruments A simple musical instrument (membranophone) that adds a "buzzing" timbral quality to a player's voice when one hums into it.
Khene N Instruments Wind instruments A mouth-organ whose pipes are connected with a small, hollowed-out wooden reservoir into which air is blown. Associated with the Lao of Laos and Northeast Thailand, similar instruments date back to the bronze age of Southeast Asia.
Launeddas N Instruments Wind instruments A very ancient woodwind instrument from Sardinia, Italy. Consists of three pipes of different length, played with circular respiration.
Low Whistle N Instruments Wind instruments (also concert whistle) A variation of the traditional tin whistle / pennywhistle, distinguished by its lower pitch and larger size.
Lur N Instruments Wind instruments The more recent type is made of wood and was in use in Scandinavia during the Middle Ages. The older type, named after the more recent type, is made of bronze, dates to the Bronze Age and was often found in pairs, deposited in bogs, mainly in Denmark.
Lyricon N Instruments Wind instruments An electronic wind instrument. It enabled instrumentalists to control a synthesizer by playing a type of electronic saxophone, the synthesizer being contained in a fur-lined plastic case.
Mellophone N Instruments Wind instruments The mellophone is a brass instrument that is typically used in place of the horn in marching bands or drum and bugle corps.
Melodeon N Instruments Wind instruments (also diatonic button accordion) - A type of button accordion where the melody-side keyboard is limited to the notes of diatonic scales in a small number of keys (sometimes only one). The bass side usually contains the principal chords of the instrument's key and the root notes of those chords.
Mizmar N Instruments Wind instruments In Arabic music, a mizmar is any single or double reed wind instrument. In Egypt mizmar usually refers to a surnay. Mizmar is also a term used for a group of musicians, usually a duo or trio, that play a mizmar instrument along with an accompaniment of one or two double-sided bass drums.
Mizwad N Instruments Wind instruments (Also: mezoued, mizwid, مِزْود, مَزاود, mazāwid) a type of bagpipes played in Tunisia
Moceño N Instruments Wind instruments (also Moxeño, Mozeño) - a flute used by the people in the Andes. It's played like a travers flute but the mouth is not directly on the flute. The mouth is a separate piece that goes to the left, as the flute itself goes to the right.
Murli N Instruments Wind instruments (also: Murala, Been) An aerophonic double reed Instrument made of bamboo pipe and gourd shell.
Musette N Instruments Wind instruments (also Oboe Musette) - the smallest member of the shawm family. Shawms were the renaissance/early baroque version of the oboe. [not a Musette de Cour - use the credit "Bagpipes"].
Nadaswaram N Instruments Wind Instruments (also nadhaswaram, nagaswaram) Classical instruments of South India, a wind instrument similar to the North Indian shehnai but larger, with a hardwood body and a large flaring bell made of wood or metal.
Ney N Instruments Wind instruments (also Nay) - End-blown flute that figures prominently in Middle Eastern music
Northumbrian Pipes N Instruments Wind instruments
Nose Flute N Instruments Wind instruments A popular musical instrument played in Polynesia and the Pacific Rim countries. Other versions are found in Africa, China and India.
Oboe N Instruments Wind instruments
Oboe d'Amore N Instruments Wind instruments A woodwind instrument. It is a member of the double reed family, very similar to the oboe. Slightly larger than the oboe, it has a less assertive and more tranquil and serene tone, and is considered the mezzo-soprano or alto of the oboe family.
Oboe Da Caccia N Instruments Wind Instruments
Ocarina N Instruments Wind Instruments Sometimes called the sweet potato, an ancient flute-like wind instrument. It usually is made up of an oval-shaped enclosed space and four to thirteen finger holes, though there are some variations on the standard design.
Ophicleide N Instruments Wind instruments A family of conical bore, brass keyed bugles, and an early ancestor of the saxophone.
Panpipes N Instruments Wind instruments Also called Bolivian Pipes
Piano Accordion N Instruments Wind instruments An accordion equipped with a right-hand keyboard similar to a piano or organ.
Piccolo Flute N Instruments Wind instruments
Pipe N Instruments Wind instruments A wide range of instruments used especially in folk music. There are many specific types of pipes known, just to name Piszczałka (Poland), Fujara (Slovakia), Fluieraş (Romania), Zhaleika (Russia).
Pito N Instruments Wind instruments A wooden flute used in the Andes. The mouth and the body are made of one piece. The sound of it is sharp and high.
Pixiephone N Instruments Wind instruments A children's toy sold in the UK in the 1960s and 1970s, similar to the Melodica.
Quena N Instruments Wind instruments (also Kena, Qina) - traditional flute of the Andes. Usually made of bamboo, it has 6 finger holes and one thumb hole and is open on both ends. To produce sound, the player closes the top end of the pipe with the flesh between his chin and lower lip, and blows a stream of air downward, along the axis of the pipe, over an elliptical notch cut into the end. It is normally in the key of G, with G being the lowest note (all holes covered). It produces a very breathy or airy tone.
Quenacho N Instruments Wind instruments (also Kenacho) South American (Andean) flute, a greater, lower-toned version of the quena.
Quray N Instruments Wind Instruments
Rauschpfeife N Instruments Wind instruments A wooden double-reed instrument with the reed enclosed in a windcap
Recorder N Instruments Wind instruments A woodwind musical instrument of the family known as fipple flutes or internal duct flutes. The recorder is end-blown and the mouth of the instrument is constricted by a wooden plug, known as a block or fipple.
Reeds N Instruments Wind instruments For the general crediting of reed instruments.
Rhaita N Instruments Wind instruments (also Ghaita) - A reed instrument from Northern Africa
Rondador N Instruments Wind instruments A set of chorded bamboo panpipes that produces two tones simultaneously. It consists of pieces of cane, placed side by side in order by size and closed at one end, and is played by blowing across the top of the instrument. The rondador is considered the national instrument of Ecuador.
Rozhok N Instruments Wind instruments (also vladimirskiy rozhok,Rojok, Владимирский Рожок) An ancient Russian musical instrument made of wood. A rozhok is a conical straight tube with the five playing holes on the top of it and one - below. At the low end is a small bell at the top the pasted in mouthpiece. The total length of a rozhok ranges from 320 to 830 mm. A mouthpiece is cut in the form of a small cap and the lower end of the tube is in the form of a conic bell.
Ryuteki N Instruments Wind instruments (龍笛, literally "dragon flute") is a Japanese transverse fue made of bamboo. It is used in gagaku, the Shinto classical music associated with Japan's imperial court.
Sackbut N Instruments Wind instruments Predecessor of trombone used in Renaissance and Baroqque times, it has a softer sound.
Sampona N Instruments Wind instruments (also Sampoña, Zampoña, or Siku), an Andean pan flute.
Sarrusophone N Instruments Wind Instruments A family of transposing musical instruments, its intended use was to serve as a replacement for the oboe and bassoon.
Saxello N Instruments Wind instruments Essentially a straight soprano sax, but with a slightly curved neck and tipped bell.
Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Serpent N Instruments Wind instruments A bass wind instrument, descended from the cornett, and a distant ancestor of the tuba, with a mouthpiece like a brass instrument but side holes like a woodwind. It is usually a long cone bent into a snakelike shape, hence the name.
Shakuhachi N Instruments Wind instruments Japanese bamboo flute
Shanai N Instruments Wind instruments (also Shehnai, Shenai) - a tube-like instrument that gradually widens towards the lower end. It usually has between six and nine holes. It employs two sets of double reeds, making it a quadruple reed woodwind. By controlling the breath, various tunes can be played on it.
Shawm N Instruments Wind instruments (also possably Bass-Shalm ?) A medieval and Renaissance musical instrument of the woodwind family made in Europe from the late 13th century until the 17th century. It was developed from the oriental zurna and is the predecessor of the modern oboe.
Shenai N Instruments Wind instruments Indian reed instrument
Sheng N Instrument Wind Instruments A mouth-blown free reed instrument (the first) consisting essentially of vertical pipes.
Shinobue N Instruments Wind instruments A Japanese flute, very important in Noh and Kabuki theatre, as well as in shinto and folk music.
Sho N Instruments Wind Instruments
Slide Whistle N Instruments Wind instruments (also: swanee, swannee whistle, piston flute, jazz flute)
Smallpipes N Instruments Wind Instruments
Sopilka N Instruments Wind instruments (also; Cопiлка, Сопел) A name applied to a variety of woodwind instruments of the flute family used by Ukrainian folk instrumentalists.
Sopranino Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Soprano Clarinet N Instruments Wind instruments
Soprano Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Souna N Instrument Wind instruments A Chinese a double reed instrument.
Sousaphone N Instruments Wind instruments A type of tuba that is widely employed in marching bands. Designed so that it fits around the body of the tubist and is supported by the left shoulder, the sousaphone may be readily played while being carried.
Sruti Box N Instruments Wind instruments A small wooden instrument that traditionally works on a system of bellows. It is similar to a harmonium and is used to provide a drone in a practice session or concert of Indian classical music. It is used as an accompaniment to other instruments and notably the flute.
Subcontrabass Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Suling N Instruments Wind instruments An Indonesian/Philippine flute made out of bamboo used in gamelan ensembles.
Suona N Instruments Wind instruments (also Dida, Laba) - An ancient double-reed wind instrument. It was introduced into China from Persia and Arabia during the Ming dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644). The mouthpiece of suona is made of two small and thin pieces of reeds. The middle section is a metal bell. Its tone is sonorous and penetrating. The instrument is famous for its capacity to depict joyous and vigorous moods. Its role at first was to inspire the army of the Ming dynasty. Gradually it came to be commonly used in wedding and funeral ceremonies, orchestral, and theatrical music.
Tárogató N Instruments Wind instruments A single reed instrument. It is made out of wood and has a conical bore, similar to the soprano saxophone.
Tenor Saxophone N Instruments Wind instruments
Ti-tse N Instruments Wind instruments (also Ti) - A traditional Chinese bamboo flute.
Tin Whistle N Instruments Wind instruments Also called the tinwhistle, whistle, pennywhistle, or Irish whistle, is a simple six-holed woodwind instrument.
Trombone N Instruments Wind instruments
Trumpet N Instruments Wind instruments
Tuba N Instruments Wind instruments
Txistu N Instruments Wind Instruments
Uilleann Pipes N Instruments Wind instruments
Valve Trombone N Instruments Wind instruments
Whistle N Instruments Wind instruments
Whistling Water Jar N Instruments Wind Instruments An ancient instrument, usually made from pottery, containing water that changes and / or produces the sound.
Wind N Instruments Wind instruments To be used for general wind instruments, when a specific instrument is not specified. Also see Brass and Woodwind for more specific generalisations!
Woodwind N Instruments Wind Instruments
Yorgaphone N Instruments Wind instruments A reed instrument from Romania
Zhaleika N Instruments Wind instruments (also Jaleika) A Russian single-reed woodwind instrument
Zukra N Instruments Wind instruments a Libyan bagpipe with a double-chanter terminating in two cow horns.
Zurna N Instruments Wind instruments (also surnay, birbynė, lettish horn, surla, sornai, zournas, zurma) is an multinational outdoor wind instrument, usually accompanied by a davul (bass drum) in Anatolian folk music.
Automatic Orchestra N Instruments Technical Musical
Computer N Instruments Technical Musical
Drum Machine N Instruments Technical Musical
Effects N Instruments Technical Musical
Electronics N Instruments Technical Musical The general manipulation of electronic instruments and effects
Groovebox N Instruments Technical Musical A self-contained instrument for the production of live, loop-based electronic music. A groovebox consists of three integrated elements; one or more sound sources, such as a drum machine, a synthesizer or a sampler; a music sequencer; and a control surface.
Loops N Instruments Technical Musical
MIDI Controller N Instruments Technical Musical The most common MIDI Controller is the standard keyboard, but MIDI notes can be triggered from almost any imaginable device; electronic drums, wind controllers, breaking light beams etc.
Noises N Instruments Technical Musical
Sampler N Instruments Technical Musical
Scratches Y Instruments Technical Musical
Sequencer N Instruments Technical Musical An electronic device that can be programmed to store sequences of rhythms or music.
Software Instrument N Instruments Technical Musical
Talkbox N Instruments Technical Musical (also Talk Box, Voice Box) A musical sound effects device that allows a musician to modify the sound of a musical instrument. The musician controls the modification by changing the shape of their mouth. Usually an effects pedal that sits on the floor and contains a speaker attached with an air tight connection to a plastic tube
Tannerin N Instruments Technical Musical
Tape N Instruments Technical Musical
Theremin N Instruments Technical Musical
Turntables N Instruments Technical Musical Also called decks, phonograph, record player, or gramophone
Vocoder N Instrument Technical Musical A speech analyzer and synthesizer. A vocoder has two inputs, and combines them such that, for example, a synthesized tone input is filtered to follow the spectral profile of the voice input. Other input combinations can be used for different results.
Accompanied By N Instruments Other musical Generic credit for backing musicians. Specific roles should be used instead if known.
Audio Generator N Instruments Other muscial An unspecified instrument, presumed to be an electronic device such as a test signal generator.
Backing Band N Instruments Other musical Used to credit the whole band, common on reggae releases.
Band N Instruments Other musical
Bass N Instruments Other musical Generic credit for the playing of a bass instrument or generating bass sounds. Please use a more specific credit where possible, such as Electric Bass for the standard bass guitar, Double Bass or Contrabass for the upright acoustic instrument, Acoustic Bass for the bass version of the acoustic guitar, Electric Upright Bass for the electrified double bass, and Arco Bass, Bass Vocals, Bass Drum, Guitarrón, Bass Clarinet, Bass Harmonica, Bass Saxophone for their specific instruments.
Brass Band N Instruments Other musical
Bullroarer N Instruments Other Musical A longish piece of cord fixed to an oval piece of wood or other suitable material which usually is thicker in the center, and sharpish at the edges.
Concert Band N Instruments Other Musical A concert band, also called wind band, symphonic band, symphonic winds, wind orchestra, wind symphony, wind ensemble, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of several members of the woodwind instrument family, brass instrument family, and percussion instrument family.
E-Bow N Instruments Other musical This is not an instrument in its own right, as it does not make any sound on its own. It is a battery-powered hand-held electronic device, which effectively gives a performer another method for playing any stringed instrument. As it uses a magnetic field, it only works on steel strings, so is usually only credited for steel-stringed instruments.
Ensemble N Instruments Other Musical A musical ensemble is a group of two or more musicians who perform instrumental or vocal music. In each musical style or genre, different norms have developed for the sizes and composition of different ensembles, and for the repertoire of songs or musical works that these ensembles perform. Can be expanded on with brackets, for example "Ensemble [Quartet]"
Gamelan N Instruments Other musical A musical ensemble from Indonesia, typically from the islands of Bali or Java, featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, drums and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked strings. Vocalists may also be included.
Glass Harmonica N Instruments Other Musical Uses a series of glass bowls or goblets graduated in size to produce musical tones by means of friction.
Guest N Instruments Other musical A musician or vocalist that is a non-band member.
Homus N Instruments Other musical A version of Jew's Harp from Asia.
Instruments N Instruments Other musical A general credit for the playing of musical instruments
Jew's Harp N Instruments Other musical Also jaw harp, jaws harp, Jew's trump, guimbarde, juice harp, or mouth harp - A flexible metal or bamboo tongue or reed attached to a frame. The tongue/reed is placed in the performer's mouth and plucked with the finger to produce a note. The frame is held against the performer's teeth or lips, using the jaw (thus "jaw harp") and mouth as a resonator, greatly increasing the volume of the instrument. The note thus produced is constant in pitch, though by changing the shape of his or her mouth and the amount of air contained in it the performer can cause different overtones to sound and thus create melodies.
Mbira N Instruments Other Musical (also Likembe, Sanza, Zanza, Mbila, Thumb Piano, Mbira Huru, Mbira Njari, Mbira Nyunga Nyunga, Karimba or Kalimba) A wooden board or box to which staggered metal or wooden keys have been attached.
Morchang N Instruments Other musical A brass horseshoe shaped ring with a metal tongue that is made to vibrate with the hands and teeth to mimic speech. (like a mouth harp)
Musician N Instruments Other Musical
Orchestra N Instruments Other musical
Performer N Instruments Other musical A generic musical role, use brackets to add specifics
Rhythm Section N Instruments Other Musical
Saw N Instruments Other musical
Siren N Instruments Other musical Sirens are used as musical instruments, such as in Edgard Varèse's Hyperprism (1924), Ionisation (1931), recorded, in his Poeme Electronique (1958), George Antheil's "Ballet Mécanique" (1926), The Klaxon: March of the Automobiles (1929 by Henry Fillmore, The Chemical Brothers's Song to the Siren and, (in a CBS News 60 Minutes segment) by experimental percussionist Evelyn Glennie.
Soloist N Instruments Other musical This is a musical role, rather than the more common instrument credit used for musicians on Discogs. It denotes that the musician has taken a solo on the track - where one performer is playing either completely alone, or with accompaniment from the others. Common examples are jazz improvisation, featured musicians in classical music, and lead guitar in rock. Please also include the instrument they are playing, as a separate credit, if noted on the release, for example "Soloist, Guitar - Jimi Hendrix"
Sounds N Instruments Other musical General credit sometimes used in a non-specific way on releases, for example Additional Sounds, All sounds by, Sound sources etc
Toy N Instruments Other musical Generic role for the use of toy instruments.
Trautonium N Instruments Other musical A monophonic electronic musical instrument
Wind Chimes N Instruments Other musical
Wobble Board N Instruments Other musical An instrument popularized by the Australian musician and artist Rolf Harris. Wobble boards are not commercially made, and most are made by the player. Almost any large, rigid but flexible sheet of material can be used as an impromptu wobble board, although some materials are markedly better than others.
Undefined Y A catch-all for any currently undefined credits.