Frédéric Chopin

Vero nome:
Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin
Profilo:
Born: 1810-03-01 (Duchy of Warsaw) at present Żelazowa Wola, Poland.
Died: 1849-10-17 (Paris, France).

Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin (1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano. He has maintained worldwide renown as a leading musician of his era, one whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation."

Chopin was born in the Duchy of Warsaw in a small town called Żelazowa Wola (eng. Steel Will), within months of his birth the Chopin family moved to Warsaw the capital of the Duchy, where Fryderyk grew up and learned to play; in 1815 the Duchy became the Kingdom of Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising. At the age of 21, he settled in Paris. Thereafter—in the last 18 years of his life—he gave only 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and by giving piano lessons, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his other musical contemporaries (including Robert Schumann). In 1835, when Chopin obtained French citizenship he became . After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska from 1836 to 1837, he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer Amantine Dupin (known by her pen name, George Sand). A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 would prove one of his most productive periods of composition. In his final years, he was supported financially by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. For most of his life, Chopin was in poor health. He died in Paris in 1849 at the age of 39, probably of pericarditis aggravated by tuberculosis.
All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some 19 songs set to Polish lyrics. His piano writing was technically demanding and expanded the limits of the instrument: his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of the instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only posthumously. Among the influences on his style of composition were Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J.S. Bach, Mozart, and Schubert, and the atmosphere of the Paris salons of which he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, harmony, and musical form, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his (indirect) association with political insurrection, his high-profile love-life, and his early death have made him a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying historical fidelity.
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Artista

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Albums

66753, 66755 Concerto Op. 11, E-Minor — Frédéric Chopin Alexander Brailowsky, Frédéric Chopin, Berliner Philharmoniker Alexander Brailowsky, Frédéric Chopin, Berliner Philharmoniker - Concerto Op. 11, E-Minor(2xShellac, 12", Album) Polydor, Polydor 66753, 66755 Austria 1928 Vendi questa versione
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M 43 Twenty-Four Etudes (Op. 10 And Op. 25) — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Wilhelm Bachaus* Chopin*, Wilhelm Bachaus* - Twenty-Four Etudes (Op. 10 And Op. 25) (Album) Victrola M 43 US 1929 Vendi questa versione
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D.A. 1209, D.A. 1210, D.A. 1211, D.A. 1212 Op. 58 Sonata In B Minor — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Alfred Cortot Chopin*, Alfred Cortot - Op. 58 Sonata In B Minor(4xShellac, 12", Album + Box) His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice D.A. 1209, D.A. 1210, D.A. 1211, D.A. 1212 UK 1931 Vendi questa versione
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D.A.1333, D.A.1334, D.A.1335, D.A.1336 Sonata In B Minor, Op. 58 — Frédéric Chopin Frédéric Chopin, Alfred Cortot Frédéric Chopin, Alfred Cortot - Sonata In B Minor, Op. 58(4xShellac, 10", Album) His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice D.A.1333, D.A.1334, D.A.1335, D.A.1336 UK 1933 Vendi questa versione
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159, 67948-D, 67949-D, 67950-D, 67951-D Mazurkas — Frédéric Chopin Ignaz Friedman, Chopin* Ignaz Friedman, Chopin* - Mazurkas(4xShellac, 12", Album, RP) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia, Columbia, Columbia, Columbia 159, 67948-D, 67949-D, 67950-D, 67951-D US 1933 Vendi questa versione
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185, Album Series No. 185, D.B.1915/16/17/18 Four Scherzi For Pianoforte — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Arthur Rubinstein Chopin*, Arthur Rubinstein - Four Scherzi For Pianoforte(4xShellac, 12", Album + Box) His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice 185, Album Series No. 185, D.B.1915/16/17/18 UK 1933 Vendi questa versione
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D.B.2612, D.B.2613, D.B2614, D.B2615 Concerto No 2 F-Moll Fa Mineur Op. 21 — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Alfred Cortot Chopin*, Alfred Cortot - Concerto No 2 F-Moll Fa Mineur Op. 21 (Album) His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice, His Master's Voice D.B.2612, D.B.2613, D.B2614, D.B2615 UK 1936 Vendi questa versione
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M 462 Nocturnes (Volume 2) — Frédéric Chopin Artur Rubinstein* - Chopin* Artur Rubinstein* - Chopin* - Nocturnes (Volume 2) (Album) Victor Red Seal M 462 US 1938 Vendi questa versione
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D.B.3201, D.B.3202, D.B.3203, D.B.3204 Concerto No 1, In E Minor For Piano & Orchestra — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Arthur Rubinstein And The London Symphony Orchestra Conducted By John Barbirolli* Chopin*, Arthur Rubinstein And The London Symphony Orchestra Conducted By John Barbirolli* - Concerto No 1, In E Minor For Piano & Orchestra (Album) Victor Red Seal D.B.3201, D.B.3202, D.B.3203, D.B.3204 UK 1937 Vendi questa versione
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DB 3186-91, D.B. 3186, D.B. 3187, D.B. 3188, D.B. 3189, D.B. 3190, D.B. 3191 Nocturnes (Volume I) — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Artur Rubinstein* Chopin*, Artur Rubinstein* - Nocturnes (Volume I) (Album) Victor Red Seal DB 3186-91, D.B. 3186, D.B. 3187, D.B. 3188, D.B. 3189, D.B. 3190, D.B. 3191 UK 1937 Vendi questa versione
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M-515, M 515 Chopin Concerto No. 1 In E Minor — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Edward Kilenyi WIth The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra*, Dimitri Mitropoulos Chopin*, Edward Kilenyi WIth The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra*, Dimitri Mitropoulos - Chopin Concerto No. 1 In E Minor (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks M-515, M 515 US 1942 Vendi questa versione
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M 863 Waltzes (Volume I) — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Alexander Brailowsky Chopin*, Alexander Brailowsky - Waltzes (Volume I) (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal M 863 US 1942 Vendi questa versione
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D171 Oscar Levant Plays Chopin — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Oscar Levant Chopin*, Oscar Levant - Oscar Levant Plays Chopin (Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks D171 Canada 1945 Vendi questa versione
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MM 626 Piano Music Of Chopin — Frédéric Chopin Maryla Jonas, Frédéric Chopin Maryla Jonas, Frédéric Chopin - Piano Music Of Chopin(3xShellac, 12", Album + Box) Columbia Masterworks MM 626 US 1946 Vendi questa versione
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DM 1034 Chopin Piano Music Played By Vladimir Horowitz — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Vladimir Horowitz Chopin*, Vladimir Horowitz - Chopin Piano Music Played By Vladimir Horowitz (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal DM 1034 US 1946 Vendi questa versione
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DM 1082 Sonata In B-flat Minor Op. 35 — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Artur Rubinstein* Chopin*, Artur Rubinstein* - Sonata In B-flat Minor Op. 35 (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal DM 1082 US 1947 Vendi questa versione
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DM 1260 Preludes, Opus 28 — Frédéric Chopin Artur Rubinstein*, Chopin* Artur Rubinstein*, Chopin* - Preludes, Opus 28 (Album, Comp) RCA Victor Red Seal DM 1260 Canada 1948 Vendi questa versione
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WDM 1392 , WDM-1392 Frédéric Chopin - Alexander Brailowsky Frédéric Chopin - Alexander Brailowsky - Valses (intégrale) (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal WDM 1392 , WDM-1392 US 1949 Vendi questa versione
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ML 4193 A Chopin Recital / Sonata No. 15 In D Major, Op. 28 ( Chopin* / Beethoven*, Gyorgy Sandor* Chopin* / Beethoven*, Gyorgy Sandor* - A Chopin Recital / Sonata No. 15 In D Major, Op. 28 ("Pastorale") Columbia Masterworks ML 4193 US 1949 Vendi questa versione
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1350 Polonez A-Dur — Frédéric Chopin Jan Bereżyński, Fryderyk Chopin* Jan Bereżyński, Fryderyk Chopin* - Polonez A-Dur(Shellac, 10", Album, Mono) Muza 1350 Poland 1949 Vendi questa versione
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ML 2036 Chopin Mazurkas — Frédéric Chopin Maryla Jonas ,Piano Frédéric Chopin Maryla Jonas ,Piano Frédéric Chopin - Chopin Mazurkas(10") Columbia Masterworks ML 2036 US 1949 Vendi questa versione
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PL 1700 Konzertstück Op. 92 / Rondo Op.14 Krakowiak — Frédéric Chopin Schumann* / Chopin* - Eduard Erdmann, Rosa Schmid Schumann* / Chopin* - Eduard Erdmann, Rosa Schmid - Konzertstück Op. 92 / Rondo Op.14 Krakowiak (Album) VOX (6) PL 1700 US 1950 Vendi questa versione
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DM 1012, DM-1012 Concerto Nº 2 In F Minor For Piano And Orchestra — Frédéric Chopin Chopin*, Artur Rubinstein*, NBC Symphony Orchestra Chopin*, Artur Rubinstein*, NBC Symphony Orchestra - Concerto Nº 2 In F Minor For Piano And Orchestra (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal DM 1012, DM-1012 US 1947 Vendi questa versione
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LM-1109, LM 1109 Kinderscenen Op. 15 And Mazurkas — Frédéric Chopin Vladimir Horowitz, Chopin*, Schumann* Vladimir Horowitz, Chopin*, Schumann* - Kinderscenen Op. 15 And Mazurkas RCA Victor Red Seal, RCA Victor Red Seal LM-1109, LM 1109 US 1950 Vendi questa versione
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ML 2137 Ballades — Frédéric Chopin Chopin* : Robert Casadesus Chopin* : Robert Casadesus - Ballades Columbia Masterworks ML 2137 US 1950 Vendi questa versione