Pierre Boulez

Vero nome:
Pierre Louis Joseph Boulez
Profilo:
French composer, conductor, writer and organiser of institutions (* 26 March 1925 in Montbrison, France; † 05 January 2016 in Baden-Baden, Germany).
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He studied with Messiaen at the Paris Conservatoire (1942-1945) and privately with Andrée Vaurabourg and René Leibowitz, inheriting Messiaen's concern with rhythm, non-developing forms and extra-European music along with the Schönberg tradition of Leibowitz. The clash of the two influences lies behind such intense, disruptive works as his first two piano sonatas (1946, 1948) and Livre pour quatuor for string quartet (1949). The violence of his early music also suited that of René Char's poetry in the cantatas Le visage nuptial (1946) and Le soleil des eaux (1948), though through this highly charged style he was working towards an objective serial control of rhythm, loudness and tone colour that was achieved in the Structures for two pianos (1952). At this time he came to know Stockhausen, with whom he became a leader of the European avantgarde, teaching at Darmstadt (1955-67) and elsewhere, and creating one of the key postwar works in his Le marteau sans maître (1954). Once more to poems by Char, the work is for contralto with alto flute, viola, guitar and percussion: a typical ensemble of middle-range instruments with an emphasis on struck and plucked sounds. The filtering of Boulez's earlier manner through his 'tonal serialism' produces a work of feverish speed, unrest and elegance.

In the mid-1950s Boulez extended his activities to conducting. By the mid-1960s he was appearing widely as a conductor, becoming chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra (1971-1974) and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra (1971-1978). Meanwhile his creative output declined. Under the influence of Mallarmé he had embarked on three big aleatory works after Le marteau, but of these the Third Piano Sonata (1957) remains a fragment and Pli selon pli for soprano and orchestra (1962) has been repeatedly revised; only a second book of Structures for two pianos (1961) has been definitively finished. Other works, notably Eclat/Multiples for tuned percussion ensemble and orchestra, also remain in progress, as if the openendedness of Boulez's proliferating musical world had committed him to incompleteness. Only the severe memorial Rituel for orchestra (1975) has escaped that fate.

Since the mid-1970s Boulez has concentrated on his work as director of the Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique, a computer studio in Paris where his main work has been "Répons" for orchestra and digital equipment.
Siti:
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Albums

BVG-278, C 35 A 67 Pierre Boulez - Le Marteau Sans Maitre artwork dell'album Pierre Boulez, René Char Pierre Boulez, René Char - Le Marteau Sans Maitre (Album) Vega, Vega BVG-278, C 35 A 67 France 1956 Vendi questa versione
C 30 A 66 Pierre Boulez - Les Concerts Du Domaine Musical - IVe Concert 1956 artwork dell'album Webern* / Nono* / Stockhausen* / Boulez* - Domaine Musical*, Pierre Boulez Webern* / Nono* / Stockhausen* / Boulez* - Domaine Musical*, Pierre Boulez - Les Concerts Du Domaine Musical - IVe Concert 1956 Vega C 30 A 66 France 1956 Vendi questa versione
ML 5275 Pierre Boulez - Le Marteau Sans Maître / Nr. 5 Zeitmasse For Five Woodwinds artwork dell'album Boulez* / Stockhausen* - Robert Craft Boulez* / Stockhausen* - Robert Craft - Le Marteau Sans Maître / Nr. 5 Zeitmasse For Five Woodwinds (Album, Comp) Columbia Masterworks ML 5275 US 1958 Vendi questa versione
C 30 A 139 Pierre Boulez - Serenata I / Sonatine / Cantéyodjayâ / Zeitmasze artwork dell'album Luciano Berio - Pierre Boulez - Olivier Messiaen - Karlheinz Stockhausen Luciano Berio - Pierre Boulez - Olivier Messiaen - Karlheinz Stockhausen - Serenata I / Sonatine / Cantéyodjayâ / Zeitmasze (Album) Vega C 30 A 139 France 1958 Vendi questa versione
C 30 A 271 Pierre Boulez - Hyperprisme - Octandre - Intégrales / Suite Op. 29 artwork dell'album Varèse* / Schönberg* - Pierre Boulez Varèse* / Schönberg* - Pierre Boulez - Hyperprisme - Octandre - Intégrales / Suite Op. 29 (Album) Vega C 30 A 271 France 1960 Vendi questa versione
C 30 A 309 Pierre Boulez - Sonate Pour Piano, Op. 1 / Variations, Op. 27 / 2e Sonate Pour Piano artwork dell'album Berg*, Webern*, Boulez* Berg*, Webern*, Boulez* - Sonate Pour Piano, Op. 1 / Variations, Op. 27 / 2e Sonate Pour Piano(LP) Vega C 30 A 309 France 1961 Vendi questa versione
MA 30 LA 1003 Pierre Boulez - Hommage À Strawinsky artwork dell'album Strawinsky*, Pierre Boulez Strawinsky*, Pierre Boulez - Hommage À Strawinsky (Album, Comp) Disques Adès MA 30 LA 1003 France 1962 Vendi questa versione
TW 91084, TW 91085 Pierre Boulez - Christophe Colomb artwork dell'album Darius Milhaud, Paul Claudel, Pierre Boulez Darius Milhaud, Paul Claudel, Pierre Boulez - Christophe Colomb (Album) London Records TW 91084, TW 91085 France 1955 Vendi questa versione
MA 30 LA 525 Pierre Boulez - Serenade artwork dell'album Schoenberg* - Pierre Boulez Schoenberg* - Pierre Boulez - Serenade (Album) Disques Adès MA 30 LA 525 France 1962 Vendi questa versione
MA 30 LA 524 Pierre Boulez - Pierrot Lunaire artwork dell'album Arnold Schoenberg - Helga Pilarczyk - Pierre Boulez Arnold Schoenberg - Helga Pilarczyk - Pierre Boulez - Pierrot Lunaire (Album) Disques Adès MA 30 LA 524 France 1962 Vendi questa versione
MA 30 LA 1006 Pierre Boulez - Sept Haïkaï / Kammersymphonie / 3 Orchesterstücke artwork dell'album Messiaen*, Schoenberg* - Yvonne Loriod, Pierre Boulez Messiaen*, Schoenberg* - Yvonne Loriod, Pierre Boulez - Sept Haïkaï / Kammersymphonie / 3 Orchesterstücke (Album) Disques Adès MA 30 LA 1006 France 1964 Vendi questa versione
SMS-2324 Pierre Boulez - Le Sacre Du Printemps / 4 Etudes Pour Orchestre artwork dell'album Stravinsky* - Orchestre National De La R.T.F.* Direction Pierre Boulez Stravinsky* - Orchestre National De La R.T.F.* Direction Pierre Boulez - Le Sacre Du Printemps / 4 Etudes Pour Orchestre (Album) Guilde Internationale Du Disque SMS-2324 France 1964 Vendi questa versione
HM 30 682 Pierre Boulez - Le Marteau Sans Maître Für Alt Und Sechs Instrumente Nach Texten Von René Char artwork dell'album Pierre Boulez Le Marteau Sans Maître Für Alt Und Sechs Instrumente Nach Texten Von René Char (Album) Harmonia Mundi HM 30 682 Germany 1964 Vendi questa versione
HMO 30.545 Pierre Boulez - Concerto In D Minor For Flute And Orchestra / Concerto In A Major For Cello And Orchestra artwork dell'album K.P.E. Bach* - J.P. Rampal*, Robert Bex, H. Dreyfus* , Orchestre À Cordes Sous La Direction De Pierre Boulez K.P.E. Bach* - J.P. Rampal*, Robert Bex, H. Dreyfus* , Orchestre À Cordes Sous La Direction De Pierre Boulez - Concerto In D Minor For Flute And Orchestra / Concerto In A Major For Cello And Orchestra (Album) Musical Heritage Society HMO 30.545 France 1964 Vendi questa versione
M-2433, SMS 2433 Pierre Boulez - Les Noces - Pribaoutki - Berceuses Du Chat - Chanson Russes - Chansons Paysannes artwork dell'album Stravinsky* - Jacqueline Brumaire, Denise Scharley, Jacques Pottier, José Van Dam, Chœurs Et Solistes De L'Orchestre Du Théâtre National De L'Opéra*, Pierre Boulez Stravinsky* - Jacqueline Brumaire, Denise Scharley, Jacques Pottier, José Van Dam, Chœurs Et Solistes De L'Orchestre Du Théâtre National De L'Opéra*, Pierre Boulez - Les Noces - Pribaoutki - Berceuses Du Chat - Chanson Russes - Chansons Paysannes (Album) Guilde Internationale Du Disque, Guilde Internationale Du Disque M-2433, SMS 2433 France 1965 Vendi questa versione
ASD 639 Pierre Boulez - Le Soleil Des Eaux / Chronochromie / Les Bandar-Log artwork dell'album Boulez* / Messiaen* / Koechlin* Boulez* / Messiaen* / Koechlin* - Le Soleil Des Eaux / Chronochromie / Les Bandar-Log (Album) His Master's Voice ASD 639 UK 1965 Vendi questa versione
SMSC 2379, SMSC-2379 Pierre Boulez - Water Music artwork dell'album Handel* - Pierre Boulez Conducts The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra* Handel* - Pierre Boulez Conducts The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra* - Water Music (Album) Guilde Internationale Du Disque, Guilde Internationale Du Disque SMSC 2379, SMSC-2379 UK 1965 Vendi questa versione
WER 60 011 Pierre Boulez - Structures Pour Deux Pianos artwork dell'album Pierre Boulez Structures Pour Deux Pianos (Album) WERGO WER 60 011 Germany 1965 Vendi questa versione
BRG 72471, 72471 Pierre Boulez - Et Exspecto Resurrectionem Mortuorum / Couleurs De La Cité Céleste artwork dell'album Olivier Messiaen / Pierre Boulez Olivier Messiaen / Pierre Boulez - Et Exspecto Resurrectionem Mortuorum / Couleurs De La Cité Céleste (Album) Erato BRG 72471, 72471 UK 1966 Vendi questa versione
SDBR 3170, 3170 Pierre Boulez - Equivalences / Madrigal III / Verklarte Nacht artwork dell'album Pierre Boulez Conducts The Domaine Musical Ensemble* / Schoenberg* / Eloy* / Pousseur* Pierre Boulez Conducts The Domaine Musical Ensemble* / Schoenberg* / Eloy* / Pousseur* - Equivalences / Madrigal III / Verklarte Nacht (Comp, Album) Disques Adès SDBR 3170, 3170 US 1967 Vendi questa versione
MET 3003 Pierre Boulez - Wozzeck artwork dell'album Alban Berg - Pierre Boulez, Orchestra Of The Paris National Opera* And Chorus Of The Paris National Opera*, Walter Berry, Isabel Strauss, Fritz Uhl, Carl Doench* Alban Berg - Pierre Boulez, Orchestra Of The Paris National Opera* And Chorus Of The Paris National Opera*, Walter Berry, Isabel Strauss, Fritz Uhl, Carl Doench* - Wozzeck (Album) CBS Masterworks MET 3003 UK 1967 Vendi questa versione
MS 7179 Pierre Boulez - Three Pieces For Orchestra / Chamber Concerto / Altenberg Lieder, Op. 4 artwork dell'album Boulez* Conducts Berg* - Daniel Barenboim / Sachko Gawriloff* / Halina Lukomska, BBC Symphony Orchestra Boulez* Conducts Berg* - Daniel Barenboim / Sachko Gawriloff* / Halina Lukomska, BBC Symphony Orchestra - Three Pieces For Orchestra / Chamber Concerto / Altenberg Lieder, Op. 4 Columbia Masterworks MS 7179 US 1967 Vendi questa versione
92 786 Pierre Boulez - La Mer • L'après-midi D'un Faune • Jeux artwork dell'album Boulez* Dirigiert Debussy* Boulez* Dirigiert Debussy* - La Mer • L'après-midi D'un Faune • Jeux (Album) CBS Masterworks 92 786 Germany 1966 Vendi questa versione
VICS-1312, VICS 1312 Pierre Boulez - The New Music (Volume 2) artwork dell'album Boulez*Haubenstock-Ramati*Maderna* - Rome Symphony Orchestra* / Bruno Maderna Boulez*Haubenstock-Ramati*Maderna* - Rome Symphony Orchestra* / Bruno Maderna - The New Music (Volume 2) (Album, Comp) RCA Victrola, RCA Victrola VICS-1312, VICS 1312 US 1968 Vendi questa versione
STGBY 641 Pierre Boulez - Improvisation No. 2 / Parole Di San Paolo / Concerto Per La Notte Di Natale Dell´Anno / Trois Chants Sacrés artwork dell'album Dallapiccola* / Boulez* / Pousseur* Dallapiccola* / Boulez* / Pousseur* - Improvisation No. 2 / Parole Di San Paolo / Concerto Per La Notte Di Natale Dell´Anno / Trois Chants Sacrés (Album) Candide STGBY 641 UK 1969 Vendi questa versione