BYG Records

BYG Records

Profile:
French label formed in Paris, France, in 1967. BYG is an acronym of the founders of the label; Fernand Boruso, who worked previously on film director Lelouch's "Saravah" label; Jean-Luc Young, who was at "Barclay Records"; and Jean Georgakarakos (also known as 'Karakos'), a French record dealer and distributor. The company's 'Actuel' tag encompassed promotional & marketing activity, such as a regional music magazine, and was a BYG series produced by drummer Claude Delcloo.

The label's primary aim was to record and capture a growing market of 'free-style' jazz-oriented artists and exponents of avant-garde music that were beginning to emerge at the close of the 1960's. Such artists as Archie Shepp, Don Cherry, Dave Burrell and Gong featured on the BYG Records label. Recordings were usually achieved whilst such bands were on tour in Europe and the label's existence was an attraction for groups not on the radar of mainstream popularity.

To gain focus for their label BYG/Actuel initiated a five-day, 24-hour concert in Europe in the fall of 1969. Supported by the Ricard Foundation the concert was to be held at the ''Parc Saint Cloud'' in Paris. Billed, up to the eleventh-hour, as the "First Paris Music Festival" with over 55 acts, the event was banned for 'environmental reasons' by concerned lobbyists of the French capital. Undeterred, BYG/Actuel moved the event over the Belgium border, into a cold, damp, open field location in Amougies, reminiscent of early Glastonbury events.

The acts appeared on a hastily erected stage covered by a large makeshift tent, performing to an audience of over 18,000, mainly French, Belgian or German fans, sleeping and eating rough. To complicate matters, the groups were introduced in English by master of ceremonies Frank Zappa who was accompanying and promoting a Captain Beefheart tour of Europe. His co-host was Pierre Lattès, producer, DJ & music editor for Actuel Magazine, who was issuing live portions of the show out on LW French radio. Bootlegs, such as Zappa jamming with Pink Floyd (Inter-Zappa Overdrive), and a Jean-Nöel Roy and Jérôme Laperrousaz documentary film Music Power/European Music Revolution reflect the nature of this event, which was in its way successful but a financial disaster for BYG/Actuel.

In hindsight, the Parisian authorities were perhaps foolish in snubbing BYG/Actuel's vision. Many of the bands booked for this event were, or became, the cream of the rock and jazz scene at the time. If the event had occurred in the comfort of the Paris stadium it is likely that it would have become a regular European event similar to that of Glastonbury or other UK festivals. BYG/Actuel staged "60 hours of music for 60 Francs" between 24-28th Oct 1969 as follows: [See poster in 'images']

Introduced by Frank Zappa & Pierre Lattès
Friday Night: 24th Oct
"Pop Music" Ten Years After, Colosseum, Aynsley Dunbar's Retaliation, Alan Jack Civilization. "Free Jazz" Art Ensemble Of Chicago, Sunny Murray, Burton Greene, 360 Degree Music Experience [Beaver Harris/Dave Burrell]. "New Music" Free Music Group [aka Udo Bergner Free Music Communion].
Saturday Night: 25th Oct "Pop Music'" Pink Floyd, Freedom, Keith Relf's Rennaisance, Alexis Korner & The New Church, Blues Convention [Alexis Korner]. '''Free Jazz''' Grachan Moncur III, Arthur Jones, Joachim Kühn, Don Cherry.
Sunday Afternoon: 26th Oct "French Pop Groups" Martin Circus, Alan Jack Civilization, Triangle, We Free, Cruciferius, Indescriptible Chaos Rampant.
(Interim Spectacle: Max Auer & Claudia Saumade) Amplification by Standel. Environmental Direction: Jacques Cherix. Coordination: Brigette Guichard.
Sunday Night: 26th Oct '"Pop Music" The Nice, Caravan, Blossom Toes, Ame Son. "Free Jazz" Archie Shepp, Kenneth Terroade, Anthony Braxton. "New Music" Germ (Pierre Mariétan).
Monday Night: 27th Oct "Pop Music" Yes, Pretty Things, Chicken Shack, Sam Apple Pie, Frogeaters, Daevid Allen Group, Keith Tippett Group. "Free Jazz" Pharoah Sanders, Dave Burrell, John Surman, Clifford Thornton, Sonny Sharrock. "New Music" Acting Trio.
Tuesday Night: 28th Oct "Pop Music'" Soft Machine, Captain Beefheart, East Of Eden, Fat Mattress, Zoo. "Free Jazz" Alan Silva, Robin Kenyatta, Chris McGregor, Steve Lacy, Dave Burrell Big Band. "New Music" Musica Elettronica Viva.

A number of the above artists were recorded on the BYG Records label. Beefheart's session can be found on Revenant's Grow Fins: Rarities (1965-1982). By 1972 BYG Actuel had all but disappeared as a label. Karakos set up his own label "Celluloid" and Young formed the "Charly Records" label. The latter has released a CD set of past BYG Actuel recordings, as has Italy's "Get Back Records".

Note: Jacques Bisceglia, the French producer, is often incorrectly quoted as being the "B" in BYG.

The BYG Records 'Actuel' series is denoted by the suffix catalog# 300. Thus the Don Cherry recording "Mu" First Part would be catalog suffix# .301 and, in most cases, the Actuel recordings were 180 gram vinyl.
Sublabels
Sites:
[l13232]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
6 Claude Delcloo, Arthur Jones Claude Delcloo, Arthur Jones - Africanasia (Album) 6 Spain 1969 Sell This Version
20 Various Real Bluesmen & Folksingers(LP, Album, Comp, Mono) BYG Records 20 France Unknown Sell This Version
26064 Milt Jackson Opus De Jazz(LP, Album, RE, Gat) BYG Records 26064 Spain 1970 Sell This Version
58 006 Various Histoire Du Jazz Vol. 2(5xBox, Comp) BYG Records, BYG Records, BYG Records, BYG Records, BYG Records 58 006 France Unknown Sell This Version
129 001 The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation Double Lovin'(7", Single) BYG Records 129 001 France Unknown Sell This Version
129 002 Alexis Korner Mary Open The Door / I'm Tore Down(7", Single) BYG Records 129 002 France 1968 Sell This Version
129 003 Norman T. Washington Tip Toe(7") BYG Records 129 003 France Unknown Sell This Version
129 004 The Mohawks Baby Hold On(7") BYG Records 129 004 France Unknown Sell This Version
129 005 The Intruders Slow Drag / So Glad I'm Yours(7") BYG Records 129 005 France 1968 Sell This Version
129 006 Dee Dee Sharp* What Kind Of Lady / You're Gonna Miss Me (When I'm Gone)(7") BYG Records 129 006 France 1969 Sell This Version
129007 The Johnstons Give A Damn/Funny In A Sad Sad Way(7", Single) BYG records 129007 France 1969 Sell This Version
129 009 James Cleveland* And The Angelic Choir James Cleveland* And The Angelic Choir - Peace Be Still/ The Lord Brought Us Out(7", Single) Byg Records 129 009 France 1969 Sell This Version
129 010 Mercy (4) Love (Can Make You Happy)(7", Single) BYG Records 129 010 France 1969 Sell This Version
129 011 Buchanan Brothers (2) Medicine Man(7", Single) BYG Records 129 011 France 1969 Sell This Version
129 013 Alan Jack Civilization Shame On You / Baby Don't You Come Back Home(7", Single) BYG Records 129 013 France 1969 Sell This Version
129.014 Jasmin-T Some Other Guy(7", Single) BYG Records 129.014 France 1969 Sell This Version
129 015 Max Romeo Wet Dream(7") BYG Records 129 015 France Unknown Sell This Version
129 016 Ike & Tina Turner Goodbye So Long (Single) 129 016 France 1969 Sell This Version
129 017 Otis Redding Gamma Lamma / I'm Gettin Hip(7") BYG Records 129 017 France 1970 Sell This Version
129 019 Alice (22) De L'autre Côté Du Miroir / Viens(7", Single) BYG Records 129 019 France 1970 Sell This Version
129 020 Freedom (9) Dirty Water(7", Single) BYG Records 129 020 France 1970 Sell This Version
129 021 Daevid Allen, Gong Daevid Allen, Gong - Garçon Ou Fille(7", Single) BYG Records 129 021 France 1970 Sell This Version
129 022 Alan Jack Civilization N'y Change Rien / J'ai Besoin De La Terre(7", Single) BYG Records 129 022 France 1970 Sell This Version
129 025 Balls (3) Fight For My Country(7", Single) Byg Records 129 025 France Unknown Sell This Version
129 026 Coeur Magique Le Cocotier(7", Single) BYG Records 129 026 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 027 Aynsley Dunbar / Blue Whale Aynsley Dunbar / Blue Whale - Days / Willing To Fight(7", Single) Byg Records 129 027 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 028 Tribu I'll Take The Next Train(7", Single) BYG Records 129 028 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 029 Alice (22) Je Voudrais Habiter Le Soleil (Single) 129 029 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 030 François Wertheimer Le Compagnon De Voyage(7", Single) BYG Records 129 030 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 031 Inter-Groupie Psychotherapeutic Elastic Band Floating(7", Single) BYG Records 129 031 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 032 Alpha Beta (4) Astral Abuse(7") BYG Records 129 032 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 034 Valérie Lagrange I Love You So / Si Ma Chanson Pouvait(7", Single) BYG Records, BYG Records 129 034 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 035 Paul Semama* Mon Petit Garçon / Le Train Du Méridien(7", Single) BYG Records 129 035 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 037 Jacques Barsamian Mauvaises Pensées(7", Single) Byg Records 129 037 France 1971 Sell This Version
129 038 Tribu Love Is All(7", Single) BYG Records 129 038 France 1971 Sell This Version
129.050 Areski - Brigitte Fontaine L'Incendie(7", Single) BYG Records, BYG Records 129.050 France 1973 Sell This Version
129 052 Brigitte Fontaine Et Areski* Ça Va Faire Un Hit / Quand Les Ghettos Brûleront(7", Single) BYG Records 129 052 France 1974 Sell This Version
129 053 François Wertheimer Barjo City(7", Single) Byg Records 129 053 France 1971 Sell This Version
200 137 Soft Machine Soft Machine(LP) Metronome 2001, Metronome 2001, BYG Records 200 137 Germany 1973 Sell This Version
200.139 Jeff Beck & Yardbirds* Jeff Beck & Yardbirds* - Shapes Of Things(LP, Comp) Metronome 2001, Byg Records 200.139 Germany 1973 Sell This Version
200.148 Julie Driscoll This Is Julie Driscoll(LP, Comp) Metronome 2001, BYG Records 200.148 Germany 1974 Sell This Version
200.149 Brian Auger This Is Brian Auger(LP, Comp) Metronome 2001, Metronome 2001, BYG Records, BYG Records 200.149 Germany 1974 Sell This Version
529 002 Alexis Korner A New Generation Of Blues(LP, Album) BYG Records 529 002 France 1968 Sell This Version
529.003 The Milwaukee Coasters West Coast Rock And Roll(LP, Album) BYG Records 529.003 France 1969 Sell This Version
529 004 Elmore James The Blues In My Heart The Rhythm In My Soul(LP, Album) BYG Records 529 004 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 005 The Aynsley Dunbar Retaliation Doctor Dunbar's Prescription(LP, Album) BYG Records 529 005 France 1969 Sell This Version
529.007 Pacific Gas And Electric* Get It On(LP, Album) BYG Records 529.007 France Unknown Sell This Version
529011 Alan Jack Civilization Bluesy Mind(LP, Album) BYG Records 529011 France 1970 Sell This Version
529 012 The Johnny Otis Show Featuring Mighty Mouth Evans* & Shuggie Otis The Johnny Otis Show Featuring Mighty Mouth Evans* & Shuggie Otis - Cold Shot!(LP, Album, Gat) BYG Records 529 012 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 015 Aynsley Dunbar / Blue Wale* Aynsley Dunbar / Blue Wale* - Blue Wale(LP, Album) Byg Records 529 015 Germany 1971 Sell This Version
529.019 Champion Jack Dupree The Heart Of The Blues Is Sound (LP) BYG RECORDS 529.019 France 1971 Sell This Version
529 026 Areski - Brigitte Fontaine L'Incendie (Album) 529 026 France 1973 Sell This Version
529 027 Gong Flying Teapot (Radio Gnome Invisible Part 1)(LP, Album) BYG Records 529 027 France 1973 Sell This Version
529 028 Wertheimer* Wertheimer(LP, Album) Byg Records 529 028 France 1970 Sell This Version
529.029 Gong Magick Brother (Album) 529.029 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.030 Gong Camembert Electrique(LP, Album, RP, Sin) BYG Records 529.030 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.051 Louis Armstrong Archive Of Jazz Volume 1(LP, Comp, Mono) BYG Records 529.051 France 1969 Sell This Version
529.052 Sidney Bechet Archive Of Jazz Volume 2(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.052 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.053 Duke Ellington Archive Of Jazz Volume 3(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.053 France 1969 Sell This Version
529.054 Bix Beiderbecke Archive Of Jazz Volume 4(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.054 France 1968 Sell This Version
529 055 Muggsy Spanier Archive Of Jazz Volume 5(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529 055 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 057 New Orleans Rhythm Kings Archive Of Jazz - Volume 7(LP, Comp) BYG Records, BYG Records 529 057 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.058 Fats Waller Young Fats Waller Volume 8(LP, Comp, RE) BYG Records 529.058 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 061 Various Riverside History Of Classic Jazz(LP, Comp, Mono) BYG Records 529 061 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 063 Various Ragtime Piano Roll Classics(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529 063 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 064 Sydney Bechet* September Song - I Got Rhythm - Blues Improvisation(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529 064 France Unknown Sell This Version
529066 Jack Teagarden, Pee Wee Russell Jack Teagarden, Pee Wee Russell - St. James Infirmary, Dinah, Shine(LP, Album) BYG Records 529066 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 067 George Lewis (2), Kid Ory George Lewis (2), Kid Ory - Kings Of Classics Jazz(LP, Comp) BYG Records, BYG Records 529 067 France 1969 Sell This Version
529 068 Various The Blues New Orleans Style(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529 068 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 069 New Orleans Rhythm Kings Archive Of Jazz - Volume 19(LP, Comp) BYG Records, BYG Records 529 069 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.070 Johnny Dodds Weary Way Blues (Comp) 529.070 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.071 Duke Ellington Choo Choo - Jig Walk - Trombone Blues(LP, Album, Mono) BYG Records 529.071 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.073 Ida Cox Archive Of Jazz Volume 23(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.073 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.075 Freddy Keppard* Archive Of Jazz Volume 25(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.075 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.076 Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong In New York(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.076 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 078 Gertrude "Ma" Rainey* Archive Of Jazz Volume 28(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529 078 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.080 Jelly Roll Morton Archive Of Jazz Volume 30(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.080 France Unknown Sell This Version
529081 Duke Ellington Archive Of Jazz Volume 31(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529081 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 083 Fletcher Henderson Archive Of Jazz Volume 33(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529 083 US Unknown Sell This Version
529.084 George Lewis (2) Archive Of Jazz - Volume 34(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.084 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.086 Louis Armstrong With Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra Louis Armstrong With Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra - Louis Armstrong 1924-1925 With Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529.086 France Unknown Sell This Version
529-088 Clarence Williams Archive Of Jazz Volume 38(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529-088 France Unknown Sell This Version
529089 The California Ramblers* Archive Of Jazz Volume 39(LP, Comp) BYG Records 529089 France Unknown Sell This Version
529.100 Archie Shepp / Bill Dixon Archie Shepp / Bill Dixon - Consequences(LP, Album, RE) BYG Records, BYG Records 529.100 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 103 Fats Navarro Fats Navarro Vol 2 Nostalgia(LP) BYG Records 529 103 France Unknown Sell This Version
529 117 Kenny Burrell Featuring Pepper Adams, Tommy Flanagan, Paul Chambers (3), Kenny Clarke Kenny Burrell Featuring Pepper Adams, Tommy Flanagan, Paul Chambers (3), Kenny Clarke - Jazzmen From Detroit(LP, Album, Mono, RE) BYG Records 529 117 France Unknown Sell This Version
529147 Coleman Hawkins An Evening At Papa Joe's(LP, Album, RE) BYG Records 529147 Unknown Sell This Version
529.148 Milt Jackson, Howard McGhee Milt Jackson, Howard McGhee - Milt Jackson Howard McGhee(LP, Album) BYG Records 529.148 France 1969 Sell This Version
529.201 Soft Machine, Gong, Daevid Allen, Robert Wyatt, Gary Wright, Kevin Ayers Soft Machine, Gong, Daevid Allen, Robert Wyatt, Gary Wright, Kevin Ayers - Soft Machine - Gong(2xLP, Comp) BYG Records 529.201 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.202 Sun Ra & His Solar-Myth Arkestra* The Solar-Myth Approach Vol. 1 & 2(2xLP, Comp) BYG Records 529.202 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.203 Archie Shepp Yasmina, A Black Woman / Live At The Panafrican Festival(2xLP, Comp) BYG Records 529.203 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.204 Art Ensemble Of Chicago* "Great Black Music" - A Jackson In Your House / Message To Our Folks(2xLP, Comp) BYG Records 529.204 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.205 Grachan Moncur III Aco Dei De Madrugada (One Morning I Waked Up Very Early) / New Africa(2xLP, Comp) BYG Records 529.205 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.206 Don Cherry "Mu" First Part / "Mu" Second Part(2xLP, Comp) BYG Records 529.206 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.207 Sunny Murray Sunshine / Hommage To Africa(LP, Album, RE + LP, Album, RE + , Comp) BYG Records 529.207 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.208 Archie Shepp Poem For Malcolm / Blasé(2xLP, Comp) BYG Records 529.208 France 1971 Sell This Version
529.301 Don Cherry "Mu" First Part (Album) 529.301 France 1969 Sell This Version
529.302 The Art Ensemble Of Chicago A.A.C.M., Great Black Music - A Jackson In Your House (Album) 529.302 France 1969 Sell This Version
529.303 Sunny Murray Hommage To Africa (Album) 529.303 France 1970 Sell This Version
529.304 Archie Shepp Yasmina, A Black Woman (Album) 529.304 France 1969 Sell This Version

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ultimathulerecords

ultimathulerecords

November 7, 2015
BYG Records LP pressings

Early BYG LPs were 30cm, not 12"

Basically, there are 4 different variations on the black label

1: with white relief logo and copyright with silver track details etc.,
two variations: square BIEM, rectangular BIEM
and a few that also switched the layout with BIEM on the left

2: with white relief logo and copyright with silver track details etc., SACEM
3: all white relief (no silver)
4: as 1-3 but 12" (not 30cm)

orange BYG picture label versions (SACEM)
Gong - Magick Brother ca 1972
Gong - Magick Brother ca 1973/74

SACEM orange BYG label (small logo)
reissues without Actuel ca 1975

Do you know of any other variations or finer details? - then message me.
viima

viima

January 22, 2004
edited over 6 years ago
BYG Records was founded by Fernand Boruso, Jean-Luc Young and Jean Georgakarakos in the late 60's. The now legendary status of BYG is mainly based on some fifty excellent free jazz and experimental records by mostly American artists released under the Actuel-series.

As the 60's progressed towards the seventies the interest of major labels in free jazz started to fade away, creating a need for a new output for many American artists and their music. As a result many leading musicians visited or moved entirely to Europe, where it seemed that free jazz and jazz in general, were more appreciated than in the USA. Paris was often the place of action for the ex-patriate free jazzers, where there was always demand for live performances and people running labels willing to record your music for a release. BYG was one of these.

Most of BYG's Actuel-records are excellent free jazz discs, but they did release something else too: a couple of MEV's improvised electronic albums, some progressive rock albums and a record by Pierre Marietan and Terry Riley.

There are other BYG records around, apart from the Actuel-series, but they are mostly reissues of pretty straight forward jazz discs.