DanDisc

DanDisc

Profile:
DanDisc was a Danish compact disc and cassette manufacturer, operating under this name from September 1987 to February 1997 when, following a company merger, it was re-branded to SDC DanDisc. The main office was located at their CD production plant in Sakskøbing, with the sales office in Copenhagen, MC manufacturing in Hellerup and a satellite plant in Oslo, Norway via daughter company Bel Produksjon A/S.

History
The company DanDisc Production A/S was established early 1987 on the initiative of leading members of the Danish music industry with Bent Fabricius-Bjerre as chairman of the board. The company erected their own manufacturing plant - the first in Denmark to press CDs - in the small town of Sakskøbing the same year. The first production line was delivered by Musitech and the first DanDisc-branded CD pressed there was No Rush on 29 September 1987. A second production line was added in September 1989.

In April 1992 an in-house glass mastering facility was inaugurated; until then, glass masters were provided by various companies in Malmö, Hamburg, France (Digipress), and Switzerland. At this point in time, the plant produced 10 million CDs per year and working to add a fifth production line.

In order to increase the market share in Norway, DanDisc co-established Norwegian CD manufacturer Bel Produksjon A/S as a joint venture. A production plant in Oslo was inaugurated in June 1994. On 1 January 1995, Bel Produksjon A/S became a daughter company when DanDisc increased their ownership from 50% to 75%. At the Sakskøbing factory, the production capacity doubled in 1995 with the instalment of new machinery, of own packaging facility, and the addition of a new warehouse.

In September 1995, daughter company DanCassette was established for production of audio music cassettes. DanCassette was co-owned with Lydstudiet PS and located at the latter's address in Hellerup north of Copenhagen. Cassettes manufactured by DanCassette were branded as DanDisc.

Covers and labels were initially delivered by external suppliers in Oddense (Skive Offset), Nysted and Germany. In April 1996, Skive Offset established a daughter company Sax Print under the roof of the Sakskøbing plant, with an initial yearly production of 30 mio. items.

In October 1996 DanDisc merged with Scandinavian Duplication Centre (SDC) and became SDC DanDisc. The re-branding from DanDisc to SDC DanDisc in CD matrix strings took place between 7 and 9 February 1997, while the DanDisc name and logo continued to appear on CD artwork throughout the late 1990's, and on certain reissues even later.

Logo
The Dandisc logo is the symbol in a circular shape. ↀ symbolises "DD" as in DanDisc and is also an archaic symbol meaning "one thousand".

Identification by cover, CD label or cassette shell
DanDisc can sometimes be identified by a DanDisc logo and/or stylised text "DanDisc", "DanDisc Denmark", "Made by DanDisc", or "Made in Denmark by DanDisc".
• Examples: En Aften I Lønstrup, Diva EP, Dizzy Mizz Lizzy, Für Elise, Gajo, Rock I Bureauet, Peters Jul, and Du Dejlige Danske Sang.

Credit such releases with "Made By DanDisc", but do not deduce that CD's were glass mastered or pressed by DanDisc solely based on an artwork credit. Example: Herfra Hvor Vi Står has "Made in Denmark by DanDisc" on the CD label but is in reality a reissue from the period 1999 to 2005 glass mastered at Universal M & L, Germany.

Identification by CD matrix
First period with glass masters made by third party provider
During the early period 1987-93, the glass master production was outsourced to third party providers. The following matrix string patterns are known, with approximate years of appearance (where [Cat#] is the catalog number):

1987-1992: DANDISC [Cat#] CDM0x, where x is a digit (1 to 4)
• Examples: Sanne, Lediggang Agogo
1988-1989: DANDISC [Cat#] @ x, where x is a digit
• Example: Varjot Ja Lakanat, No Fuel Left For The Pilgrims
1989-1990: (Mirrored) DANDISC [Cat#] xx, where xx is a double-digit
• Examples: Into The Blue, Kopy
1992-199x: DANDISC [Cat#]
• Examples: Dolphins, Dolphins, Dolphins, Tähdet Tähdet

Credit such releases with "Pressed By" DanDisc. Do not add a "Glass Mastered At" credit as the glass master providers are at the moment unknown.

1988-1993: DANDISC DIGIP [Cat#]
• Examples: Mellem Hjerter Og Spar, Stop En Halv

Credit such released with "Glass Mastered At" Digipress and "Pressed By" DanDisc.

Second period with own glass masters
In April 1992 DanDisc started producing their own glass masters. The following matrix string patterns are known:

1992-199x: DANDISC ✶✶ [Cat#] ✶✶ [yymmddxx]{/zz}
• Examples: Estrellita, Munkesang & Bægerklang
1993-1996: ↀ DanDisc [Cat#] [yymmddxx] DanDisc ↀ
• Examples: Kingdom Come, Små Sensationer
1995-1995: ↀ DanDisc [Cat#] ↀ DanDisc [yymmddxx]
• Example: Et Genhør Med Dansktoppen
1995-1997: ↀ DanDisc [Cat#] [yymmddxx] ↀ DanDisc
• Examples: Vejen Væk, Hip

All these patterns contain a unique sequential date identifier of the format [yymmddxx], sometimes throughout 1992-93 with an optional postfix {/zz}. It refers to the date on which the glass master was manufactured:
- yy is a double-digit number indicating the year 19yy
- mm is a double-digit number indicating the month
- dd is a double-digit number indicating the day of the month
- xx and zz are double-digit numbers

Examples:
Estrellita has matrix string "DANDISC ✶✶ OLGACD 92058 ✶✶ 92051108/02" indicating glass master date 92-05-11 i.e. 11 May 1992.
Små Sensationer has matrix string "ↀ DanDisc PCCD 8088 95031503 ↀ DanDisc" indicating glass master date: 95-03-15 i.e. 15 March 1995.

Credit such releases with "Glass Mastered At" DanDisc and add the date identifier (without the optional postfix "/zz") as catalogue number.

Mastering SID codes
Only known mastering SID code is L401. It appears in three different variants:
From November 1994 to July 1996: L401 (large, without IFPI prefix: example)
From September 1996 to November 1996: ifpi L401 (often partly hidden in the matrix-mould border: example)
From November 1996 an on: L 401 (small, without IFPI prefix and a space between L and 401: example)

Mould SID codes
Generally follow patterns IFPI 68nn, where nn is a double-digit number.
Sublabel
Parent Label:
Contact Info:
DanDisc Production A/S
Skifervej 2
4990 Sakskøbing
Denmark
(now obsolete)
[l182892]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
07G3G Dreamjingles  album cover Jakob Draminsky Højmark Dreamjingles(CD, Album) MultiSounds, G3G Records 07G3G Denmark 1990 Sell This Version
00193 Time  album cover Jan Inge Rasmussen Time(CD, Album) Plateselskapet Felix 00193 Norway 1993 Sell This Version
1 254 2 Big Band Swing - Hier Geht's Rund Mit ENO  album cover Various Big Band Swing - Hier Geht's Rund Mit ENO(CD, Comp, Dig) Extra Records & Tapes 1 254 2 Germany 1996 Sell This Version
1995 MRLSK Swing  album cover Mr. Lawrence (2) Swing(CD, Album) Not On Label (Mr. Lawrence Self-released) 1995 MRLSK Estonia 1995 Sell This Version
2005 Only You  album cover Various Only You(CD, Comp) Song Digital 2005 Europe 1994 Sell This Version
2006 What Color Is Love  album cover Various What Color Is Love(CD, Comp) Song Digital 2006 UK & Europe 1994 Sell This Version
2007 Lady Love  album cover Various Lady Love(CD, Comp) Song Digital 2007 Germany 1994 Sell This Version
3827CD The Music Of Eagles - 17 Instrumental Hits  album cover The Songrise Orchestra The Music Of Eagles - 17 Instrumental Hits(CD, Album) Hits'N'Hits 3827CD Denmark 1996 Sell This Version
4530HCD-2 Various Rock The World Vol. 2(CD, Comp) Wienerworld Ltd. 4530HCD-2 UK 1991 Sell This Version
4555CD 3  album cover Kandis (2) 3(CD, Album) Elap Music, Elap Music 4555CD Denmark 1992 Sell This Version
4616CD Shu•bi•dua 13  album cover Shu•bi•dua* Shu•bi•dua 13(CD, Album, Dan) Elap Music 4616CD Denmark 1992 Sell This Version
4620 CD Hva´ Har Vi Da Gjort...  album cover De Nattergale Hva´ Har Vi Da Gjort...(CD, Album, RE) Elap Music 4620 CD Denmark Unknown Sell This Version
4624CD Bøf Med Løg  album cover Troels Trier & Rebecca Brüel Bøf Med Løg(CD, Album, RE) Elap Music 4624CD Denmark 1992 Sell This Version
4643CD Velkommen I Det Grønne  album cover Erik Grip Velkommen I Det Grønne(CD, Comp, RE) Elap Music, Elap Music 4643CD Denmark Unknown Sell This Version
4647CD 16 Hits  album cover C. V. Jørgensen 16 Hits(CD, Comp) Elap Music 4647CD Denmark 1992 Sell This Version
4649CD 16 Hits  album cover Pia Raug 16 Hits(CD, Comp, RE) Elap Music A/S 4649CD Denmark Unknown Sell This Version
4660CD 16 Største Succes'er 2  album cover Shit & Chalou* 16 Største Succes'er 2(CD, Comp) Elap Music 4660CD Denmark 1992 Sell This Version
4679CD That's What I Call A Dansk Top - Vol.2  album cover Various That's What I Call A Dansk Top - Vol.2(CD, Comp) Elap Music 4679CD Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
4703CD The Dance Party Collection Vol. 4  album cover Various The Dance Party Collection Vol. 4(CD, Comp) X-tra Collection 4703CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4712CD Synthesizer Collection Vol.1  album cover Russell B.* Synthesizer Collection Vol.1 4712CD Denmark 1991 Sell This Version
4713CD Synthesizer Collection Vol.2  album cover Russell B.* Synthesizer Collection Vol.2 4713CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4715CD Synthesizer Collection Vol. 4  album cover Russell B.* Synthesizer Collection Vol. 4(CD, Album) X-tra Collection 4715CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4717CD Hooked On Swing - Vol. 2  album cover The Kings Of Swing Orchestra, Larry Elgart & His Manhattan Swing Orchestra* The Kings Of Swing Orchestra, Larry Elgart & His Manhattan Swing Orchestra* - Hooked On Swing - Vol. 2(CD, Comp, Pla) X-tra Collection 4717CD Europe Unknown Sell This Version
4726CD Romantic Collection Guitar Vol. 3  album cover J. Ingman* Romantic Collection Guitar Vol. 3(CD, Comp) X-tra Collection 4726CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4730CD Rain Man - TV & Film Collection - Vol. 3  album cover Various Rain Man - TV & Film Collection - Vol. 3(CD, Album) X-tra Collection 4730CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4731CD TV & Film Collection - Vol. 4  album cover Various TV & Film Collection - Vol. 4 (Album) 4731CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4733CD Plays Hits Of Phil Collins  album cover The Twilight Orchestra Plays Hits Of Phil Collins(CD) X-tra Collection 4733CD Europe 1993 Sell This Version
4733CD Plays Hits Of Phil Collins  album cover The Twilight Orchestra Plays Hits Of Phil Collins(CD, Album, Comp) X-tra Collection 4733CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4735CD The Twilight Orchestra Plays Hits Of Elton John  album cover The Twilight Orchestra The Twilight Orchestra Plays Hits Of Elton John (Album) 4735CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4736CD Blues Collection - Vol. 1  album cover Various Blues Collection - Vol. 1(CD, Comp) X-tra Collection 4736CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4739CD Blues Collection - Vol. 4  album cover Various Blues Collection - Vol. 4(CD, Comp) X-tra Collection 4739CD Europe 1991 Sell This Version
4743CD Disco Explosion Vol. 4  album cover Various Disco Explosion Vol. 4(CD, Comp) X-tra Collection 4743CD Europe 1992 Sell This Version
4748CD Rock The World Vol. 1  album cover Various Rock The World Vol. 1(CD, Comp) X-Tra Collection 4748CD UK & Europe 1992 Sell This Version
4749CD Rock The World Vol. 2  album cover Various Rock The World Vol. 2(CD, Comp) X-Tra Collection 4749CD Europe 1992 Sell This Version
4754CD Deutsche Schlager Parade Vol.3  album cover Various Deutsche Schlager Parade Vol.3(CD, Comp) Elap Music 4754CD UK & Europe 1992 Sell This Version
4934SCD Sammen Vender Vi Strømmen / Forår I Danmark  album cover Bamses Venner Sammen Vender Vi Strømmen / Forår I Danmark(CD, Single) CMC Records (7) 4934SCD Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
4986CD Various The Very Best Of Disney - 28 Original Soundtrack Recordings(CD, Comp) Elap 4986CD Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
5001 Synthesizer Collection  album cover Russell B.* Synthesizer Collection(4xCD, Comp + Box) 4Ever Collection, X-tra Collection, X-tra Collection, X-tra Collection, X-tra Collection 5001 Europe 1991 Sell This Version
5006 Rock Classics Collection  album cover Various Rock Classics Collection(4xCD, Comp + Box) X-tra Collection, X-tra Collection, X-tra Collection, X-tra Collection, X-tra Collection 5006 UK & Europe 1993 Sell This Version
5216 Hammond Evergreens 1  album cover Ole Erling Hammond Evergreens 1(CD, Album) ELAP Music Ltd. 5216 Europe 1994 Sell This Version
9105 CD Laulajan Testamentti  album cover Veikko Lavi Laulajan Testamentti(CD, Comp) Oodi, Base-Beat 9105 CD Finland Unknown Sell This Version
9106 CD Parhaat  album cover Martti "Huuhaa" Innanen* Parhaat(CD, Comp) Oodi, Base-Beat 9106 CD Finland 1991 Sell This Version
9106 MC Parhaat  album cover Martti "Huuhaa" Innanen* Parhaat(Cass, Comp) Oodi, Base-Beat 9106 MC Finland 1991 Sell This Version
9207 CD Oi Taivas  album cover Samuli Edelmann Oi Taivas(CD, Album, RE) Oodi, Base-Beat 9207 CD Finland 1992 Sell This Version
9214 CD Lapin Kesä  album cover Vesa-Matti Loiri Lapin Kesä(CD, Comp) Oodi, Base-Beat 9214 CD Finland 1992 Sell This Version
9301-2 Gipsy Queen  album cover Boston Tea Party (4) Gipsy Queen(CD, Single) Crema 9301-2 Norway 1993 Sell This Version
9504-1 Danish Goodies - 20 Hits  album cover Various Danish Goodies - 20 Hits(CD, Comp, RE) Easy Sound Smash Hits 9504-1 Denmark 1995 Sell This Version
9601 MC En Aften I Lønstrup  album cover Inger Lauritzen En Aften I Lønstrup(Cass, Album) Lønstrup 9601 MC Denmark 1996 Sell This Version
9801 Mis Maa See On  album cover Siiri Sisask, Ultima Thule (3) Siiri Sisask, Ultima Thule (3) - Mis Maa See On(CD, Album) Eesti Kultuurifond 9801 Estonia 1998 Sell This Version
11 950 Let's Dance  album cover Various Let's Dance(CD, Comp) Music Digital 11 950 Germany 1995 Sell This Version
11 975 Various Meditation - Klassische Meisterwerke Zur Entspannung(CD, Comp) Music Digital 11 975 Germany 1996 Sell This Version
11 986 All My Life  album cover Various All My Life(CD, Comp) Music Digital 11 986 Germany 1996 Sell This Version
13008 "All Sorts" Selection One  album cover Various "All Sorts" Selection One(CD, Comp) Progress Red Labels 13008 Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
13 223 Popcorn (Das Ultimative Partyvergnügen)  album cover Various Popcorn (Das Ultimative Partyvergnügen)(CD, Comp) Music Digital 13 223 Germany 1996 Sell This Version
16004CD As Time Goes By  album cover Engelbert Humperdinck As Time Goes By(CD, Comp, Dan) Success 16004CD Europe 1993 Sell This Version
16005CD Stardust  album cover Engelbert Humperdinck Stardust(CD, Comp) Success 16005CD Europe 1993 Sell This Version
16010CD All Of Me  album cover Billie Holiday All Of Me(CD, Comp, RE) Success 16010CD UK 1997 Sell This Version
16011CD A Fine Romance  album cover Billie Holiday A Fine Romance(CD, Comp, RE) Success 16011CD UK 1997 Sell This Version
16022CD Every Day I Have The Blues  album cover Santana Every Day I Have The Blues(CD, Comp) Success, Success 16022CD Europe 1995 Sell This Version
16088CD Mind Over Metal  album cover Raven (6) Mind Over Metal(CD, Comp) Success 16088CD UK 1993 Sell This Version
16120CD James Brown Sex Machine (Live In Concert)(CD, Comp) Success 16120CD Europe 1995 Sell This Version
16129CD Why Worry  album cover John Mayall Why Worry(CD, Album, RE) Success 16129CD Europe 1995 Sell This Version
16135CD Apache  album cover The Ventures Apache(CD, RE) Success 16135CD Europe 1995 Sell This Version
16159CD Blue Skies  album cover Frank Sinatra Blue Skies(CD, Comp, RE, Dan) Success 16159CD UK 1996 Sell This Version
16188CD Hooked On A Beatles Tribute  album cover Dr. Fink And The Mystery Band (2) Dr. Fink And The Mystery Band (2) - Hooked On A Beatles Tribute(CD, Album) Elap 16188CD Europe 1993 Sell This Version
16227CD The Neville Brothers Hercules(CD, Comp) Success 16227CD Europe 1994 Sell This Version
16243CD Come On Everybody  album cover Swinging Blue Jeans* Come On Everybody(CD, Comp) Success 16243CD Europe 1996 Sell This Version
16257 CD Somebody To Love - And Other Great Hits  album cover Jefferson Airplane Somebody To Love - And Other Great Hits(CD, Comp) Success 16257 CD Europe 1996 Sell This Version
16269CD The Early Years  album cover Becker* & Fagen* Becker* & Fagen* - The Early Years(CD, Comp, RE) Success 16269CD Europe 1996 Sell This Version
16285CD Brand New Key  album cover Melanie (2) Brand New Key(CD, Comp) Success 16285CD Europe 1996 Sell This Version
16293CD I Wish Today Was Yesterday  album cover Lou Gramm I Wish Today Was Yesterday(CD, Comp, RE) Success 16293CD Europe 1996 Sell This Version
24005-2 4  album cover Kandis (2) 4(CD, Album) CMC Records (7) 24005-2 Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
24012-2 Rock 'N' Rolls Royce  album cover Third Stone From The Sun Rock 'N' Rolls Royce(CD, Album) CMC Records (7), Elap 24012-2 Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
24030-2 It's Snowtime  album cover Various It's Snowtime(CD, Comp) CMC Records (7) 24030-2 Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
24033-2 En Dag Med Anna Og Lotte  album cover Anna Og Lotte En Dag Med Anna Og Lotte(CD, Album, RE) Harlekin 24033-2 Denmark Unknown Sell This Version
24043-2 Jul I Juleland - Musik Og Sange Fra TV2's Julekalender 1993  album cover Various Jul I Juleland - Musik Og Sange Fra TV2's Julekalender 1993(CD, Album) Elap 24043-2 Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
24047-2 Jeg Har En Drøm  album cover Richard Ragnvald Jeg Har En Drøm(CD, Album) Harlekin 24047-2 Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
24063-2 It's Summer-Time  album cover Various It's Summer-Time(CD, Comp) CMC Records (7) 24063-2 Denmark 1994 Sell This Version
24 663 And The Beat Goes On  album cover Various And The Beat Goes On(2xCD, Comp + Box, Comp) It's Music, It's Music, It's Music 24 663 Germany 1996 Sell This Version
31007CD The Marriage Of Figaro / Symphony No. 41 "Jupiter"  album cover English Sinfonia, City Of London Sinfonia, Czech Symphony Orchestra, The Orchestra Of St. John's Smith Square* English Sinfonia, City Of London Sinfonia, Czech Symphony Orchestra, The Orchestra Of St. John's Smith Square* - The Marriage Of Figaro / Symphony No. 41 "Jupiter"(CD, Comp) Elap Music 31007CD UK 1996 Sell This Version
32007 Complete Works For Cello And Piano  album cover Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy - Catherine Edwards, Henrik Brendstrup Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy - Catherine Edwards, Henrik Brendstrup - Complete Works For Cello And Piano(CD) Kontrapunkt 32007 Denmark 1990 Sell This Version
32016 New Music For Choir  album cover Vocal Group Ars Nova*, Bo Holten, The Rilke Ensemble* Vocal Group Ars Nova*, Bo Holten, The Rilke Ensemble* - New Music For Choir(CD, Album) Kontrapunkt 32016 Denmark 1990 Sell This Version
32057 Concerto For Piano, Orchestra And Male Choir Op. 39  album cover Ferruccio Busoni - Orchestre Philharmonique De Nice, François-Joël Thiollier, Michael Schønwandt Ferruccio Busoni - Orchestre Philharmonique De Nice, François-Joël Thiollier, Michael Schønwandt - Concerto For Piano, Orchestra And Male Choir Op. 39(CD, Album) Kontrapunkt 32057 Denmark 1990 Sell This Version
46108CD DK  album cover Love Shop DK(CD, Album, RE) Pladecompagniet, Elap Music 46108CD Denmark 1992 Sell This Version
46120CD Fredens Hvide Due  album cover Jodle Birge Fredens Hvide Due(CD, Album, RE) Elap 46120CD Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
46186CD Bazaar - Live  album cover Bazaar (6) Bazaar - Live(2xCD, RE) Elap Music 46186CD Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
46187CD Forbryderalbum  album cover Skousen & Ingemann Forbryderalbum(CD, Album) Elap 46187CD Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
46423CD Det' Her Det Sner  album cover Otto Brandenburg Det' Her Det Sner(CD, Album, RE) Elap 46423CD Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
46542CD Svantes Viser  album cover Benny Andersen & Povl Dissing* Svantes Viser(CD, Album, RE) Elap Music 46542CD Denmark 1995 Sell This Version
46584CD Danske Top Favoritter  album cover Poul Bundgaard Danske Top Favoritter(CD, Comp) Elap 46584CD Denmark 1996 Sell This Version
46608CD Peter & Ulvene - Live Fra Hit House  album cover Peter Belli & Ulvene* Peter & Ulvene - Live Fra Hit House(CD, Album) ELAP 46608CD Denmark 1996 Sell This Version
46616CD På Vej  album cover Gnags På Vej(CD, Album, RE) Elap 46616CD Denmark 1996 Sell This Version
47608CD Rock Classics Vol. 1  album cover Various Rock Classics Vol. 1(CD, Comp) X-tra Collection 47608CD Denmark 1993 Sell This Version
47611CD Rock Classics Vol. 4  album cover Various Rock Classics Vol. 4(CD, Comp) X-tra Collection 47611CD UK 1993 Sell This Version
47625CD Hits Of The 70's Collection, Vol.2  album cover Various Hits Of The 70's Collection, Vol.2(CD, Comp) X-tra Collection 47625CD Europe 1993 Sell This Version
47630CD Hits Of The 80's Vol. 3  album cover Various Hits Of The 80's Vol. 3(CD, Comp) X-Tra Collection 47630CD UK 1993 Sell This Version
48024CD Synthetiseurs - 100 Hits & Classics  album cover Bob Russell (2) Synthetiseurs - 100 Hits & Classics(4xCD, Comp + Box) Elap Music, Elap Music, Elap Music, Elap Music 48024CD France Unknown Sell This Version
48024CD Synthesizer Collection Vol. 1  album cover B. Russell* Synthesizer Collection Vol. 1(CD, Comp) Elap Music 48024CD Europe 1992 Sell This Version
48026CD Synthesizer Collection Vol. 3  album cover B. Russell* Synthesizer Collection Vol. 3(CD, Comp) Elap Music 48026CD Denmark 1992 Sell This Version
48040CD World Hits Vol. 3  album cover Various World Hits Vol. 3(CD, Comp) Elap Music A/S 48040CD UK 1992 Sell This Version