Балкантон

Балкантон

Profile:
Old Bulgarian state label, founded 1952. Also known as Balkanton.
Gramophone records have been made in Bulgaria since 1934. In the next decade, only a few recordings were released on several small labels using poor equipment. In 1947 Lipha Records, Simonvia, Harp and Micherphone were merged into a mutual enterprise called "Bulgaria". In 1951 a separate building was constructed and equipped with six semi-automatic pressing machines for shellac gramophone records. In 1952 the annual production was 150,000 discs offering two sides of about four minutes each.

The first state company for the manufacture of long-playing records was established in 1952 under the name "Radioprom". The factory was equipped for all aspects of record manufacturing from recording and pressing to printing the cover - all under the name "Radioprom". 1958 saw the first long-playing record manufactured: 25 centimeters in diameter with four recordings totaling 12 minutes per side.

In 1962 the company changed their name to "Balkanton". In the same year, the first long-playing records were produced on vinyl chloride and vinyl acetate. The first LP of PVC material had the catalog No. 500 and offered two compositions by the Bulgarian Petko Stainov, "Thrace - Symphonic Poem" and "Thrace Dances." Annual LP production soon reached 750,000 discs.

A new building was constructed in 1963 for LP manufacturing. The first solo PVC folk album was number BHA 597 and featured the famous folk singer, Vulkana Stoyanova. The first stereophonic LP was manufactured in 1969 as No. 1073 featuring Nicolai Ghiaurov in an opera aria recital. This was licensed to the Decca Record Company and appeared in the U.S. on the London label.

Multi-channel sound recording was introduced in 1972 with equipment purchased from England. Audio-cassette manufacturing began in 1980. In 1982 Balkanton received its own digital recording equipment. The first digital recordings were complete recordings of Puccini's Tosca and Madama Butterfly produced in co-operation with the German company Academica Studio.

The first licensing agreements were with the French company Harmonia Mundi for recordings of the Dimov Quartet. In 1988 the first CD under the Balkanton label appeared and was distributed in Germany and Austria as well as in Bulgaria. The first compact disc was "Bulgarian Opera Voices". In 1989 a joint effort with Stara Zagora was initiated with a compilation featuring the Sofia Philharmonic, Suzanna Klincharova -harp, Anatoli Krustev - cello, the Gusla Male Choir, the Pirin Folk Ensemble and others. Interestingly, the first digital recording of Verdi's Attila was made by Balkanton.

In forty-eight years Balkanton has made many recordings of such famous Bulgarian opera singers as Boris Christoff, Nicolai Ghiaurov, Raina Kabiavanska and Nicola Ghiuselev. Old Bulgarian Church Chants and popular liturgical pieces, Bulgarian folk singers and instrumentalists enjoying world renown have been preserved for generations to come. The music library contains over 25,000 titles of the best of recorded Bulgarian art.

Systems of numbering:
In fact in the period 1958-1962 Balkanton is the label of Radioprom factory (the labels combine both names – larger Балкантон and smaller ДИП Радиопром – the enterprise) and the shellac releases inherit the numeration of Radioprom (some earlier Radioprom releases were repressed under the label Balkanton).

Meanwhile the start of the production of vinyl records in 1958 introduced a new system of catalog numbering. Till 1962 only records of 10” size were issued. Then the production of LPs, SPs and EPs began. Initially the release numbers consisted only of digits starting from 101. Till the end of production of 10” format, it shared common sequence with the releases of 12” record. Until 1966 the latter were indicated with an additional zero in front of the number - for example 179 is a 10", while the next number 0180 is a 12". SP format received the numbers starting from 2501 (at the end of the production in the early 90s the numbers have reached around 4000), the EP format – from 5501 (at the end of the production in the mid-70s the numbers have reached around 6600) . Meanwhile specific EP records with educational content appeared, which received numbers of the 60000 series; and one-sided picture-records (“Phonocards”) took numbers from the 10000 series.

In those days the export versions of the releases for the Soviet Union were categorized in groups according to the genre/content following the Soviet manner. This was marked on the labels of the records as "1 гр." or "3 гр." for example.

In 1966 the cat. number took a literary part in front, consisting of three letters indicating different data about the release. The used letters were intentionally graphically common in Cyrillic and Latin alphabet for compatibility.
On first position stayed always B – abbreviation from Balkanton/Bulgaria;
On second position – the genre/content: in most cases it is an abbreviation in Bulgarian: T-танцова (dance music – in fact the wide meaning of popular music – pop, jazz, waltz, schlager, rock); Н - народна (Bulgarian folk music, including written music in folk style and “urban folklore” in the style of the interwar schlager); М - малцинствата/международна (folk of the minorities, of other peoples); К - камерна (chamber); Х - хорова (choral); О - оперна (opera); Р - опеРетна (operetta); А - художествено слово (spoken word, nothing to do with A, probably symbolically the first letter of the alphabeth); Е - дЕтска (for the children)
On third position – the format: A (LP); B (picture disc); K (SP); M (EP); H (10").
For example: BTK - popular music on SP format; BOA - opera music on 12" LP format; BAA - spoken word on 12" LP format; BPM - operetta music on EP format, etc.

Pre-1966 reissued releases now received the appropriate index. In 1967-8 the production of 10” records was over and appeared LP compilations consisting and combining some of the recordings from two or three 10” releases and bearing the digit part of the cat. number of one of them. For example the 1968 release ВНА 118 is an 12” compilation of folk songs from several earlier 10” compilations: A2, A3, A5, B1, B2, B3, B6 are from former 10” BHH 111 (or simply 111); A1, A4, A6, B4, B5 are from the old 10” BHH 118 (or simply 118). The new LP release takes the number of one of the 10” records that was based on.

By 1970 the production of flexi postcard-records has been stopped. In 1973-4 stopped the production of EP 33 1/3 RPM.

In late 1970s appeared the first Maxi-Singles, receiving format index C. At the same time Balkanton started to issue releases under license of western companies, mainly western pop and rock.

In the first half of the 1980s began the issuing of recordings on compact cassettes under the format index MC. The audio cassettes received numbers in the 7000 series.

In the early 1990s some of the releases on records were issued under a new catalog sequence. The reason for that was the establishment of a daughter company "Balkanton Trading", which has cat. numbers prefixes undoubtedly in Latin letters - first three letters always BT ("BalkanTon Trading"), next small letters t - pop, rock, h - folk, o - opera (the same letters and meaning like on the standard prefixes 1967-1992, but small), finally L (for LP), S (for SP) => BTTtL, BTToL and other. This new manner of numbering was applied for the self-produced releases (in contrast to the ordinary state-produced releases) in the first years of the liberalization of the economy and culture after the end of socialist regime.

In 1989-1990 the first releases on CD appeared. The CDs received an independent from the records and compact cassettes numbering. In 04XXXX, 05XXXX, 06XXXX and 07XXXX series.
Sublabels
Sites:
[l25738]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
1C 063-60 552 Boris Christoff, Chor Der Alexander Newsky Kathedrale Sofia*, Angel Konstantinov Boris Christoff, Chor Der Alexander Newsky Kathedrale Sofia*, Angel Konstantinov - Musik Aus Der Slawisch-Orthodoxen Liturgie(LP) EMI, His Master's Voice, Балкантон 1C 063-60 552 Germany 1978 Sell This Version
101 Александър Райчев, Петко Стайнов, Държавен Радиооркестър*, Васил Стефанов* Александър Райчев, Петко Стайнов, Държавен Радиооркестър*, Васил Стефанов* - Хайдушка Песен / Тракийски Танци(10", Comp) Балкантон 101 Bulgaria 1958 Sell This Version
102 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 102 Bulgaria 1958 Sell This Version
106 В. Стоянов* / Г. Иванов (2) В. Стоянов* / Г. Иванов (2) - Бай Ганю / Легенда О Лопянском Лесу(LP, Mono, Exp) Балкантон 106 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
107 Държавен Ансамбъл За Народни Песни И Танци* Песни Ha Държавен Ансамбъл За Народни Песни И Танци (Album) 107 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
109 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 109 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
110 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика(10", Comp) Балкантон 110 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
111 Various Български Народни Песни(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 111 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
112 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика(10") Балкантон 112 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
113 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика(10", Comp) Балкантон 113 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
114 Various Оперные Арии В Исп. Болг. Артистов (Comp) 114 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
116 Тодор Мазаров Исполнения Тодора Мазарова(10", Mono) Балкантон 116 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВНА 118 Various Български Народни Песни(LP, Comp, Mono) Балкантон ВНА 118 Bulgaria 1968 Sell This Version
119 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика(10", Comp) Балкантон 119 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
120 Various Народни Песни И Хора(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 120 Bulgaria 1962 Sell This Version
126 Various Оперни Арии(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 126 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0131 Ф. Кутев* Симфония №1 "Младежка"(LP, Mono) Балкантон 0131 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
134 Various Криво Хоро (Comp) 134 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
135 Various Untitled (10", Comp, Mono, RE) Балкантон 135 Bulgaria 1962 Sell This Version
136 Various Български Народни Песни(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 136 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
139 Various Untitled (Comp) 139 Bulgaria 1962 Sell This Version
140 Various Untitled [В Синеве Небес](10", Comp, Mono, Blu) Балкантон 140 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
141 Various Танцова Музика (Comp) 141 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
143 Various Танцова Музика(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 143 Bulgaria 1962 Sell This Version
0147 György Garay, Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Ottorino Respighi György Garay, Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Ottorino Respighi - Концерт За Цигулка И Оркестър В Ми Минор / Римски Фонтани(10", Mono) Балкантон 0147 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0151 ГРО* Untitled 0151 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВНА 159 Various Български Народни Песни(LP, Mono) Балкантон ВНА 159 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
161 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Giacomo Puccini Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Giacomo Puccini - Арии Из Опер = Arias From The Operas(10", Mono) Балкантон 161 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
162 Giuseppe Verdi Арии Из Опер(10", Mono) Балкантон 162 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
163 Charles Gounod, Umberto Giordano, Francesco Cilea, Giuseppe Verdi Charles Gounod, Umberto Giordano, Francesco Cilea, Giuseppe Verdi - Арии Из Опер = Arias From Operas (10", Mono) Балкантон 163 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
164 Various Народни Песни, Хора И Ръченици (Comp) 164 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
168 Various Untitled(10", Album) Балкантон 168 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВСА 175 Лудвиг Ван Бетовен* Симфония №5(LP, Mono, RE) Балкантон ВСА 175 Bulgaria 1973 Sell This Version
0176 Alexander Raichev* Symphony No.2 “The New Prometheus”(LP, Mono) Балкантон 0176 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
178 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика (Comp) 178 Bulgaria 1959 Sell This Version
179 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика (Comp) 179 Bulgaria 1962 Sell This Version
0180 Панчо Владигеров* Симфонични Произведения От Панчо Владигеров = Symphonic Composition By Pancho Vladigerov(LP, Mono) Балкантон 0180 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
181 Various Untitled.(10", Comp) Балкантон 181 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
182 Орк. „Прогресиштий“* Румынская Забавная И Танцевальная Музыка Исп. Орк. „Прогресиштий“ И Солисты(10", Album) Балкантон 182 Bulgaria 1960 Sell This Version
183 Влад. Рубеш* с Unknown Artist Влад. Рубеш* с Unknown Artist - Чешка Забавна И Танцова Музика(10", Album, Mono) Балкантон 183 Bulgaria 1960 Sell This Version
191 Various Untitled(10", Comp, Mono, RP) Балкантон 191 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
192 Н. Гяуров* Рецитал Н. Гяурова(10", Mono) Балкантон 192 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВНА 199 Борис Машалов Борис Машалов (Album) ВНА 199 Bulgaria 1966 Sell This Version
207 Various Untitled(10") Балкантон 207 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
209 Южен Ритъм Южен Ритъм (Comp) 209 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
210 Йос. Цанков* Забавна И Танцова Музика От Йос. Цанков 210 Bulgaria 1960 Sell This Version
ВОА 211 Giuseppe Verdi Хорове из опери на Джузепе Верди/Chooses of opera by Giuseppe Verdi(12", Album) Балкантон ВОА 211 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
211 К. М. Вебер*, Дж. Верди*, Р. Вагнер*, Ш. Гуно*, Й. Штраус* К. М. Вебер*, Дж. Верди*, Р. Вагнер*, Ш. Гуно*, Й. Штраус* - Хор Гусла(10", Mono) Балкантон 211 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
214 Various Народна Музика (Народни Песни И Инструментални Мелодии От Различни Фолклорни Области На Южна България = Folk Songs And Instrumental Melodies From Various Folk Regions O(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 214 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
222 Христо Ботев Хр. Ботев(10", Mono) Балкантон 222 Bulgaria 1961 Sell This Version
224 Иван Вазов Из Творчеството На Ив. Вазов(10", Mono) Балкантон 224 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
233 Йордан Йовков Индже(10", Mono) Балкантон 233 Bulgaria 1961 Sell This Version
234 Йордан Йовков Индже(10", Mono) Балкантон 234 Bulgaria 1961 Sell This Version
235 Държавен Симфоничен Оркестър На Българското Радио И Телевизия Международен Конкурс На Млади Оперни Певци София 1961 г. (3x10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон, Балкантон, Балкантон 235 Bulgaria 1961 Sell This Version
235 Various Арии Из Опер, Исп. Лауреатами 1-го Международного Конкурса В Софии(10", Mono) Балкантон 235 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
237 Giacomo Puccini, Umberto Giordano, Amilcare Ponchielli, Alexander Borodin, Giuseppe Verdi Giacomo Puccini, Umberto Giordano, Amilcare Ponchielli, Alexander Borodin, Giuseppe Verdi - Арии Из Опер,Исп.Лауреатами 1-ого Международного Конкурса В Софии =Arias From The Operas(10", Mono) Балкантон 237 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0240 Петко Стайнов Симфония № 2(LP, Mono) Балкантон 0240 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВОА 251 Никола Николов Никола Николов Из Оперного Репертуара (Comp, Album) ВОА 251 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
257 ЭОБРТ* дир. Д. Ганев* ЭОБРТ* дир. Д. Ганев* - Любовная Мелодия(LP, Mono) Балкантон 257 Bulgaria 1960 Sell This Version
259 Various Народна Музика(10", Comp) Балкантон 259 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
266 Various Първата Среща (Comp) 266 Bulgaria 1960 Sell This Version
ВСА 267 В. А. Моцарт* / Ф. Шуберт* В. А. Моцарт* / Ф. Шуберт* - Малка Нощна Музика / Балетна Сюита "Розамунда" ВСА 267 Bulgaria 1968 Sell This Version
0270 Max Reger, Hector Berlioz Max Reger, Hector Berlioz - Вариации И Фуга На Одну Тему Моцарта / Увертбра Римский Карнавал (LP, Album) Балкантон 0270 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0273 Л. Пипков* Оратория За Нашето Време = The Oratorio Of Our Time(2xLP, Mono) Балкантон, Балкантон 0273 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВНН 276 Various Песни Из Градския Фолклор / Песни От Градския Фолклор(10", Mono) Балкантон ВНН 276 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
279 Садовски Нар. Орк.* Български Хора И Ръченици(10", Mono) Балкантон 279 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
280 Various Untitled (Comp) 280 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВОА 284 Борис Христов* Оперен Рецитал На Борис Христов- Бас (Comp) ВОА 284 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
286 Various Хайдушки Народни Песни(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 286 Bulgaria 1962 Sell This Version
288 Various Untitled(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 288 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВАА 291 Георги Димитров Заключителна Реч Пред Лайпцигския Процес 1933 Година(LP, Album, Mono) Балкантон ВАА 291 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0300 Paganini* - Emil Kamilarov, Sofia State Philharmony*, V. Stefanov* Paganini* - Emil Kamilarov, Sofia State Philharmony*, V. Stefanov* - Concert For Violin And Orchestra № 1 Opus 6(LP, Album, Mono) Балкантон 0300 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
302 Катя Попова Арии Из Опери 302 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
303 СОБРТ* Международен Конкурс На Млади Оперни Певци-София-1961 г.(10", Mono) Балкантон 303 Bulgaria 1961 Sell This Version
0304 Парашкев Хаджиев Концертино За Цигулка / Концертино За Флейта(LP, Mono) Балкантон 0304 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
307 Чудомир Чудомир(10", Mono) Балкантон 307 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
309 Алеко Константинов Бай Ганю У Иречека / Бай Ганю Пътува(10", Mono) Балкантон 309 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
311 Various Песен За Партията(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 311 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
312 Various Вълшебната Кутия(10", Comp) Балкантон 312 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0315 Various Эстрадная И Танцевальная Музыка (Comp) 0315 Bulgaria 1965 Sell This Version
316 Various Народна Музика(10", Comp, Mono, Red) Балкантон 316 Bulgaria 1961 Sell This Version
320 Various Untitled(10", Mono) Балкантон 320 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВЕА 323 Хор „Бодра Смяна” = Chorus "Bodra Smyana"* Хор „Бодра Смяна” = Chorus "Bodra Smyana"* - Пее Пионерски Хор „Бодра Смяна”(LP) Балкантон ВЕА 323 Bulgaria 1965 Sell This Version
328 Various Народни Хора(10", Comp, Mono, Yel) Балкантон 328 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
333 Various Песни от далечни страни(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон 333 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВАН 334 Пеньо Пенев Из Творчеството На Пеньо Пенев(10", Mono) Балкантон ВАН 334 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВНА 340 Various Български Народни Инструментални Мелодии = Bulgarian Folk Music - Instruments And Tunes(LP, Mono) Балкантон ВНА 340 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0343 Various Second International Competition For Young Opera Singers Sofia 1963 = Втори Международен Конкурс За Оперни Певци- София 1963 г.(LP, Comp, Mono) Балкантон 0343 Bulgaria 1963 Sell This Version
0349 Dimitar Nenov, Ivan Marinov Dimitar Nenov, Ivan Marinov - Rapsodie fantastica/ Scene fantastice(LP, Mono) Балкантон 0349 Unknown Sell This Version
ВНА 352 Various Народна Музика(LP, Comp) Балкантон ВНА 352 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВОА 353 Никола Гюзелев* Рецитал На Никола Гюзелев- Бас Оперни Арии ВОА 353 Bulgaria 1963 Sell This Version
ВОА 363 Aureliano Pertile Из Оперного Репертуара (Comp, Album) ВОА 363 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0368 Various Танцова Музыка / Dance Music / Musique De Danse (Comp) 0368 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВКА 369 "Dimov" Quartet* - Bela Bartok* / Konstantin Iliev "Dimov" Quartet* - Bela Bartok* / Konstantin Iliev - String Instrument Quartet No 2 / String Instrument Quartet No 2(LP, Mono) Балкантон ВКА 369 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
0375 Various 20 Години Изкуство За Народа(LP, Comp, Mono) Балкантон 0375 Bulgaria 1964 Sell This Version
0378 Various Естрадна, Забавна И Танцова Музика От Български Композитори(LP, Comp, Mono) Балкантон 0378 Bulgaria 1964 Sell This Version
ВОА 385 Todor Mazarov* Opera Arias (LP) Балкантон ВОА 385 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВТА 386 Various Танцова Музика = Dance Music (LP, Comp, Mono) Балкантон ВТА 386 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВТН 388 Various Забавна И Танцова Музика(10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон ВТН 388 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version
ВТН 389 Various Танцова Музика = Dance Music (10", Comp, Mono) Балкантон ВТН 389 Bulgaria Unknown Sell This Version

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darknesstraveller

darknesstraveller

October 24, 2012
Singers & Songs – ‘The Golden Fund of Bulgarian Folk Music’ (Balkanton BHA 11466 p/s LP, HU ‘84)