See also Kinney Music Ltd. and Kinney Music Of Canada, Ltd.
Established April 1st 1971, Kinney Music GmbH, part of the Kinney Music Group, licensed releases from Warner Bros. Records, Reprise Records, Elektra and Atlantic in Germany till the end of 1972. Releases from this period always have a Kinney Music GmbH credit on the label rim as well as on the back cover or bear (as with early Atlantic or Elektra releases) at least a Kinney specific five-digit catalogue number on the labels.
Approximately in December 1972, Kinney's successor WEA Musik GmbH was founded and started distributing records in January 1973. These WEA pressings can be easily identified by their "Distributed by WEA Music GmbH" label rim text.
Please note: Many WEA reissues of successful records originally published in Germany before WEA started its own distribution show a 1972 date, but were pressed in 1973 or later.
Mixed releases with a cover still mentioning Kinney Musik GmbH on the cover but with a later WEA distributed record appear, also some very few Kinney pressings in later WEA covers are known.
A transitional label variation with a Kinney Music GmbH rim text and a bold "WEA" printed next to the spindle hole exists which could not be dated exactly yet, some have a 1973 copyright date.
Additionally, there are some label variations known which could help distinguishing genuine 1971 or 1972 Kinney releases in the future:
- in the beginning, all Kinney releases came without a label prefix (ATL, ELK, REP, WB). All known 1972 releases come with a prefix.
- early in 1971, most Atlantic releases show a cat# with a decimal mark pointer (xx.xxx) instead of a printer's thin space (xx xxx) on the label and often with a publishing date (P. or ) outside the label's rim - typical for Atlantic's previous license holder Metronome Records GmbH.
- a bold K in the white bar, left to the spindle holes appears sometimes on later Atlantic pressings from the Kinney era.
Before April 1971, releases from Warner Bros. Records and Reprise Records were distributed by TELDEC »Telefunken-Decca« Schallplatten GmbH, Elektra and Atlantic were distributed by Metronome Records GmbH.