Chess

Chess

Profile:
For bootlegs/unofficial releases, see Chess (2). Also appears as "Chess Record Corp." on earliest releases and as "Chess Records" from 1967/68.
Chess was one of the premier blues labels of the 1950s and 60s, also releasing R&B, soul, jazz, gospel and rock. They released records by every major blues artist in Chicago, including John Lee Hooker, Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters, Elmore James, Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry, Little Walter and many others.
Brothers Leonard Chess and Phil Chess emigrated from Poland to the United States in 1928. In the 1940s they owned the upscale Macomba nightclub in Chicago's Southside neighborhood and several other bars. Blues artists performed regularly at The Macomba, and the Chess brothers realized they were not being recorded. They bought in to the small R&B label The Aristocrat Of Records in 1947, then bought out the remaining partners in 1949 and changed the name to Chess in 1950. On October, 16th, 1969 Leonard Chess dies and the label sold to General Recorded Tape (GRT) for $6.5 million.
Company: Chess Producing Corp. or sometimes Chess Records
Associated to the publishing company Arc Music (2) or Arc Music Corp., that was co-founded by Leonard Chess in 1953.
Labelcode: LC 0156

For company credits, see:
-Chess Record Corp. / Chess Records Corp. / Chess Recording Corp.
-Chess Producing Corp.
-Chess Records / GRT Record Group / GRT Corporation
-Sugar Hill Records Ltd.
-MCA Records, Inc.

First pressings identification:
1458-1670 (1951–1957): Blue and silver label, with three chess pieces at the top.
1671-1798 (1957–1961): Blue label with vertical Chess letters.
1799-1840 (1961–1963): Either blue label with vertical Chess letters or multi–color label.
1841-1950 (1963–1966): Black label, however there are many pressing plant variations. Some 1800 series issues exist on blue and silver, others on multi-color Chess labels.
1951 and higher (1966 forward): Light blue label.
A few red vinyl issues appeared in the 1530–1550 series. Inexplicable pressing plant variations exist, such as numbers as high as 1966 (mid-'66) with the blue label, with vertical Chess letters on left side.
Sublabels
Parent Label:
Sites:
[l33931]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
2ach-78 Double Sermon No.78 The Lord is Good Jesus and Nicodemus  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Double Sermon No.78 The Lord is Good Jesus and Nicodemus(2xLP, Album) Chess 2ach-78 US 1978 Sell This Version
2ACH-9001 Solid Ivory: His Greatest Hits  album cover Ramsey Lewis Solid Ivory: His Greatest Hits (Comp) 2ACH-9001 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMB 201 Howlin' Wolf  album cover Howlin' Wolf Howlin' Wolf(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess 2ACMB 201 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMB-202 Little Walter  album cover Little Walter Little Walter(2xLP, Comp, RE, Gat) Chess 2ACMB-202 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMB-203 Muddy Waters  album cover Muddy Waters Muddy Waters(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess 2ACMB-203 US 1976 Sell This Version
2-ACMB-204 Little Milton  album cover Little Milton Little Milton (Comp) 2-ACMB-204 US 1976 Sell This Version
2-ACMB-205 Lowell Fulson  album cover Lowell Fulson Lowell Fulson (Album, Comp) 2-ACMB-205 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMB-206 Sonny Boy Williamson  album cover Sonny Boy Williamson (2) Sonny Boy Williamson (Comp) 2ACMB-206 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMB-207 Jimmy Rogers  album cover Jimmy Rogers Jimmy Rogers(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess 2ACMB-207 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMB-208 J.B. Lenoir  album cover J.B. Lenoir J.B. Lenoir(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2ACMB-208 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMB-209 Sugarboy Crawford  album cover Sugarboy Crawford* Sugarboy Crawford(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2ACMB-209 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMJ-401 Magic Moments  album cover John Klemmer Magic Moments(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2ACMJ-401 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMJ-402 Double Exposure  album cover Woody Herman Double Exposure(2xLP, Comp) Chess, Chess 2ACMJ-402 US 1976 Sell This Version
2-ACMJ-403 Moody,s Mood  album cover James Moody Moody,s Mood (Comp) 2-ACMJ-403 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMJ-404 Back Talk  album cover Oliver Nelson / Lou Donaldson Oliver Nelson / Lou Donaldson - Back Talk(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2ACMJ-404 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMJ-405 Percussion Discussion  album cover Max Roach / Art Blakey Max Roach / Art Blakey - Percussion Discussion(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess 2ACMJ-405 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMJ-406 Interaction  album cover Sonny Stitt And Zoot Sims Sonny Stitt And Zoot Sims - Interaction(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2ACMJ-406 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMJ-407 Sun Set  album cover Ahmad Jamal Sun Set(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2ACMJ-407 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMJ-408 Recapitulation  album cover Kenny Burrell Recapitulation (Comp) 2ACMJ-408 US 1976 Sell This Version
2ACMJ-409 Basic Grey  album cover Al Grey Basic Grey (Comp) 2ACMJ-409 US 1976 Sell This Version
2CA 60017 The Heatin' System  album cover Jack McDuff* The Heatin' System(2xLP, Album, Promo) Cadet 2CA 60017 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH-1514 Chuck Berry's Golden Decade  album cover Chuck Berry Chuck Berry's Golden Decade (Comp) 2CH-1514 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH-9190 The Great Twenty-Eight  album cover Chuck Berry The Great Twenty-Eight (Comp) 2CH-9190 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
2CH-9191 Blowin' Gold  album cover John Klemmer Blowin' Gold(2xLP, Album, Comp, RP) Chess 2CH-9191 US 1984 Sell This Version
2 CH 50 023 Blues Avalanche  album cover Various Blues Avalanche(2xLP, Album) Chess, Chess 2 CH 50 023 France 1972 Sell This Version
2CH 50027 This Is My Story  album cover Sonny Boy Williamson (2) This Is My Story(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess 2CH 50027 US 1972 Sell This Version
2 CH 50 030 Got My Own Bag Of Tricks  album cover Bo Diddley Got My Own Bag Of Tricks(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2 CH 50 030 France 1972 Sell This Version
2CH 50030 The Golden Age Of Rhythm & Blues  album cover Various The Golden Age Of Rhythm & Blues (Comp) 2CH 50030 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH 50033 Fathers And Sons  album cover Muddy Waters / Otis Spann / Michael Bloomfield* / Paul Butterfield / Donald "Duck" Dunn / Sam Lay / Buddy Miles Muddy Waters / Otis Spann / Michael Bloomfield* / Paul Butterfield / Donald "Duck" Dunn / Sam Lay / Buddy Miles - Fathers And Sons (Album) 2CH 50033 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH 60004 Peaches  album cover Etta James Peaches(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2CH 60004 US 1971 Sell This Version
2CH60005 Got My Own Bag Of Tricks  album cover Bo Diddley Got My Own Bag Of Tricks (Comp) 2CH60005 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH-60006 A.K.A. Muddy Waters  album cover McKinley Morganfield A.K.A. Muddy Waters (Comp, Album) 2CH-60006 US 1971 Sell This Version
2CH60009 Laugh Time  album cover Moms Mabley & Pigmeat Markham Moms Mabley & Pigmeat Markham - Laugh Time(2xLP, Album, Comp) Chess 2CH60009 US 1964 Sell This Version
2CH 60011 Mad Man Blues  album cover John Lee Hooker Mad Man Blues (Comp) 2CH 60011 US 1973 Sell This Version
2 CH 60012 Chicago Blues Anthology  album cover Various Chicago Blues Anthology(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2 CH 60012 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH 60014 Boss Blues Harmonica  album cover Little Walter Boss Blues Harmonica (Comp, Album) 2CH 60014 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH 60015 Blues Avalanche (Recorded Live At The Montreux Jazz Festival, Switzerland)  album cover Various Blues Avalanche (Recorded Live At The Montreux Jazz Festival, Switzerland) (Comp) 2CH 60015 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH-60016 Chester Burnett A.K.A. Howlin' Wolf  album cover Howlin' Wolf Chester Burnett A.K.A. Howlin' Wolf (Comp) 2CH-60016 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH 60023 Chuck Berry's Golden Decade Vol.2  album cover Chuck Berry Chuck Berry's Golden Decade Vol.2 (Comp) 2CH 60023 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH 60028 Golden Decade Volume 3  album cover Chuck Berry Golden Decade Volume 3 (Comp) 2CH 60028 US 1974 Sell This Version
2CH-C-9190 The Great Twenty-Eight  album cover Chuck Berry The Great Twenty-Eight(Cass, Comp) Chess 2CH-C-9190 US 1984 Sell This Version
2CHLS 001 Fathers And Sons  album cover Muddy Waters / Otis Spann / Michael Bloomfield* / Paul Butterfield / Donald "Duck" Dunn / Sam Lay Muddy Waters / Otis Spann / Michael Bloomfield* / Paul Butterfield / Donald "Duck" Dunn / Sam Lay - Fathers And Sons(2xLP, Album) Chess 2CHLS 001 Australia 1969 Sell This Version
2CHLS 002 Chuck Berry's Golden Decade (The Original Two Albums)  album cover Chuck Berry Chuck Berry's Golden Decade (The Original Two Albums)(2xLP, Comp) Chess 2CHLS 002 Australia 1972 Sell This Version
2CHLS 003 Got My Own Bag Of Tricks  album cover Bo Diddley Got My Own Bag Of Tricks(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess 2CHLS 003 Australia 1972 Sell This Version
2CHLS 004 This Is My Story  album cover Sonny Boy Williamson (2) This Is My Story(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess 2CHLS 004 Australia 1972 Sell This Version
2CHLS005 Chuck Berry's Golden Decade Vol.2  album cover Chuck Berry Chuck Berry's Golden Decade Vol.2(2xLP, Comp) Chess, Chess 2CHLS005 Australia Unknown Sell This Version
2CHLS 007 Golden Decade Volume 3  album cover Chuck Berry Golden Decade Volume 3(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess 2CHLS 007 Australia Unknown Sell This Version
003 At The Jazz Workshop  album cover James Moody At The Jazz Workshop(CD, Comp) GRP 003 US 1998 Sell This Version
0006 Keep On Keepin' On: 1968-1970  album cover Woody Herman And His Thundering Herd* Keep On Keepin' On: 1968-1970(CD, Comp, RM) Chess, GRP 0006 US 1998 Sell This Version
7-LPS-1437 Down And Out Blues  album cover Sonny Boy Williamson (2) Down And Out Blues(7", EP, Jukebox) Chess 7-LPS-1437 US Unknown Sell This Version
7-LPS-1469 Howlin' Wolf  album cover Howlin' Wolf Howlin' Wolf(7", Jukebox) Chess 7-LPS-1469 US 1963 Sell This Version
7N.25242 No Particular Place To Go / Liverpool Drive  album cover Chuck Berry No Particular Place To Go / Liverpool Drive(7", Single, Promo) Pye International 7N.25242 Netherlands 1964 Sell This Version
019 If Walls Could Talk  album cover Little Milton If Walls Could Talk(CD, Album, RE, RM) Chess, Universal, folio 019 Spain 1997 Sell This Version
024 Buddy's Blues  album cover Buddy Guy Buddy's Blues(CD, Comp, RM) Folio 024 Europe 1997 Sell This Version
30 CV 1292 Le Roi Du Rock  album cover Chuck Berry Le Roi Du Rock (Comp) 30 CV 1292 France 1973 Sell This Version
30 CV 1386 Promised Land  album cover Chuck Berry Promised Land(LP, Comp) Musidisc 30 CV 1386 France 1978 Sell This Version
30 CV 1394 Live  album cover Paul Anka Live(LP, Album, RE) Chess, Musidisc 30 CV 1394 France 1976 Sell This Version
30 CV 1401 Back Home  album cover Chuck Berry Back Home(LP, Album, RE) Musidisc 30 CV 1401 France 1978 Sell This Version
041 Live & Cookin' At Alice's Revisited  album cover Howlin' Wolf Live & Cookin' At Alice's Revisited(CD, Album, RE, RM) Universal, Chess, Folio 041 Spain 1998 Sell This Version
45-HL-M.8585 Sweet Little Sixteen / Reelin' And Rockin'  album cover Chuck Berry Sweet Little Sixteen / Reelin' And Rockin'(7", Single, Tri) London Records, London American Recordings 45-HL-M.8585 UK Unknown Sell This Version
45-HLM 8629 Johnny B. Goode / Around & Around  album cover Chuck Berry Johnny B. Goode / Around & Around (Single) 45-HLM 8629 UK 1958 Sell This Version
45-HL-M 8767 Sweet Little Rock And Roll / Joe Joe Gun  album cover Chuck Berry Sweet Little Rock And Roll / Joe Joe Gun(7", Single) London Records, London American Recordings 45-HL-M 8767 UK 1958 Sell This Version
45-HL-M 8853 Almost Grown  album cover Chuck Berry Almost Grown(7", Single) London American Recordings 45-HL-M 8853 UK 1958 Sell This Version
45-HLM 9180 If I Can't Have You / My Heart Cries  album cover Etta & Harvey If I Can't Have You / My Heart Cries(7", Single) London American Recordings 45-HLM 9180 UK 1960 Sell This Version
45-HLU 8428 Roll Over Beethoven  album cover Chuck Berry Roll Over Beethoven(7") London American Recordings 45-HLU 8428 UK Unknown Sell This Version
61 The Eagle Stiret'h Her Nest  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin The Eagle Stiret'h Her Nest(Shellac, 10") Chess 61 US Unknown Sell This Version
65 I Love The Lord / Heard The Voice Of Jesus  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin And Congregation Sings* I Love The Lord / Heard The Voice Of Jesus(Shellac, 10") Chess 65 US Unknown Sell This Version
76 Live At The Vanguard  album cover The Kenny Burrell Trio Live At The Vanguard(CD) Chess 76 UK 1987 Sell This Version
104 Bo Diddley / I'm A Man  album cover Bo Diddley Bo Diddley / I'm A Man(7", Single, Mono, RE) Chess 104 US Unknown Sell This Version
131 See You Later, Alligator / This Should Go On Forever  album cover Bobby Charles / Rod Bernard Bobby Charles / Rod Bernard - See You Later, Alligator / This Should Go On Forever(7") Chess 131 US Unknown Sell This Version
311 You Mean Everything To Me / That Lucky Old Sun  album cover Cash McCall You Mean Everything To Me / That Lucky Old Sun(7") Thomas Records 311 US 1967 Sell This Version
000365 Original Rhythm 'N' Blues Hits  album cover Various Original Rhythm 'N' Blues Hits(3xLP, Comp + Box) Mode (4) 000365 France 1983 Sell This Version
401 I'll Never Stop Loving You (Never Ever Song)  album cover Solomon Burke I'll Never Stop Loving You (Never Ever Song)(7", Promo) Chess 401 US 1976 Sell This Version
407 Chicago Bound  album cover Jimmy Rogers with Little Walter, Muddy Waters Jimmy Rogers with Little Walter, Muddy Waters - Chicago Bound (Album) 407 US 1970 Sell This Version
408 Hung Down Head  album cover Lowell Fulson Hung Down Head (Comp) 408 US 1970 Sell This Version
409 I Was Walking Through The Woods  album cover Buddy Guy I Was Walking Through The Woods (Comp) 409 US 1970 Sell This Version
410 Natural Man  album cover J.B. Lenoir Natural Man (Comp) 410 US 1970 Sell This Version
535 Summertime  album cover Billy Stewart Summertime(7") Chess 535 Brazil 1968 Sell This Version
5.94 Fathers And Sons  album cover Muddy Waters Fathers And Sons (Album) 5.94 US 2018 Sell This Version
610 Count 'Em 88  album cover Ahmad Jamal Trio Count 'Em 88(LP, Album, Mono) Argo (6), Chess 610 New Zealand Unknown Sell This Version
649 Remember The Oldies  album cover Various Remember The Oldies(LP, Comp, Mono) Chess 649 New Zealand Unknown Sell This Version
0821 Chess Masters  album cover Buddy Guy Chess Masters(LP, Comp) Chess 0821 Brazil 1984 Sell This Version
00872 The London Howlin' Wolf Sessions  album cover Howlin' Wolf The London Howlin' Wolf Sessions(LP, Album, RE) Chess, MCA Records 00872 Brazil 1990 Sell This Version
916 Class Cutter   album cover Dale Hawkins Class Cutter (7", Single) Chess 916 US 1959 Sell This Version
921 Am I The Man / Lonely Hearts  album cover Bobby Lester Am I The Man / Lonely Hearts(7", Single, Promo) Chess 921 US 1959 Sell This Version
1006 Following Jesus   album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Following Jesus (Shellac, 10") Chess 1006 US Unknown Sell This Version
1100 That Old Black Magic / Moon River  album cover Billy Stewart That Old Black Magic / Moon River (Single) 1100 US 1968 Sell This Version
01203 House Of The Blues  album cover John Lee Hooker House Of The Blues(CD, Album, RE) Altaya, Chess, MCA Records 01203 Spain 1995 Sell This Version
01204 They Call Me Muddy Waters  album cover Muddy Waters They Call Me Muddy Waters(CD, Comp, RE) Altaya 01204 Spain 1995 Sell This Version
01210 Go Bo Diddley  album cover Bo Diddley Go Bo Diddley(CD, Album, RE) MCA Records, Inc., Chess, Altaya 01210 Spain 1995 Sell This Version
01222 Love You Like A Woman  album cover Koko Taylor Love You Like A Woman(CD, Album, RE, S/Edition) Chess, MCA Records, Altaya 01222 Spain 1995 Sell This Version
01359 We're Gonna Make It  album cover Little Milton We're Gonna Make It(CD, Album, RE, S/Edition) Chess, MCA Records, Altaya 01359 Spain 1996 Sell This Version
1416 Eddy Ware (And His Band) Wandering Lover / Lima Beans(10") Chess 1416 US 1950 Sell This Version
1425 My Foolish Heart / Bless You  album cover Gene Ammons And His Sextet* My Foolish Heart / Bless You(10") Chess 1425 US 1950 Sell This Version
1426 Rollin' Stone / Walking Blues  album cover Muddy Waters Rollin' Stone / Walking Blues(Shellac, 10") Chess 1426 US 1950 Sell This Version
1428 Do You Really Mean It / Good Bye  album cover Christine Chatman, Gene Ammons And His Sextet* / Gene Ammons And His Sextet* Christine Chatman, Gene Ammons And His Sextet* / Gene Ammons And His Sextet* - Do You Really Mean It / Good Bye(Shellac, 10") Chess 1428 US 1950 Sell This Version
1431 Pennies From Heaven / The Last Mile  album cover Gene Ammons And His Orchestra Pennies From Heaven / The Last Mile(Shellac, 10", RP) Chess 1431 US 1950 Sell This Version
1432 Claude McLin And His Sextet Mona Lisa / Benny's Bounce(Shellac, 10") Chess 1432 US 1950 Sell This Version
1434 Sad Letter Blues / You're Gonna Need My Help  album cover Muddy Waters Sad Letter Blues / You're Gonna Need My Help(Shellac, 10") Chess 1434 US 1950 Sell This Version
1435 That's All Right / Ludella  album cover Jimmy Rogers And His Trio That's All Right / Ludella(Shellac, 10") Chess 1435 US 1950 Sell This Version