Chess

Chess

Profile:
For bootlegs/unofficial releases, see Chess (2). Also appears as "Chess Record Corp." on earliest releases and as "Chess Records" from 1967/68.
Chess was one of the premier blues labels of the 1950s and 60s, also releasing R&B, soul, jazz, gospel and rock. They released records by every major blues artist in Chicago, including John Lee Hooker, Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters, Elmore James, Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry, Little Walter and many others.
Brothers Leonard Chess and Phil Chess emigrated from Poland to the United States in 1928. In the 1940s they owned the upscale Macomba nightclub in Chicago's Southside neighborhood and several other bars. Blues artists performed regularly at The Macomba, and the Chess brothers realized they were not being recorded. They bought in to the small R&B label The Aristocrat Of Records in 1947, then bought out the remaining partners in 1949 and changed the name to Chess in 1950. On October, 16th, 1969 Leonard Chess dies and the label sold to General Recorded Tape (GRT) for $6.5 million.
Company: Chess Producing Corp. or sometimes Chess Records
Associated to the publishing company Arc Music (2) or Arc Music Corp., that was co-founded by Leonard Chess in 1953.
Labelcode: LC 0156

For company credits, see:
-Chess Record Corp. / Chess Records Corp. / Chess Recording Corp.
-Chess Producing Corp.
-Chess Records / GRT Record Group / GRT Corporation
-Sugar Hill Records Ltd.
-MCA Records, Inc.

First pressings identification:
1458-1670 (1951–1957): Blue and silver label, with three chess pieces at the top.
1671-1798 (1957–1961): Blue label with vertical Chess letters.
1799-1840 (1961–1963): Either blue label with vertical Chess letters or multi–color label.
1841-1950 (1963–1966): Black label, however there are many pressing plant variations. Some 1800 series issues exist on blue and silver, others on multi-color Chess labels.
1951 and higher (1966 forward): Light blue label.
A few red vinyl issues appeared in the 1530–1550 series. Inexplicable pressing plant variations exist, such as numbers as high as 1966 (mid-'66) with the blue label, with vertical Chess letters on left side.
Sublabels
Parent Label:
Sites:
[l33931]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
Vol. 42 Pressing On  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Pressing On(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 42 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 43 The Inner Conflict  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* The Inner Conflict(LP, Mono, RE) Chess Vol. 43 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 47 The King, Lord Of Hosts  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin The King, Lord Of Hosts(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 47 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 48 The Challenge Of Christmas  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* The Challenge Of Christmas(LP, Album, Mono) Chess Vol. 48 US 1963 Sell This Version
VOL. 55 Jesus Met The Woman At The Well  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Jesus Met The Woman At The Well(LP, Mono) Chess VOL. 55 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 61 Paul's Hymn Of Love  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Paul's Hymn Of Love(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 61 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 62 THE 100th PSALM (The Lord Is Good)  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin THE 100th PSALM (The Lord Is Good) Vol. 62 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 65 Hannah, The Ideal Mother  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Hannah, The Ideal Mother(LP, Album, Mono) Chess Vol. 65 US 1967 Sell This Version
VSOP CD 327 The collection  album cover Billy Stewart The collection(CD, Comp) Connoisseur Collection VSOP CD 327 UK 2001 Sell This Version
VSOP LP 130 The Chess Story  album cover Various The Chess Story(2xLP, Comp) Connoisseur Collection VSOP LP 130 UK 1989 Sell This Version
WMC5-236 Give Your Baby A Standing Ovation  album cover The Dells Give Your Baby A Standing Ovation(CD, Album, RE) Chess WMC5-236 Japan 1990 Sell This Version
WMC5-239 Love More Than Pride  album cover Laura Lee Love More Than Pride(CD, Comp, Mono) Chess WMC5-239 Japan 1990 Sell This Version
WMC5-243 The Dells Vs. The Dramatics  album cover The Dells / The Dramatics The Dells / The Dramatics - The Dells Vs. The Dramatics (Album) WMC5-243 Japan 1990 Sell This Version
WMC5-244 The Mighty Mighty Dells  album cover The Dells The Mighty Mighty Dells (Album) WMC5-244 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-245 Losers Weepers  album cover Etta James Losers Weepers (Album) WMC5-245 Japan 1989 Sell This Version
WMC5-246 If Walls Could Talk  album cover Little Milton If Walls Could Talk (Album) WMC5-246 Japan 1989 Sell This Version
WMC5-247 Bobby Womack And The Valentinos  album cover Bobby Womack And The Valentinos* Bobby Womack And The Valentinos (Album) WMC5-247 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-248 Something Good: The Muscle Shoals Sessions  album cover Irma Thomas Something Good: The Muscle Shoals Sessions (Comp) WMC5-248 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-250 I Do Love You  album cover Billy Stewart I Do Love You(CD, Album, Mono, Promo, RE) Chess WMC5-250 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-305 Twist  album cover Chuck Berry Twist(CD, Comp, RE) Chess WMC5-305 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WRF9091CD Saddle The Wind   album cover John Berry (8) Saddle The Wind (CD, Fir) Chess WRF9091CD US Unknown Sell This Version
XAR S-5012 Aladdin  album cover Rotary Connection Aladdin(LP, Album) Chess XAR S-5012 Netherlands 1968 Sell This Version
YD 393 Mama Told Me / When Will I See You Again  album cover Etta James / The Three Degrees Etta James / The Three Degrees - Mama Told Me / When Will I See You Again(7", Jukebox) Chess, Philadelphia International Records YD 393 Italy 1975 Sell This Version
YD 400 I'll Be Holding On / Super Strut  album cover Al Downing / Eumir Deodato Al Downing / Eumir Deodato - I'll Be Holding On / Super Strut(7", Jukebox) Chess, MCA Records YD 400 Italy 1975 Sell This Version
ZCCXD4001 Sonny Boy Williamson  album cover Sonny Boy Williamson (2) Sonny Boy Williamson(Cass, Album, Comp) Chess, PRT Records ZCCXD4001 US 1984 Sell This Version
ZCCXS 7250 Chess Masters Sampler  album cover Various Chess Masters Sampler(Cass, Comp, Smplr) Chess ZCCXS 7250 UK 1984 Sell This Version