Chess

Chess

Profile:
For bootlegs/unofficial releases, see Chess (2). Also appears as "Chess Record Corp." on earliest releases and as "Chess Records" from 1967/68.
Chess was one of the premier blues labels of the 1950s and 60s, also releasing R&B, soul, jazz, gospel and rock. They released records by every major blues artist in Chicago, including John Lee Hooker, Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters, Elmore James, Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry, Little Walter and many others.
Brothers Leonard Chess and Phil Chess emigrated from Poland to the United States in 1928. In the 1940s they owned the upscale Macomba nightclub in Chicago's Southside neighborhood and several other bars. Blues artists performed regularly at The Macomba, and the Chess brothers realized they were not being recorded. They bought in to the small R&B label The Aristocrat Of Records in 1947, then bought out the remaining partners in 1949 and changed the name to Chess in 1950. On October, 16th, 1969 Leonard Chess dies and the label sold to General Recorded Tape (GRT) for $6.5 million.
Company: Chess Producing Corp. or sometimes Chess Records
Associated to the publishing company Arc Music (2) or Arc Music Corp., that was co-founded by Leonard Chess in 1953.
Labelcode: LC 0156

For company credits, see:
-Chess Record Corp. / Chess Records Corp. / Chess Recording Corp.
-Chess Producing Corp.
-Chess Records / GRT Record Group / GRT Corporation
-Sugar Hill Records Ltd.
-MCA Records, Inc.

First pressings identification:
1458-1670 (1951–1957): Blue and silver label, with three chess pieces at the top.
1671-1798 (1957–1961): Blue label with vertical Chess letters.
1799-1840 (1961–1963): Either blue label with vertical Chess letters or multi–color label.
1841-1950 (1963–1966): Black label, however there are many pressing plant variations. Some 1800 series issues exist on blue and silver, others on multi-color Chess labels.
1951 and higher (1966 forward): Light blue label.
A few red vinyl issues appeared in the 1530–1550 series. Inexplicable pressing plant variations exist, such as numbers as high as 1966 (mid-'66) with the blue label, with vertical Chess letters on left side.
Sublabels
Parent Label:
Sites:
[l33931]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
ZCCXS 7250 Chess Masters Sampler  album cover Various Chess Masters Sampler(Cass, Comp, Smplr) Chess ZCCXS 7250 UK 1984 Sell This Version
ZCCXD4001 Sonny Boy Williamson  album cover Sonny Boy Williamson (2) Sonny Boy Williamson(Cass, Album, Comp) Chess, PRT Records ZCCXD4001 US 1984 Sell This Version
YD 400 I'll Be Holding On / Super Strut  album cover Al Downing / Eumir Deodato Al Downing / Eumir Deodato - I'll Be Holding On / Super Strut(7", Jukebox) Chess, MCA Records YD 400 Italy 1975 Sell This Version
YD 393 Mama Told Me / When Will I See You Again  album cover Etta James / The Three Degrees Etta James / The Three Degrees - Mama Told Me / When Will I See You Again(7", Jukebox) Chess, Philadelphia International Records YD 393 Italy 1975 Sell This Version
XAR S-5012 Aladdin  album cover Rotary Connection Aladdin(LP, Album) Chess XAR S-5012 Netherlands 1968 Sell This Version
WRF9091CD Saddle The Wind   album cover John Berry (8) Saddle The Wind (CD, Fir) Chess WRF9091CD US Unknown Sell This Version
WMC5-305 Twist  album cover Chuck Berry Twist(CD, Comp, RE) Chess WMC5-305 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-250 I Do Love You  album cover Billy Stewart I Do Love You(CD, Album, Mono, Promo, RE) Chess WMC5-250 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-248 Something Good: The Muscle Shoals Sessions  album cover Irma Thomas Something Good: The Muscle Shoals Sessions (Comp) WMC5-248 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-247 Bobby Womack And The Valentinos  album cover Bobby Womack And The Valentinos* Bobby Womack And The Valentinos (Album) WMC5-247 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-246 If Walls Could Talk  album cover Little Milton If Walls Could Talk (Album) WMC5-246 Japan 1989 Sell This Version
WMC5-245 Losers Weepers  album cover Etta James Losers Weepers (Album) WMC5-245 Japan 1989 Sell This Version
WMC5-244 The Mighty Mighty Dells  album cover The Dells The Mighty Mighty Dells (Album) WMC5-244 Japan 1991 Sell This Version
WMC5-243 The Dells Vs. The Dramatics  album cover The Dells / The Dramatics The Dells / The Dramatics - The Dells Vs. The Dramatics (Album) WMC5-243 Japan 1990 Sell This Version
WMC5-239 Love More Than Pride  album cover Laura Lee Love More Than Pride(CD, Comp, Mono) Chess WMC5-239 Japan 1990 Sell This Version
WMC5-236 Give Your Baby A Standing Ovation  album cover The Dells Give Your Baby A Standing Ovation(CD, Album, RE) Chess WMC5-236 Japan 1990 Sell This Version
VSOP LP 130 The Chess Story  album cover Various The Chess Story(2xLP, Comp) Connoisseur Collection VSOP LP 130 UK 1989 Sell This Version
VSOP CD 327 The collection  album cover Billy Stewart The collection(CD, Comp) Connoisseur Collection VSOP CD 327 UK 2001 Sell This Version
Vol. 65 Hannah, The Ideal Mother  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Hannah, The Ideal Mother(LP, Album, Mono) Chess Vol. 65 US 1967 Sell This Version
Vol. 62 THE 100th PSALM (The Lord Is Good)  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin THE 100th PSALM (The Lord Is Good) Vol. 62 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 61 Paul's Hymn Of Love  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Paul's Hymn Of Love(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 61 US Unknown Sell This Version
VOL. 55 Jesus Met The Woman At The Well  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Jesus Met The Woman At The Well(LP, Mono) Chess VOL. 55 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 48 The Challenge Of Christmas  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* The Challenge Of Christmas(LP, Album, Mono) Chess Vol. 48 US 1963 Sell This Version
Vol. 47 The King, Lord Of Hosts  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin The King, Lord Of Hosts(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 47 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 43 The Inner Conflict  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* The Inner Conflict(LP, Mono, RE) Chess Vol. 43 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 42 Pressing On  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Pressing On(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 42 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 41 Study To Show Thyself To God  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Study To Show Thyself To God(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 41 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 40 The Devil Tempts Jesus  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* The Devil Tempts Jesus(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 40 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 39 Nehemiah And The Great Work  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Nehemiah And The Great Work Vol. 39 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 38 The Foolish And The Wise Builders (A House Built On Sand)  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* The Foolish And The Wise Builders (A House Built On Sand)(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 38 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 37 The Eternity Of The Church  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin The Eternity Of The Church(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 37 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 36 Dry Bones In The Valley  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Dry Bones In The Valley(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 36 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 35 The Fiery Furnace  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* The Fiery Furnace(LP, Album) Chess Vol. 35 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 33 Rev. C. L. Franklin Sings  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Rev. C. L. Franklin Sings(LP, Album, Mono) Chess Vol. 33 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 32 The Barren Fig Tree  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin The Barren Fig Tree(LP, Mono) Chess Vol. 32 US Unknown Sell This Version
VOL. 31 Ye Are The Salt Of The Earth  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* Ye Are The Salt Of The Earth(LP) Chess, Chess VOL. 31 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 30 Silver And Gold Have I None, But Such As I Have Give I Thee  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Silver And Gold Have I None, But Such As I Have Give I Thee(LP, Mono, RE) Chess Vol. 30 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 29 Counting The Cost  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Counting The Cost(LP, Mono, 1st) Chess Vol. 29 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 28 Two Fish And Five Loaves Of Bread  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Two Fish And Five Loaves Of Bread(LP, Mono, Bla) Chess Vol. 28 US Unknown Sell This Version
VOL. 25 The King Of The Jews  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin The King Of The Jews(LP, Mono) Chess VOL. 25 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 24 What Think Ye Of Jesus  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin What Think Ye Of Jesus(LP, Album, Mono) Chess Vol. 24 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 21 The Eagle Stirreth Her Nest  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* The Eagle Stirreth Her Nest(LP, Mono, 1st) Chess Vol. 21 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 19 Moses At The Red Sea  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* Moses At The Red Sea (Album) Vol. 19 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 17 Ye Must Be Born Again (Christ & Nicodemus)  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Ye Must Be Born Again (Christ & Nicodemus)(LP, Album, Mono) Chess Vol. 17 US Unknown Sell This Version
Vol. 16 Nothing Shall Seperate Me From The Love Of God  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin Nothing Shall Seperate Me From The Love Of God(LP, Mono, 1st) Chess Vol. 16 US Unknown Sell This Version
VI 349 Johnny B. Goode  album cover Chuck Berry Johnny B. Goode(7", EP) Visadisc, Visadisc VI 349 France Unknown Sell This Version
VG 671 670113 Can't Get No Grindin'  album cover Muddy Waters Can't Get No Grindin'(CD, Album, RE) Vogue VG 671 670113 France 1991 Sell This Version
vg503 771407 if walls could talk  album cover Little Milton if walls could talk(Cass, Album) Chess vg503 771407 France 1989 Sell This Version
V 140044 Whose Muddy Shoes  album cover Elmore James / John Brim Elmore James / John Brim - Whose Muddy Shoes(CD, Album, Comp) Chess V 140044 Brazil 1993 Sell This Version
UMD83561 Shades Of A Genius  album cover Mitty Collier Shades Of A Genius(CD, Comp, RM, Dig) Chess UMD83561 Europe 1998 Sell This Version
UMD 80560 Full Bloom  album cover Jackie Ross Full Bloom(CD, Comp, RE, RM, Dig) Chess, Universal UMD 80560 Europe Unknown Sell This Version
UIJY-9019 The Best Of Muddy Waters  album cover Muddy Waters The Best Of Muddy Waters(LP, Comp, Mono, RE, 200) Chess, Universal Music UIJY-9019 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY93554/5 The London Howlin' Wolf Sessions (Deluxe Edition)  album cover Howlin' Wolf The London Howlin' Wolf Sessions (Deluxe Edition)(2xCD, Album, RE, RM) Chess UICY93554/5 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
UICY-93726 Bo Diddley & Company  album cover Bo Diddley Bo Diddley & Company(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93726 Japan 2008 Sell This Version
UICY-93725 Bo Diddley Is A... Lover  album cover Bo Diddley Bo Diddley Is A... Lover(CD, Album, Mono, Ltd, Num, RE, RM, SHM) Chess UICY-93725 Japan 2009 Sell This Version
UICY-93724 Bo Diddley Is A Gunslinger  album cover Bo Diddley Bo Diddley Is A Gunslinger(CD, Album, Mono, Num, RE, RM, SHM) Chess UICY-93724 Japan 2009 Sell This Version
UICY-93723 Have Guitar, Will Travel  album cover Bo Diddley Have Guitar, Will Travel(CD, Album, Ltd, Num, RE, SHM) Chess, Chess UICY-93723 Japan 2008 Sell This Version
UICY-93722 Bo Diddley  album cover Bo Diddley Bo Diddley(CD, Comp, Mono, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93722 Japan 2008 Sell This Version
UICY-93319 We're Gonna Make It  album cover Little Milton We're Gonna Make It(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93319 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93318 House Of The Blues  album cover John Lee Hooker House Of The Blues(CD, Album, Ltd, RE) Chess UICY-93318 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93317 Born To Love Me  album cover Jimmy Reeves Jr. Born To Love Me(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93317 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY 93316 Bummer Road  album cover Sonny Boy Williamson (2) Bummer Road(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, Min) Chess UICY 93316 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93315 One Way Out  album cover Sonny Boy Williamson (2) One Way Out(CD, Comp, Ltd, RE) Chess UICY-93315 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93314 Muddy Waters Sings "Big Bill"  album cover Muddy Waters Muddy Waters Sings "Big Bill"(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93314 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93313 Change My Way  album cover Howlin' Wolf Change My Way(CD, Album, Mono, Ltd, RE) Chess UICY-93313 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93312 Message To The Young  album cover Howlin' Wolf Message To The Young(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93312 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93311 Another Dimension  album cover Bo Diddley Another Dimension(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93311 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93310 Where It All Began  album cover Bo Diddley Where It All Began(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93310 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93303 Koko Taylor  album cover Koko Taylor Koko Taylor(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93303 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93302 The Back Door Wolf  album cover Howlin' Wolf The Back Door Wolf(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93302 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93301 Big Bad Bo  album cover Bo Diddley Big Bad Bo(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93301 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93300 The Black Gladiator  album cover Bo Diddley The Black Gladiator(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93300 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93299 Grits Ain't Groceries (Featuring "Just A Little Bit")  album cover Little Milton Grits Ain't Groceries (Featuring "Just A Little Bit")(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93299 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93298 Hung Down Head  album cover Lowell Fulson Hung Down Head(CD, Comp, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93298 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93297 Door To Door  album cover Albert King / Otis Rush Albert King / Otis Rush - Door To Door(CD, Comp, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93297 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93296 Hate To See You Go  album cover Little Walter Hate To See You Go(CD, Comp, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93296 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93295 Fathers And Sons  album cover Muddy Waters / Otis Spann / Michael Bloomfield* / Paul Butterfield / Donald "Duck" Dunn / Sam Lay Muddy Waters / Otis Spann / Michael Bloomfield* / Paul Butterfield / Donald "Duck" Dunn / Sam Lay - Fathers And Sons(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93295 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93218 Chicago Bound  album cover Jimmy Rogers Chicago Bound(CD, Album, Mono, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93218 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93217 Whose Muddy Shoes  album cover Elmore James / John Brim Elmore James / John Brim - Whose Muddy Shoes(CD, Comp, Mono, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93217 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93216 I Was Walking Through The Woods  album cover Buddy Guy I Was Walking Through The Woods(CD, Comp, Pap) Chess UICY-93216 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93215 Confessin' The Blues  album cover Little Walter Confessin' The Blues(CD, Comp, Ltd, RM, RP) Chess UICY-93215 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93214 The Best Of Little Walter  album cover Little Walter The Best Of Little Walter(CD, Comp, Ltd) Chess UICY-93214 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93213 The Howlin' Wolf Album  album cover Howlin' Wolf The Howlin' Wolf Album(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93213 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93212 More Real Folk Blues  album cover Howling Wolf* More Real Folk Blues(CD, Album, Mono, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93212 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93211 The Real Folk Blues  album cover Howlin' Wolf The Real Folk Blues(CD, Album, Mono, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93211 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93210 Howlin' Wolf  album cover Howlin' Wolf Howlin' Wolf(CD, Album, Mono, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93210 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93209 Moanin' in the Moonlight  album cover Howlin' Wolf Moanin' in the Moonlight(CD, Album, Mono, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93209 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93204 The Muddy Waters Woodstock Album  album cover Muddy Waters The Muddy Waters Woodstock Album(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93204 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93203 Electric Mud  album cover Muddy Waters Electric Mud(CD, Album, Ltd, RE) Chess UICY-93203 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93202 More Real Folk Blues  album cover Muddy Waters More Real Folk Blues(CD, Album, Mono, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93202 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93201 The Real Folk Blues  album cover Muddy Waters The Real Folk Blues(CD, Comp, Ltd, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93201 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93200 Muddy Waters At Newport 1960  album cover Muddy Waters Muddy Waters At Newport 1960(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-93200 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-93199 The Best Of Muddy Waters  album cover Muddy Waters The Best Of Muddy Waters(CD, Comp, Ltd, RE, Pap) Chess UICY-93199 Japan 2007 Sell This Version
UICY-78371 Chuck Berry  album cover Chuck Berry Chuck Berry(CD, Album, RM, Pap) Chess UICY-78371 Japan 2017 Sell This Version
UICY-78369 Chuck Berry The London Chuck Berry Sessions(CD, Album, RM, SHM) Chess, Geffen Records UICY-78369 Japan 2017 Sell This Version
UICY-78366 Fresh Berry's  album cover Chuck Berry Fresh Berry's(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, SHM) Chess UICY-78366 Japan 2017 Sell This Version
UICY-78364 St. Louis To Liverpool  album cover Chuck Berry St. Louis To Liverpool(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM) Chess UICY-78364 Japan 2017 Sell This Version
UICY-78362 Twist  album cover Chuck Berry Twist(CD, Album, RE) Chess UICY-78362 Japan 2017 Sell This Version
UICY-78361 New Juke Box Hits  album cover Chuck Berry New Juke Box Hits(CD, Album, Ltd, RE, RM, SHM) Chess, Geffen Records UICY-78361 Japan 2017 Sell This Version
UICY-76575 The Super Super Blues Band  album cover Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters & Bo Diddley Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters & Bo Diddley - The Super Super Blues Band(CD, Album, Ltd, RE) Chess UICY-76575 Japan 2014 Sell This Version