Chess

Chess

Profile:
For bootlegs/unofficial releases, see Chess (2). Also appears as "Chess Record Corp." on earliest releases and as "Chess Records" from 1967/68.
Chess was one of the premier blues labels of the 1950s and 60s, also releasing R&B, soul, jazz, gospel and rock. They released records by every major blues artist in Chicago, including John Lee Hooker, Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters, Elmore James, Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry, Little Walter and many others.
Brothers Leonard Chess and Phil Chess emigrated from Poland to the United States in 1928. In the 1940s they owned the upscale Macomba nightclub in Chicago's Southside neighborhood and several other bars. Blues artists performed regularly at The Macomba, and the Chess brothers realized they were not being recorded. They bought in to the small R&B label The Aristocrat Of Records in 1947, then bought out the remaining partners in 1949 and changed the name to Chess in 1950. On October, 16th, 1969 Leonard Chess dies and the label sold to General Recorded Tape (GRT) for $6.5 million.
Company: Chess Producing Corp. or sometimes Chess Records
Associated to the publishing company Arc Music (2) or Arc Music Corp., that was co-founded by Leonard Chess in 1953.
Labelcode: LC 0156

For company credits, see:
-Chess Record Corp. / Chess Records Corp. / Chess Recording Corp.
-Chess Producing Corp.
-Chess Records / GRT Record Group / GRT Corporation
-Sugar Hill Records Ltd.
-MCA Records, Inc.

First pressings identification:
1458-1670 (1951–1957): Blue and silver label, with three chess pieces at the top.
1671-1798 (1957–1961): Blue label with vertical Chess letters.
1799-1840 (1961–1963): Either blue label with vertical Chess letters or multi–color label.
1841-1950 (1963–1966): Black label, however there are many pressing plant variations. Some 1800 series issues exist on blue and silver, others on multi-color Chess labels.
1951 and higher (1966 forward): Light blue label.
A few red vinyl issues appeared in the 1530–1550 series. Inexplicable pressing plant variations exist, such as numbers as high as 1966 (mid-'66) with the blue label, with vertical Chess letters on left side.
Sublabels
Parent Label:
Sites:
[l33931]

Label


Cat# Artist Title  (Format) Label Cat# Country Year
CHC 93000   Chicago Bound  album cover Jimmy Rogers Chicago Bound(Cass, Album) Chess CHC 93000 US 1990 Sell This Version
CH-2-9221  Early Visions   album cover Gene Ammons Early Visions (LP, Comp, RE) Chess CH-2-9221 US 1984 Sell This Version
13882/13884  I Walked From Dallas / Don't Laugh At Me   album cover Howlin' Wolf I Walked From Dallas / Don't Laugh At Me (7", DJ ) Chess 13882/13884 US Unknown Sell This Version
CS-2053  What Have I Done / Tell Me The Truth  album cover Billy Stewart What Have I Done / Tell Me The Truth(7", Single) Chess CS-2053 Canada 1968 Sell This Version
6.24803 AG ... Down Here By Myself  album cover John Lee Hooker ... Down Here By Myself (Comp) 6.24803 AG Germany 1982 Sell This Version
6.24805 ...Got Blues With A Feeling  album cover Little Walter ...Got Blues With A Feeling(LP, Comp) Chess, TELDEC 6.24805 Germany 1982 Sell This Version
1584 "Forty Four" / I'll Be Around  album cover The Howlin' Wolf* "Forty Four" / I'll Be Around 1584 US 1954 Sell This Version
CH 50006 "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)  album cover Muddy Waters "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)(LP, Album) Chess CH 50006 France 1971 Sell This Version
CH 50012 "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)  album cover Muddy Waters "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's) (Album) CH 50012 US 1971 Sell This Version
CHD 9338 "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)  album cover Muddy Waters "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)(CD, Album, RE) Chess CHD 9338 US 1992 Sell This Version
CHESS-LP 114 "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)  album cover Muddy Waters "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)(LP, RE) Chess CHESS-LP 114 Finland 1986 Sell This Version
CHLS 280 "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)  album cover Muddy Waters "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)(LP) Chess CHLS 280 Australia 1971 Sell This Version
MCD09338 "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)  album cover Muddy Waters "Live" (At Mr. Kelly's)(CD, Album, RE) Chess MCD09338 Germany 1992 Sell This Version
BT-8052 "Live" In Tokyo  album cover Ramsey Lewis "Live" In Tokyo (Album) BT-8052 Japan 1975 Sell This Version
LP-1515 "Mr. Vaudeville"  album cover Pigmeat Markham "Mr. Vaudeville" LP-1515 US 1967 Sell This Version
CDCHESS 1009 "Off The Record"  album cover Howlin' Wolf "Off The Record"(CD, Album, RE) Chess CDCHESS 1009 Europe 1989 Sell This Version
60031 A "Unk" In Funk  album cover Muddy Waters "Unk" In Funk(LP, Album) Chess 60031 A Israel 1974 Sell This Version
9033 60031 "Unk" In Funk  album cover Muddy Waters "Unk" In Funk(LP, Album) Chess 9033 60031 Canada 1974 Sell This Version
CH 50040 "Unk" In Funk  album cover Muddy Waters "Unk" In Funk(LP, Album) Chess CH 50040 France Unknown Sell This Version
CH 60031 "Unk" In Funk  album cover Muddy Waters "Unk" In Funk (Album) CH 60031 US 1974 Sell This Version
CH 91513 "Unk" In Funk  album cover Muddy Waters "Unk" In Funk(LP, Album, RE) Chess CH 91513 US 1984 Sell This Version
CHLS-311 Muddy Waters "Unk" In Funk(LP, Album) Chess CHLS-311 Australia 1974 Sell This Version
SWX-6181 (CH 60031) "Unk" In Funk  album cover Muddy Waters "Unk" In Funk(LP, Album) Chess SWX-6181 (CH 60031) Japan 1975 Sell This Version
UICY-76545 "Unk" In Funk  album cover Muddy Waters "Unk" In Funk(CD, Album, RE, RM) Chess UICY-76545 Japan 2014 Sell This Version
1880 (The Story Of) Woman, Love And A Man  album cover Tony Clarke (2) (The Story Of) Woman, Love And A Man (Single) 1880 US 1964 Sell This Version
12814 Tony Clarke (2) (The Story Of) Woman, Love And A Man(7") Chess 12814 US Unknown Sell This Version
C-1880X (The Story Of) Woman, Love And Man Part 1 / Part 2  album cover Tony Clarke (2) (The Story Of) Woman, Love And Man Part 1 / Part 2(7", Single) Chess C-1880X Canada Unknown Sell This Version
CH 2106 (You've Got To) Push And Pull / Gonna Get Your Love  album cover Ray Frazier & The Shades Of Madness (You've Got To) Push And Pull / Gonna Get Your Love CH 2106 US 1971 Sell This Version
CRS 8055 1-2-3 / Down By The Riverside  album cover Ramsey Lewis 1-2-3 / Down By The Riverside (Single) CRS 8055 UK 1967 Sell This Version
2008 10-2 Double Plus  album cover Jackie & Tut 10-2 Double Plus (Single) 2008 US Unknown Sell This Version
1033-2170 American Gypsy 10,000 Miles(7", Single, Promo) Chess 1033-2170 Canada 1975 Sell This Version
CH 2170 10,000 Miles  album cover American Gypsy 10,000 Miles (Single) CH 2170 US 1974 Sell This Version
CHESSCD 5 20 Blues Classis Of Muddy Waters  album cover Muddy Waters 20 Blues Classis Of Muddy Waters(CD, Comp) Chess CHESSCD 5 Finland 1988 Sell This Version
SP 19749 20 Originale Rock'N' Roll Hits  album cover Chuck Berry 20 Originale Rock'N' Roll Hits(LP, Comp) Chess SP 19749 Scandinavia 1975 Sell This Version
SPMC 19749 20 Originale Rock'N' Roll Hits  album cover Chuck Berry 20 Originale Rock'N' Roll Hits(Cass, Comp) Chess SPMC 19749 Denmark 1975 Sell This Version
244 102-1 20 Super Hits  album cover Chuck Berry 20 Super Hits(LP, Comp, RE) Chess, Chess 244 102-1 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
6.24372 20 Super Hits  album cover Chuck Berry 20 Super Hits (Comp) 6.24372 Germany 1980 Sell This Version
8.24372 20 Super Hits  album cover Chuck Berry 20 Super Hits(CD, Comp) Chess 8.24372 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
MCD 18036 20 Super Hits  album cover Chuck Berry 20 Super Hits (Comp) MCD 18036 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1533 24 Hours  album cover Eddie Boyd 24 Hours (Single) 1533 US 1953 Sell This Version
6.28529 DS 25 Years Of Rock'n'Roll Volume 2  album cover Various 25 Years Of Rock'n'Roll Volume 2(2xLP, Album, Comp, Gat) Strand 6.28529 DS Germany 1981 Sell This Version
CHESSCD 3 28 Rock'n'Roll Classics Of Chuck Berry  album cover Chuck Berry 28 Rock'n'Roll Classics Of Chuck Berry(CD, Comp) Chess CHESSCD 3 Europe 1988 Sell This Version
PLP-6054/6055 3 Dozen Super Numbers  album cover Bo Diddley 3 Dozen Super Numbers(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess, P-Vine Special PLP-6054/6055 Japan 1985 Sell This Version
CH-115 300 Pounds Of Joy / Built For Comfort  album cover Howlin' Wolf 300 Pounds Of Joy / Built For Comfort(7", RE) Chess CH-115 US 1982 Sell This Version
PLP-6076 300 Pounds Of The Blues  album cover Howlin' Wolf 300 Pounds Of The Blues(LP, Comp, Mono) P-Vine Special, Chess PLP-6076 Japan 1986 Sell This Version
ELD-988 32 Discotheque Hits 1  album cover Various 32 Discotheque Hits 1(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Chess ELD-988 Netherlands Unknown Sell This Version
ALBUM 203 32 Rockers & Rollers  album cover Various 32 Rockers & Rollers (Comp) ALBUM 203 France Unknown Sell This Version
BI 15119 4 Rock Giants, Talks & Hits  album cover Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis - 4 Rock Giants, Talks & Hits(LP, Comp) Bellaphon, Chess BI 15119 Germany Unknown Sell This Version
CRS 8026 500 Percent More Man  album cover Bo Diddley 500 Percent More Man CRS 8026 UK 1965 Sell This Version
1755 A Broken Heart / Long Lonely Nights  album cover Larry Cummings (2) A Broken Heart / Long Lonely Nights(7", Single, Mono) Chess 1755 US 1960 Sell This Version
CH 9717 A Christmas Dedication  album cover Various A Christmas Dedication(LP) Chess CH 9717 US 1984 Sell This Version
LP-70 A Faith To See Us Through The Storm  album cover Rev. C.L. Franklin* A Faith To See Us Through The Storm(LP, Mono, Promo) Chess LP-70 US Unknown Sell This Version
1875 A Girl's Impression / If It's The Last Thing I Do  album cover The Gems (2) A Girl's Impression / If It's The Last Thing I Do (Single) 1875 US 1963 Sell This Version
CH 25001 A Good Thing / Bo Diddley-Itis  album cover Bo Diddley A Good Thing / Bo Diddley-Itis(7") Chess CH 25001 France 1972 Sell This Version
CRE 6019 A Hard Day's Night  album cover The Ramsey Lewis Trio A Hard Day's Night(7", EP) Chess CRE 6019 UK 1965 Sell This Version
CRS 8029 A Hard Day's Night  album cover Ramsey Lewis Trio* A Hard Day's Night (Single) CRS 8029 UK 1966 Sell This Version
CH-059 Ramsey Lewis Trio* A Hard Day's Night / All My Love Belongs To You(7", Single) Chess CH-059 Australia Unknown Sell This Version
CH-110 A Kiss From Your Lips  album cover The Flamingos A Kiss From Your Lips(7", Single) Chess CH-110 US Unknown Sell This Version
1882 A Love Of Mine  album cover Gems* A Love Of Mine (Single) 1882 US 1964 Sell This Version
2005 A Love Reputation / One Little Thing  album cover Denise LaSalle A Love Reputation / One Little Thing (Single) 2005 US 1967 Sell This Version
PLP-824/825 A Memoir For Lenoir  album cover J.B. Lenoir A Memoir For Lenoir(2xLP, Comp) P-Vine Special, Chess PLP-824/825 Japan 1983 Sell This Version
BT-5323 A Night At The Vanguard  album cover The Kenny Burrell Trio A Night At The Vanguard(LP, Album) Chess, Cadet BT-5323 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
BT 8055 A Night At The Vanguard  album cover The Kenny Burrell Trio A Night At The Vanguard(LP, Album) Chess BT 8055 Japan 1976 Sell This Version
CH-9316 A Night At The Vanguard  album cover The Kenny Burrell Trio A Night At The Vanguard(LP, Album, RE) Chess CH-9316 US 1990 Sell This Version
CHC 9316 The Kenny Burrell Trio A Night At The Vanguard(Cass, Album) Chess CHC 9316 US 1990 Sell This Version
CHLS 210 A Night At The Vanguard  album cover The Kenny Burrell Trio A Night At The Vanguard(LP, Album) Chess CHLS 210 Australia 1960 Sell This Version
HY-20016 A Tribute To Muddy Waters - King Of The Blues  album cover Various A Tribute To Muddy Waters - King Of The Blues(CD, Comp) Hybrid Recordings HY-20016 US 1999 Sell This Version
CD RED 37 A Tribute To Willie Dixon 1915-1992  album cover Various A Tribute To Willie Dixon 1915-1992(CD, Comp) Chess CD RED 37 Europe 1992 Sell This Version
2019 A Whiter Shade Of Pale  album cover Charles Chalmers A Whiter Shade Of Pale 2019 US 1967 Sell This Version
LP-69 A Wild Man Meets Jesus  album cover Reverend C.L. Franklin A Wild Man Meets Jesus(LP, Album, Mono) Chess LP-69 US 1968 Sell This Version
2017 A Woman Will Do Wrong / I Gave You Everything  album cover Irma Thomas A Woman Will Do Wrong / I Gave You Everything (Single) 2017 US 1968 Sell This Version
2CH-60006 A.K.A. Muddy Waters  album cover McKinley Morganfield A.K.A. Muddy Waters (Comp, Album) 2CH-60006 US 1971 Sell This Version
9033-60006 A.K.A. Muddy Waters  album cover McKinley Morganfield A.K.A. Muddy Waters (Album, Comp) 9033-60006 Canada 1971 Sell This Version
CH-60006/2 McKinley Morganfield A.K.A. Muddy Waters(2xLP, Album, Comp, Mono) Chess CH-60006/2 Canada 1982 Sell This Version
CH-9164 Afro-Harpin'  album cover Dorothy Ashby Afro-Harpin'(LP, Album, RE) Chess CH-9164 US 1984 Sell This Version
CHC-91555 Afro-Harping  album cover Dorothy Ashby Afro-Harping(Cass, RE) Chess CHC-91555 US Unknown Sell This Version
515030 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session (Album) 515030 France 1982 Sell This Version
9124 215 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session 9124 215 France 1978 Sell This Version
B0001685-02 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session (Album) B0001685-02 US 2004 Sell This Version
CH-5118 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session (EP) CH-5118 US 1957 Sell This Version
CH-9284 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session(LP, Mono, RE) Chess, MCA Records CH-9284 US 1989 Sell This Version
CHD-9284 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session(CD, Album, RE) MCA Records, Chess CHD-9284 Japan 1997 Sell This Version
CQ 20081 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session(LP, RE) Chess CQ 20081 Netherlands 1973 Sell This Version
EP 5118 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session(7", EP) Chess, Quality EP 5118 Canada 1958 Sell This Version
LP 112 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session(LP, RP) Chess LP 112 Finland 1986 Sell This Version
LP 1426 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session (Album) LP 1426 US 1957 Sell This Version
LPS 1426 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session (Album) LPS 1426 US Unknown Sell This Version
PLP 803 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session(LP, Album, RE) Chess, P-Vine Special PLP 803 Japan 1983 Sell This Version
UICY-75941 After School Session  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session(CD, Album, Mono, Ltd, RE, RM) Chess, Chess UICY-75941 Japan 2013 Sell This Version
6.28595 DT After School Session / One Dozen Berrys  album cover Chuck Berry After School Session / One Dozen Berrys(Comp + LP, Album, RE + LP, Album, RE) TELDEC, Chess 6.28595 DT Germany 1982 Sell This Version
275 022 After The Rain  album cover Muddy Waters After The Rain(LP, Album) Chess 275 022 Germany 1969 Sell This Version
CH 50017 After The Rain  album cover Muddy Waters After The Rain(LP, Album) Chess CH 50017 France Unknown Sell This Version
CHESS 69 508 After The Rain  album cover Muddy Waters After The Rain(LP, Album, Mono) Chess CHESS 69 508 France 1969 Sell This Version
CRLS 4553 After The Rain  album cover Muddy Waters After The Rain(LP, Album) Chess CRLS 4553 UK 1969 Sell This Version
UICY-76539 After The Rain  album cover Muddy Waters After The Rain(CD, Album, Ltd, RE) Chess UICY-76539 Japan 2014 Sell This Version
CHLS 202 Ahmad Jamal  album cover Ahmad Jamal Ahmad Jamal(LP, Album) Chess CHLS 202 Australia 1962 Sell This Version
HJC 210 Ahmad Jamal At The Blackhawk  album cover Ahmad Jamal Ahmad Jamal At The Blackhawk(LP) Chess HJC 210 Netherlands Unknown Sell This Version
MGCH 9221 Ahmad Jamal At The Blackhawk  album cover Ahmad Jamal Ahmad Jamal At The Blackhawk(LP, RE) Funckler, Chess MGCH 9221 Netherlands Unknown Sell This Version
CHD-9108 Ahmad Jamal At The Pershing  album cover Ahmad Jamal Trio Ahmad Jamal At The Pershing(CD, Album, RE) MCA Records, Chess CHD-9108 US Unknown Sell This Version
LP628 Ahmad Jamal At The Pershing  album cover Ahmad Jamal Trio Ahmad Jamal At The Pershing(LP, Album, Mono) Chess, Viking LP628 New Zealand Unknown Sell This Version