Chess

Chess

Profile:
For bootlegs/unofficial releases, see Chess (2). Also appears as "Chess Record Corp." on earliest releases and as "Chess Records" from 1967/68.
Chess was one of the premier blues labels of the 1950s and 60s, also releasing R&B, soul, jazz, gospel and rock. They released records by every major blues artist in Chicago, including John Lee Hooker, Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters, Elmore James, Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry, Little Walter and many others.
Brothers Leonard Chess and Phil Chess emigrated from Poland to the United States in 1928. In the 1940s they owned the upscale Macomba nightclub in Chicago's Southside neighborhood and several other bars. Blues artists performed regularly at The Macomba, and the Chess brothers realized they were not being recorded. They bought in to the small R&B label The Aristocrat Of Records in 1947, then bought out the remaining partners in 1949 and changed the name to Chess in 1950. On October, 16th, 1969 Leonard Chess dies and the label sold to General Recorded Tape (GRT) for $6.5 million.
Company: Chess Producing Corp. or sometimes Chess Records
Associated to the publishing company Arc Music (2) or Arc Music Corp., that was co-founded by Leonard Chess in 1953.
Labelcode: LC 0156

For company credits, see:
-Chess Record Corp. / Chess Records Corp. / Chess Recording Corp.
-Chess Producing Corp.
-Chess Records / GRT Record Group / GRT Corporation
-Sugar Hill Records Ltd.
-MCA Records, Inc.

First pressings identification:
1458-1670 (1951–1957): Blue and silver label, with three chess pieces at the top.
1671-1798 (1957–1961): Blue label with vertical Chess letters.
1799-1840 (1961–1963): Either blue label with vertical Chess letters or multi–color label.
1841-1950 (1963–1966): Black label, however there are many pressing plant variations. Some 1800 series issues exist on blue and silver, others on multi-color Chess labels.
1951 and higher (1966 forward): Light blue label.
A few red vinyl issues appeared in the 1530–1550 series. Inexplicable pressing plant variations exist, such as numbers as high as 1966 (mid-'66) with the blue label, with vertical Chess letters on left side.
Sublabels
Parent Label:
Sites:
[l33931]

Label


Cat# Artist Title (Format) Label Cat# Country Year 
1416 Eddy Ware (And His Band) Wandering Lover / Lima Beans(10") Chess 1416 US 1950 Sell This Version
1425 My Foolish Heart / Bless You  album cover Gene Ammons And His Sextet* My Foolish Heart / Bless You(10") Chess 1425 US 1950 Sell This Version
1426 Rollin' Stone / Walking Blues  album cover Muddy Waters Rollin' Stone / Walking Blues(Shellac, 10") Chess 1426 US 1950 Sell This Version
1428 Do You Really Mean It / Good Bye  album cover Christine Chatman, Gene Ammons And His Sextet* / Gene Ammons And His Sextet* Christine Chatman, Gene Ammons And His Sextet* / Gene Ammons And His Sextet* - Do You Really Mean It / Good Bye(Shellac, 10") Chess 1428 US 1950 Sell This Version
1431 Pennies From Heaven / The Last Mile  album cover Gene Ammons And His Orchestra Pennies From Heaven / The Last Mile(Shellac, 10", RP) Chess 1431 US 1950 Sell This Version
1432 Claude McLin And His Sextet Mona Lisa / Benny's Bounce(Shellac, 10") Chess 1432 US 1950 Sell This Version
1434 Sad Letter Blues / You're Gonna Need My Help  album cover Muddy Waters Sad Letter Blues / You're Gonna Need My Help(Shellac, 10") Chess 1434 US 1950 Sell This Version
1435 That's All Right / Ludella  album cover Jimmy Rogers And His Trio That's All Right / Ludella(Shellac, 10") Chess 1435 US 1950 Sell This Version
1436 You Got To Get It / Pretty Eyes  album cover The Dozier Boys You Got To Get It / Pretty Eyes(7") Chess 1436 US 1950 Sell This Version
1438 Nothin' From Nothin / Slow Drag  album cover Thelma Thompson (2) With Lucky Thompson And His Orchestra* / Lucky Thompson And His Orchestra* Thelma Thompson (2) With Lucky Thompson And His Orchestra* / Lucky Thompson And His Orchestra* - Nothin' From Nothin / Slow Drag(Shellac, 10") Chess 1438 US 1950 Sell This Version
1442 Going Away Baby / Today, Today, Blues  album cover Jimmy Rogers Going Away Baby / Today, Today, Blues(Shellac, 10") Chess 1442 US 1950 Sell This Version
1444 All Of My Life / People Will Talk About You  album cover Calvin Bostic Trio All Of My Life / People Will Talk About You(Shellac, 10") Chess 1444 US 1950 Sell This Version
1445 Boppin With Santa / Talk Of The Town  album cover Gene Amons* And Tom Archia Gene Amons* And Tom Archia - Boppin With Santa / Talk Of The Town(Shellac, 10", RE) Chess 1445 US 1950 Sell This Version
1446 Tennessee Waltz / Pop Goes The Weasel  album cover Claude Mclin And His Orchestra Tennessee Waltz / Pop Goes The Weasel(Shellac, 10") Chess 1446 UK 1950 Sell This Version
1450 Don't Do Me Wrong / Prelude To A Kiss  album cover Gene Ammons Orchestra* Don't Do Me Wrong / Prelude To A Kiss(Shellac, 10") Chess 1450 US 1950 Sell This Version
1447 My Head Can't Rest Anymore / Take A Little Walk With Me  album cover Baby Face Leroy And His Trio* My Head Can't Rest Anymore / Take A Little Walk With Me(Shellac, 10") Chess 1447 US 1951 Sell This Version
1449 My Baby Told Me / Korea Blues  album cover J. B. And His Bayou Boys My Baby Told Me / Korea Blues(Shellac, 10") Chess 1449 US 1951 Sell This Version
1452 Long Distance Call / Too Young To Know  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* Long Distance Call / Too Young To Know(Shellac, 10") Chess 1452 US 1951 Sell This Version
1453 The World Is In A Tangle / She Loves Another Man  album cover Jimmy Rogers And His Rocking Four The World Is In A Tangle / She Loves Another Man(Shellac, 10") Chess 1453 US 1951 Sell This Version
1455 It Don't Mean A Thing / What Will I Tell My Heart  album cover Al Hibbler And Orchestra* It Don't Mean A Thing / What Will I Tell My Heart(Shellac, 10") Chess 1455 US 1951 Sell This Version
1458 Rocket "88"  album cover Jackie Brenston And His Delta Cats* Rocket "88" (Single) 1458 US 1951 Sell This Version
1462 Mad Man Blues / Boogie Now  album cover John Lee Booker And His Guitar* Mad Man Blues / Boogie Now(Shellac, 10") Chess 1462 US 1951 Sell This Version
1463 Deep In Debt Blues / Carrie Lee  album cover J. B. Lenore And His Bayou Boys* Deep In Debt Blues / Carrie Lee(Shellac, 10") Chess 1463 US 1951 Sell This Version
1464 Baby Won't You Please Say Yes / Happiness Is Just A Thing Called Joe  album cover Gene Ammons Orchestra* Baby Won't You Please Say Yes / Happiness Is Just A Thing Called Joe(Shellac, 10") Chess 1464 US 1951 Sell This Version
1467 Leave My Wife Alone / Ramblin' By Myself  album cover John Lee Hooker Leave My Wife Alone / Ramblin' By Myself(Shellac, 10") Chess 1467 US 1951 Sell This Version
1468 Muddy Waters And His Guitar* Honey Bee / Appealing Blues(Shellac, 10") Chess 1468 US 1951 Sell This Version
1469 My Real Gone Rocket / Tuckered Out  album cover Jackie Brenston And His Delta Cats* My Real Gone Rocket / Tuckered Out 1469 US 1951 Sell This Version
1470 Blodies Blues / Ida Bee  album cover Robert Caffery And His High Hats Blodies Blues / Ida Bee(Shellac, 10") Chess 1470 US 1951 Sell This Version
1472 Juiced / Independent Woman  album cover Jackie Brenston And His Delta Cats* Juiced / Independent Woman 1472 US 1951 Sell This Version
1475 Swamp Root / Step It Up And Go  album cover Harmonica Frank* Swamp Root / Step It Up And Go 1475 US 1951 Sell This Version
1475-A Swamp Root / Step It Up And Go  album cover Harmonica Frank* Swamp Root / Step It Up And Go(10") Chess 1475-A US 1951 Sell This Version
1476 Money, Marbles And Chalk / Chance To Love  album cover Jimmy Rogers And His Rocking Four Money, Marbles And Chalk / Chance To Love 1476 US 1951 Sell This Version
1477 Candlelight Serenade / Reed Rock  album cover Leo Parker And His Quintet* Candlelight Serenade / Reed Rock(Shellac, 10") Chess 1477 US 1951 Sell This Version
1478 Hey Little Girl / Booging The Blues  album cover John Godfrey Trio Hey Little Girl / Booging The Blues(Shellac, 10") Chess 1478 US 1951 Sell This Version
1479 Moanin' At Midnight / How Many More Years  album cover The Howlin' Wolf* Moanin' At Midnight / How Many More Years(10", Single) Chess 1479 US 1951 Sell This Version
1480 Still A Fool / My Fault  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* Still A Fool / My Fault (Single) 1480 US 1951 Sell This Version
1481 I Love You / My Little Brown Book  album cover Al Hibbler I Love You / My Little Brown Book(Shellac, 10") Chess 1481 US 1951 Sell This Version
1482 Louise / Ground Hog Blues  album cover John Lee Hooker Louise / Ground Hog Blues(7") Chess 1482 US 1951 Sell This Version
1487 Booted / Love You 'Til The Day I Die  album cover Roscoe Gordon* Booted / Love You 'Til The Day I Die(Shellac, 10") Chess 1487 US 1951 Sell This Version
1488 Cold, Cold Heart / Walk Softly  album cover Eddie Johnson And Orchestra* Cold, Cold Heart / Walk Softly(Shellac, 10") Chess 1488 US 1951 Sell This Version
1503 At Last / Sister Murphy  album cover Eddie Johnson And His Orchestra At Last / Sister Murphy(Shellac, 10") Chess 1503 US 1951 Sell This Version
1490 She Moves Me / Early Morning Blues  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* She Moves Me / Early Morning Blues 1490 US 1952 Sell This Version
1491 Walking Alone / Rocking The Pad  album cover Memphis Slim* Walking Alone / Rocking The Pad(Shellac, 10") Chess 1491 US 1952 Sell This Version
1492 No More Doging Around / Crazy About You Baby  album cover Rufus Thomas And His Orchestra* No More Doging Around / Crazy About You Baby(Shellac, 10") Chess 1492 US 1952 Sell This Version
1495 How Can It Be? / Sticks And Stones  album cover Bob Price (12) How Can It Be? / Sticks And Stones(Shellac, 10") Chess 1495 US 1952 Sell This Version
1496 Hi, Ho Baby / Leo The Louse  album cover Jackie Brenston And Edna McRaney With The Delta Cats* Jackie Brenston And Edna McRaney With The Delta Cats* - Hi, Ho Baby / Leo The Louse(Shellac, 10") Chess 1496 US 1952 Sell This Version
1497 The Wolf Is At Your Door / Howlin' Wolf Boogie  album cover Howlin' Wolf The Wolf Is At Your Door / Howlin' Wolf Boogie(10") Chess 1497 US 1952 Sell This Version
1501 Slow And Easy / Love  album cover Tab Smith And His Orchestra* Slow And Easy / Love(Shellac, 10") Chess 1501 US 1952 Sell This Version
1504 Country Clown  album cover Doctor Ross And His Jump And Jive Boys Country Clown(10", Single) Chess 1504 US 1952 Sell This Version
1504 Country Clown / Doctor Ross Boogie  album cover Doctor Ross Country Clown / Doctor Ross Boogie(Shellac, 10") Chess 1504 US 1952 Sell This Version
1505 High Priced Woman / Union Station Blues  album cover John Lee Hooker High Priced Woman / Union Station Blues (Single) 1505 US 1952 Sell This Version
1506 Back Door Friend / I Used To Have A Woman  album cover Jimmy Rogers And His Rocking Four Back Door Friend / I Used To Have A Woman(Shellac, 10") Chess 1506 US 1952 Sell This Version
1507 Jealous Women / Give Love Another Chance  album cover Eddie Ware Jealous Women / Give Love Another Chance(Shellac, 10") Chess 1507 US 1952 Sell This Version
1509 All Night Long / Country Boy  album cover Muddy Waters All Night Long / Country Boy (Single) 1509 US 1952 Sell This Version
1512 This Love Of Mine / Back-Up  album cover Eddie Johnson And His Orchestra / Eddie Johnson Featuring Edna McRaney Eddie Johnson And His Orchestra / Eddie Johnson Featuring Edna McRaney - This Love Of Mine / Back-Up(Shellac, 10") Chess 1512 US 1952 Sell This Version
1513 Walking The Boogie / Sugar Mama  album cover John Lee Hooker Walking The Boogie / Sugar Mama 1513 US 1952 Sell This Version
1514 Please Have Mercy / Looking For My Baby  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* Please Have Mercy / Looking For My Baby (Single) 1514 US 1952 Sell This Version
1515 Saddle My Pony / Worried All The Time  album cover Howlin' Wolf Saddle My Pony / Worried All The Time(Shellac, 10") Chess 1515 US 1952 Sell This Version
1519 The Last Time / Out On The Road  album cover Jimmy Rogers And His Rocking Four The Last Time / Out On The Road(Shellac, 10") Chess 1519 US 1952 Sell This Version
1520 Surely God Is Able / Don't Give Up  album cover The Southern Stars Surely God Is Able / Don't Give Up (Single) 1520 US 1952 Sell This Version
1522 Sad Story / Crying   album cover Blue Smitty And His String Men Sad Story / Crying (Shellac, 10") Chess 1522 US 1952 Sell This Version
1526 Standing Around Crying / Gone To Main St.  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* Standing Around Crying / Gone To Main St.(Shellac, 10") Chess 1526 US 1952 Sell This Version
1530 Four Eleven Boogie / Christmas Won't Be Christmas (With Out You)  album cover Calvin Bostick* Four Eleven Boogie / Christmas Won't Be Christmas (With Out You)(Shellac, 10") Chess 1530 US 1952 Sell This Version
1531 I Don't Know / Worry Blues  album cover Willie Mabon And His Combo I Don't Know / Worry Blues (Single) 1531 US 1952 Sell This Version
1533 24 Hours  album cover Eddie Boyd 24 Hours (Single) 1533 US 1953 Sell This Version
1534 Yes I Know / Edna's Boogie  album cover Edna McRaney Yes I Know / Edna's Boogie(Shellac, 10") Chess 1534 US 1953 Sell This Version
1535 Buddy Moreno And His Orchestra One Dozen Roses / Let's Go Down To The Tavern (Single) 1535 US 1953 Sell This Version
1537 She's All Right / Sad, Sad Day  album cover Muddy Waters She's All Right / Sad, Sad Day (Single) 1537 US 1953 Sell This Version
1538 I'm Mad / Night Latch  album cover Willie Mabon And His Combo I'm Mad / Night Latch 1538 US 1953 Sell This Version
1541 Third Degree / Back Beat  album cover Eddie Boyd And His Chess Men* Third Degree / Back Beat (Single) 1541 US 1953 Sell This Version
1542 Turn The Lamp Down Low / Who's Gonna Be Your Sweet Man  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* Turn The Lamp Down Low / Who's Gonna Be Your Sweet Man(Shellac, 10") Chess 1542 US 1953 Sell This Version
1544 Twin Rock / Tiptoe  album cover Eddie Johnson And His Orchestra Twin Rock / Tiptoe(Shellac, 10") Chess 1544 US 1953 Sell This Version
1545 Bright Eyes / Diggin' My Potatoes  album cover Washboard Sam Bright Eyes / Diggin' My Potatoes (Single) 1545 US 1953 Sell This Version
1546 Little City Woman / Lonesome  album cover Big Bill* Little City Woman / Lonesome (Single) 1546 US 1953 Sell This Version
1548 Monday Woman / You're A Fool  album cover Willie Mabon And His Combo Monday Woman / You're A Fool (Single) 1548 US 1953 Sell This Version
1549 Nadine / I'm All Alone  album cover The Coronets (8) Nadine / I'm All Alone (Single) 1549 US 1953 Sell This Version
1550 Mad Love / Blow Wind, Blow  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* Mad Love / Blow Wind, Blow 1550 US 1953 Sell This Version
1550 Blow Wind Blow / Mad Love  album cover Muddy Waters Blow Wind Blow / Mad Love(7", Single, Mono) Chess 1550 US 1953 Sell This Version
1551 Messin' around with the blues  album cover Alberta Adams Messin' around with the blues(Shellac, 10") Chess 1551 US 1953 Sell This Version
1552 That's When I Miss You So / Tortured Soul  album cover Eddie Boyd And Chess Men* That's When I Miss You So / Tortured Soul(Shellac, 10") Chess 1552 US 1953 Sell This Version
1553 It Would Be Heavenly / Baby's Coming Home  album cover The Coronets (8) With Sax Mallard And Combo* The Coronets (8) With Sax Mallard And Combo* - It Would Be Heavenly / Baby's Coming Home (Single) 1553 US 1953 Sell This Version
1554 I Got To Go / Cruisin'  album cover Willie Mabon I Got To Go / Cruisin' (Single) 1554 US 1953 Sell This Version
1561 Picture In The Frame / Nothing But Trouble  album cover Eddie Boyd And The Chess Men Picture In The Frame / Nothing But Trouble(Shellac, 10") Chess 1561 US 1953 Sell This Version
1569 Poor Butterfly / Fat And Forty  album cover Al Hibbler Poor Butterfly / Fat And Forty(Shellac, 10") Chess 1569 US 1953 Sell This Version
1556 Tired Of The Devil / I Remember I Heard My Mother Pray  album cover The Southern Stars Tired Of The Devil / I Remember I Heard My Mother Pray(Shellac, 10") Chess 1556 US 1954 Sell This Version
1557 All Night Boogie / I Love My Baby  album cover The Howlin' Wolf* All Night Boogie / I Love My Baby 1557 US 1954 Sell This Version
1558 Perdido Mambo / The Flop  album cover Larry Ligett* Perdido Mambo / The Flop 1558 US 1954 Sell This Version
1560 I'm Your Hoochie Cooche Man / She's So Pretty  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* I'm Your Hoochie Cooche Man / She's So Pretty (Single) 1560 US 1954 Sell This Version
1562 It's My Own Fault / Women And Money  album cover John Lee Hooker It's My Own Fault / Women And Money (Single) 1562 US 1954 Sell This Version
1564 Late Again / Would You Baby?  album cover Willie Mabon Late Again / Would You Baby?(Shellac, 10") Chess 1564 US 1954 Sell This Version
1565 Democrat Blues / Bad Luck & Trouble  album cover Bobo Jenkins Democrat Blues / Bad Luck & Trouble(7", Single) Chess 1565 US 1954 Sell This Version
1566 No Place To Go / Rockin' Daddy  album cover The Howlin' Wolf* No Place To Go / Rockin' Daddy(Shellac, 10") Chess 1566 US 1954 Sell This Version
1568 Weep Little Children / Jesus Will Be Waiting  album cover Southern Stars Of Richmond* Weep Little Children / Jesus Will Be Waiting(Shellac, 10") Chess 1568 US 1954 Sell This Version
1570 Jumping At The Woodside / Junior's Mambo  album cover Larry Liggett Jumping At The Woodside / Junior's Mambo(7", Single) Chess 1570 US 1954 Sell This Version
1571 Just Make Love To Me / Oh! Yeh  album cover Muddy Waters And His Guitar* Just Make Love To Me / Oh! Yeh (Single) 1571 US 1954 Sell This Version
1573 Hush Baby, Don't You Cry  album cover Eddie Boyd And His Chess Men* Hush Baby, Don't You Cry(7", Single, Mono) Chess 1573 US 1954 Sell This Version
1574 Chicago Bound / Sloppy Drunk  album cover Jimmy Rogers And His Rocking Four Chicago Bound / Sloppy Drunk(10", Single) Chess 1574 US 1954 Sell This Version
1575 Evil Is Goin' On / Baby How Long  album cover Howlin' Wolf Evil Is Goin' On / Baby How Long(Shellac, 10") Chess 1575 US 1954 Sell This Version
1576 Drifting / Rattin' And Running Around  album cover Eddie Boyd And His Chess Men* Drifting / Rattin' And Running Around 1576 US 1954 Sell This Version
1578 That Man Is Walking / Ma Ma Yoquiero Mambo  album cover Larry Liggett That Man Is Walking / Ma Ma Yoquiero Mambo(Shellac, 10") Chess 1578 US 1954 Sell This Version