Also refered to as: EMI Limited / EMI Limited, England
Please also do not confuse with E.M.I. Ltd.
Principal activities through its worldwide subsidiary companies and divisions - included the manufacture and sale of records and tapes, sound recording, music publishing, film production and distribution, retail, medical, industrial and military defence electronics, domestic electronics, cinemas, bingo halls, hotels & restaurants. Via its Central Research Laboratories (CRL) based at the Hayes complex, various types of research and development was carried out on behalf of its individual operating companies, including work undertaken on behalf of government departments, public corporations and other outside bodies. Pioneering research included - recording systems and lacquers, digitising, silicon technology, data handling, medical X-ray scanners, missile & radar systems.
Throughout the 1970s EMI Ltd. primarily operated as 2 main divisions - a records division and an electronics division. These 2 principal divisions formed the backbone of what was generically known as the EMI Group. (Not to be confused with EMI Group Plc, which was a successor company formed in 1996 and purely operating within the music / entertainment industry).
Its international record division E.M.I. Records, was headed by The Gramophone Co. Ltd. (the immediate registered owner of the various trademarks (labels), His Masters Voice, Angel, Angel Records, Columbia, Regal, Zonophone (Regal Zonophone), Parlophone, Odeon, Stateside, Harvest, etc) in the UK up until 1973, proceeded by renamed company EMI Records Ltd. who continued this role, including being reassigned direct ownership of the various music related trademark rights. North America operations were headed by Capitol Industries, Inc. (immediate parent of Capitol Records, Inc.) up until 1974, succeeded by renamed company Capitol Industries-EMI, Inc.
Acquisitions relating to the recorded music / publishing division of the business:
- In 1972 acquired Affiliated Music Publishers Ltd. from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. for $8.75M, a UK based holding company initially established in 1957 for the purpose of worldwide exploitation and exchange of copyrights by the "Big 3", Robbins, Feist, Miller, the US based partnership of publishing firms and the UK based Francis, Day & Hunter Group, companies held within this holding company included - Robbins Music Corp. Ltd., Francis, Day & Hunter Ltd., B. Feldman & Co. Ltd., Herman Darewski Music Publishing Co Ltd., British & Continental, Leo Feist Ltd.. Following this acquisition its other publishing companies Ardmore & Beechwood Ltd. and the "K.P.M. Music Publishing Group", which included - Keith Prowse Music Pub. Co. Ltd., Peter Maurice Music Co. Ltd., KPM Music Ltd., World Copyrights Ltd., Dix Ltd., Macmelodies Ltd. were brought under the umbrella of this newly acquired company, on the 7th Dec 1974 Affiliated Music Publishers Ltd. is renamed EMI Music Publishing Ltd.
- In July 1974 acquired 50% holding in the US based record company Private Stock Records, Ltd.
- On the 30th July 1976 its newly incorporated wholly owned subsidiaries in the USA - Screen Gems-EMI Music Inc. & Colgems-EMI Music Inc. acquired the music publishing division of Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc., which included the operating assets (catalogues) of Screen Gems-Columbia Music, Inc. and Colgems Music Corp. for $23M, and certain other interests outside the US, including UK, Sweden, Belgium, Germany, France, Italy & Australia.
In July 1978 the record division is reorganised and restructured, the worldwide companies that formed part of its music operations are unified under its newly established division EMI Music, which initially consisted of 2 operational arms - "EMI Music Europe & International" headquartered in London, headed by EMI Records Ltd., covering all interests outside North America, "EMI Music Worldwide" based in Hollywood, headed by its principal US subsidiary Capitol Industries-EMI, Inc. (later Capitol-EMI Music, Inc.) covering the music groups interests in North America.
As of 1978 the company was employing 51000 people worldwide and operating over 80 principal subsidiaries, 30 UK based companies of which 15 were music / entertainment related and formed part of EMI Music, the other 15 primarily formed part of its electronics division. Overseas operations consisted of over 50 wholly owned / majority owned principal subsidiaries in 30 countries. (not including various local subsidiaries and joint partnerships.)
Principal subsidiary (holding) companies that formed part of the recorded / entertainment / publishing / retail operations as of 1978 included:
- UK - EMI Records Ltd., EMI Music Publishing Ltd., Music For Pleasure Limited, World Records Ltd. Austria - EMI Columbia Austria Ges.m.b.H. - Belgium - EMI Belgium SA/NV - Denmark - Electric & Musical Industries (Dansk-Engelsk) A/S - Finland - Oy EMI Finland Ab - Ireland - EMI (Ireland) Limited - France - Pathé Marconi EMI - Germany - EMI Electrola GmbH - Greece - Columbia-EMI Greece S.A., EMIAL - Holland - EMI Holland B.V. - Italy - EMI ITALIANA S.p.A. - Switzerland - EMI Records (Switzerland) AG - Spain - EMI-Odeon, S.A. - Sweden - EMI Svenska AB - Norway - EMI Norsk AS- Nigeria - EMI (Nigeria) Ltd., Record Manufacturers Nigeria Ltd. [R.M.N.L.] (25% - formerly wholly owned) - South Africa - EMI South Africa (Pty.) Ltd. - Kenya - EMI (East Africa) Ltd. - Australia - EMI (Australia) Limited - New Zealand - EMI (NZ) Ltd. - USA Capitol Industries-EMI, Inc., Capitol Records, Inc., EMI America Records, Inc., Screen Gems-EMI Music Inc., Colgems-EMI Music Inc. - Canada - Capitol Records-EMI Of Canada Limited - Mexico - EMI Capitol De Mexico, S.A. De C.V. - Singapore - EMI (Singapore) Pte. Limited - Hong Kong - EMI (Hong Kong) Limited - Thailand - EMI (Thailand) Limited - [Malaysia - EMI (Malaysia) Sendirian Berhad - Pakistan - EMI (Pakistan) Ltd. - India - The Gramophone Company Of India Ltd. (40%) - Argentina - EMI-Odeon S.A.I.C. - Brazil - EMI-Odeon Fonográfica, Industrial e Eletrônica S.A. - Chile - EMI Odeon Chilena S.A. - Japan - Toshiba EMI Ltd (50%)
On the 13th Nov 1979 EMI Ltd. is acquired by Thorn Electrical Industries Ltd. forming one of the UKs largest conglomerates of its time Thorn Emi Ltd. (later Plc as of 1981)., which becomes the ultimate parent. Following the merger the non music related companies that formed part of EMI Ltd., specifically the companies that formed part of its electronics division were amalgamated with Thorn Electrical Industries Ltd. business's under the divisional name "Thorn"., with the medical electronics business's, its substantial hotels and restaurant division being disposed of. EMI Ltd. however remained the principal (holding) company behind the "EMI Music" division.
As of 1995 Thorn EMI Plc was operating as 3 principal divisions Thorn (electronics), EMI Music & HMV Group, in 1996 the conglomerate was demerged and renamed EMI Group Plc, with EMI Music & HMV Group divisions staying with this newly established (holding) company, thus EMI Ltd. becoming an immediate principal subsidiary (holding company) of EMI Group Plc.
In Sept 2012 immediate parent EMI Group Ltd. (formerly EMI Group Plc.) is acquired by Vivendi S.A. (The owner of the various independent companies that form part of the Universal Music Group), EMI Ltd. remained the immediate parent of EMI Music Publishing Ltd. up until 29th June 2012, and EMI Records Ltd. up until 20th Dec 2012 when it was sold (divested) to form PLG Holdco Ltd. (Parlophone Label Group) and subsequently acquired by Warner Music Group, Inc. Two other wholly owned subsidiaries Abbey Road Studios Ltd. and EMI Nominees Ltd. were transferred in 2013.
On the 25th April 2017 ultimate parent became the Bolloré Group.
As of 2018 EMI Ltd. is still controlled by EMI Group Ltd., through a complex corporate structure.
EMI Ltd.'s corporate trademark, the boxed EMI logo, was commonly placed on releases alongside primary branded labels such as - His Master's Voice, Regal Zonophone, Angel Records, Stateside, Harvest, Encore!, Regal, Electrola, Columbia, Parlophone, Odeon, Capitol Records, Pathé, EMI (the label), the logo simply indicates it was released by one of its operating companies (subsidiaries) who were the direct registered trademark owners of these primary labels / brands.