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In June of 1953, Columbia Records bought the 36,000 square-foot Eaton O'Neill Furniture factory on North Fruitridge Avenue in Terre Haute. The first record pressed was "Christmas with Arthur Godfrey" on December 7, 1953. In December of 1957, the first 12" LP records were produced alongside 7" singles. The plant closed in 1982 and began moving their operations elsewhere within the Columbia System. During 1983 most manufacturing and distribution was moved from Terre Haute to Carrollton, GA, then converted to CD manufacture.
Various identifiers for Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute pressings:
-"CTH", or "CT" matrix code suffix . (e.g. ST-A-702035CTH) and possibly a "CT" stamped into the matrix.
-Large "T" etched in runouts. Many times it will be a "T1","T2",or "1T", "2T".
-"Y" or "y" printed on labels (see Joe Jackson - Steppin' Out b/w Chinatown for an example).
-"73" printed on Labels [Note: Please don't add that number as cat# in the LCCN Pressed-by field!].
From 1979 to 1981, PolyGram product (on labels such as Mercury, Polydor, RSO and Casablanca) pressed in Terre Haute was identified on the label by a '73'.)
-On Capitol Records contract pressings, the number 53 in the runout and a large sized pressing ring on the labels.
The A&M Records label codes shown below also contribute to pressing plant identification which include the Terre Haute plant and others;
X = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman
Y or y = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
Z = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
W = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Carrollton, GA
C = Monarch Record Mfg. Co. (pre-1985), Electrosound Los Angeles (1985-86)
B = Electrosound Group Midwest, Inc.
R = RCA Records Pressing Plant, Indianapolis
This plant was also known to have pressed for ATCO Records, Bearsville, Warner Bros. Records, RCA Records, Epic, Capitol Records