Victor

Victor

Profile:
Victor was a prolific classical, opera, pop, jazz, blues and country label launched circa 1901 in the USA by Victor Talking Machine Co.. In 1929, the company was bought by RCA. In 1946, the Victor label was replaced by the new RCA Victor label in most of the world. In Japan, however, the Victor label continued to exist; currently it is owned by Tokyo company Victor Entertainment, Inc.

For unofficial releases, use Victor (4).

Timeline:
• 1898: Francis Barraud paints "His Master's Voice", depicting his dog Nipper listening to a gramophone
• 1899: Barraud's painting licensed to The Gramophone Co. Ltd. in the UK; it is used on marketing materials (1899), later on records (1901 for the "His Master's Voice" phrase, 1909 for painting)
• 1900: Eldridge R. Johnson markets records on his labels Improved Gram-O-Phone Record and Improved Record
• 1901 (Jan.): Eldridge R. Johnson briefly markets records on his label Victor Ten Inch Record, then launches the Victor Monarch Record label
• 1901 (Oct.): Consolidated Talking Machine Company reorganized as Victor Talking Machine Co., still based in Camden, NJ, USA but only pressing records in Philadelphia
• 1901 (late) or 1902 (early/mid): Victor label launched by Victor Talking Machine Co.
• 1902: Victor labels begin using the Nipper logo, a simplified engraving the of "His Master's Voice" painting
• 1903: Victor Monarch Record is replaced by the Monarch Record and De Luxe labels for larger records; both use Nipper logo
• 1903 (Mar.): red versions of labels (often marked "Red Seal") launched to market premium-priced recordings by famous classical & opera performers; see Victor Red Seal
• 1905 (Mar.): Monarch Record and De Luxe labels retired; Victor now used for all sizes
• 1905 or 1907: Manufacturing plant in Camden, NJ opened (starting 1929, could be considered RCA Records Pressing Plant, Camden)
• 1908: Victrola label launched for the priciest Red Seal records and to promote the first Victrola console phonographs introduced in 1906
• 1908: the first double-sided Victor records released
• 1923: the first double-sided Victor Red Seal records released
• 1924 (Mar.): Canadian branch established as Victor Talking Machine Co. Of Canada Limited
• 1925 (mid): electrical recording begins, indicated by V.E. oval stamp in runout area
• 1925 (late): electrical recording first promoted as "VE" and "Orthophonic Recording" on record labels & sleeves
• 1927 (Sep.): Japanese branch established as 日本ビクター蓄音器株式會社 (Victor Gramophone Co. Of Japan Ltd, a.k.a. Victor Talking Machine Co. Of Japan, Ltd., later shortened to Victor Company Of Japan, Ltd.)
• 1929: Radio Corporation Of America (RCA) acquires Victor Talking Machine Company and its brands
• 1929: US label rim text reads "Victor Talking Machine Division - Radio-Victor Corporation Of America"
• 1930–1934: US label rim text reads "RCA Victor Company, Inc."
• 1934 (late): Canadian branch becomes RCA Victor Company, Ltd.
• 1934–1939: US label rim text reads "RCA Manufacturing Co., Inc."
• 1939–1942: US label rim text reads "RCA Victor Division Of Radio Corporation Of America" (some releases are filed under just RCA Victor Division)
• 1942–1946: US label rim text reads "Radio Corporation Of America"
• 1942 (Oct.): 10" pop catalog number format adopts "20-" prefix
• 1945 (late): Victor logotype replaced by RCA Victor logotype in advertisements
• 1946 (Jan.): Victor label replaced on records by RCA Victor; January 1946 was the last month the Victor label was regularly used outside of Japan

Additional guidance for submitters:
If the original "Victor" logotype appears on a 78 RPM record, it cannot have been made later than approximately January 1946, and if it also mentions RCA or Radio Corporation of America, it cannot be from earlier than 1929. Likewise, if the "RCA Victor" logotype appears on any record, it cannot have been made prior to 1946. Keep this in mind when editing release dates, and use the Reissue tag where appropriate.

First-edition release dates through the 1920s can often be researched at UCSB's American Discography Project; they used Victor's own internal paperwork as source material. Be careful not to confuse recording dates with release dates, though, and don't use the original release dates for represses/reissues.

In the 1960s and beyond, sometimes RCA Victor branding was split such that logos for "RCA" and "Victor" were on the same surface but somewhat separate. These should still be considered a representation of the RCA Victor label, as per forum discussion. A common combination in this era had logos for "RCA" on the packaging and for both "RCA" and "Victor" on the media—in this case, both RCA and RCA Victor should be entered as labels, with a release note along the lines of "RCA on sleeve, RCA Victor on labels". Do not use Victor as a label on these items.

On records bearing Victor or Victrola labels, the dog & phonograph drawing and the quotation "His Master's Voice" were all part of the Victor branding; don't misinterpret it as the UK label His Master's Voice.
Sublabels
Parent Label:
Sites:
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Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
4D-101 Various 4 Channel Sound Demonstration No.1(LP, Album, Quad, Promo, CD-) Victor 4D-101 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
4D 106 Victor CD-4 Sounds Orchestra* CD-4 Golden Screen Theme(LP, Quad) Victor, Victor 4D 106 Japan 1972 Sell This Version
10S 1 ストリングス・エマノン*, 平岡精二クインテット* ストリングス・エマノン*, 平岡精二クインテット* - 幼き日への郷愁 (日本の童謡)(LP) Victor 10S 1 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
10S 4 道志郎クインテット, 東京混声合唱団* 道志郎クインテット, 東京混声合唱団* - 美しき山河 (日本の歌曲)(LP) Victor 10S 4 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
10S 5 原信夫とシャープス・アンド・フラッツ*, 伊藤翁介ギター・トリオ 原信夫とシャープス・アンド・フラッツ*, 伊藤翁介ギター・トリオ - 想い出はめぐる -その一- 日本の歌謡曲(LP) Victor 10S 5 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
10S-8 Various 忘れ得ぬ日本のメロディー8 / 土の香、潮のひびき -その1- 日本の民謡(LP, Comp) Victor 10S-8 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
10S 9 中村八大カルテット, ビクター少年民謡会 中村八大カルテット, ビクター少年民謡会 - 土の香、潮のひびき ーその2ー 日本の民謡(LP) Victor 10S 9 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
10S 10 Various 伝統の魅惑 ー日本の伝統音楽ー(12", Album) Victor 10S 10 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
10S-11 Various 忘れ得ぬ日本のメロディー / ハワイアンとラテンのリズムによる日本のムード(LP, Comp) Victor 10S-11 Japan Unknown Sell This Version
17VP-1099 浜田喜鶴 浜田喜鶴民謡集(7", EP) Victor 17VP-1099 Japan 1977 Sell This Version
17VP-2027 湊慎二 男の傷跡 / トラック野郎の子守唄(7") Victor 17VP-2027 Japan 1978 Sell This Version
43 The American Quartet* A Night Trip To Buffalo(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 43 US Unknown Sell This Version
46g 50061 Boris Rubaschkin Casatschok(7") Victor 46g 50061 Greece Unknown Sell This Version
07・5P-488 John Norum Love Is Meant ... (To Last Forever)(7", Single) Victor 07・5P-488 Japan 1987 Sell This Version
93 Haydn Quartet Soldier's Farewell(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 93 US 1902 Sell This Version
108 Harry Macdonough The Palms (Faure)(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 108 US Unknown Sell This Version
109 Haydn Quartet Nearer My God To Thee(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 109 US 1902 Sell This Version
119 Haydn Quartet Tenting On The Old Camp Ground(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 119 US Unknown Sell This Version
120 Gilbert & Sullivan H.M.S. Pinafore(4xShellac, 10", Album) Victor 120 US Unknown Sell This Version
210 Barış Manço Barış Manço(CD, Comp) Victor 210 Japan 1995 Sell This Version
300 Gene Tunney Gene Tunney's Health Exercises(2xShellac, 10", Album, Mono) Victor, Victor 300 US 1927 Sell This Version
304 Sousa's Band El Capitan March(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 304 US Unknown Sell This Version
306 Sousa's Band Stars And Stripes Forever 306 US 1909 Sell This Version
314 Sousa's Band Arkansaw Huskin' Bee(Shellac, 8", S/Sided) Victor 314 US 1906 Sell This Version
316 Sousa's Band A Hot Time In The Old Town(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 316 US 1904 Sell This Version
326 Sousa's Band La Czarina, Mazurka Russe(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 326 US Unknown Sell This Version
337 Sousa's Band The Mosquito Parade(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 337 US Unknown Sell This Version
343 Arthur Pryor's Band Blue Danube Waltz(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 343 US Unknown Sell This Version
354 Sousa's Band Narcissus(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 354 US 1905 Sell This Version
363 Sousa's Band Zampa Overture(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 363 US 1905 Sell This Version
500 Enrico Caruso Rigoletto—La Donna È Mobile / Rigoletto-Questa O Quella (Shellac, 10") Victor 500 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
501 Enrico Caruso O Sole Mio (My Sunshine) / 'A Vucchella (A Little Posy!)(Shellac, 10") Victor 501 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
502 Enrico Caruso L'Addio A Napoli(Shellac, 10", Mono) Victor 502 US 1934 Sell This Version
511 Enrico Caruso Tosca - E Lucevan Le Stelle / Recondita Armonia(Shellac, 10") Victor 511 US Unknown Sell This Version
525 Frances Alda The Bells Of St. Mary's / If Winter Comes(Shellac, 10") Victor, Victor Red Seal 525 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
583 George W. Johnson Laughing Song(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 583 US 1902 Sell This Version
671 Cal Stewart Uncle Josh Weathersby At The Opera(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 671 US 1902 Sell This Version
794 Silas Leachman A Negro Hymn And Sermon(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 794 US 1905 Sell This Version
842 Friedrich Schorr Friedrich Schorr Sings(LP) Victor 842 Unknown Sell This Version
854 Evan Williams (3) A Dream / Absent(Shellac, 10") Victor 854 Canada 1913 Sell This Version
857 Len Spencer Auction Sale Of Household Goods(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 857 US Unknown Sell This Version
1038 Ondekoza Ondeko - Za II(LP) Victor 1038 US 1979 Sell This Version
1040 Metropolitan Orchestra Schottische From The Burgomaster(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1040 US 1902 Sell This Version
1075 Dudley & Macdonough* While The Leaves Came Drifting Down(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 1075 US 1905 Sell This Version
1101 Len Spencer Arkansas Traveler(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 1101 US Unknown Sell This Version
1104 Len Spencer, Charles D'Almaine Len Spencer, Charles D'Almaine - Con Clancy’s Christening(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1104 US 1902 Sell This Version
1120 Reinald Werrenrath Face To Face / One Sweetly Solemn Thought(Shellac, 10") Victor, Victor Red Seal 1120 Canada 1925 Sell This Version
1136 J. W. Myers Way Down Yonder In The Cornfield(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1136 US Unknown Sell This Version
1165 Fritz Kreisler At Dawning / Andantino(Shellac, 10") Victor 1165 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
1171 Sousa's Band The Blue And The Gray Patrol(Shellac, S/Sided) Victor 1171 US 1908 Sell This Version
1183 Sousa's Band Washington Post March 1183 US 1904 Sell This Version
1189 Sousa's Band Gigue, Scotch Jig(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1189 US Unknown Sell This Version
1190 Sousa's Band La Paloma(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 1190 US Unknown Sell This Version
1193 Sousa's Band Liberty Bell March(Shellac, 10") Victor 1193 US 1902 Sell This Version
1195 Dusolina Giannini Cielito Lindo (Beautiful Sky) / Carmela(Shellac, 10") Victor 1195 US 1926 Sell This Version
1199 中央民族歌舞团民族乐队 草原情歌(CD, Album) Victor 1199 China 1987 Sell This Version
1204 Tito Schipa Santa Lucia / Vieni Sul Mar!(Shellac, 10") Victor 1204 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
1214 Maria Jeritza L’Amour Est Une Vertu Rare(Shellac, 10") Victor 1214 US Unknown Sell This Version
1238 Lawrence Tibbett Drink To Me Only With Thine Eyes / Believe Me If All Those Endearing Young Charms 1238 US 1927 Sell This Version
1303 Unknown Artist Army Bugle Calls(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 1303 US 1906 Sell This Version
1321 John McCormack (2) Dear Old Pal Of Mine / Roses Of Picardy(Shellac, 10") Victor 1321 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
1348 Lucrezia Bori La Violetera / Seguidilla(Shellac, 10") Victor 1348 US 1928 Sell This Version
1356 Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra* Under The Direction Of Leopold Stokowski Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra* Under The Direction Of Leopold Stokowski - Carmen Suite, Aragonaise / Prelude To Act 1(Shellac, 10") Victor 1356 US 1928 Sell This Version
1362 Miss Stevenson* And Mr. Macdonough* Miss Stevenson* And Mr. Macdonough* - Tell Me Pretty Maiden(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 1362 US Unknown Sell This Version
1450 Sousa's Band The Jolly Coppersmith(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1450 US Unknown Sell This Version
1450 Arthur Pryor's Band The Jolly Coppersmith(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 1450 US 1905 Sell This Version
1478 The Kilties Band The Soldiers Of The Queen(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1478 US Unknown Sell This Version
1525 John Charles Thomas Trees 1525 Canada 1931 Sell This Version
1546 Walter B. Rogers Old Black Joe(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1546 US 1903 Sell This Version
1616 Enrico Caruso O Sole Mio / Rigoletto-La Donna È Mobile(Shellac, 10") Victor 1616 US 1933 Sell This Version
1625 John McCormack (2) Bless This House / A Prayer To Our Lady(Shellac, 10") Victor 1625 Canada 1933 Sell This Version
1637 Cal Stewart Ticklish Reuben(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 1637 US 1907 Sell This Version
1643 George Copeland Ondine / Canope(Shellac, 10") Victor 1643 US 1933 Sell This Version
1666 Eugene Ormandy And The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Eugene Ormandy And The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Shepherd's Hey / Country Gardens(Shellac, 10") Victor 1666 US 1934 Sell This Version
1687 John Charles Thomas Down To De Rivah / Steal Away(Shellac, 10") Victor 1687 US 1935 Sell This Version
1691 Richard Crooks (2) Macushla / A Little Love, A Little Kiss(Shellac, 10") Victor 1691 US 1935 Sell This Version
1701 Eugene Ormandy And The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Eugene Ormandy And The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Roumanian Rhapsody No. 1, In A Major(Shellac, 10") Victor 1701 US 1935 Sell This Version
1702 Eugene Ormandy And The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Eugene Ormandy And The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Roumanian Rhapsody No. 1, In A Major(Shellac, 10") Victor 1702 US 1935 Sell This Version
1704 Beniamino Gigli Rigoletto - La Donna E' Mobile (Woman Is Fickle) / Tosca - E Lucevan Le Stelle (The Stars Were Shining)(Act 3)(Puccini)(Shellac, 10") Victor 1704 US 1935 Sell This Version
1728 Collins & Harlan* Closing Time In A Country Grocery(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1728 US Unknown Sell This Version
1731 Lotte Lehmann Ungeduld / Im Abendrot(Shellac, 10") Victor 1731 US 1936 Sell This Version
1736 John Charles Thomas The Lord's Prayer / Just For Today(Shellac, 10") Victor 1736 Canada 1936 Sell This Version
1753 American Band Of Providence Hunting Scene(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1753 US Unknown Sell This Version
1758 Eugene Ormandy And The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra Eugene Ormandy And The Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra - Der Rosenkavalier Waltzes(2xShellac, 10") Victor, Victor 1758 US 1936 Sell This Version
1767 Marian Anderson, Kosti Vehanen Marian Anderson, Kosti Vehanen - Ch'io Mai Vi Possa Lasciar D'amare(Shellac, 10") Victor 1767 1936 Sell This Version
1800 Mozart Quartet Come Little Girl And Tell Me Truly(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 1800 US Unknown Sell This Version
1812 Leopold Stokowski, The Philadelphia Orchestra Leopold Stokowski, The Philadelphia Orchestra - Clair De Lune(Shellac, 10") Victor 1812 1937 Sell This Version
1825 Richard Crooks (2) Old Folks At Home / Beautiful Dreamer(Shellac, 10") Victor 1825 Canada 1937 Sell This Version
1890 Kirsten Flagstad Oh, Lovely Night / At Parting(Shellac, 10") Victor 1890 US 1938 Sell This Version
1905 Lily Pons La Capinera / Green / Mandoline(Shellac, 10") Victor 1905 US 1939 Sell This Version
1939 Marian Anderson Komm', Süsser Tod (Come Sweet Death) / Siciliana 1939 US 1938 Sell This Version
1966 Marian Anderson I Can't Stay Away / Were You There(Shellac, 10") Victor 1966 US 1939 Sell This Version
1988 Billy Murray, Ed Smalle Billy Murray, Ed Smalle - Hinky Dinky Parlay Voo / We Don't Get Much Money, But We Have A Lot Of Fun(Shellac, 10") Victor 1988 US 1924 Sell This Version
2095 Marcel Grandjany Two Old French Songs / The King's Hunt(Shellac, 10") Victor 2095 US 1940 Sell This Version
2116 Collins & Harlan* The Dude And The Farmer(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 2116 US Unknown Sell This Version
2146 Victor Orchestra* Anvil Chorus - Il Trovatore(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 2146 US 1907 Sell This Version
2159 Collins And Harlan Backyard Conversation(Shellac, 7", S/Sided) Victor 2159 US Unknown Sell This Version
2168 John Charles Thomas Swing Low, Sweet Chariot / Ev'ry Time I Feel De Spirit(Shellac, 10") Victor 2168 Canada 1941 Sell This Version
2170 Leonard G. Spencer* Portions Of The Last Speech Of President McKinley(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 2170 US Unknown Sell This Version
2443 Sousa's Band Hiawatha Two-Step(Shellac, 10", S/Sided) Victor 2443 US 1905 Sell This Version