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Cinram, Richmond, IN

Profile:

Cinram's manufacturing plant that was located in Richmond, Indiana (USA); operating between 1990 and 2009.

Other Cinram plants:
● For releases that have 'MFG BY CINRAM USA' or just 'CINRAM USA' in the matrix, please use Cinram USA.
● For releases that have 'CMCA' in the matrix and/or stamped in the mould, please use CMCA.
● Please also consider Cinram, Huntsville for other US pressings and Cinram for Canadian pressings.
● All of Cinram's North American manufacturing plants are identified here: https://web.archive.org/web/20220509172150/https://reference.discogs.com/wiki/cinrams-north-american-manufacturing-plants
● If you need assistance in identifying your pressing, or have a question, please post here.

LCCN credits:
● Please use Glass Mastered At for pressings with the Cinram matrix; also add the full 'SYMMDD-##' glass master catalog number as the catalog number.
Glass Mastered At – Cinram, Richmond, IN – SYMMDD-##
Example: Various - Disney's Ultimate Swashbuckler 10-Song CD Collection

● If Cinram, Richmond, IN is not credited in any other role, a Pressed By credit can be given when the mould SID is 'IFPI 6100'
Example: Kottonmouth Kings - Royal Highness

Some releases were glass mastered at one Cinram plant and pressed at another. Examples:
Richmond GM, CMCA press: Armchair Martian - Monsters Always Scream
Richmond GM, Huntsville press: Smash Mouth - Astro Lounge

Manufacturing broker credits:
Several companies brokered the manufacturing of releases to Cinram, Richmond. Typically the only way to identify these brokers is by their by-name mention in the matrix. LCCN credits for the brokers should be per their respective label profile. If the broker's label profile does not specify how to credit the broker, then use the generic Manufactured By credit.

EMI outsourced the manufacturing of its CDs to Cinram after the closure of its own US pressing plant EMI MFG. in 2004. Richmond pressed some releases from this time onwards using an EMI Mfg. glass master and CMR mould.
Example: Kottonmouth Kings - Royal Highness

Matrix set entry:
● Matrix/Runout:
– Enter the matrix/runout starting from the barcode (if the matrix has one), reading clockwise. Enter the full matrix/runout.
– For 1st- and 2nd-generation matrices, include the mastering SID in the matrix/runout entry. Enter the full matrix/runout.

● Mastering SID:
– As the Cinram matrix did not have 'IFPI' preceding the mastering SID in the matrix, please do not add 'IFPI' to the release page's Mastering SID Code field (enter only as it appears on the disc).
– For 3rd-generation matrices, 'Microtype' can be entered in the descriptor field.

● Inverted text: While not required, when opting to add text to the descriptor field to note when the matrix (and thereby the mastering SID) would be readable from the label-side of the disc, please use 'Mirrored'.

The Cinram matrix:
Each Cinram Richmond matrix has (up to) seven parts. Here is an example of a typical Cinram 2nd-generation matrix (Mr. Al (2) - Rockin' The Alphabet):
L383 3900 CRPC02 MFG BY DISC MAKERS E20308-23 A

Part 1 ('L385') is the mastering SID. This might sometimes appear in smaller characters than the rest of the matrix. Also see note 1.
Part 2 ('3900') is the client ID #. It is a four-digit number. If there is a broker, then the number is the broker's Client ID #; if there is no broker, then it is the label's client ID #. Also see note 2.
Part 3 ('MFG BY DISC MAKERS') appears only when there is a manufacturing broker.
Part 4 ('CRPC02') is the release's catalog number block. Also see note 3.
Part 5 ('E20308-23') is the glass master number: 'SYMMDD-##'; where 'S' is the letter associated with the mastering SID. Also see note 4.
Part 6 ('A') is the encoding type of the disc. See note 5.
Part 7 ([not in example]) is the mother/stamper ('M#/S##'). See note 6.

Here is an example of a typical Cinram 1st-generation matrix: Russell Cook (3) - Reminisce. Note that this matrix does not include the encoding type.
Here is an example of a typical Cinram 3rd-generation matrix: Unknown Artist - Party Tyme Karaoke - Super Hits 10. Note that this matrix does not include the mastering SID, and the encoding type is now at the front of the runout.

Note 1: Mastering SIDs:
● Each mastering SID corresponds to a particular letter:
L383 = A (Oct '94 to May '97) & E (June '00 to close)
L384 = B (Oct '94 to Sept '97) & F (April '02 to close)
L385 = C (April '96 to close)
L388 = D (Sept '97 to close), C (in error, during 2001)

Note 2: There are some client ID #s that have more than one label associated with it; there is either: A) a parent company associated with all of these labels that does the manufacturing ordering; or B) a manufacturing broker for all of these labels that is not mentioned in the matrix.
An incomplete list of client IDs is located here: https://www.discogs.com/forum/thread/874831

Note 3: In the release catalog number block, spaces and punctuation are removed. If there are numbers and less than three numbers in the release catalog number, then '0's are normally added to make the catalog number a minimum '000'. When there is a broker involved, however, sometimes instead there is a catalog number associated with the broker (Example: 'CD SONIC' has an associated 'CDS0000' catalog number scheme); this is usually in the matrix in lieu of a release catalog number when the release itself does not have a catalog number.

Note 4: The date of the glass master can be determined from the Cinram matrix number. For example:

Kevin Braheny - Galaxies (Original Soundtrack Music): L385 9611 HS110042 C20429-07 A
Glass master date: 2002-04-29

The Vitamin String Quartet - Performs AC/DC: L385 AT 8790 CD9561 C80903-02
Glass master date: 2008-09-03

Note 5: Starting sometime between late 1996 and mid-1997 Cinram added a letter into the 2nd-generation matrix (following the glass master catalog number) to signify the encoding of the disc. This encoding letter appears between the mastering SID and client # on 3rd-generation matrices. The letters and their encoding type is:
A = Audio
D = DVD (Single layer?)
D2 = Copy-protected disc.
D3 = Copy-protected discs that can make, yes, three discs.
G = CD-G (normally karaoke discs).
M = Multimedia (aka Enhanced Audio disc)
O = CD-ROM
Y = DVD (Dual layer?)
Z = DVD (Dual layer?)

Note 6: The mother/stamper was pressed into the mould as opposed to being in printed the matrix band, but include this in the matrix string entry for "one matrix". If a pressing has the M/S but no mould SID (this sometimes happens), please enter 'Mould SID Code: none'.
Example: Enrique Iglesias - Enrique

When to add as a variant or submit as a new release:
● As long as there is no other reason to submit your copy as a new release, and the glass master date is within the initial release period (approximately 12 to 18 months from the release date), add your copy's matrix set as a variant.
Example: Moby - Play

● Each glass master manufactured more than 18 months after the record's release should be submitted as its own release.

● If you are unsure, or if there is a disagreement, please post the release here..

Repressings and reissues:
- The glass master date is not to be used to update the release date field.
- When the glass master date is much later than the release date (i.e. a repress/reissue), instead clear the release date field and add the full glass master date to the Release Notes.
Example: Various - Dirty Dancing (Original Soundtrack From The Vestron Motion Picture)

Common errors and error prevention:
A common mistake in the GMCN involves entering the matrix with 'O's instead of '0's. The only letter in the GMCN is the letter associated with the LBR; all other characters in the GMCN are numbers.

When copying the existing matrix set to add a variant (or additional disc), occasionally the catalog number gets updated but the mastering SID does not.

It is highly encouraged to scan the matrix of your Richmond pressing; if you do so, if the matrix is "mirrored", please flip/rotate the uploaded image so that it is readable.

The mould SID is often mistaken to be '8100' due to the small print size, being stamped into the mould, and the font used; the mould SID is '6100'.

Cassettes:
Cinram Richmond cassettes can be identified by the '72' pressing plant identifier. Please note that this PPID was acquired when Cinram bought out PRC.

Cinram ownership:
Cinram operated this plant from 1990 (when Cinram bought the plant and all assets of the PRC Recording Company, Richmond, IN) until its closure in 2009.

Media manufacturing:
Cassette tape production continued at Richmond upon acquisition from PRC to approximately 1999. CD production began approximately mid/late 1992 and lasted until the plant's closure. LaserDisc production began in 1993 and it is not known when LaserDisc production ended. DVDs packaged with Richmond CDs were normally manufactured at Cinram, Olyphant, PA or Cinram, Huntsville.

Parent Label:Cinram
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