ECM Records


ECM Records "The Creative Label" German independent label co-founded by producer Manfred Eicher, Manfred Scheffner and Karl Egger in Munich (Pasing) in 1969.
Label Code: LC 2516 / LC 02516.
ECM (Edition of Contemporary Music) is a jazz and Western classical label that features acoustic and electronic artists producing eclectic versions of contemporary music.

NOTE: Please use this as the main label for ECM releases, and ECM Records GmbH for secondary company credits [ie. Published By, Distributed By, (p), (c)] unless explicitly credited differently.

ECM's catalog spans from contemporary works (Steve Reich, Arvo Pärt, Philip Glass, et al) to experimental and electronic jazz (Nils Petter Molvær, Pat Metheny Group, Jan Garbarek, et al). Their catalog includes over 1500 recordings from 40+ years of producing works. Since 1969, ECM albums have been acclaimed for their outstanding music, creative production, and exceptional sound quality.

ECM 1300, 1301, 1313, 1376, 1400, 1414, 1441, 1443, 1468, 1613, 1634, 1717, 1759, 1841 and 1916 were never released.

Although ECM is an independent label, the Universal Music Group (UMG) distributes ECM titles in the US, Japan and throughout Europe and they have used other distributors.
-In the period when Polydor distributed ECM product, Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman was used for pressing and identified by a CP suffix on the labels and in the runouts. After Polydor they changed to Warner Bros.
-During the 1980s, the label was distributed in the US by Warner Bros., and between 1994 and 1999 by BMG.
BMG-distributed US releases from the 1990s used the original ECM number and added a suffix 78118-2XXXX-X, the last digit denoting format. This does not, however, apply to the JAPO or WATT releases, which use the same 78118 prefix.

Pressing information:
-During the period when Polydor distributed ECM product, Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman was used for pressing and identified by a CP suffix on the labels and in the runouts. After Polydor, they changed to Warner Bros..
-German and US pressings carry a second catalog number (i.e. an UMG catalog number).
-Japanese pressings only carry the Universal Music K. K. catalog number (e.g. UCCE xxxx).

Label Code introduced mid 1976, first known LP: Barre Philips - Mountainscapes ECM 1076.

Rim text on labels of German ECM LPs "Urheber- Und ..." was replaced by "Alle Urheber- Und ..." in 1977, first known LP: Egberto Gismonti ‎– Dança Das Cabeças ECM 1089.

Parent Label:ECM Records GmbH
Sublabels::rarum, 1970s Paperback Editions, Carmo, ECM Piano-ism, ECM SP, Japo Records, Keith Jarrett Solo Piano Gold Collection, Luminessence, Old & New Masters Edition, Re:solutions, ...
Contact Info:

ECM Records GmbH
Postfach 600 331
81203 München
Federal Republic of Germany

Tel: #49 (0) 89 851048
Fax: #49 (0) 89 8545652
E-Mail: ecmrecords[at] , Facebook , X , YouTube , Instagram , Bandcamp , X , Wikipedia ,


Edit Label
Data quality rating: Correct
7722 submissions pending


ArtistTitle (Format)Catalog NumberYear


  • pjr2005's avatar
    Always amuses me when comments for individual ECM albums have the usual "wonderful pressing, amazing sound" remarks. I mean, seriously, is there such a thing as a badly pressed ECM record? Eicher built the reputation on sound. Even the CDs are always good. This is a label that has produced a wide range of wonderful music and still continues to do. In terms of sound and quality, this is never in doubt.
    • gasdoc's avatar
      • ultimathulerecords's avatar
        Edited 6 years ago
        Known ECM CD pressing variations...

        1. Original 1st press is a "silver to centre" disc, with red ECM text.
        2. 1994 press 18mm clear centre some with red ECM text (often with no manufacturer)
        3. / 4. 1994-98? press 18mm clear centre some with red ECM text, some with blue ECM text, will have manufacturer(s) on disc
        5. 1998?+ pressings 25mm clear centre with blue ECM text

        Original 1st press ECM CD issues started in late 1983, and the style of disc pressing "silver to centre" flat discs (with no stacking ring) continued to 1993. There may well be pressing variations within that period that we don't know about.
        blue ECM logo discs were first introduced to celebrate ECM's 25th anniversary with a selection of top selling titles at a special price, after which all new pressings had the blue logo.

        All ECM CDs have barcodes

        A lot of disc type rules 1-5 apply to other German Polygram/Phonogram/Universal labels
        This was compiled with reference to:
        Please post any updates/corrections there, or pm me: ultimathulerecords