Nimbus

Nimbus

Profile:
"Mastered by Nimbus" near the hub of a Compact Disc means the glass production master for that pressing was engineered by the CD manufacturing division of the UK-headquartered classical label Nimbus Records.

Nimbus was the first CD-manufacturing plant in the UK and the third in the world. CD pressing started in September 1984 at the Wyastone Leys Estate in Wales where they had been mastering and pressing vinyl since 1977. Through the 1980s and 1990s other CD facilities opened in the UK (Cwmbran, Wales in 1986), the USA (Ruckersville, VA in 1987, Provo, UT and Sunnyvale, CA in 1995), and Luxembourg (1997). Between 1986 and 1988 London's Virgin Megastore (2) had a mini CD pressing plant by Nimbus in their Oxford Street branch where shoppers could see the manufacturing process through insulating glass panes. In late 1992, the manufacturing division was sold and renamed to Nimbus U.S.A. In 1994 it was renamed Nimbus CD International. It then merged with UK manufacturer Damont Audio, then effectively merged with CD-ROM giant R.R. Donnelley & Sons. In early 1997, Nimbus announced the closure of the Sunnyvale, CA, USA facility.

In 1998, it was sold to Carlton Communications (Technicolor), in turn bought in 2001 by Thomson Multimedia. Meanwhile, the Nimbus label continued to operate independently, and Nimbus Technology & Engineering, the CD/DVD mastering hardware division, merged with Optical Disc Corporation to become ODC Nimbus, makers of Nimbus Mastering Systems equipment.

"NIMBUS ENGLAND" or "MASTERED BY NIMBUS" appearing in CD matrix areas (or any other "Nimbus" reference) should be entered both as part of the matrix data and also as a company (LCCN: Glass Mastered At, name: Nimbus), which results in a listing on this page. When entering CD matrix data, include any small dots, including those that appear around the Nimbus credit; these can vary from pressing to pressing. Example—CAT 008 CD · 1:3 ·MASTERED· ·BY NIMBUS·

The dots after the catalog number indicate the pressing serial number starting with one dot and a maximum of nine dots possible. This doesn't mean that every release should start with one dot. First public pressing may start with any number of dots, if previous runs were faulty. In 90s there were laser etched numbers added after the dots that mean mother:stamper. Optional (V) after catalogue number means that CD was glass mastered at Charlottesville, Virginia plant in USA. The dots around the Nimbus credit indirectly represent the period, when the mastering was done, while being a decorative element. First pressings in 1984-1986 had no dots, later they were gradually added on both sides of credit starting from two dots (one middle dot in each line) up to five, while the last variant had only one dot between the lines. In 1997 words and dots were replaced by stylized Nimbus logo. Exact periods of credit dots are approximate and not documented so it is not allowed to use them to guess the date by now.

Around 1994 UK Nimbus plant started adding to its matrix string sequential numbering system with pattern:
XXXX before catalog number, that was later changed to YXXXX
Y = letter: A, B, C etc.
X = number
this XXXX / YXXXX pattern can be added to the LCCN section

In late 1997 or 1998, the matrix numbering scheme LUxxxxxx was introduced. This matrix number is usually accompanied by the mould SID code IFPI 7Q**, and may identify CDs manufactured at the plant in Luxembourg. This scheme was continued by Technicolor after the purchase and rebranding of Nimbus. This matrix number may also be entered in LCCN when present alongside the Nimbus logo.

Nimbus began CDV (CD-Video) disc production in late 1987.

Dr. Jonathan Halliday worked as the Technical Director for Nimbus Technology & Engineering and Nimbus Records and, in partnership with Gerald Reynolds, was responsible for developing the Nimbus Halliday Laser Beam Recorder. Dr. Halliday died on 2 June 2011 following a battle with Alzheimer's.

Nimbus was also engaged in vinyl mastering and cutting, especially in the audiophile / ultra-high quality area (UHJ encoding, Nimbus Supercut), as well as electroplating and pressing. Nimbus cut using a Neumann lathe (with advance varigrove electronics designed by Dr. Jonathan Halliday) with a Neumann SX 74 cutter head, driven by Neumann 300 watt valve amplifiers with added transistor pre-amps. For pressing they used a Hamilton automatic press and a powder vinyl mix from ICI based closely on the formula used by EMI Records.

Vinyl masterings can be identified by an etched runout string starting with "NRL" (resembles NLR), e.g. "NRL GR 3 MPKT T. JH", and later by "NIMBUS ENGLAND" or "NIMBUS LABS" stamped in the runout. The letters directly following NRL usually indicate the initials of the cutting engineer. Cutting engineers known to have worked at Nimbus include:
- Gerald Reynolds (used the etching "GR" or "GrRs")
- John Gladwyn (used the etchings "JWG" or "JG")
- Colin Dix (used the etching "CD")
- BilBo (3) (used the etching "BILBO" or "DB")

The remaining numbers and letters are thought to be internal codes used by the plant, but their exact meanings are unknown.
Sublabels
Parent Label:
Contact Info:
Nimbus Disc & Print Services
Wyastone Business Park
Monmouth, NP25 3SR, United Kingdom

Telephone: 01600 890 007

Sara Moore – Production Coordinator sara@wyastone.co.uk
Antony Smith - Business Director antony@wyastone.co.uk
Sites:
[l93218]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
Four Compositions (Quartet) 1995  album cover Anthony Braxton Four Compositions (Quartet) 1995(CD, Album) Braxton House US 1997 Sell This Version
01 Home Sweet Head  album cover O Positive Home Sweet Head(CD, Album) Smashing Records (5) 01 US 1993 Sell This Version
1 Symphony No. 5 In C Minor, Opus 67  album cover Beethoven*, Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Otto Klemperer Beethoven*, Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Otto Klemperer - Symphony No. 5 In C Minor, Opus 67(CD, Album, RE) Marshall Cavendish 1 UK 1990 Sell This Version
0001 Classic Defunkt  album cover Defunkt Classic Defunkt(CD, Album) Grassroots Records (4) 0001 Germany 1996 Sell This Version
001-4 The Texture Ov Despise  album cover Christ Analogue The Texture Ov Despise(CD, Album) Manifest 001-4 US 1995 Sell This Version
0001AF Diary Of A Drunken Sun  album cover Opium Den Diary Of A Drunken Sun(CD, Album) Hereafter Records 0001AF US 1993 Sell This Version
1CDMUTE135 Godhead  album cover Nitzer Ebb Godhead(CD, Single, Ltd, Num, 1/2) Mute 1CDMUTE135 UK 1991 Sell This Version
2 Paz At Chichester  album cover Paz Paz At Chichester(LP, Album) Magnus Records (3) 2 UK 1978 Sell This Version
2CD-80389 Elijah  album cover Mendelssohn*, Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus*, Barbara Bonney, Florence Quivar, Jerry Hadley, Thomas Hampson Mendelssohn*, Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus*, Barbara Bonney, Florence Quivar, Jerry Hadley, Thomas Hampson - Elijah(2xCD) Telarc 2CD-80389 USA & Canada 1995 Sell This Version
2DR0417 Giving Up The Funk  album cover Keylo Giving Up The Funk(CD, Album, RE) 2-Dope Records, Rat-Ta-Tat Records, SMG Solar Music Group 2DR0417 US 1994 Sell This Version
2PRO 9046 Forbidden  album cover Richard Barone Forbidden(CD, Promo) Mesa (2) 2PRO 9046 US 1993 Sell This Version
3BTCD29 It's My Time (Bon Appetite Baby)  album cover Jeanie Tracy It's My Time (Bon Appetite Baby)(CD, Single) 3 Beat Music 3BTCD29 UK 1993 Sell This Version
3D 001 Interview CD - All I Want Is...  album cover U2 Interview CD - All I Want Is...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 001 UK 1996 Sell This Version
3D 002 ...Ask You Once Again  - Interview CD  album cover The Beatles ...Ask You Once Again - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 002 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 003 Interview Cd Lips That Speak...  album cover The Cure Interview Cd Lips That Speak...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 003 UK 2000 Sell This Version
3D 004 Interview CD - Thoughts And Prayers  album cover The Sisters Of Mercy Interview CD - Thoughts And Prayers(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 004 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 006 Dirty Words  album cover AC/DC Dirty Words(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 006 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 008 Ask Me, Ask Me, Ask Me... - Interview CD  album cover The Smiths Ask Me, Ask Me, Ask Me... - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview CD 3D 008 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 009 Kiss ... And Tell  album cover Kiss Kiss ... And Tell(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 009 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 011 Interview CD - Speaking Only...  album cover Depeche Mode Interview CD - Speaking Only...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 011 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 012 In The Tale - Holoview - Interview CD  album cover Sting In The Tale - Holoview - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 012 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 013 More Blah ! - Interview CD  album cover Iggy Pop More Blah ! - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 013 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 014 Full Of Secrets (Interview CD)  album cover Pink Floyd Full Of Secrets (Interview CD)(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 014 UK 1993 Sell This Version
3D 015 Newspeak - Interview CD  album cover New Order Newspeak - Interview CD(CD, Single, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 015 UK 1991 Sell This Version
3D 016 Maiden Over (Interview CD)  album cover Iron Maiden Maiden Over (Interview CD)(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 016 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3PSD006 Synthesizer Greats  album cover Unknown Artist Synthesizer Greats(Box + 3xCD + Comp) Not On Label 3PSD006 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3PSD014A Rock Two Volume One  album cover Various Rock Two Volume One(CD, Comp) Nimbus 3PSD014A Unknown Sell This Version
3PSD014B Rock Two Disc 2  album cover Various Rock Two Disc 2(CD, Comp) Nimbus 3PSD014B Unknown Sell This Version
004 Point Of Views  album cover Michael William Gilbert Point Of Views(CD, Album) Gibex 004 US 1988 Sell This Version
004 Raze The Earth  album cover Soulstice (5) Raze The Earth(CD, Album) Very Distribution 004 US 1997 Sell This Version
0004 Of Beauty And Decay  album cover Nocturne (3) Of Beauty And Decay(CD) Not On Label (Nocturne (3) Self-released) 0004 US 1996 Sell This Version
0004 Stories From The New West  album cover Atomic Deluxe Stories From The New West(CD, Album) Cool Cat Productions 0004 US 1998 Sell This Version
4DJS 5055-2 The Ultimate Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 1  album cover No Artist The Ultimate Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 1(CD) 4DJ'S Records 4DJS 5055-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
4DJS 5056-2 The Ultimate Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 2  album cover No Artist The Ultimate Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 2(CD) 4DJ'S Records 4DJS 5056-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
4DJS 5057-2 The Ultimate Rap Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 3  album cover No Artist The Ultimate Rap Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 3(CD) 4DJ'S Records 4DJS 5057-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
0005-2 Thumper  album cover Thumper (7) Thumper(CD, Album) Dot Dot Dash 0005-2 US 1995 Sell This Version
008 Home-Made Authority  album cover Culturcide Home-Made Authority(CD) Delayed 008 US 1998 Sell This Version
9 Ballet Music (Extracts From 'Swan Lake', 'The Sleeping Beauty', 'The Nutcracker')  album cover Tchaikovsky* / Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra Tchaikovsky* / Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra - Ballet Music (Extracts From 'Swan Lake', 'The Sleeping Beauty', 'The Nutcracker')(CD, Comp) Marshall Cavendish 9 UK 1990 Sell This Version
010 Phaedrus  album cover Julian Argüelles Phaedrus(CD, Album) Ah Um 010 UK 1990 Sell This Version
12CD10 A Prayer In The Night  album cover Jihad A Prayer In The Night(CD, Album) Ras Dva Records 12CD10 US 1997 Sell This Version
12TS432 Abyssinians  album cover June Tabor Abyssinians(LP, Album) Topic Records 12TS432 UK 1983 Sell This Version
15VCD15 TDK Presents A Sample From Volume 15 + it cd-rom  album cover Various TDK Presents A Sample From Volume 15 + it cd-rom(CD, Comp, Enh, Promo, Smplr) Volume 15VCD15 US 1996 Sell This Version
15VCD15 Volume 15 - Technology Alert!  album cover Various Volume 15 - Technology Alert!(CD, Comp + CD, Comp, Enh + Box) Volume 15VCD15 UK 1996 Sell This Version
16 Symphony No. 6 In B Minor, Opus 74 ('Pathétique')  album cover Tchaikovsky* - Utah Symphony Orchestra, Maurice Abravanel* Tchaikovsky* - Utah Symphony Orchestra, Maurice Abravanel* - Symphony No. 6 In B Minor, Opus 74 ('Pathétique')(CD, Album, RE) Marshall Cavendish 16 UK 1990 Sell This Version
18 Ar I Said, This Is The Son Of Nihilism  album cover Keiji Haino I Said, This Is The Son Of Nihilism(CD) Table Of The Elements 18 Ar US 1995 Sell This Version
20 Symphonic Excerpts Featuring Themes From Visconti's Film "Death In Venice"  album cover Mahler* Symphonic Excerpts Featuring Themes From Visconti's Film "Death In Venice"(CD, Comp) Marshall Cavendish 20 UK 1991 Sell This Version
28MD-1062 A Mandeli  album cover Pepe Habichuela A Mandeli(CD, Album, RE) Hannibal Records 28MD-1062 Japan 1990 Sell This Version
50 The Planets  album cover Holst*, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra*, Walter Susskind Holst*, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra*, Walter Susskind - The Planets(CD) The Great Composers And Their Music 50 UK 1992 Sell This Version
101TP 7CD Selling Jesus  album cover Skunk Anansie Selling Jesus(CD, Single) One Little Indian 101TP 7CD UK 1995 Sell This Version
152 Imagination Theater: Movies For Your Mind  album cover Various Imagination Theater: Movies For Your Mind(CD, Transcription) Trans Media Radio Network 152 US 1999 Sell This Version
162 Off Minor  album cover Bobby Hackett Sextet, Jack Teagarden Sextet Bobby Hackett Sextet, Jack Teagarden Sextet - Off Minor(CD, Album, Mono) Viper's Nest 162 US 1995 Sell This Version
242TP7DVD All Is Full Of Love  album cover Björk All Is Full Of Love(DVD, Single, PAL) One Little Indian 242TP7DVD UK 1999 Sell This Version
0254 The Pink Opaque  album cover Cocteau Twins The Pink Opaque(CD, Comp, RE) 4AD, Relativity 0254 UK & US Unknown Sell This Version
260-2 Momentos  album cover Various Momentos(CD, Comp, Promo) Rodven 260-2 Venezuela 1989 Sell This Version
0285 The Legend Of Billie Holiday  album cover Billie Holiday The Legend Of Billie Holiday(CD, Comp) MCA Records 0285 UK Unknown Sell This Version
02-98 Sunfall Festival On The Verge(CD, Album) Not On Label (Sunfall Festival Self-released) 02-98 US 1998 Sell This Version
0312-2 Fat Possum: Not The Same Old Blues Crap  album cover Various Fat Possum: Not The Same Old Blues Crap(CD, Comp) Fat Possum Records, Epitaph 0312-2 Europe 1997 Sell This Version
0313-2 Takes One To Know One  album cover Elmo Williams & Hezekiah Early Elmo Williams & Hezekiah Early - Takes One To Know One(CD, Album) Fat Possum Records, Epitaph 0313-2 Netherlands 1997 Sell This Version
0358 Les Misérables - The Original London Cast  album cover Alain Boublil And Claude-Michel Schönberg Alain Boublil And Claude-Michel Schönberg - Les Misérables - The Original London Cast(2xCD, RE) First Night Records 0358 UK Unknown Sell This Version
0368 1979-1983 Volume One  album cover Bauhaus 1979-1983 Volume One(CD, Comp, RE) Beggars Banquet 0368 UK Unknown Sell This Version
388 In The Studio - Pyromania  album cover Def Leppard In The Studio - Pyromania(CD, Promo, Transcription) The Album Network, Bullet Productions 388 US 1995 Sell This Version
405 Live At J's - Part 1  album cover Claude Williams Live At J's - Part 1(CD, Album) Arhoolie Records 405 US 1993 Sell This Version
0406 1979-1983 Volume Two  album cover Bauhaus 1979-1983 Volume Two(CD, Comp, RE) Beggars Banquet 0406 UK 1997 Sell This Version
406 Live At J's - Part 2  album cover Claude Williams Live At J's - Part 2(CD, Album) Arhoolie Records 406 US 1993 Sell This Version
0410 The Singles 81 - 85  album cover Depeche Mode The Singles 81 - 85(CD, Comp, RP) Mute 0410 UK Unknown Sell This Version
429 This Train  album cover Elder Roma Wilson And His Harmonica* This Train(CD, Comp) Arhoolie Records, Arhoolie Records, Arhoolie Records 429 US 1995 Sell This Version
463 Aubrey Ghent & Friends - Can't Nobody Do Me Like Jesus   album cover Aubrey Ghent Aubrey Ghent & Friends - Can't Nobody Do Me Like Jesus (CD) Arhoolie Records, Arhoolie Records, Arhoolie Records, Arhoolie Records 463 US 1997 Sell This Version
504 CD 51 The Famous Manchester Free Trade Hall Concert - 2nd Half  album cover George Lewis (2) With Ken Colyer's Jazzmen 1957* George Lewis (2) With Ken Colyer's Jazzmen 1957* - The Famous Manchester Free Trade Hall Concert - 2nd Half(CD, Album) 504 Records 504 CD 51 UK 1994 Sell This Version
0666 Detroit Anthem '98  album cover Harms Way And The L.S.G.H. Clan* Detroit Anthem '98(CD, EP) Quick To Scold Productions 0666 US 1998 Sell This Version
730P-971 Diana (Remembering A Princess)  album cover Primo Kim Diana (Remembering A Princess)(CD, Single) Not On Label 730P-971 US 1997 Sell This Version
00802 No Greater Love  album cover Keith Staten No Greater Love(CD, Album) Glorious Music 00802 UK 1995 Sell This Version
894 Extreme Heat  album cover Unknown Artist Extreme Heat(CD, Enh, Mix) PowerSource 894 US 1994 Sell This Version
0951 Re/Search: Incredibly Strange Music, Volume II  album cover Various Re/Search: Incredibly Strange Music, Volume II(CD, Comp) Asphodel 0951 US 1995 Sell This Version
1002-2 Swingin' Blues  album cover Pete Fountain Swingin' Blues(CD, Album, RP) Ranwood 1002-2 US Unknown Sell This Version
1002-2 WAAF 107.3 FM - Unusual Suspects  album cover Various WAAF 107.3 FM - Unusual Suspects(CD, Comp) Restaurant Records 1002-2 US 1996 Sell This Version
1006-2 Blender 2.1  album cover Various Blender 2.1(CD-ROM) Dennis Publishing 1006-2 US 1995 Sell This Version
1030 Tiny Dynamine • Echoes In A Shallow Bay  album cover Cocteau Twins Tiny Dynamine • Echoes In A Shallow Bay(CD, Comp, RP) 4AD 1030 UK Unknown Sell This Version
103/4-2 The Essential Buck Clayton  album cover Buck Clayton The Essential Buck Clayton(CD, Album, RE) Vanguard 103/4-2 US Unknown Sell This Version
1037 Virtuoso Variations For Piano Duet  album cover Anthony Goldstone And Caroline Clemmow Anthony Goldstone And Caroline Clemmow - Virtuoso Variations For Piano Duet(CD) Symposium Records 1037 UK 1988 Sell This Version
1045 Eugène Ysaÿe - New York, December 1912  album cover Eugène Ysaÿe, Camille Decreus* With The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra* Eugène Ysaÿe, Camille Decreus* With The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra* - Eugène Ysaÿe - New York, December 1912(CD, Comp) Symposium Records 1045 UK 1986 Sell This Version
1054 Garlands  album cover Cocteau Twins Garlands(CD, Album, RE, RP) 4AD 1054 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1108 Colourbox  album cover Colourbox Colourbox(CD, Album, RP) 4AD 1108 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1141 Golden Greats  album cover The Mamas And The Papas* Golden Greats(CD, Comp, RE) MCA Records 1141 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1160 Spleen And Ideal  album cover Dead Can Dance Spleen And Ideal (Album) 1160 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1192 CD1  album cover Throbbing Gristle CD1(CD, Album, RE) Mute 1192 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1194 Woob 1194  album cover Woob Woob 1194 (Album) 1194 UK 1994 Sell This Version
1217 Filigree & Shadow  album cover This Mortal Coil Filigree & Shadow(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1217 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1265 Requiem  album cover John Rutter Requiem(CD, Album) Collegium Records 1265 Europe Unknown Sell This Version
1290 Rhythm Of The World  album cover Up With People Rhythm Of The World(CD, Album) Up With People! Records 1290 US 1991 Sell This Version
01359-A Elza  album cover Bigbends Volo = Volo Big Band* Bigbends Volo = Volo Big Band* - Elza(CD, Comp) Latvijas Džeza Associācija 01359-A Latvia 1997 Sell This Version
1365-2 Top 40 Volume 5 Dance (Step & Aerobics)  album cover Unknown Artist Top 40 Volume 5 Dance (Step & Aerobics)(2xCD, Mixed) Power Music 1365-2 US 1997 Sell This Version
1389 Time And Motion  album cover Jonas Fjeld Band Time And Motion(CD, Album, RE) Odeon 1389 Europe Unknown Sell This Version
1414 Discover America  album cover Van Dyke Parks Discover America(CD, Album, RE) Edsel Records 1414 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1419-2 Space Hotel  album cover Al Gromer Khan Space Hotel(CD, Album) New Earth Records, Current Records, PPI Entertainment 1419-2 US 1996 Sell This Version
1422 The Best Of Barbershop  album cover Various The Best Of Barbershop(Box + 3xCD, Comp) Intersound, Intersound 1422 USA & Canada 1998 Sell This Version
01432 Solo Spirit  album cover Larry Willis Solo Spirit(CD, Album) Mapleshade Records 01432 US 1993 Sell This Version
1446 Ambient 2 The Plateaux Of Mirror  album cover Harold Budd / Brian Eno Harold Budd / Brian Eno - Ambient 2 The Plateaux Of Mirror(CD, Album, RP) Editions EG 1446 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1502 Extractions  album cover Dif Juz Extractions(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1502 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1504 Standing Up Straight  album cover The Wolfgang Press Standing Up Straight(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1504 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1523 Dead Can Dance  album cover Dead Can Dance Dead Can Dance(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1523 UK Unknown Sell This Version