Nimbus

Nimbus

Profile:
"Mastered by Nimbus" near the hub of a Compact Disc means the glass production master for that pressing was engineered by the CD manufacturing division of the UK-headquartered classical label Nimbus Records.

Nimbus was the first CD-manufacturing plant in the UK and the third in the world. CD pressing started in September 1984 at the Wyastone Leys Estate in Wales where they had been mastering and pressing vinyl since 1977. Through the 1980s and 1990s other CD facilities opened in the UK (Cwmbran, Wales in 1986), the USA (Ruckersville, VA in 1987, Provo, UT and Sunnyvale, CA in 1995), and Luxembourg (1997). Between 1986 and 1988 London's Virgin Megastore (2) had a mini CD pressing plant by Nimbus in their Oxford Street branch where shoppers could see the manufacturing process through insulating glass panes. In late 1992, the manufacturing division was sold and renamed to Nimbus U.S.A. In 1994 it was renamed Nimbus CD International. It then merged with UK manufacturer Damont Audio, then effectively merged with CD-ROM giant R.R. Donnelley & Sons. In 1998, it was sold to Carlton Communications (Technicolor), in turn bought in 2001 by Thomson Multimedia. Meanwhile, the Nimbus label continued to operate independently, and Nimbus Technology & Engineering, the CD/DVD mastering hardware division, merged with Optical Disc Corporation to become ODC Nimbus, makers of Nimbus Mastering Systems equipment.

"NIMBUS ENGLAND" or "MASTERED BY NIMBUS" appearing in CD matrix areas (or any other "Nimbus" reference) should be entered both as part of the matrix data and also as a company (LCCN: Glass Mastered At, name: Nimbus), which results in a listing on this page. When entering CD matrix data, include any small dots, including those that appear around the Nimbus credit; these can vary from pressing to pressing. Example—CAT 008 CD · 1:3 ·MASTERED· ·BY NIMBUS·

The dots after the catalog number indicate the pressing serial number starting with one dot and a maximum of nine dots possible. This doesn't mean that every release should start with one dot. First public pressing may start with any number of dots, if previous runs were faulty. In 90s there were laser etched numbers added after the dots that mean mother:stamper. Optional (V) after catalogue number means that CD was glass mastered at Charlottesville, Virginia plant in USA. The dots around the Nimbus credit indirectly represent the period, when the mastering was done, while being a decorative element. First pressings in 1984-1986 had no dots, later they were gradually added on both sides of credit starting from two dots (one middle dot in each line) up to five, while the last variant had only one dot between the lines. In 1997 words and dots were replaced by stylized Nimbus logo. Exact periods of credit dots are approximate and not documented so it is not allowed to use them to guess the date by now.

Around 1994 UK Nimbus plant started adding to its matrix string sequential numbering system with pattern:
XXXX before catalog number, that was later changed to YXXXX
Y = letter: A, B, C etc.
X = number
this XXXX / YXXXX pattern can be added to the lccn section

Nimbus began CDV (CD-Video) disc production in late 1987.

Dr. Jonathan Halliday worked as the Technical Director for Nimbus Technology & Engineering and Nimbus Records and, in partnership with Gerald Reynolds, was responsible for developing the Nimbus Halliday Laser Beam Recorder. Dr. Halliday died on 2 June 2011 following a battle with Alzheimer's.

Nimbus was also engaged in vinyl mastering and cutting, especially in the audiophile / ultra-high quality area (UHJ encoding, Nimbus Supercut), as well as electroplating and pressing. Nimbus cut using a Neumann lathe (with advance varigrove electronics designed by Dr. Jonathan Halliday) with a Neumann SX 74 cutter head, driven by Neumann 300 watt valve amplifiers with added transistor pre-amps. For pressing they used a Hamilton automatic press and a powder vinyl mix from ICI based closely on the formula used by EMI Records.

Vinyl masterings can be identified by an etched runout string starting with "NRL" (resembles NLR), e.g. "NRL GR 3 MPKT T. JH", and later by "NIMBUS ENGLAND" or "NIMBUS LABS" stamped in the runout. The letters directly following NRL usually indicate the initials of the cutting engineer. Cutting engineers known to have worked at Nimbus include:
- Gerald Reynolds (used the etching "GR" or "GrRs")
- John Gladwyn (used the etchings "JWG" or "JG")
- Colin Dix (used the etching "CD")
- BilBo (3) (used the etching "BILBO" or "DB")

The remaining numbers and letters are thought to be internal codes used by the plant, but their exact meanings are unknown.
Sublabel
Parent Label:
Contact Info:
Nimbus Disc & Print Services
Wyastone Business Park
Monmouth, NP25 3SR, United Kingdom

Telephone: 01600 890 007

Sara Moore – Production Coordinator sara@wyastone.co.uk
Antony Smith - Business Director antony@wyastone.co.uk
Sites:
[l93218]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
0 Various A Selection Of Classical Highlights(CD, Comp, Smplr) Marshall Cavendish Ltd 0 UK 1990 Sell This Version
1 Beethoven*, Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Otto Klemperer Beethoven*, Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Otto Klemperer - Symphony No. 5 In C Minor, Opus 67(CD, Album) Marshall Cavendish Ltd 1 UK 1990 Sell This Version
001 Various EMMA Compilation 94(CD, Comp, Promo) EMMA 001 UK 1994 Sell This Version
0001 Defunkt Classic Defunkt(CD, Album) Grassroots Records (4) 0001 Germany 1996 Sell This Version
001-4 Christ Analogue The Texture Ov Despise(CD, Album) Manifest 001-4 US 1995 Sell This Version
1CDMUTE135 Nitzer Ebb Godhead(CD, Single, Ltd, Num, 1/2) Mute 1CDMUTE135 UK 1991 Sell This Version
2DR0417 Keylo Giving Up The Funk(CD, Album, RE) 2-Dope Records, Rat-Ta-Tat Records 2DR0417 US 1994 Sell This Version
2PRO 9010 Various Jazz Under The Bluemoon(CD, Comp, Smplr) Bluemoon Recordings 2PRO 9010 USA & Canada 1991 Sell This Version
2PRO 9046 Richard Barone Forbidden(CD, Promo) Mesa Recordings 2PRO 9046 US 1993 Sell This Version
3BTCD29 Jeanie Tracy It's My Time (Bon Appetite Baby)(CD, Single) 3 Beat Music 3BTCD29 UK 1993 Sell This Version
3D 001 U2 Interview CD - All I Want Is...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 001 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 002 The Beatles ...Ask You Once Again - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 002 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 003 The Cure Interview Cd Lips That Speak...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 003 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 004 The Sisters Of Mercy Interview CD - Thoughts And Prayers(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 004 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 006 AC/DC Dirty Words(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 006 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 008 The Smiths Ask Me, Ask Me, Ask Me... - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview CD 3D 008 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 009 Kiss Kiss ... And Tell(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 009 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 011 Depeche Mode Interview CD - Speaking Only...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 011 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 012 Sting In The Tale - Holoview - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 012 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 013 Iggy Pop More Blah ! - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 013 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 014 Pink Floyd Full Of Secrets (Interview CD)(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 014 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 015 New Order Newspeak - Interview CD(CD, Single, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 015 UK 1991 Sell This Version
3D 016 Iron Maiden Maiden Over(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 016 UK Unknown Sell This Version
12CD10 Jihad A Prayer In The Night(CD, Album) Ras Dva Records 12CD10 US 1997 Sell This Version
12TS432 June Tabor Abyssinians(LP, Album) Topic Records 12TS432 UK 1983 Sell This Version
15VCD15 Various Volume 15 - Technology Alert!(CD, Comp + CD, Comp, Enh + Box) Volume 15VCD15 UK 1996 Sell This Version
16 Tchaikovsky* / Utah Symphony Orchestra, Maurice Abravanel* Tchaikovsky* / Utah Symphony Orchestra, Maurice Abravanel* - Symphony No. 6 In B Minor, Opus 74 ('Pathétique')(CD, Album) Marshall Cavendish Ltd 16 UK 1990 Sell This Version
18 Ar Keiji Haino I Said, This Is The Son Of Nihilism(CD) Table Of The Elements 18 Ar US 1995 Sell This Version
20-SKR89222-2 Trenchmouth Construction Of New Action! Volume One: First There Was Movement(CD, Album) Skene! Records 20-SKR89222-2 US 1991 Sell This Version
22P2-2709 Holly Johnson Blast (Album) 22P2-2709 Japan 1989 Sell This Version
50 Holst*, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra*, Walter Susskind Holst*, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra*, Walter Susskind - The Planets(CD) The Great Composers And Their Music 50 UK 1992 Sell This Version
101TP 7CD Skunk Anansie Selling Jesus(CD, Single) One Little Indian 101TP 7CD UK 1995 Sell This Version
166 Various JBL Jazz Sampler(CD, Comp, Promo, Smplr) Chesky Records 166 US 1997 Sell This Version
242TP7DVD Björk All Is Full Of Love(DVD, PAL, Single) One Little Indian 242TP7DVD UK 1999 Sell This Version
0254 Cocteau Twins The Pink Opaque(CD, Comp, RE) 4AD, Relativity 0254 UK & US Unknown Sell This Version
0285 Billie Holiday The Legend Of Billie Holiday(CD, Comp) MCA Records 0285 UK Unknown Sell This Version
02-98 Sunfall Festival On The Verge(CD, Album) Not On Label (Sunfall Festival Self-released) 02-98 US 1998 Sell This Version
0358 Alain Boublil And Claude-Michel Schönberg Alain Boublil And Claude-Michel Schönberg - Les Misérables - The Original London Cast(2xCD, RE) First Night Records 0358 UK Unknown Sell This Version
0368 Bauhaus 1979-1983 Volume One(CD, Comp, RE) Beggars Banquet 0368 UK Unknown Sell This Version
0406 Bauhaus 1979-1983 Volume Two(CD, Comp, RE) Beggars Banquet 0406 UK 1997 Sell This Version
0410 Depeche Mode The Singles 81 - 85(CD, Comp, RP) Mute 0410 UK Unknown Sell This Version
504 CD 51 George Lewis (2) With Ken Colyer's Jazzmen 1957* George Lewis (2) With Ken Colyer's Jazzmen 1957* - The Famous Manchester Free Trade Hall Concert - 2nd Half(CD, Album) 504 Records 504 CD 51 UK 1994 Sell This Version
00802 Keith Staten No Greater Love(CD, Album) Glorious Music 00802 UK 1995 Sell This Version
894 Unknown Artist Extreme Heat(CD, Enh, Mix) PowerSource 894 US 1994 Sell This Version
1000 Various Racer Radio 1(CD, Comp) Racer Records 1000 US 1992 Sell This Version
1001-CD The Austin Lounge Lizards* The Highway Café Of The Damned(CD, Album) Watermelon Records 1001-CD US 1988 Sell This Version
1008 Lammas This Morning(CD, Album) EFZ 1008 UK 1994 Sell This Version
1030 Cocteau Twins Tiny Dynamine • Echoes In A Shallow Bay(CD, Comp, RP) 4AD 1030 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1045 Eugène Ysaÿe, Camille Decreus* With The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra* Eugène Ysaÿe, Camille Decreus* With The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra* - Eugène Ysaÿe - New York, December 1912(CD, Comp) Symposium Records 1045 UK 1986 Sell This Version
1054 Cocteau Twins Garlands(CD, Album, RE, RP) 4AD 1054 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1108 Colourbox Colourbox(CD, Album, RP) 4AD 1108 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1141 The Mamas And The Papas* Golden Greats(CD, Comp, RE) MCA Records 1141 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1160 Dead Can Dance Spleen And Ideal (Album) 1160 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1194 Woob Woob 1194(CD, Album) em:t 1194 UK 1994 Sell This Version
1217 This Mortal Coil Filigree & Shadow(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1217 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1265 John Rutter Requiem(CD, Album) Collegium Records 1265 Europe Unknown Sell This Version
1389 Jonas Fjeld Band Time And Motion(CD, Album, RE) Odeon 1389 Europe Unknown Sell This Version
1414 Van Dyke Parks Discover America(CD, Album, RE) Edsel Records 1414 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1446 Harold Budd / Brian Eno Harold Budd / Brian Eno - Ambient 2 The Plateaux Of Mirror(CD, Album, RP) Editions EG 1446 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1502 Dif Juz Extractions(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1502 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1598 XTC White Music(CD, Album, RE) Virgin 1598 UK 1987 Sell This Version
1599 XTC Mummer(CD, Album) Virgin 1599 UK 1987 Sell This Version
1608 Various The First Noel (The World's Greatest Christmas Music)(2xCD, Album, Comp) Intersound 1608 Canada 1997 Sell This Version
1617-2 Various Close Your Eyes(CD, Comp) Innovative Communication 1617-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
1806 Iain Mac Harg, Aron Garceau Iain Mac Harg, Aron Garceau - Highland Christmas: Carols For Scottish Bagpipes(CD, Album) Platinum Entertainment 1806 US 2007 Sell This Version
1828-2 Glen Ricks Hold On(CD, Album, Comp) Jamaican Authentic, Peter Pan Industries 1828-2 US 1995 Sell This Version
1963 Various Absolute Music 2(CD, Comp, RP) EMI, Virgin, Electra (3) 1963 Sweden Unknown Sell This Version
01972 Raphé Malik Quintet* With Glenn Spearman Raphé Malik Quintet* With Glenn Spearman - Sirens Sweet & Slow(CD, Album) Out Sounds 01972 US 1994 Sell This Version
1973 XMal Deutschland* Tocsin(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1973 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1974 XMal Deutschland* Fetisch(CD, Album) 4AD 1974 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2002-2 Allan Holdsworth Metal Fatigue(CD, Album) Enigma Records (3), Enigma Records (3), Enigma Records (3) 2002-2 UK & US 1993 Sell This Version
2006-2 Mad Lion Real Ting(CD, Album) Weeded, Nervous, Inc. 2006-2 US 1995 Sell This Version
2042 Wire The Ideal Copy(CD, Album, RP, Blu) Mute, Mute 2042 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2151 Hatfield And The North Hatfield And The North(CD, Album, RE, RP) Virgin 2151 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2243 The Edge With Michael Brook The Edge With Michael Brook - Captive(CD, Album, RE) Virgin 2243 UK Unknown Sell This Version
02252 Harvey Thomas Young Featuring Junior Brown (2) Harvey Thomas Young Featuring Junior Brown (2) - Highways Of Gold(CD, Album) Wildchild! 02252 US 1994 Sell This Version
2294 Qubism Qubism 2294(CD, Album) em:t 2294 UK 1994 Sell This Version
2300 Dead Can Dance Within The Realm Of A Dying Sun(CD, Album, RP) 4AD, 4AD 2300 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2395 R.E.M. Document(CD, Album, RP) I.R.S. Records 2395 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2416 Depeche Mode Music For The Masses (Album) 2416 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2481 Pieter NootenMichael Brook Pieter NootenMichael Brook - Sleeps With The Fishes(CD, Album, RP) 4AD 2481 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2703 The 42nd Street Singers Joseph And His Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat / Jesus Christ Superstar(CD, Comp) Intersound 2703 US 1998 Sell This Version
2820 Recoil Hydrology Plus 1 + 2(CD, Comp, RE) Mute 2820 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2824 Depeche Mode Behind The Wheel (Remix)(CD, Single, RE, RP) Mute 2824 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2834 Malcolm McLaren Duck Rock(CD, Album, RE) Charisma, Virgin, Charisma, Virgin 2834 UK & Europe Unknown Sell This Version
2864 Bauhaus Mask (Album) 2864 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2865 Bauhaus Press The Eject And Give Me The Tape(CD, Album, RP) Beggars Banquet, Beggars Banquet 2865 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2866 Bauhaus The Sky's Gone Out (Album) 2866 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2867 Bauhaus Burning From The Inside(CD, Album, RE) Beggars Banquet 2867 UK 1999 Sell This Version
2999 Erasure Ship Of Fools(CD, Single, RE) Mute 2999 UK 1988 Sell This Version
3005-2 Lounge (3) Punk Rock Superheroes(CD, EP) Triple Crown Records 3005-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
3006-2 Various The Lawrence Welk Show: T.V. Favorites(CD) Hamilton 3006-2 US 1989 Sell This Version
3044 Sibelius*, Mozart*, Jean Sibelius Quartet Sibelius*, Mozart*, Jean Sibelius Quartet - Voces Intimae - Dissonance(LP) Fuga (2) 3044 Finland 1984 Sell This Version
3045 The Fall Hip Priest And Kamerads(CD, Comp) Situation Two 3045 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3118 Peter Murphy Love Hysteria(CD, Album, RE) Beggars Banquet 3118 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3147 Fripp & Eno Evening Star(CD, Album, RE, RP) Editions EG 3147 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3187 Pixies Surfer Rosa & Come On Pilgrim (Comp) 3187 UK 1998 Sell This Version
03201 Royball Barometric(CD, Album) Vitamin Records (5) 03201 US 1995 Sell This Version
3339 Wire A Bell Is A Cup Until It Is Struck(CD, Album, RE) Mute 3339 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3394 Various em:t 3394(CD, Comp) em:t 3394 UK 1994 Sell This Version