Nimbus

Nimbus

Profile:
"Mastered by Nimbus" near the hub of a Compact Disc means the glass production master for that pressing was engineered by the CD manufacturing division of the UK-headquartered classical label Nimbus Records.

Nimbus was the first CD-manufacturing plant in the UK and the third in the world. CD pressing started in September 1984 at the Wyastone Leys Estate in Wales where they had been mastering and pressing vinyl since 1977. Through the 1980s and 1990s other CD facilities opened in the UK (Cwmbran, Wales in 1986), the USA (Ruckersville, VA in 1987, Provo, UT and Sunnyvale, CA in 1995), and Luxembourg (1997). Between 1986 and 1988 London's Virgin Megastore (2) had a mini CD pressing plant by Nimbus in their Oxford Street branch where shoppers could see the manufacturing process through insulating glass panes. In late 1992, the manufacturing division was sold and renamed to Nimbus U.S.A. In 1994 it was renamed Nimbus CD International. It then merged with UK manufacturer Damont Audio, then effectively merged with CD-ROM giant R.R. Donnelley & Sons. In 1998, it was sold to Carlton Communications (Technicolor), in turn bought in 2001 by Thomson Multimedia. Meanwhile, the Nimbus label continued to operate independently, and Nimbus Technology & Engineering, the CD/DVD mastering hardware division, merged with Optical Disc Corporation to become ODC Nimbus, makers of Nimbus Mastering Systems equipment.

"NIMBUS ENGLAND" or "MASTERED BY NIMBUS" appearing in CD matrix areas (or any other "Nimbus" reference) should be entered both as part of the matrix data and also as a company (LCCN: Glass Mastered At, name: Nimbus), which results in a listing on this page. When entering CD matrix data, include any small dots, including those that appear around the Nimbus credit; these can vary from pressing to pressing. Example—CAT 008 CD · 1:3 ·MASTERED· ·BY NIMBUS·

The dots after the catalog number indicate the pressing serial number starting with one dot and a maximum of nine dots possible. This doesn't mean that every release should start with one dot. First public pressing may start with any number of dots, if previous runs were faulty. In 90s there were laser etched numbers added after the dots that mean mother:stamper. Optional (V) after catalogue number means that CD was glass mastered at Charlottesville, Virginia plant in USA. The dots around the Nimbus credit indirectly represent the period, when the mastering was done, while being a decorative element. First pressings in 1984-1986 had no dots, later they were gradually added on both sides of credit starting from two dots (one middle dot in each line) up to five, while the last variant had only one dot between the lines. In 1997 words and dots were replaced by stylized Nimbus logo. Exact periods of credit dots are approximate and not documented so it is not allowed to use them to guess the date by now.

Around 1994 UK Nimbus plant started adding to its matrix string sequential numbering system with pattern:
XXXX before catalog number, that was later changed to YXXXX
Y = letter: A, B, C etc.
X = number
this XXXX / YXXXX pattern can be added to the LCCN section

In late 1997 or 1998, the matrix numbering scheme LUxxxxxx was introduced. This matrix number is usually accompanied by the mould SID code IFPI 7Q**, and may identify CDs manufactured at the plant in Luxembourg. This scheme was continued by Technicolor after the purchase and rebranding of Nimbus. This matrix number may also be entered in LCCN when present alongside the Nimbus logo.

Nimbus began CDV (CD-Video) disc production in late 1987.

Dr. Jonathan Halliday worked as the Technical Director for Nimbus Technology & Engineering and Nimbus Records and, in partnership with Gerald Reynolds, was responsible for developing the Nimbus Halliday Laser Beam Recorder. Dr. Halliday died on 2 June 2011 following a battle with Alzheimer's.

Nimbus was also engaged in vinyl mastering and cutting, especially in the audiophile / ultra-high quality area (UHJ encoding, Nimbus Supercut), as well as electroplating and pressing. Nimbus cut using a Neumann lathe (with advance varigrove electronics designed by Dr. Jonathan Halliday) with a Neumann SX 74 cutter head, driven by Neumann 300 watt valve amplifiers with added transistor pre-amps. For pressing they used a Hamilton automatic press and a powder vinyl mix from ICI based closely on the formula used by EMI Records.

Vinyl masterings can be identified by an etched runout string starting with "NRL" (resembles NLR), e.g. "NRL GR 3 MPKT T. JH", and later by "NIMBUS ENGLAND" or "NIMBUS LABS" stamped in the runout. The letters directly following NRL usually indicate the initials of the cutting engineer. Cutting engineers known to have worked at Nimbus include:
- Gerald Reynolds (used the etching "GR" or "GrRs")
- John Gladwyn (used the etchings "JWG" or "JG")
- Colin Dix (used the etching "CD")
- BilBo (3) (used the etching "BILBO" or "DB")

The remaining numbers and letters are thought to be internal codes used by the plant, but their exact meanings are unknown.
Sublabels
Parent Label:
Contact Info:
Nimbus Disc & Print Services
Wyastone Business Park
Monmouth, NP25 3SR, United Kingdom

Telephone: 01600 890 007

Sara Moore – Production Coordinator sara@wyastone.co.uk
Antony Smith - Business Director antony@wyastone.co.uk
Sites:
[l93218]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
0 A Selection Of Classical Highlights  album cover Various A Selection Of Classical Highlights(CD, Comp, Smplr) Marshall Cavendish 0 UK 1990 Sell This Version
1 Symphony No. 5 In C Minor, Opus 67  album cover Beethoven*, Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Otto Klemperer Beethoven*, Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Otto Klemperer - Symphony No. 5 In C Minor, Opus 67(CD, Album) Marshall Cavendish 1 UK 1990 Sell This Version
001 EMMA Compilation 94  album cover Various EMMA Compilation 94(CD, Comp, Promo) EMMA 001 UK 1994 Sell This Version
0001 Classic Defunkt  album cover Defunkt Classic Defunkt(CD, Album) Grassroots Records (4) 0001 Germany 1996 Sell This Version
001-4 The Texture Ov Despise  album cover Christ Analogue The Texture Ov Despise(CD, Album) Manifest 001-4 US 1995 Sell This Version
0001AF Diary Of A Drunken Sun  album cover Opium Den Diary Of A Drunken Sun(CD, Album) Hereafter Records 0001AF US 1993 Sell This Version
1CDMUTE135 Godhead  album cover Nitzer Ebb Godhead(CD, Single, Ltd, Num, 1/2) Mute 1CDMUTE135 UK 1991 Sell This Version
2DR0417 Giving Up The Funk  album cover Keylo Giving Up The Funk(CD, Album, RE) 2-Dope Records, Rat-Ta-Tat Records 2DR0417 US 1994 Sell This Version
2PRO 9046 Forbidden  album cover Richard Barone Forbidden(CD, Promo) Mesa Recordings 2PRO 9046 US 1993 Sell This Version
3BTCD29 It's My Time (Bon Appetite Baby)  album cover Jeanie Tracy It's My Time (Bon Appetite Baby)(CD, Single) 3 Beat Music 3BTCD29 UK 1993 Sell This Version
3D 001 Interview CD - All I Want Is...  album cover U2 Interview CD - All I Want Is...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 001 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 002 ...Ask You Once Again  - Interview CD  album cover The Beatles ...Ask You Once Again - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 002 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 003 Interview Cd Lips That Speak...  album cover The Cure Interview Cd Lips That Speak...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 003 UK 2000 Sell This Version
3D 004 Interview CD - Thoughts And Prayers  album cover The Sisters Of Mercy Interview CD - Thoughts And Prayers(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 004 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 006 Dirty Words  album cover AC/DC Dirty Words(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 006 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 008 Ask Me, Ask Me, Ask Me... - Interview CD  album cover The Smiths Ask Me, Ask Me, Ask Me... - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview CD 3D 008 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 009 Kiss ... And Tell  album cover Kiss Kiss ... And Tell(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 009 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 011 Interview CD - Speaking Only...  album cover Depeche Mode Interview CD - Speaking Only...(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 011 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 012 In The Tale - Holoview - Interview CD  album cover Sting In The Tale - Holoview - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 012 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 013 More Blah ! - Interview CD  album cover Iggy Pop More Blah ! - Interview CD(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 013 UK Unknown Sell This Version
3D 014 Full Of Secrets (Interview CD)  album cover Pink Floyd Full Of Secrets (Interview CD)(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 014 UK 1993 Sell This Version
3D 015 Newspeak - Interview CD  album cover New Order Newspeak - Interview CD(CD, Single, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 015 UK 1991 Sell This Version
3D 016 Maiden Over (Interview CD)  album cover Iron Maiden Maiden Over (Interview CD)(CD, Unofficial, Hol) Holoview Cd 3D 016 UK Unknown Sell This Version
0004 Of Beauty And Decay  album cover Nocturne (3) Of Beauty And Decay(CD) Not On Label (Nocturne (3) Self-released) 0004 US 1996 Sell This Version
4DJS 5055-2 The Ultimate Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 1  album cover No Artist The Ultimate Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 1(CD) 4DJ'S Records 4DJS 5055-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
4DJS 5056-2 The Ultimate Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 2  album cover No Artist The Ultimate Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 2(CD) 4DJ'S Records 4DJS 5056-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
4DJS 5057-2 The Ultimate Rap Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 3  album cover No Artist The Ultimate Rap Acapella CD • Acapella Synonymous Vol. 3(CD) 4DJ'S Records 4DJS 5057-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
9 Ballet Music (Extracts From 'Swan Lake', 'The Sleeping Beauty', 'The Nutcracker')  album cover Tchaikovsky* / Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra Tchaikovsky* / Vienna Symphony Orchestra*, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra - Ballet Music (Extracts From 'Swan Lake', 'The Sleeping Beauty', 'The Nutcracker')(CD, Comp) Marshall Cavendish 9 UK 1990 Sell This Version
010 Phaedrus  album cover Julian Argüelles Phaedrus(CD, Album) Ah Um 010 UK 1990 Sell This Version
12CD10 A Prayer In The Night  album cover Jihad A Prayer In The Night(CD, Album) Ras Dva Records 12CD10 US 1997 Sell This Version
12TS432 Abyssinians  album cover June Tabor Abyssinians(LP, Album) Topic Records 12TS432 UK 1983 Sell This Version
15VCD15 Volume 15 - Technology Alert!  album cover Various Volume 15 - Technology Alert!(CD, Comp + CD, Comp, Enh + Box) Volume 15VCD15 UK 1996 Sell This Version
16 Symphony No. 6 In B Minor, Opus 74 ('Pathétique')  album cover Tchaikovsky* / Utah Symphony Orchestra, Maurice Abravanel* Tchaikovsky* / Utah Symphony Orchestra, Maurice Abravanel* - Symphony No. 6 In B Minor, Opus 74 ('Pathétique')(CD, Album) Marshall Cavendish 16 UK 1990 Sell This Version
18 Ar I Said, This Is The Son Of Nihilism  album cover Keiji Haino I Said, This Is The Son Of Nihilism(CD) Table Of The Elements 18 Ar US 1995 Sell This Version
50 The Planets  album cover Holst*, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra*, Walter Susskind Holst*, St. Louis Symphony Orchestra*, Walter Susskind - The Planets(CD) The Great Composers And Their Music 50 UK 1992 Sell This Version
101TP 7CD Selling Jesus  album cover Skunk Anansie Selling Jesus(CD, Single) One Little Indian 101TP 7CD UK 1995 Sell This Version
204 Guitar Naturally  album cover Clem Clempson, Bob Foster (2) Clem Clempson, Bob Foster (2) - Guitar Naturally(CD, Album, Lib) KPM Music, KPM Music 204 UK 1992 Sell This Version
242TP7DVD All Is Full Of Love  album cover Björk All Is Full Of Love(DVD, Single, PAL) One Little Indian 242TP7DVD UK 1999 Sell This Version
0254 The Pink Opaque  album cover Cocteau Twins The Pink Opaque(CD, Comp, RE) 4AD, Relativity 0254 UK & US Unknown Sell This Version
0285 The Legend Of Billie Holiday  album cover Billie Holiday The Legend Of Billie Holiday(CD, Comp) MCA Records 0285 UK Unknown Sell This Version
02-98 Sunfall Festival On The Verge(CD, Album) Not On Label (Sunfall Festival Self-released) 02-98 US 1998 Sell This Version
0358 Les Misérables - The Original London Cast  album cover Alain Boublil And Claude-Michel Schönberg Alain Boublil And Claude-Michel Schönberg - Les Misérables - The Original London Cast(2xCD, RE) First Night Records 0358 UK Unknown Sell This Version
0368 1979-1983 Volume One  album cover Bauhaus 1979-1983 Volume One(CD, Comp, RE) Beggars Banquet 0368 UK Unknown Sell This Version
405 Live At J's - Part 1  album cover Claude Williams Live At J's - Part 1(CD, Album) Arhoolie Records 405 US 1993 Sell This Version
0406 1979-1983 Volume Two  album cover Bauhaus 1979-1983 Volume Two(CD, Comp, RE) Beggars Banquet 0406 UK 1997 Sell This Version
406 Live At J's - Part 2  album cover Claude Williams Live At J's - Part 2(CD, Album) Arhoolie Records 406 US 1993 Sell This Version
0410 The Singles 81 - 85  album cover Depeche Mode The Singles 81 - 85(CD, Comp, RP) Mute 0410 UK Unknown Sell This Version
463 Aubrey Ghent & Friends - Can't Nobody Do Me Like Jesus   album cover Aubrey Ghent Aubrey Ghent & Friends - Can't Nobody Do Me Like Jesus (CD) Arhoolie Records, Arhoolie Records, Arhoolie Records, Arhoolie Records 463 US 1997 Sell This Version
504 CD 51 The Famous Manchester Free Trade Hall Concert - 2nd Half  album cover George Lewis (2) With Ken Colyer's Jazzmen 1957* George Lewis (2) With Ken Colyer's Jazzmen 1957* - The Famous Manchester Free Trade Hall Concert - 2nd Half(CD, Album) 504 Records 504 CD 51 UK 1994 Sell This Version
00802 No Greater Love  album cover Keith Staten No Greater Love(CD, Album) Glorious Music 00802 UK 1995 Sell This Version
894 Extreme Heat  album cover Unknown Artist Extreme Heat(CD, Enh, Mix) PowerSource 894 US 1994 Sell This Version
0951 Re/Search: Incredibly Strange Music, Volume II  album cover Various Re/Search: Incredibly Strange Music, Volume II(CD, Comp) Asphodel 0951 US 1995 Sell This Version
1008 This Morning  album cover Lammas This Morning(CD, Album) EFZ 1008 UK 1994 Sell This Version
1030 Tiny Dynamine • Echoes In A Shallow Bay  album cover Cocteau Twins Tiny Dynamine • Echoes In A Shallow Bay(CD, Comp, RP) 4AD 1030 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1045 Eugène Ysaÿe - New York, December 1912  album cover Eugène Ysaÿe, Camille Decreus* With The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra* Eugène Ysaÿe, Camille Decreus* With The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra* - Eugène Ysaÿe - New York, December 1912(CD, Comp) Symposium Records 1045 UK 1986 Sell This Version
1054 Garlands  album cover Cocteau Twins Garlands(CD, Album, RE, RP) 4AD 1054 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1108 Colourbox  album cover Colourbox Colourbox(CD, Album, RP) 4AD 1108 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1141 Golden Greats  album cover The Mamas And The Papas* Golden Greats(CD, Comp, RE) MCA Records 1141 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1160 Spleen And Ideal  album cover Dead Can Dance Spleen And Ideal(CD, Album, RP) 4AD 1160 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1192 CD1  album cover Throbbing Gristle CD1(CD, Album, RE) Mute 1192 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1194 Woob 1194  album cover Woob Woob 1194(CD, Album) em:t 1194 UK 1994 Sell This Version
1217 Filigree & Shadow  album cover This Mortal Coil Filigree & Shadow(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1217 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1265 Requiem  album cover John Rutter Requiem(CD, Album) Collegium Records 1265 Europe Unknown Sell This Version
1365-2 Top 40 Volume 5 Dance (Step & Aerobics)  album cover Unknown Artist Top 40 Volume 5 Dance (Step & Aerobics)(2xCD, Mixed) Power Music 1365-2 US 1997 Sell This Version
1389 Time And Motion  album cover Jonas Fjeld Band Time And Motion(CD, Album, RE) Odeon 1389 Europe Unknown Sell This Version
1414 Discover America  album cover Van Dyke Parks Discover America(CD, Album, RE) Edsel Records 1414 UK Unknown Sell This Version
01432 Solo Spirit  album cover Larry Willis Solo Spirit(CD, Album) Mapleshade Records 01432 US 1993 Sell This Version
1446 Harold Budd / Brian Eno Harold Budd / Brian Eno - Ambient 2 The Plateaux Of Mirror(CD, Album, RP) Editions EG 1446 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1502 Extractions  album cover Dif Juz Extractions(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1502 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1598 White Music  album cover XTC White Music(CD, Album, RE) Virgin 1598 UK 1987 Sell This Version
1608 The First Noel (The World's Greatest Christmas Music)  album cover Various The First Noel (The World's Greatest Christmas Music)(2xCD, Album, Comp) Intersound 1608 Canada 1997 Sell This Version
1615-2 Floating Music  album cover Various Floating Music(CD, Comp) Innovative Communication 1615-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
1617-2 Close Your Eyes  album cover Various Close Your Eyes(CD, Comp) Innovative Communication 1617-2 US 1998 Sell This Version
1806 Highland Christmas: Carols For Scottish Bagpipes  album cover Iain Mac Harg, Aron Garceau Iain Mac Harg, Aron Garceau - Highland Christmas: Carols For Scottish Bagpipes(CD, Album) Platinum Entertainment 1806 US 2007 Sell This Version
1828-2 Hold On  album cover Glen Ricks Hold On(CD, Album) Jamaican Authentic, Peter Pan Industries 1828-2 US 1995 Sell This Version
1963 Absolute Music 2  album cover Various Absolute Music 2(CD, Comp, RP) EMI, Virgin, Electra (3) 1963 Sweden Unknown Sell This Version
01972 Sirens Sweet & Slow  album cover Raphé Malik Quintet* With Glenn Spearman Raphé Malik Quintet* With Glenn Spearman - Sirens Sweet & Slow(CD, Album) Out Sounds 01972 US 1994 Sell This Version
1973 Tocsin  album cover XMal Deutschland* Tocsin(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1973 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1974 Fetisch  album cover XMal Deutschland* Fetisch(CD, Album, RE) 4AD 1974 UK Unknown Sell This Version
1991 Strangelove  album cover Depeche Mode Strangelove(CD, Single, RE, RP) Mute, Mute 1991 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2006-2 Real Ting  album cover Mad Lion Real Ting(CD, Album) Weeded, Nervous, Inc. 2006-2 US 1995 Sell This Version
2042 The Ideal Copy  album cover Wire The Ideal Copy(CD, Album, RP, Blu) Mute, Mute 2042 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2151 Hatfield And The North  album cover Hatfield And The North Hatfield And The North(CD, Album, RE, RP) Virgin 2151 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2243 Captive  album cover The Edge With Michael Brook The Edge With Michael Brook - Captive(CD, Album, RE) Virgin 2243 UK Unknown Sell This Version
02252 Highways Of Gold  album cover Harvey Thomas Young Featuring Junior Brown (2) Harvey Thomas Young Featuring Junior Brown (2) - Highways Of Gold(CD, Album) Wildchild! 02252 US 1994 Sell This Version
2294 Qubism 2294  album cover Qubism Qubism 2294(CD, Album) em:t 2294 UK 1994 Sell This Version
2300 Within The Realm Of A Dying Sun  album cover Dead Can Dance Within The Realm Of A Dying Sun(CD, Album, RP) 4AD, 4AD 2300 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2395 Document  album cover R.E.M. Document(CD, Album, RP) I.R.S. Records 2395 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2408 Never Let Me Down Again  album cover Depeche Mode Never Let Me Down Again(CD, Single, RE, RP) Mute, Mute 2408 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2416 Music For The Masses  album cover Depeche Mode Music For The Masses (Album) 2416 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2481 Sleeps With The Fishes  album cover Pieter NootenMichael Brook Pieter NootenMichael Brook - Sleeps With The Fishes(CD, Album, RP) 4AD 2481 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2520 Erasure The Two Ring Circus(CD, Album, RP) Mute 2520 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2703 Joseph And His Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat / Jesus Christ Superstar  album cover The 42nd Street Singers Joseph And His Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat / Jesus Christ Superstar(CD, Comp) Intersound 2703 US 1998 Sell This Version
2820 Hydrology Plus 1 + 2  album cover Recoil Hydrology Plus 1 + 2(CD, Comp, RE) Mute 2820 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2824 Behind The Wheel (Remix)  album cover Depeche Mode Behind The Wheel (Remix)(CD, Single, RE, RP) Mute 2824 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2834 Duck Rock  album cover Malcolm McLaren Duck Rock(CD, Album, RE) Charisma, Virgin, Charisma, Virgin 2834 UK & Europe Unknown Sell This Version
2864 Mask  album cover Bauhaus Mask (Album) 2864 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2865 Press The Eject And Give Me The Tape  album cover Bauhaus Press The Eject And Give Me The Tape(CD, Album, RP) Beggars Banquet, Beggars Banquet 2865 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2866 The Sky's Gone Out  album cover Bauhaus The Sky's Gone Out (Album) 2866 UK Unknown Sell This Version
2867 Burning From The Inside  album cover Bauhaus Burning From The Inside(CD, Album, RE) Beggars Banquet 2867 UK 1999 Sell This Version