Lawrence E. LichtSounds And Song By Animals At The Metro Toronto Zoo

Label:Not On Label – WRC5-494
Vinyl, 7", 33 ⅓ RPM, Album
Style:Field Recording


Indo-Malaysia (5:03)
A1Band 1 - Overall Background Of Mixed Bird Species: Barred Ground Dove, Black-Winged Mynah, Tiger Finch, Crested Wood Partridge, Pekin Robin
A2Band 2 - Argus Pheasant: A Penetrating Call That Can Attract Female Birds To The Male's Territory
A3Band 3 - Tiger Finch: Breeding Call, One Of The Most Melodic Of All Birds
A4Band 4 - Hill Mynah: A Variety Of Sounds By A Marvelous Mimic
A5Band 5 - Fairy Bluebird: The Male Breeding Call
A6Band 6 - Great Hornbills: Two Birds Perched On A Limb, Knocking Beaks Together Then Flying Away
A7Band 7 - White-Hooded Gibbon: Loud Hoots Which Can Be Given By Both Male And Female Monkeys From Their Forest Home
Africa (6:47)
B1Band 1 - Crickets: Often The Only Sound Heard In The Stillness Of The African Night
B2Band 2 - Trumpeter Hornbills: These Raucous Calls Carry Long Distances During The Nesting Season
B3Band 3 - Whistling Ducks And Black-Necked Swan: The Swan Heard At The End Of The Band Is Guarding His Nest
B4Band 4 - Blue-Eared Glossy Starling: Another Good Mimic Of The Bird World
B5Band 5 - Mandrill: Vocal Warning To Frighten Enemies
B6Band 6 - Lowland Gorillas: Floor Stomping, Window Beating, Bath Splashing, Chest Pounding, Grunts And Screams

Companies, etc.


Produced by Dr. Lawrence E. Licht, Animal Biologist, York University
Cover art by Gillian Licht
Thanks to Mr. T.W. Thompson, Zoo Director, for access to record at the Zoo Pavilions

For further information write:
72 West Lynn Ave, Toronto, Ontario M4C 3W2

Included essay "Animal Communication" inside fold open sleeve:
All animals have certain needs in order to survive. They must get food for energy and avoid being eaten themselves by other animals searching for food. When ready, each finds a mate and breeds, an activity which sustains the existence of its kind.
Like human beings all animals live around others both alike and different from themselves. Animal communication takes place when one animal sends information to another, usually trying to influence its behaviour. The information sent is often related to their needs and may be about food or defense or breeding.
What are the ways that animals communicate? For example, how do mammals, birds, or amphibians send messages to each other? There are several ways. Visual signals, those using sight, are very common. Two cats in the park communicate using bared fangs and raised fur. One cat can show hostility and may be defending its territory or stomping grounds. A young lion cub watches its mother hunt and by use of visual signals the mother teaches her offspring how to get its own food.
Other types of communication between animals depend on smell (olfaction), or on touch (tactile) senses. Dogs will leave drops of urine on trees or fenceposts as a way of marking their presence in that area. Other dogs are able to smell the scent left by the first dog and so they gain the olfactory message that another dog has been there.
Touch is used when individuals actually make physical contact with each other. A mother chimpanzee will put her arms around her young as a sign of comfort, letting the infant feel that it is safe and protected. Of course, touch can be hostile if one animal wants to communicate anger and threaten another by biting, scratching or kicking.
One very important method of communication is carried out by sound (auditory) signals. Many animals, especially mammals and birds, but also frogs, fish and insects, are capable of hearing and of making sounds which contain information to be transmitted to others. The sounds may be actual vocalizations produced by vocal chords or syrinx. We all have heard birds singing, dogs barking, cats howling and toads calling. As well as these vocal sounds there are other types of animal sounds which transmit information, such as woodpeckers hammering on trees, grouse drumming their winds and insects rubbing their legs across their wings.
By the use of sound signals of all types, especially vocalization, higher animals can communicate a great deal to each other. A young robin chirps when its parents are near, letting them know it wants food. A raccoon can growl in a way which immediately warns its family of danger. A male Whitecrown Sparrow sings from trees in its territory advertising its presence. Its song can attract females to its area as well as tell other male competitors to stay away.
Between animals of the same species, sounds are very useful. To our human ear, however, these sounds may not mean what they do to the animals themselves. Each animal species which can produce songs or calls has its own language which we humans cannot speak. But we can appreciate the natural beauty of these sounds. The songs of some birds are so pleasant to hear that the finest musician would have loved to compose such melodies. In fact, much music has been inspired by birds and insects.
On this record you will hear real instances of sound communication by animals in the Toronto Zoo's Indo-Malaysian and African Pavilions. As you listen to these sounds, enjoy them as music while knowing that in their own way, the animals making them are actually talking to each other.

Barcode and Other Identifiers

  • Matrix / Runout (Side 1): WRC5-494-A "K" TLC
  • Matrix / Runout (Side 2): WRC5-494-B "K" TLC

Other Versions (1)

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Title (Format)LabelCat#CountryYear
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Sounds And Song By Animals At The Metro Toronto Zoo (7", 33 ⅓ RPM, Album)ZOOphonic Harmony, Natural Harmony ProductionsQCS-1451Canada1978



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