Aram Khatchaturian

Настоящее имя:
Արամ Եղիայի Խաչատրյան (Арам Ильич Хачатурян, Aram Ilyich Khachaturian)
Профиль:
Aram Khachaturian or Арам Хачатурян (1903–1978) was an Armenian composer and conductor, husband of Nina Vladimirovna Makarova (1908–1976) and uncle of composer Karen Khachaturian (1920–2011). Considered one of the leading Soviet composers of the 20th century, he is a national hero in Armenia. He survived the Soviet regime relatively unscathed, but was in turn humiliated and rewarded by it, receiving awards and titles like "People's Artist of the USSR" (1954), "Hero of Socialist Labour" (1973), the Lenin Prize (1959), four Stalin Prizes (1941–50), and the USSR State Prize (1968) - as well as being branded "fundamentally incorrect", being sent into internal exile, and finding himself obliged to make a forced public apology for his work.

Born and raised in Tbilisi, Khachaturian moved to Moscow in 1921 and enrolled in the Gnesin Musical Institute to study the cello. In 1925, he joined a newly established composition class led by Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin. He continued his studies in composition with Nikolai Myaskovsky in 1929 at the Moscow Conservatory, also taking orchestration lessons from Reinhold Glière. In 1933, he married the composer Nina Makarova, a fellow student from Myaskovsky's class. He graduated from the Conservatory in 1934, and received his Ph.D. two years later.

Khachaturian gained recognition and fame for one of the first major compositions, the Piano Concerto (1936). Other significant works include the Masquerade Suite (1941), Violin Concerto (1940) and Cello Concerto (1946), the Anthem of the Armenian SSR (1944), ballets Gayane (1942) and Spartacus (1954), three symphonies composed from 1935 to 1947, and over twenty film scores. His best-known piece, the 'Sabre Dance' from Gayane, has been covered by numerous musicians and used extensively in popular culture.

During most of his career, Soviet regime gave Khachaturian approval, and he held several high posts in the Union of Soviet Composers. He joined the Communist Party in 1943. Five years later, Aram was named as one of the leading figures of the "fundamentally incorrect" formalist direction in music alongside with Sergei Prokofiev, Dmitri Shostakovich, Dmitry Kabalevsky, Vissarion Shebalin and Myaskovsky. Their music was denounced as "anti-national." Khachaturian made public apology for his "artistic errors" and was sent away to Armenia as a punishment. The decision to ban the composer was entirely in keeping with the dangerously capricious nature of the regime under Stalin, and, ultimately, he did not change his musical style at all. He was rehabilitated fairly quickly, when his music was used for the documentary film Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1949).

In 1950, he began performing as a conductor and started teaching composition at the Gnessin Institute and Moscow Conservatory. Some of his notable students included عزيز الشوان, Андрей Эшпай, Anatol Vieru, Edgar Oganesyan, Микаэл Таривердиев, Марк Минков, Алексей Рыбников, Толиб Шахиди, Georgs Pelēcis, [Invalid Artist], Nodar Gabunia, [Invalid Artist], Владимир Дашкевич, Кирилл Волков, Viktor Ekimovsky, and Игорь Якушенко.

Name variations: Aram Il'yich Khachaturian, Aram Illich Khachaturian, Aram Xačatryan, Արամ Խաչատրյան, Арам Ильич Хачатурян, Арам Хачатрян
Вебсайты:
Вариации:
A I Khachaturian, A I Khatchaturian, A Khachaturian, A Khatchaturian, A. Chačaturian, A. Chačaturianas, A. Chačaturjan, A. Chačaturjanas, A. Chaczaturian, A. Chatjaturjan, A. Chatschaturjan, A. Chatsjatoerjan, A. Hačaturian, A. Hačaturijan, A. Hačaturjan, A. Hachaturian, A. Haciaturian, A. Hacsaturján, A. Hatšaturjan, A. I. Khachaturian, A. I. Khatchaturian, A. Il'yich Khatchaturian, A. Kachaturian, A. Kaciaturian, A. Katchatourian, A. Katchaturian, A. Katchaturijan, A. Katchaturjan, A. Katsjatoerian, A. Katsjatoerjan, A. Khachadourian, A. Khachaturaian, A. Khachaturian, A. Khachaturjan, A. Khachaturyan, A. Khachatwian, A. Khatcaturian, A. Khatcharturian, A. Khatchatourian, A. Khatchaturian, A. Khatchaturyan, A. Khatchturian, A. Khatschaturian, A. Khatsjatoerian, A. Khatsjaturian, A.I. Chatschaturjan, A.I. Haciaturian, A.I. Khatchaturian, A.Khachaturian, A.Khatchaturian, A.Khatchturian, Aaram Haciaturian, Aaram Khatchaturian, Adam Katschaturian, Adam Khatschaturian, Adnan Khatchaturian, Alexander Chatschaturjan, Amram Katchaturiam, Amram Khachaturian, Amran Khachaturian, Aram Chačaturian, Aram Chačaturjan, Aram Chaczaturian, Aram Chatchaturjan, Aram Chatjaturjan, Aram Chatjutarjan, Aram Chatschaturian, Aram Chatschaturjan, Aram Chatshaturjan, Aram Chatsjatoerjan, Aram Chjatjaturjan, Aram Hačaturijan, Aram Hačaturjan, Aram Hachaturian, Aram Haciaturian, Aram Hacsaturján, Aram Hatšaturjan, Aram I. Chatschaturjan, Aram Il'Ych Khatchaturian, Aram Il'yich Khachaturian, Aram Il'yich Khatchaturian, Aram Il’yich Khachaturian, Aram Ilic Khaciaturjan, Aram Ilich Jachaturián, Aram Ilich Khachaturian, Aram Ilich Khatchaturyan, Aram Ilitch Khatchaturian, Aram Iljič Chačaturjan, Aram Iljitsch Chatschaturjan, Aram Iljitsch Khachaturian, Aram Iljitsch Khatchaturian, Aram Illitch Khatchaturian, Aram Ilych Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich Khatchaturian, Aram Kacaturian, Aram Kachaturian, Aram Kaciaturian, Aram Katchaturian, Aram Katschaturian, Aram Kchaczaturian, Aram Khačaturjan, Aram Khachatourian, Aram Khachaturiam, Aram Khachaturian, Aram Khachaturjan, Aram Khachaturyan, Aram Khachturian, Aram Khaciaturian, Aram Khaciaturjan, Aram Khatchatourian, Aram Khatchaturjan, Aram Khatjaturian, Aram Khatschaturian, Aram Khatschaturjan, Aram Khatsjatoerian, Aram Khatsjatoerjan, Aram Сhatschaturjan, Arams Hačaturjans, Aran Khachaturian, Chaczaturian, Chatjaturjan, Chatschaturian, Chatschaturjan, Chatsjatoerjan, Chjatjaturjan, E. Chatchaturjan, Hačaturijan, Hačaturjan, Hachaturian, Haciaturian, Hacsaturján, Hascaturján, Hatšaturian, Hatšaturjan, Hatshaturjan, Kachaturian, Kaciaturian, Karen Chatschaturjan, Katchachurian, Katchatourian, Katchaturia, Katchaturian, Katchaturyan, Katjaturian, Katschaturian, Katsjakturian, Kchatchaturian, Kha Chaturian, Khachachurian, Khachatourian, Khachaturian, Khachaturian A., Khachaturian, Aram Ilyich, Khachaturjan, Khachaturyan, Khachatyrian, Khachturian, Khaciaturian, Khackaturian, Kharha turian, Khatatchurian, Khatchachourian, Khatchadourian, Khatchaoturian, Khatchatourian, Khatchaturian A. I., Khatchaturian A.I., Khatchaturian, Aram Il'yich, Khatchaturjan, Khatchaturyan, Khatchturian, Khatehaturian, Khatschaturian, Khatschchaturian, Khatsjatoerian, Khatsjaturjan, Knachaturan, R. I. Khachaturjian, R.I.Khachaturjan, V. Khachaturyan, А. Xaчaтypян, А. Хачатурян, А. Хачятурян, А.И. Хачатурян, А.Хачатурян, Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян, Арам Хачатурян, Хачатурян, Хачатурян Арам, アラム・ハチャトゥリャン, ハチャトゥリアン

Albums

MM664, MM 664 Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne Ballet Suite обложка альбома Khatchaturian*, Philharmonic-Symphony Orch. Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz Khatchaturian*, Philharmonic-Symphony Orch. Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz - Gayne Ballet Suite(3xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks, Columbia Masterworks MM664, MM 664 US 1947 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto For Violin And Orchestra обложка альбома Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh*, Russian State Symphony Orchestra & Alexander Gauk Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh*, Russian State Symphony Orchestra & Alexander Gauk - Concerto For Violin And Orchestra Mercury Classics (3) US 1948 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Masquerade Suite / Francesca Da Rimini, Symphonic Fantasia, Op. 32 обложка альбома Khachaturian* / Tchaikovsky* - Leopold Stokowski Conducting The Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* Khachaturian* / Tchaikovsky* - Leopold Stokowski Conducting The Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* - Masquerade Suite / Francesca Da Rimini, Symphonic Fantasia, Op. 32 Columbia Masterworks US 1948 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne - Ballet Suites Nos. 1 and 2 обложка альбома Khachaturian*, Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Efrem Kurtz Khachaturian*, Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Efrem Kurtz - Gayne - Ballet Suites Nos. 1 and 2 Columbia Masterworks US 1948 Продать эту версию
MX 292 Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne Ballet Suite #2 обложка альбома Khatchaturian* : Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz Khatchaturian* : Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York* Conducted By Efrem Kurtz - Gayne Ballet Suite #2(2xShellac, 12", Album) Columbia Masterworks MX 292 US 1948 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto for Piano and Orchestra обложка альбома Khachaturian*Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Oscar Levant Khachaturian*Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra Of New York*, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Oscar Levant - Concerto for Piano and Orchestra (Album) Columbia Masterworks US 1950 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra обложка альбома Khatchaturian* - William Kapell, Serge Koussevitzky, Boston Symphony Orchestra Khatchaturian* - William Kapell, Serge Koussevitzky, Boston Symphony Orchestra - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra (Album) RCA Victor Red Seal US 1946 Продать эту версию
CE 1002 Aram Khatchaturian - Trio For Clarinet, Piano And Violin / Sonata For Violin And Piano обложка альбома Khachaturian* / Ravel* Khachaturian* / Ravel* - Trio For Clarinet, Piano And Violin / Sonata For Violin And Piano(LP, Mono) Classic Editions CE 1002 US 1950 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Концерт Для Скрипки С Оркестром обложка альбома А. Хачатурян* - Леонид Коган*, Симф. Оркестр ВРК* А. Хачатурян* - Леонид Коган*, Симф. Оркестр ВРК* - Концерт Для Скрипки С Оркестром Апрелевский Завод, Апрелевский Завод USSR 1952 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Piano Concerto обложка альбома Khachaturian* - Margot Pinter, Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin*, Arthur Rother* Khachaturian* - Margot Pinter, Symphony Orchestra Of Radio Berlin*, Arthur Rother* - Piano Concerto Urania Records (3) US 1953 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto For 'Cello And Orchestra (1946) обложка альбома Khachaturian*, Sviatoslav Knushevitsky, State Orchestra Of The U.S.S.R.*, Alexander Gauk Khachaturian*, Sviatoslav Knushevitsky, State Orchestra Of The U.S.S.R.*, Alexander Gauk - Concerto For 'Cello And Orchestra (1946) (Album) Vanguard US 1953 Продать эту версию
PLS-14 Aram Khatchaturian - Suite "Masquerade" /  From Ballet "Red Poppy", Overture Of Celebration обложка альбома Khatchaturjan* / Glière* Khatchaturjan* / Glière* - Suite "Masquerade" / From Ballet "Red Poppy", Overture Of Celebration(LP) Shinsekai Record PLS-14 Japan 1953 Продать эту версию
CRLP 136 Aram Khatchaturian - Symphony No. 2 обложка альбома Khachaturian*, National Philharmonic Orchestra Khachaturian*, National Philharmonic Orchestra - Symphony No. 2(LP, Mono) Colosseum (4) CRLP 136 US 1953 Продать эту версию
VRS-6020 Aram Khatchaturian - A David Oistrakh Recital обложка альбома Prokofiev*, Tchaikovsky*, Rachmaninoff*, Brahms*, Glazounov*, Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh* Prokofiev*, Tchaikovsky*, Rachmaninoff*, Brahms*, Glazounov*, Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh* - A David Oistrakh Recital(LP, Mono) Vanguard VRS-6020 US 1954 Продать эту версию
33C 1043 Aram Khatchaturian - Masquerade And In Memoriam обложка альбома Khachaturian*Philharmonia Orchestra, Aram Khachaturian* Khachaturian*Philharmonia Orchestra, Aram Khachaturian* - Masquerade And In Memoriam(10", Mono) Columbia 33C 1043 UK 1954 Продать эту версию
VRS-6020 Aram Khatchaturian - A David Oistrakh Recital обложка альбома Prokofiev*, Tchaikovsky*, Rachmaninoff*, Brahms*, Glazounov*, Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh* Prokofiev*, Tchaikovsky*, Rachmaninoff*, Brahms*, Glazounov*, Khachaturian* - David Oistrakh* - A David Oistrakh Recital(LP, Mono) Vanguard VRS-6020 US 1954 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Violin Concerto обложка альбома David Oistrakh* And The Philharmonia Orchestra Conducted By Aram Khachaturian* David Oistrakh* And The Philharmonia Orchestra Conducted By Aram Khachaturian* - Violin Concerto (Album) Columbia UK 1955 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Khatchaturian Violin Concerto обложка альбома Khatchaturian* - Igor Oistrakh*, Philharmonia Orchestra, Eugene Goossens* Khatchaturian* - Igor Oistrakh*, Philharmonia Orchestra, Eugene Goossens* - Khatchaturian Violin Concerto (Album) Angel Records US 1955 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne Suite / Masquerade обложка альбома Aram Khatchaturian, Philharmonia Orchestra Aram Khatchaturian, Philharmonia Orchestra - Gayne Suite / Masquerade (Album) Angel Records, Angel Records US 1955 Продать эту версию
SPL 709 Aram Khatchaturian - Violin Concerto / Violin Concerto обложка альбома Oistrakh*Khachaturian* / Rakov* Oistrakh*Khachaturian* / Rakov* - Violin Concerto / Violin Concerto(LP, Album) Period Records SPL 709 US 1955 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Концерт Для Фортепиано С Оркестром = Concerto For Piano And Orchestra обложка альбома A. Khachaturyan* - L. Oborin*, USSR Radio Symphony Orchestra* A. Khachaturyan* - L. Oborin*, USSR Radio Symphony Orchestra* - Концерт Для Фортепиано С Оркестром = Concerto For Piano And Orchestra Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga USSR 1956 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne Ballet Suite / The Comedians, Op.26 обложка альбома Khatchaturian*, Kabalevsky*, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy Khatchaturian*, Kabalevsky*, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy - Gayne Ballet Suite / The Comedians, Op.26 Columbia US 1956 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Kreutzer Sonata / Sonata In D Major / Chanson Poème / Dance In B Flat Major обложка альбома David Oistrakh*Ludwig van Beethoven / Jean Marie Leclair* / Aram Ilich Khachaturian* David Oistrakh*Ludwig van Beethoven / Jean Marie Leclair* / Aram Ilich Khachaturian* - Kreutzer Sonata / Sonata In D Major / Chanson Poème / Dance In B Flat Major Music-Appreciation Records US 1957 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra обложка альбома Khatchaturian* - Leonard Pennario, The Concert Arts Symphony Orchestra*, Felix Slatkin Khatchaturian* - Leonard Pennario, The Concert Arts Symphony Orchestra*, Felix Slatkin - Concerto For Piano And Orchestra Capitol Records, Capitol Records Canada 1957 Продать эту версию
Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne: Ballet Suite обложка альбома Hermann Scherchen, Orchester Der Wiener Staatsoper, Aram Khatchaturian Hermann Scherchen, Orchester Der Wiener Staatsoper, Aram Khatchaturian - Gayne: Ballet Suite (Album) Westminster Recording Co., Inc. US 1957 Продать эту версию