How to write a PhD thesis, what to pay attention to
A PhD thesis is written in stages, in exact accordance with the plan and deadlines for providing interim progress reports. Writing begins with work with the literature: it is necessary to select a pool of authoritative publications that publish materials relevant to the topic of the study, to determine the key researchers involved in similar issues. Read more here:

Since the content of the thesis should have scientific novelty, it is recommended to refer to scientific journals to find the necessary information - it is there that the most relevant materials are published. It is recommended to include data from articles published no later than five years before writing the thesis - the use of outdated sources can be a reason to criticize the work at its defense.

The preparation of the thesis should go in parallel with the scientific and pedagogical work of the thesis candidate - writing and publishing research articles, teaching practice and passing interim attestations.

Published research papers of the degree candidate can become a part of his/her dissertation research. Having a certain number of published articles is also a prerequisite for postgraduate study.

The text of the thesis must be designed in accordance with the requirements of GOST:

Observed the necessary intervals and indents;
The title page and the content of the work is completed;
All illustrative material is numbered and signed;
The list of references is formed;
Correctly designed citation of borrowed fragments;
The appendices with figures, schemes, tables were composed;
The reference and reference apparatus is used.
The requirements of GOST also apply to the thesis abstract, which is an obligatory appendix to the work. Requirements for writing the text for the thesis abstract are specified in the methodological recommendations for graduate students of each department of higher education institution.

Motivation for writing a PhD thesis
Understand the purpose
Before you start collecting information for your future dissertation, you need to answer the question - why exactly do you need it? It takes serious motivation to do it. Writing a dissertation is a hard work of many years, which, to a large extent, consists in the study of literature and scientific works of scientists. Practice shows that 2-3 people out of 10 come to protection.

Science and a dissertation are not equal values.
Getting a degree does not guarantee obligatory achievements in science in the future, the opposite is true - the lack does not put an end to the prospects of successful development. History knows hundreds of examples of scientific discoveries made by talented scientists without degrees. Those with all possible titles and regalia often have nothing to do with science.

Maintaining a balance between effort and results
In order not to be disappointed at the end of the road, it is necessary to commensurate effort, which are put into the work, and the result, which is planned to obtain. If a graduate student writes work "with his hands down", not getting satisfaction from the process, then the dissertation will turn out to be "boring", uninteresting. The opposite is true - a person lives the work, puts tremendous effort into the writing, and in the end he may be disappointed. When he realizes that the tremendous work that was done was prepared only to pass the defense procedure.

More time to devote to what will be read
As sad as it may sound - the entire dissertation will be read only by you and, perhaps, the supervisor. The main mass of researchers are interested in: the introduction, the novelty that is in the work, the provisions put to the defense, a list of your published works. It is these elements of the paper that are worth the most attention.