Description

Drawing on rebetiko's westernization by [Tsitsanis](https://www.discogs.com/artist/954018-%CE%92%CE%B1%CF%83%CE%AF%CE%BB%CE%B7%CF%82-%CE%A4%CF%83%CE%B9%CF%84%CF%83%CE%AC%CE%BD%CE%B7%CF%82) and [Chiotis](https://www.discogs.com/artist/1022127-%CE%9C%CE%B1%CE%BD%CF%8E%CE%BB%CE%B7%CF%82-%CE%A7%CE%B9%CF%8E%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82), éntekhno arose in the late 1950s. Éntekhno (lit. meaning 'art song') is orchestral music with elements from Greek folk rhythm and melody; its lyrical themes are often based on the work of famous Greek poets. As opposed to other forms of Greek urban folk music, éntekhno concerts would often take place outside a hall or a night club in the open air. [Mikis Theodorakis](https://www.discogs.com/artist/164808-Mikis-Theodorakis) and [Manos Hadjidakis](https://www.discogs.com/artist/505454-Manos-Hadjidakis) were the most popular early composers of éntekhno song cycles. They were both educated in Classical music and -among other reasons- the lacking of a wide public for this kind of music in Greece, drove them to the invention of Éntekhno, in which they transferred some values of Classical Music alias Western Art Music (i.e. mind-oriented music). Other significant Greek songwriters included [Stavros Kouyoumtzis](https://www.discogs.com/artist/947751-%CE%A3%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%8D%CF%81%CE%BF%CF%82-%CE%9A%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BC%CF%84%CE%B6%CE%AE%CF%82), [Manos Loizos](https://www.discogs.com/artist/3234131-%CE%9C%CE%AC%CE%BD%CE%BF%CF%82-%CE%9B%CE%BF%CE%90%CE%B6%CE%BF%CF%82), and [Dimos Moutsis](https://www.discogs.com/artist/939310-%CE%94%CE%AE%CE%BC%CE%BF%CF%82-%CE%9C%CE%BF%CF%8D%CF%84%CF%83%CE%B7%CF%82). Significant lyricists of this genre are [Nikos Gatsos](https://www.discogs.com/artist/938451-%CE%9D%CE%AF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CF%82-%CE%93%CE%BA%CE%AC%CF%84%CF%83%CE%BF%CF%82), [Manos Eleftheriou](https://www.discogs.com/artist/947753-%CE%9C%CE%AC%CE%BD%CE%BF%CF%82-%CE%95%CE%BB%CE%B5%CF%85%CE%B8%CE%B5%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%BF%CF%85) and poet [Tassos Livaditis](https://www.discogs.com/artist/853263-Tassos-Livaditis). By the 1960s, innovative albums helped éntekhno become close to mainstream, and also led to its appropriation by the film industry for use in soundtracks. A form of éntekhno which is even closer to western classical music was introduced during the late 1970s and 1980s by [Thanos Mikroutsikos](https://www.discogs.com/artist/658545-Thanos-Mikroutsikos).
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