Disco was one of the first prominent forms of commercial music to go against the typical Rock & Roll beat (kick-snare-kick-snare) and use the "four-to-the-floor" rhythm -- four beats of kick drum instead (kick-kick-kick-kick). It also often uses simple closed hi-hats on all the eighths, or open hi-hats on the off beat (the 4 eighths in between the kicks), providing a monotonous, easily danced-to backbeat for dancing. There's usually a prominent bass guitar track. In early disco, arrangements were played by funk bands, so the melodies were played on horns or sung by vocalists. Later disco featured increased use of symphonic instruments (mostly string orchestras) or synthesizers for melodic components. Disco has little or no blues elements, further alienating it from rock'n'roll. Disco grew out of the funk explosion of the late sixties. When funk was combined with the extended club mixes being sought and edited by US DJs and the lush Philly soul of Gamble and Huff, Disco was born. MFSB's "Love is The Message" is often regarded as the first disco record. By the mid 70s labels like Salsoul and TK, amongst many, were dominating the dancefloors of the world with Disco and with the movie "Saturday Night Fever" it crossed into the pop mainstream. By 1979 urban disco was mutating into what was known as Boogie and the more raw Funk and NY Garage of the 1980s. See also Italo Disco. In Europe, it's common for any style of music that is played in dance clubs to be referred to as "Disco," but for Discogs purposes the "Disco" style refers only to the style of music defined above. This may include more modern "Nu Disco" productions that aren't really house or techno. The tag may also be combined with others to indicate an old-school disco aesthetic in modern productions that do fall under other styles.
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