ت 𝆊 𝄞 Æ ᴭ Ӕ ߦߦߦߦ ߦߦߦߦߦ ߦߦ ߦ ⌖ ⌖⌖ ⌖⌖⌖⌖⌖⌖⌖⌖ ü ö ä ⌾ ◎ ๏ ⭗ ⦾ ⊚ Ӿ ӿ Ⱥ 🜹 ⴴ ⋮ ⫶ ⵗ ⡆ ⠸ ⦙ ⢰ 𝌅 ♻ ✲ ⧊ ᐄ ᐲ ᐂ ᐒ æ ᴂ Æ ⟑ ᐈ ᐉ ▻ ♺ ᶜ ᵓ ⧼ 〉 ⧼ ⧽ ‹ › ≺ ≻ Ƒ ◅ ⪦ ✓ ⌖ ◊ ※ ☆ ♊ ∴ ® © ° ¹ ² ³ o ^ ¼ ½ ¾ I II III IV IX × « » ¢ o 0 0 O Θ ⌖ ⌽ ː ⢈ ⡈ ⢐ : ⁚ ⠨ ⠅ ⡂ ∷ ⵆ ⣒ ⠭ ⣉ ⣤ ⠶ ። ⵘ ⁙ :· ⎕ □ ◼ ☐ ▢ ⍞ ⌼ ▽ △ Ø Λ ℗ Ψ ◇ ⵚ ℺ ⎔ ⎕ ⫏ ⩌ ♊ 𝚷 ⨿ Œ エ ⌶ ▥ ◫ ⫫ ╨ Ꮖ ᗵ ᗶ 𝙸 ェ ᙡ I II III ფ ⑦ ➆ ◎ ⑤ ℗ ʘ ➅ ② ④ ③ ➃ ① ⑨ © ➀ ➂ ∵ :· 😄 ֶ😊 😝 ϯ ƒ † ϯ ✳ ✴ ❋ * ∗ ✺ ✻ Ⓐ Ⓑ Ⓒ Ⓓ Ⓔ Ⓕ Ⓖ Ⓗ Ⓘ Ⓙ Ⓚ Ⓛ Ⓜ Ⓝ Ⓞ Ⓟ Ⓠ Ⓡ Ⓢ Ⓣ Ⓤ Ⓥ Ⓦ Ⓧ Ⓨ Ⓩ ⓐ ⓑ ⓒ ⓓ ⓔ ⓕ ⓖ ⓗ ⓘ ⓙ ⓚ ⓛ ⓜ ⓝ ⓞ ⓟ ⓠ ⓡ ⓢ ⓣ ⓤ ⓥ ⓦ ⓧ ⓨ ⓩ ⓪ ☉ ʘ 0 º о o ο ° ọ ◬ Ⓟ & Ⓒ ℗ & © ① ② ③ ④ ➃ ⑤ ➅ ⑦ ➆ ⑨ Ⅱ ⁄ǀ⁄|⁄ ⁄ǀ⁄|⁄⁄ǀ⁄|⁄⁄ǀ⁄|⁄ ☮ ➀ ➁ ➂ ➃ ➄ ➅ ➆ ➇ ➈ ➉ ⦷ ⑪ ⑫ ⑬ ⑭ ⑮ ⑯ ⑰ ⑱ ⑲ ⑳ Ω Ω ᶷ Ⱦ II i̲̅i̲̅ i̲̅ i̲̅i̲̅i̲̅ S̶̷ s̶̸ ∇ Δ ℧ ఆ Ω Ω ∴ ∵ ·∵ :· ℗ ℗ © © ® ® € $ £ ∙ ∙ Å √ ← ↑ → ↓ ⇀ ⃑ ⏗ ߯ | ½ ⅓ ¼ ⅔ ½ ¼ ¾ № ™ ℠ ∇ ∆ ◊ ° ° • // © & ℗ ℗ & © Г Γ ┌ г ᴦ ⎾ Á À Ā É È Ē Ẹ/E̩ Ẹ́/É̩ Ẹ̀/È̩ Ẹ̄/Ē̩ Í Ì Ī Ô ô Ó Ò Ō Ọ/O̩ Ọ́/Ó̩ Ọ̀/Ò̩ Ọ̄/Ō̩ Ú Ù Ū á à ā é è ē ẹ/e̩ ẹ́/é̩ ẹ̀/è̩ ẹ̄/ē̩ ë ç í ì ī ó ò ō ọ/o̩ ọ́/ó̩ ọ̀/ò̩ ọ̄/ō̩ ú ù ū ü ö ä Ä Ü Ö ß ß Ꭶ © ℗ ® • · – ° ™ £ ¢ € ¥ † ‡ ▼ ∆ ☺ ☻ ♥ ● ☆ ♪ ♫ ¢ √ ⫤ ⌓ ߘ ᗏ 👈 ▷ ◁ ◅ ⨞ ◄ ⩤ ᐊ ⊲ < ◃ ◂ ◀ ብ ᕒ ϶ ³ ∋ Э ʒ Ώ Ὠ Ὼ : ﬤ ਸ਼ ﬤ ᑐ ᴞ • · • • • ˙ ∷ ΨTOPIA π π iƒpi ‹› «» » « ™ × „” “” ? ° º ª Ⓟ © ® ™ ✳ π Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ Ⅵ Ⅶ Ⅷ Ⅸ Ⅹ Ⅺ Ⅻ № Nº ™ ® ℗ © A₁ A¹ ₁ ₂ ₃ ₄ ₅ ₆ ₇ ₈ ₉ ⁰ ¹ ² ³ ⁴ ⁵ ⁶ ⁷ ⁸ ⁹ iƒpi ℝ A³ ² Nº °¹²³
Renaissance (4) [[X]] (eg use '[[X]]' for 'striked out' groups, words etc).
?Decca StudiosWaxFMCatalogue of copyright entriesTraditionalMusicByGoneTunesHymnaryHymnsRockabillyHallNWmusicarchivesRcs-discographyCollectors FrenzyMusic ReportsMasterListCreaterAdamVargaRecordCatalogueYesteryearBooksTreorchymalechoirPiratapesSheetMusicWarehousrdbopmBrass Band CatalogueBrassBand45-SleevesUS Labelsbsnpubs45Cat78rpm Community

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Rights Societies:
AADI-CAPIF - Argentina
ACUM - Israel
ADA - Romania
ΑΕΠΙ / AEPI- Greece
AMCOS - Australia & New Zealand
APRA - Australia & New Zealand
Artisjus - Hungary
ASCAP - USA
Austro Mechana - Austria
bel - Belgium (check this)
BIEM - Europe
Britico / MCPS / Mecolico - UK
CAPAC / SOCAN - Canada
FILSCAP - Philipines
GEMA - Germany
IPRS - India
JACAP - Jamaica
JASRAC - Japan - 〄
KODA - Denmark
LATGAA - Lithuania
MASA - Mauritius (?)
MCPS / Mecolico / Britico - UK
MCSC (Music Copyright Society Of China) - China
Mecolico / MCPS / Britico - UK
Musicautor - Bulgaria
ncb / NCB / n©b - Scandinavia
OSA - Czech Republic
SABAM (Société d’Auteurs Belge – Belgische Auteurs Maatschappij) - Belgium
SACEM SDRM SACD SGDL - France
SADIAC - South America
SAKOJ / SOKOJ - Yugoslavia
SECTP / SPA (Sociedade de Escritores e Compositores Teatrais Portugueses / renamed 1970 to Sociedade Portuguesa de Autores) - Portugal
SESAC - USA & Canada
S.G.A.E. / SQAE (?) - Spain
S.I.A.E. - Italy
SOCAN / CAPAC - Canada
SOKOJ / SAKOJ - Yugoslavia
SPA / SECTP (Sociedade de Escritores e Compositores Teatrais Portugueses / renamed 1970 to Sociedade Portuguesa de Autores) - Portugal
STEF - Iceland
Stemra - Netherlands
STIM - Sweden
SUISA - Swiss
TEOSTO - Finland
TONO - Norway
TURK MALI - Turkey
Zaiks - Poland
List of Rights & Countries.

Tax Codes:
ST - 1946 - 1947
LT - 13 November 1947 to 9 April 1948 (?)
AT - Dec 30th 1950 - Apr 15th 1953
NT - Apr 15th 1953 - Oct 27th 1955
RT - Oct 27th 1955 - June 1st 1957
XT - June 1st 1957 - Oct 1st 1958
UT - Oct 1st 1958 - Apr 8th 1959
ET - Apr 8th 1959 - Aug 1st 1960
WT - Aug 1st 1960 - July 26th 1961
OT - July 26th 1961 - Apr 10th 1962
ZT - Apr 10th 1962 - Nov 26th 1962
PT - Nov 26th 1962 - Jan 1st 1963
MT - Jan 1st 1963 - July 1st 1963
KT - July 1st 1963 (*the KT code can still be present on some UK EMI labels releases up until 1975)
Nov 23rd 1968 JT
Apr 1st 1973 - Purchase tax replaced by VAT

ASIN - Amazon Standard Identification Number

"Sold In U.K. Subject To Resale Price Conditions, See Price Lists" - Printed on labels up to 1968 (?)
Polydor 7 digit Cat#'s introduced April 1970.
EMI Group - CD
'CDP...' Cat# used mid to late 80's
'0777...' Cat# used in 90's

Distribution Codes-EMI VersionDistribution Codes
The EMI country codes (introduced on 1 June, 1969):
OC = UK / 0C = UK
1A = Holland / 1C =Germany
1J = Spain / 2C = France
2E = Austria / 2J = Greece
3C = Italy / 3E = Switzerland
4C = Belgium / 4E = Sweden
5C = Holland / 5E = Finland
6C = Denmark / 6E = Denmark
7C = Sweden / 7E = Norway
8E = Portugal / 9C = Finland
10C = Spain / 11C = Portugal
12C = Austria / 13C = Switzerland 14C = Greece /16C = Australia (unused on releases)
17C = New Zealand (unused on releases) / 31C = Brazil
33C = Mexico
А, Б, В, Г, Д, Е, Ё, Ж, З, И, Й, К, Л, М, Н, О, П, Р, С, Т, У, Ф, Х, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ы, Ь, Э, Ю, Я
Α α Β β Γ γ Δ δ Ε ε Ζ ζ Η η Θ θ Ι ι Κ κ Λ λ Μ μ Ν ν Ξ ξ Ο ο Π π Ρ ρ Σ σ/ς Τ τ Υ υ Φ φ Χ χ Ψ ψ Ω ω

Studio List ◼ [url= ◼ fipresRunout InformationMastering ListRunout Etching V.4Decca StudiosUSA Pressing Plants (ATCO)GlobaldogWorldCatCopyright EncyclopediaPressing Plants (USA)Matrix Lists etc.Columbia Pressing Plants (USA)CD MatrixWeb Resources ListWebResources List cont.ChristMachine-Full DeadWax ListCD Matrix listIFPI CodesLabel Codes for CBS Haarlem pressed vinyl (ie 08-xxxxxx-01 etc)SID IFPI CodesFrench Price CodesPrice Codes etc.Sam Holloway (Company Sleeves)45-SleevesThread for Entering Matrices & Thread for Entering MatricesSID (IFPI) CodesPenny Royal SID ListSID ListCredit ListCountry of Production (CDs / DVDs)Pink Floyd ArchivesFrench Price CodesVertigo LabelsCD Manufacturing Companies from MatrixMatrix List V6

Printers:
⩓ F.I.Sorel (France) - France Imprimerie Sorel
[Logo with 3 circles & arrow] (France) - Offset France
a / A.R.E.A.C.E.M. (France) - A.R.E.A.C.E.M.
apep / APEP (France) - APEP
B&M / B.M. - Balding & Mansell Ltd
CB - Clout & Baker Ltd.
C.G.C.G. Ltd. / GRAMOP (Greece) - Columbia Gramophone Company Greece Ltd.
C.v.d. (Germany) - Carl v. d. Linnepe
DP - Delga Press Limited
E.J.D. / EJD - Ernest J. Day & Co. Ltd. (1926 - 1969) / E.J. Day Group (1969 - mid 70's)
E.&O.E. (Germany) - E. & O.E.
ER (Canada) - Ever Reddy
F.R.B (UK) - F. R. Britton & Co., Ltd.
Gerhard Kaiser GmbH (Germany) - Gerhard Kaiser GmbH
GL / G&L - Garrod & Lofthouse
Glory (France) - Glory, Asnières
GP / G.P. - Graphis Press Limited
GRAMOP / C.G.C.G. Ltd. (Greece) - Columbia Gramophone Company Greece Ltd.
HP / H.P. - Howards Printers (Slough) Ltd.
IDN (France) - I.D.N.
JU / J.U. - James Upton Ltd. / Upton Printing Group
McN - MacNeill Press Ltd.
Montreuil Offset (France) - Montreuil Offset
MWE - ??
RS - Robert Stace
SPC - Shorewood Packaging Co. Ltd. (UK) / Shorewood Packaging (USA) / Shorewood Packaging Corp. Of Canada Ltd. (Canada)
TRL (UK) - ??
UP / U.P. - Upton Printing Group

Pressing/Mastering:
⌾ (Canada) - Capitol Records-EMI Of Canada Limited
ꔰ [unicode symbol] / + or ++ / xxxxx (2) or (3) / xxxxx.1 (2) or (3) / RTI (Canada) - Record Technology Incorporated
+ + / +Axx+ (USA) - Sonopress USA
〄 - JASRAC (Japanese Right Society Symbol)
() (slightly overlapping to make an 's'/'o') - MPO
𝄢 (Bass Clef) (Germany) - Sonopress
▽130 / ▽420 (more likely used) (UK) - PRS Ltd.
▽150 / ▽700 (New Zealand) - PRS Ltd., Miramar/Wellington (Sometimes pressed for Australia - either '700' or '150')
▽320 (German) - Phonodisc GmbH ('73 - '78) / PRS Hannover (June '78 - Dec '85 & Sept '91 - Dec '92)
▽380 (France) - PRS, Louviers
▽420 / ▽130 (used very rarely) (UK) - Record Pressers Ltd. (July '57-May '59) / Philips Records Ltd. (May '59-Feb '69), Phonodisc Ltd. (circa '73/'74 had a raised outer rim on labels) (Feb '69-May'79), PRS Ltd. (May '79-Mid '88)
▽520 / 520 (Italy) - Phonoster (? - 1980) / Polygram, Tribiano (1980 - 1985) / PhonoComp (1985 - 1999) / Disctronics SpA (1999 - 2003)
▽670 (Netherlands) - PRS Baarn (1980-1993) / Phonodisc B.V. (1963-1979) / Philips Phonografische Industrie (1951-1962)
▽700 (New Zealand) - PRS Ltd., Miramar/Wellington (Sometimes pressed for Australia - either '700' or '150')
▽710 (Norway) - PRS, Oslo
▽720 (Austria) - PRS Ges.mbh
▽850 (Spain) - PolyGram Servicios, S.A.
∴ or ⋀ at 9o'clock / (possibly also ': )' stamp - check this) - CBS Pressing Plant, Aston Clinton
△△△✴✴✴ / CGD / [logo like a 3 round petal flower...ish] (Italy) - CGD Pressing Plant
⩓ / DFI (French) - DFI
─◁ / WW (USA) - Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Winchester
回-G-回 (USA) - MCA Pressing Plant, Gloversville
◈-P-◈ (USA) - MCA Pressing Plant, Pinckneyville
▻ (with 'dot' inside) / 53 (on labels) - Hauppauge Record Manufacturing Ltd.
℗ 1969 L9 ◇Z ᴒ 00 212083 S1=1 (eg.) (German) - Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft Pressing Plant
0 / O (large/capitol 'O' or '0') (USA) - Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Jacksonville
020 8691 2121 (tel. No.) - Sound Performance
07/99 / 09/99 (MM/YY) - Warner Music Manufacturing Europe (1990 - 2003)
08-0xxxxx-yy (Dutch CBS site '69-'88) - CBS, Haarlem / (from '88-June'99) - Sony/CBS, Haarlem / (from '99 - ?) - Record Industry
16 (Label) / SOL / SO / SON / K ##### (USA) - Sonic Recording Products, Inc. (50's - '75) then Goldisc Recording Products, Inc. ('75 - mid 80's)
18 (Label) / PR / (PR) / -PR (USA) - Presswell
111 / 112 (Japan) - Victor Company Of Japan, Ltd.
1U / 2U (ie "ROKN 521 A-2U" - contract pressings from EMI) - EMI Records (the facility was acquired by Portal Space from 2001 - 2009 using unique EMI format & typeface)
22 / 33 / 44 / 66 / 77 / 114 / AD / AD01 / ALL DISC (USA) - All Disc Records, Inc.
26 (Label) / PRC-C / PRC-W- PRC Recording Company, Compton, CA
2HZ / 5HZ (Includes 'DM' or 'CRC' (Eng.) Canada) / CSPS (?) - CBS Records Canada Ltd.
3BC / IFPI LU31, IFPI RZxx (eg || CD || XLCD183 || 04283-9271) - 3BC
399 (Africa - Ghana) (?) - Record Manufacturers (Ghana) Ltd. [R.M.G.L.]
410 / CR410 / MT410 / DT410 (Greece) - G.P.I. S.A.
5Qxx (Mould SID) / LD11/12 (Mastering SID) (UK) - CD Systems
520 (Vinyl) / PHC (CD) (Italy) - PhonoComp
561 (Africa (Kenyan)) - E. A. Records
60 (on label) / SMK / SMI - Sound Makers
73 (Label ('79-'81)) / CTH / CT - Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
77 (Runout) 22 / 33 / 44 / 66 / 114 / AD / AD01 (USA) - All Disc Records, Inc.
AXXXXX / RXXXXX (CD's) / DXXXXX (DVD's) (Italy) - HILUX
xxxxxE (12") / xxxxxM (12") / xxxxxG (7") / xxxxxH (7") / xxxxxO (7") (eg 76211M) - GZ Digital Media
A1C / A1AE / 'W' - RCA Records Pressing Plant, Washington, UK
AAHxx (IFPI Mould SID) - Mediamotion (2003 - 2008) / Promese (2008 - ?)
AcR / ACR (1970-1972) / 2.75" diameter deep groove press (Canada) - RCA Records Pressing Plant, Smiths Falls, Ontario
AD / AD01 / ALL DISC / 22 / 33 / 44 / 66 / 77 / 114 (USA) -
Æ #### / AE #### (UK) - Aerco Processing
AEWxx (IFPI Mould SID) / LY33/LY34 - Sony DADC UK Ltd.
ALI / (ALI) (Mastering/Plating/Pressing) - Allied Records Ltd.
Anvil / Lathe symbol (USA) - Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Scranton
ANZ 1234 Axxxxxxxxxx-yyzz 12 (Australia) - Sony DADC Australia
ARC / AL (USA) - Allentown Record Co. Inc.
ARP (USA 1952-1972) - American Record Pressing Co.
ATM (USA) - AcousTech Mastering
AVP / <AVP> (AVP inside a rombus(diamond)) - Acme Vinyl
[Bass Clef Symbol] (Germany) - Sonopress
[Bass Clef Symbol - Looks Like] (USA) - Plastylite
BC / (with) PA####/ BC#### / W#### (UK) - Broadcrest Ltd.
BOD (German) - DOCdata Germany (1992-2008) / BOD Berlin Optical Disc (2008-2010)
(c) ('c' is diagonal) - Lynic / www.lynic.com - www.lynic.com
CDT (South Africa) IFPI L141 / IFPI 27xx - CDT (2)
C&G (Often with 'DZ') (France) - Cutting & Galvanoforming
CGD / △△△✴✴✴ / [logo like a 3 round petal flower...ish] (Italy) - CGD Pressing Plant
Copymasters (Mastering) - Copymasters / (Renamed - '94/'95) masterpiece
CP (Ireland) - Carlton Productions
CR in a circle (Canada) - Cinram (Glass Master date - TRIB216391 #11114Y17 12 = 14th November 2001 or #930314KK CD-40762 MFG BY CINRAM = 14th March 1993
CRC / DM-x / 1A2HZ (Canada) - CBS Records Canada Ltd.
CRS - County Recording Service
CSR / CSR Compact Disc / C (Japan CD) - CBS/Sony Records Inc.
CTH / CT / 73 (Label) (USA) - Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
DCA (USA) / IFPI LLxx & IFPI F7xx - DCA (3)
D&M / D+M - Dubplates & Mastering
Decca / DR (Pressing Plant until 1979) - Decca Record Co. Ltd., Pressing Plant, UK.
Decca (Mastering/Recording Studio until 1980) - Decca Studios
DFI / ⩓ - DFI
DGG / ℗ 1964 H70 / 'Made in Germany' / - Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft Pressing Plant
DM / CRC / 2HZ / 5HZ (Canada) - CBS Records Canada Ltd.
DM / DMM / DS / 'Year'S (ie: 83S) / 'Bass Clef' Symbol (Usually on B-Side label, near spindle hole) - Sonopress
DMI / W.O. (Work Order #) / S.O. (USA) - Disc Manufacturing, Inc.
DP (Belgium) - Disco-Press
DT / TXG / TXD / TD / TG / GT / XT / ZTD (Canada) - RCA Studios, Toronto
DW (Australia) - DW (2)
EDP - Europadisk
ELA / Δ00000/-X (USA) - Electrosound Los Angeles (pre '85 was MR)
EMI Swindon (CD's - UK) / Printed + stamped matrix string (ie xxxxxx x : 1:1:4), also be IFPI 14xx - EMI Swindon
EMI Uden (CD's - Holland) / Printed + stamped matrix string Uden will have country identifier (ie xxxxxx x : 1:1:4:NL), also be IFPI 15xx - EMI Uden
EMW / ƐMW / ℰMW (US) - Electrosound Group Midwest, Inc.
et / ET (Germany) - Elaton (2)
FW (USA company) - Frankford/Wayne Mastering Labs
F/W (USA) - Frankford/Wayne Recording Labs
Grampian (Scottish Pressing Plant '84-'94)- Grampian Records Ltd., Annan
GG - Gedmal Galvanic Ltd.
GOL (USA) - Goldisc Recording Products, Inc. was SOL until 1975
GP (Sweden) - Grammoplast
Grii Stamper / GRII - GRII Stamper
HRM / '53' on label / Isosceles triangle on side with dot (◬) (USA) - Hauppauge Record Manufacturing Ltd.
I-x (UK) - Island Records Manufacturing Ltd (1974 - 1991)
I.B.C. - I.B.C. Studios
IFPI 2Uxx / CI / IFPI L901-L903, L908, L909 (USA) - Cinram, Olyphant, PA (2003 - ?)
IFPI 2Vxx / CA / IFPI L901-L903, L908, L909 (USA) - Cinram, Commerce, CA (2003 - ?)
IFPI LD11/ LD12 / IFPI 5Qxx - VDC Group
IFPI LN07, IFPI LN08 or IFPI LN09 / IFPI JIxx & mm/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss [AM|PM] #nnnnn[n] [additional numbers] (US) - OEM (Optical Experts Manufacturing)
ISS (UK) - Immediate Sound Services Ltd.
✳-J.T.S.-✳ - JTS Studios
JW (USA) / Cap J - Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Jacksonville
L7 / 00 L7 (France) / Mould SID 02xx ('94+) - PMDC, France
L-00000-X / L-19177-X - Greg Lee Processing
LW / ✲ (USA) - Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Los Angeles
LW / LWP (USA) - Longwear Plating
LYN - Lyntone / Lyntone Recordings Ltd.
Ⓜ - Metropolis Mastering
M3 (7") / M6 (12") / M9 (2xLP) (ie Side A - M6 284890/ Side B - M6 284891 - French) - Pathé Marconi EMI, Chatou (1972-03/1990) or Pathé Marconi, Chatou (1932-1971)
"Manufactured in Germany" / ✓ (?possibly but not sure?) - Teldec-Press GmbH
Mayking Records - Mayking Records (Occasionally, glass mastering was outsourced to PDO, UK. Then an 8+2+1 pattern is added, e.g. 10190291 01 &.)
MCA (USA) - MCA Whitney Recording Studios
MCP / Mcl / McCl / McCLEAR / MW / MCW (Canada) - McClear Place (1979 - 1990 - from 1979 - 1982 the old plant's codes were sometimes used RCA Studios, Toronto)
MCR - Master Cutting Room
MR / MR (Within a circle) / MO / '△00000' (50's-60's) (USA) - Monarch Record Mfg. Co. - post '85 became ELA.
MT = Musitech
MVS - MVS (Record Pressing) Ltd.
MX / SMX (Australia) - Festival Studios / Festival Custom Recording
Nimbus (V) (USA) - Nimbus, Virginia
NR (USA) - Nashville Record Productions
NRP / WG/NRP (USA) - Nashville Record Productions
NSC / (NSC) (NSC inside an oval) - National Sound Corporation
o (small 'o') (USA) - Customatrix
OMS / OPTI.ME.S. (Italy) - Opti.Me.S.
Orlake / OR / O (the '+' sign used as joiner within matrix) - Orlake Records
PF (Mastering/Lacquer processing company, Germany) - Tonstudio Pfanz
PHC (CD) / 520 (Vinyl) (Italy) - PhonoComp
PL (on labels) / PP (in runout) (USA) - Plastic Products
Plastylite "Ear" Symbol (looks like a bass clef symbol) (USA) - Plastylite
PR - P.R. Records Limited
PR / (PR) / -PR / 18 (On labels) (USA) - Presswell
PRC / PRC-R (USA '72-'90) - PRC Recording Company, Richmond, IN
PRC-W / PRC-C (USA '75/'77-???) - PRC Recording Company, Compton, CA
PRT - Precision Records & Tapes Limited
PS / xx PS xx (UK) - Portal Space (old EMI facility used same format & typrface)
“ɑ” (looks like Q - usually followed by B-XXXXX (LP/12") / R-XXXXX (7") / K-XXXXX (7" circa '75)) - Allied Record Company
Q (Canada) (SnB-sp Q) - Quality Records Limited
RXXXXX / AXXXXX (CD's) / DXXXXX (DVD's) (Italy) - HILUX
RC (USA) - RCA Records Pressing Plant, Indianapolis
RCA Recording Studios (List here) - RCA Studios
R/S Alsdorf (Vinyl) / RSA (CD) - Record Service GmbH
RTi / RTI / xxxxx (2) or (3) / xxxxx.1 (2) or (3) (USA) - Record Technology Incorporated
Ƨ / (Ƨ) (in a circle) / (without circle by 1979) - Shelley Products
S-x / Ƨ-x / WEA / TP / W-L / F/1 - WEA Records Pressing Plant, West Drayton
S-19305 / S-19306 - Rainbo Records
SH / SLM △ 00000-X - Sheffield Lab Matrix
SMK / SMI / 60 (on label) (USA) - Sound Makers
SMX / MX (Australia) - Festival Studios / Festival Custom Recording
SNA (French) - SNA
SNB (Germany - Recording/Mastering Studio) - Studio-Nord-Bremen
SNV (Spanish CD pressing plant) - Sonovis
SO (USA) - Southern Plastics (1949 (name changed to United Record Pressing in 1971))
SOL / -often mistakenly interpreted as "TX", "To" or "Ta")SO / SON (USA) - Sonic Recording Products, Inc. - 1975 - GOL
Sony Music - Made By DADC Austria (1986-1999) / Sony DADC (2000-Present Day).
Sony Music - If matrix style is 'Sony Music 5xxxxxxx/[release cat#] XX' usually in conjunction with mould SID code IFPI 07**' then Glass Mastered At Sonopress Arvato (2004-2008) / Arvato Digital Services (2008-2011)
SRC - Specialty Records Corporation
Sterling / SS (Engineer list too) - Sterling Sound
T / T1 / TH (USA) - Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
Ʈ / TL / TR (French) - Translab
Tα (often mistakenly interpreted as "TX", "To" or "Ta") (Sweden) - Toolex Alpha
TLC (Canada) - The Lacquer Channel Limited (1975-1987) / The Lacquer Channel (1987-?)
TML-M / TML-S / TML-X - The Mastering Lab
Tranco (can appear dark translucent (red) (Most Pye UK pressed here) - Tranco Limited, renamed Precision Records & Tapes Limited in 1980, closed May 1981.
Ʈ / Translab (French Mastering Studio) - Translab
TXD / TXG / TX / TG / TD / GT / DT / XT / ZDT (Canada) - RCA Studios, Toronto (1954 - 1979) / McClear Place (1979 - 1982 still used 'TXD', 'TX. etc)
ⓤ / UR / U (USA) - United Record Pressing (from 1971, was previously Southern Plastics (SO))
(V) (Nimbus) (USA) - Nimbus, Virginia
V01 / Warner Logo / 07/99 / 09/99 / (IFPI L011 - L017) - Record Service GmbH (1976-1990) / Warner Music Manufacturing Europe (1990 - 2003) / Cinram GmbH (2003 - ?)
˙W˙ (@ 12 o'clock) / A1C or A1AE (@ 3 o r9 o'clock) - RCA Records Pressing Plant, Washington, UK
W-xx KD (x=number) / F/1 - WEA Records Pressing Plant, West Drayton (When there is a "D" at 12o'clock & 7" has a slip ring then pressed by Damont.
Wxxxxxx (CD) / CI / IFPI L901-L903, L908, L909 / IFPI 2Uxx (USA) - WEA Mfg. Olyphant (1996 - 2003) / Cinram, Olyphant, PA (2003 - ?)
WMM (USA) - Well Made Music
WMME Alsdorf - Warner Music Manufacturing Europe
W.O. (Work Order#) / S.O. / DMI (USA) - Disc Manufacturing, Inc.
www.the-practice.com - The Communications Practice
XXXXX (2) or (3) / XXXXX.1(2) (2) or (3) - Record Technology Incorporated
Xxxxxxx (CD) / CI / IFPI L901-L903, L908, L909 / IFPI 2Uxx (USA) - WEA Mfg. Olyphant (1996 - 2003) / Cinram, Olyphant, PA (2003 - ?)
xxxx-CD-yyyy / xxxx-DV-yyyy / xxxx-BR-yyyy - The ADS Group
XT / TX / TXG / TXD / TG / GT / DT / ZDT (Canada) - RCA Studios, Toronto (1954 - 1979)
Yxxxxxx (CD) / CI / IFPI L901-L903, L908, L909 / IFPI 2Uxx (USA) - WEA Mfg. Olyphant (1996 - 2003) / Cinram, Olyphant, PA (2003 - ?)
Z xxxxxx (x=number) / - Recorded Publications Company
Zxxxxxx (CD) / CI / IFPI L901-L903, L908, L909 / IFPI 2Uxx (USA) - WEA Mfg. Olyphant (1996 - 2003) / Cinram, Olyphant, PA (2003 - ?) (See https://www.discogs.com/forum/thread/699750#7296812)
ZDT / XT / TXG / TXD / TX / TG / TD / GT / DT (Canada) - RCA Studios, Toronto (1954 - 1979)

Engineers: 'Mastered By', 'Plated By', 'Lacquer Cut By' etc:
𝄞 - Don Grossinger
❀ / AZ - Brian Gardner
✩ (with Sterling Sound credits) - Greg Calbi
Δ (Australian) - Δ/Tony Taurins
⁄|⁄ǀ⁄|⁄ǀ⁄|⁄K (USA) - Randy Kling
: ) / :-) / HP (USA) - Herb Powers Jr.
: ) (UK) - ? (possibly a CBS Pressing Plant, Aston Clinton mark - often found alongside CBS '⋀' stamp)
7P / AP (Australia) - Allan Parsons
Å / ᐂ (Australia) - Å (3)
AC / Arun - Arun Chakraverty
AF / A.F. / Adi (Centraldubs) (Swiss) - Adi Flück
AJB (Well Made Music) (USA) - Adam Boose
Al / Allan / Allen (UK - CBS Studios, London) - Allen Landau
Alex / Alexis (French) - Alexis Latrobe (Alias: Alex Gopher - GOP)
ANDY'91 - Andy Crump (2)
ANDY (Sometimes credited with MELY's) - Andy Miller (4)
ANDY (Currently @ Sound Performance, previously @ Master Room & PRT Studios) - Andrew Thompson
AP / 7P (Australia) - Allan Parsons
ARUN / AC - Arun Chakraverty
AZ / A.Z. - Allen Zentz
AZ❀ - Brian Gardner
BA / BA-CR (Cutting Room) / BA-EF (Europa Film) / BA-GP (Grammoplast) / BA-Ta (Toolex Alpha) - Björn Almstedt
BAZZA - Bazza (2)
Beau (Heathmans, Tape2Tape, Masterpiece & 10 8 7 Mastering) - Beau Thomas
BG / GB / BER (USA) - Bernie Grundman
Bilbo / DB- BilBo (3) / Denis Blackham
△BJ / ♢BJ / ✳BJ - Bob Jones (6)
BK - BK (14) (Optimal Media Production / Optimal Media GmbH)
BLAIRS - Chris Blair
BN (Germany) - Sönke Bahns (Teldec-Press GmbH)
Bobil / Aunty B / Bob Hill (9) - Bob Hill (9) / AUNTY B.
Boppin' Bob - Bob Jones (6)
C - Trevor Fletcher (Decca Studios) - C (17)
¢ / ₵ / Ȼ / TC / Sterling TC- Tom Coyne
CD (UK - Nimbus) - Colin Dix
CEB / CBG - Christoph Grote-Beverborg (wORKED @ Dubplates & Mastering)
CED (UK) (P.R. Records Limited) - CED (21)
cg / ☮ (USA) - Chris Gehringer
CH / CH ZIP / ZIP - Chris Zippel
Chab / Chaab / CH△B - Chab (2)
Chris A / Criss A - Chris Alexander
CJ / CJH / CJ III / CJJ (Well Made Music) (USA) - Clint Holley
Cookie / X - Ian Cooper
CR - Carl Rowatti (owner & chief of Trutone Mastering Labs NY USA)
Dave's (Worked at I.B.C. Studios - Sometimes coupled with MELYS) - Dave Tucker (4)
DB / Bilbo (UK) - Denis Blackham / BilBo (3)
DB (Australia) - Don Bartley
DCM / Dave (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Dave McEowen
DD / DDD (Italy) - Daniele Delfitto (Worked @ Idea Recording & CGD Pressing Plant)
Dennis (Heathmans Mastering, Finyl Tweek) - Dennis Smith (2)
Dick (360 Mastering) - Dick Beetham
DJ / DWJ (USA) - Darrell Johnson
D Jay / DJ / DJAY (masterpiece) - Danny King
D.K. (Atlantic Studios) - Dennis King
DM - Don Mills (2) (Engineer @ CBS Records Canada Ltd.)
Don / DG / G - Don Grossinger
dP (Well Made Music) (USA) - Dave Polster
DS + MCR (USA) - Duncan Stanbury
DT / Turner - Dave Turner
DT (USA) - Dave Travis
DZ (Often with 'C&G') (France) - David Zanfrino
E / ES / ED / Ɛ____ (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Eddy Schreyer
E (PR-E) (UK - P.R. Records Limited) - E (59)
EG - Eddy Gorecki
EW (UK) - EW (2) (Plating)
Francis - Simon Francis
G / ∇G / ΔG / ◇G - Gordon Vicary
GC / STERLING GC - Greg Calbi
Gene / ƐRT (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Gene Thompson
George / GL / G / George@Copymasters - George Lambert
Gerry (Ireland) - GERRY-O
GOP (French) - Alex Gopher (Alias: Alexis Latrobe - Alexis / Alex) (Translab)
GM / GEORGE / MG - George Marino
GP / G.P. (Germany) - Günter Pauler
GP (UK) - Geoff Pesche
GR (UK - Nimbus) - Gerald Reynolds
Graeme - Graeme Durham (@ The Sound Clinic 'till '87 - co-founder of The Exchange '87 - ?)
Greg (masterpiece) - Greg Moore (4)
Guys / Guyz / / GD / Guy @ The Exchange - Guy Davie
△H / ♢H / ✳H - Howard Barrow
H1 / ℋ1 (Germany) - Peter Harenberg (TELDEC-Studio, Hamburg / TELDEC »Telefunken-Decca« Schallplatten GmbH)
Herbie Jr. / : ) / :-) (USA) - Herb Powers Jr.
Hi (German) - Joachim Hinsch (@ Joachim Hinsch Audio Mastering)
HL - Heino Leja (Optimal Media Production / Optimal Media GmbH)
HP / :) / :-) (USA) - Herb Powers Jr.
HP (Hungary) - Horváth Péter
HTM - Harry Moss
HW - Howie Weinberg
I (Ⅰ) / S (Germany) - Gerhard Schulze (Worked @ TELDEC-Studio, Hamburg)
INGA'S - Inga (3)
エ∽ (IS) / (Can look like an H with S inside (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Ian Sefchick
△J / ♢J / ✳J - Geoff Calver
JA / JACKO (UK) - Jack Adams (2)
JA / ℐ⍺ (USA - RCA Recording Studios) - Jack Adelman
Jay Luck / Jay (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Jay Maynard
JE (USA) - John Eberle (Nashville Record Productions & United Record Pressing)
Jeff (UK) - Geoff Pesche (Utopia, Tape One, Masterpiece, Town House & Abbey Rd. in 2006)
JG / Joe / Jo. G (USA(?)) - Joe Gastwirt
JG (USA) - John Golden
JGS / JS (USA-Kendun) - Jim Sintetos
JH / J.H. (UK) - John Hudson (Mayfair Studios)
JJG (Son of JG) - JJ Golden
JOE + MCR (USA) - Joe Brescio
JONZ - John Dent
JR (US - Frankford/Wayne Mastering Labs / Sterling Sound) - José Rodriguez
JWG / JG (UK - Nimbus) - John Gladwyn
JS - Jeff Sanders
KD (USA-Kendun) - Kent Duncan
KEV (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Kevin Reeves
KH + MCR (USA) - Kevin Hodge
KIP / KIPPER (UK) - Kipper (5)
KL - KL (5) (Optimal Media Production / Optimal Media GmbH)
KP (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Ken Perry
KPG (The 'PG' can look like an 'M') / KMG (USA) - Kevin Gray
Kr (Germany) - Daniel Krieger (Worked @ SST Brüggemann GmbH/SST GmbH)
KR - KR (3) (Optimal Media Production / Optimal Media GmbH)
LE (UK) - Larry Emerine
LH (USA) - Lee Hulko (founded Sterling Sound in '68)
LZ (Australia & USA) - Leon Zervos
MA/MAX - Maxwell Anandappa
ΔM (US - Masterdisk) - ΔM
ΔM (2) (US - Frankford/Wayne Recording Labs & Disc Makers) - ΔM (2)
Mark / Mark ' Porky's (c. 1997) - Mark (76)
Mark (The Exchange - UK) - Mark Embleton
Matt / Matt's / Matt @ Alchemy (Porky's) - Matt Colton
△MB / ♢MB / π / Hovis (Pye Mastering) - Mike Brown (3) (Pye Studios / CTS Studios)
McM / RM (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Ron McMaster
MELYS - Melvyn Abrahams / MELYS (2)
Miles / MS (masterpiece) - Miles Showell
Mike (masterpiece) - Mike Palmer
Mikes's - Mike Marsh
MJ / Mick (UK) - Mike Jarratt
MJ (Finland) - Mika Jussila
MJR / M.J.R. / PCMJR (US) - Mark Richardson (3)
MK - MK (11) (Optimal Media Production / Optimal Media GmbH)
MR (Australia) - Mike Roberts (14) (Festival & CBS Studios)
nc (USA) - Neil Carter (3)
NEIL (masterpiece / Master Room) - Neil Devine
NW / Nickz / NICK W - Nick Webb
NILZ (The Exchange) - Nilesh Patel
NOEL / NS - Noel Summerville
P / P2A, P2B / Pi (Australia - Festival Studios) - Paul Ibbotson
PAG (Peter Lawrence: P.R. Records Limited, Adrenalin (4), Lyntone)- PAG
PA (US) - Phil Austin
Pauls (Pauls@Porkys) - Paul Solomons
PB - Paul Bryant (2)
PC (USA-Kendun) - Patrick Collins
PCMJR / MJR / M.J.R. (US) - Moodymann - Moodymann
Pecko / Porky / GEORGE - Porky (5) / George Peckham
Pedro - Pedro (102)
Pete @ Heathmans/Finyl Tweek - Pete Norman
Pete Helffrich (USA) - Pete Helffrich (Owner/Operator of Helffrich Recording Labs)
PF - G. F. Pfanz
PHD (UK) - Peter Hewitt-Dutton (Metropolis Mastering)
Pi / P / P2A, P2B (Australia - Festival Studios) - Paul Ibbotson
PK - Paul Kendall
PN / Pete @ Tape To Tape/ Finyl Tweek - Pete Norman
Pounda - Pounda
PP (UK) - Phil Pigram (Worked @ Phonodisc Ltd. (until '81) / CTS Studios (until '86) / The Music Centre, Wembley / Master Room.
PR-CED (UK) - CED (21) (Metalworker at P.R. Records Limited)
PR-E (UK) - E (59) (Metalworker at P.R. Records Limited)
PR-G (UK) - G (55) (Metalworker at P.R. Records Limited)
PR-M (UK) - M (91) (Metalworker at P.R. Records Limited)
PR-P (UK) - P (29) (Metalworker at P.R. Records Limited)
PR-R (UK) - R (29) (Metalworker at P.R. Records Limited)
PR-T (UK) - T (60) (Metalworker at P.R. Records Limited)
PS - Geoff Pesche
RAYS / RAZEL - Ray Staff / RAZEL (2)
RC (USA-Kendun) - Rick Collins
RC (UK) - Ralph Copeman (Phonodisc Ltd. 1971-1979 / PRS Ltd. 1979-1983 / Tape One 1983-1990)
Rc (UK metalworker mid 80's) - Rc (17)
RC (UK - post 2015) - Rhys Crouch
RCE + MCR (USA) - Rick Essig
RJ / √ANOS - Ray Janos
RJL - Richard Langham
RL - Bob Ludwig
RME - Reiner Erhard
RM / McM (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Ron McMaster
Rob / RW (Australia) - Rob Wise (3)
R SO (German) - Rico Sonderegger
RTB - Roy Thomas Baker
RW / Rob (Australia) - Rob Wise (3)
S / I (Ⅰ) (Germany) - Gerhard Schulze (Worked @ TELDEC-Studio, Hamburg)
SA / S.A. (Trident ('78-'81) Utopia ('81-'88)) - Steve Angel
S.D. / SI / SD / SimonD - Simon Davey
SF - Sam Feldman (@ Bell Sound Studios & Atlantic Studios)
sh / MCA sh (USA) - Steve Hall
Shane / Sh@ne / SMC / CMS - Shane McEnhill
SI (masterpiece) - Simon Francis
Simon (eg The Exchange) (UK) - Simon Davey
SJR (US) - Stuart J. Romaine
SMC / Shane / SH@NE (UK) - Shane McEnhill
SR / SRZ - Steve Rooke
SST - SST (8)
Stu - Stuart Hawkes
SW (Ireland(?)) - SW (6)
△T - Tony Bridge (Abbey Road Studios/Pye Studios/PRT Studios/Master Room)
TB - TB (3)
TC / Sterling TC / ¢ / ₵ / Ȼ - Tom Coyne
THT (Town House Tony) - Tony Cousins
TimD / TD / T.D. - Tim Dennen
timtom / TY / TY1 / TY2 - Tim Young
TJ - Ted Jensen
Tone - Tony Bridge
TW - TW (5) (Optimal Media Production / Optimal Media GmbH)
TWIG - Martin Granville-Twig (@ Metropolis Mastering)
URA / - W (W2A, W2B - 'W' can appear as 'U') - Warren Barnett
W (W2A, W2B - 'W' can appear as 'U') / URA - Warren Barnett
Wally / Wally C (masterpiece) - Walter Coelho
Wally / Wly (USA - Capitol Mastering) - Wally Traugott
WES / WG / WG/NRP (USA) - Wes Garland
X / Cookie - Ian Cooper (worked at Utopia Studios & started The Town House)
Y.D. (French) - Yves Delaunay (worked @ Dyam)
-Z- / .Z. / 'Z' - Francis DeSouza
◇Z - ◇Z
Z P (Yogoslavia) - Zvonko Petrinec (worked at Jugoton - more engineers listed here)
Recent Activity
submitted Black Sabbath - The Best Of Black Sabbath. 5 days ago
submitted Misia - Mother Father Brother Sister. 21 days ago
submitted P J Harvey* - Stories From The City, Stories From The Sea. about 1 month ago
submitted The Cult - Revolution. about 1 month ago
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submitted Simon And Garfunkel* - Bridge Over Troubled Water. 2 months ago
submitted Various - Let's Party! 60 Essential Anthems. 3 months ago
submitted Wang Xu-Dong - Ba-Duan-Jin Music - Martial Arts Music For Physical Fitness. 3 months ago
submitted Ozzy Osbourne - Diary Of A Madman. 3 months ago
submitted Various - Tylko Wielkie Przeboje Na Lato 2005. 3 months ago
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submitted Bill Haley And The Comets* - Twenty Greatest Hits. 3 months ago
submitted Е. Блинов*, Г. Эльперин* - Волжские Напевы. 3 months ago
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submitted Abingdon School - Quatercentenary. 3 months ago
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submitted The Cult - Dreamtime / Dreamtime Live At The Lyceum. 4 months ago
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submitted Mozart*, Mitsuko Uchida, English Chamber Orchestra, Jeffrey Tate - Piano Concertos No.15 KV450 / No.16 KV451. 4 months ago
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submitted Status Quo - XS All Areas The Greatest Hits. 4 months ago
submitted Phil Collins - ...But Seriously. 4 months ago
submitted Happy Mondays - Greatest Hits. 5 months ago
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submitted Red Room Therapy - All In The Mind. 5 months ago
submitted Mark T. - Where Are You Going?. 5 months ago
submitted Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Arturo Toscanini, NBC Symphony Orchestra - Symphonies Nos. 4 And 5. 5 months ago
submitted Various - The Great Symphony No. 41 Jupiter And Other Famous Symphonies. 5 months ago
submitted Mozart*, Mitsuko Uchida - 2 Sonatas / 2 Sonaten. 5 months ago
submitted Hans Christian Andersen - The Snow Queen. 5 months ago
submitted The Doors - The Best Of The Doors. 5 months ago
submitted Hugo Duncan - If I Had To Do It Again. 5 months ago
submitted Gyorgy Cziffra - Paraphrases, Transcriptions And Improvisations. 6 months ago
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