℗ © ® ℠ ™ № ʊ Ʊ ᶫᵒᵛᵉᵧₒᵤ ª ᵀᴴᴱ ᴼᴿᴵᴳᴵᴻᴬᴸ

Letters:
Ⓐ Ⓑ Ⓒ Ⓓ Ⓔ Ⓕ Ⓖ Ⓗ Ⓘ Ⓙ Ⓚ Ⓛ Ⓜ Ⓝ Ⓞ Ⓟ Ⓠ Ⓡ Ⓢ Ⓣ Ⓤ Ⓥ Ⓦ Ⓧ Ⓨ Ⓩ
ⓐ ⓑ ⓒ ⓓ ⓔ ⓕ ⓖ ⓗ ⓘ ⓙ ⓚ ⓛ ⓜ ⓝ ⓞ ⓟ ⓠ ⓡ ⓢ ⓣ ⓤ ⓥ ⓦ ⓧ ⓨ ⓩ
Æ Ã Â Ā Ă À Á Ä Å Ą Ç Č Ð Ď Ě È É Ê Ē Ẹ̄ Ē̩ Ë Ę Ẹ E̩ Ẹ́ É̩ Ẹ̀ È̩ Ģ Ì Í Î Ï Ī Ķ Ĺ Ļ Ł Ñ Ņ Ň Ô Õ Ø Ō Ọ O̩ Ọ́ Ó̩ Ọ̀ Ò̩ Ọ̄ Ō̩ Ö Ò Ó Ȯ Ö Œ Ŗ Ř Ş Š Ṣ S̩ Ţ Û Ü Ű Ú Ù Ū Ż Ž
æ ã â ā ă à á ä å ą ç č ¢ ð ĕ è é ê ē ẹ e̩ ẹ́ é̩ ẹ̀ è̩ ẹ̄ ē̩ ë ę ģ ì í î ï ī ɨ Įį ķ ĺ ļ ł ñ ņ ň ô õ ø ō ọ o̩ ọ́ ó̩ ọ̀ ò̩ ọ̄ ō̩ ö ò ó ö œ Þ þ ŗ ř ş š ṣ s̩ ţ û ü ű Ųų ÿ ż ž
A̶a̶B̶b̶C̶c̶D̶d̶E̶e̶F̶f̶G̶g̶H̶h̶I̶i̶J̶j̶K̶k̶L̶l̶M̶m̶N̶n̶O̶o̶P̶p̶Q̶q̶R̶r̶S̶s̶T̶t̶U̶u̶V̶v̶W̶w̶X̶x̶Y̶y̶Z̶z̶

Numbers:
❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❻ ❼ ❽ ❾ ❿
⓵ ⓶ ⓷ ⓸ ⓹ ⓺ ⓻ ⓼ ⓽ ⓾ ⓫ ⓬ ⓭ ⓮ ⓯ ⓰ ⓱ ⓲ ⓳ ⓴
⓪ ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥ ⑦ ⑧ ⑨ ⑩ ⑪ ⑫ ⑬ ⑭ ⑮ ⑯ ⑰ ⑱ ⑲ ⑳
º ¹ ² ³ ⁴ ⁵ ⁶ ⁷ ⁸ ⁹₀ ₁ ₂ ₃ ₄ ₅ ₆ ₇ ₈ ₉ ⅕ ⅖ ⅗ ⅘ ⅙ ⅚ ½ ⅓ ⅔ ¼ ¾ ⅛ ⅜ ⅝ ⅞ 33⅓
Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ Ⅵ Ⅶ Ⅷ Ⅸ Ⅹ Ⅺ Ⅻ

Arrows: → ↓ ← ↑ ↗ ↙ ↖ ↘ ↯ ↕ ↔ ⇨ ➚ ➛ ➜ ➝ ➙➞ ➟ ➠ ➡ ➢ ➣ ➤

Astrology: ♋ ♒

Brackets: { } ﹝ ﹞ [ ] [ ]

Chess/Games: ♔ ♕ ♖ ♗ ♘ ♙ ♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟♥ ♦ ♠ ♣ ♡ ♢ ♤ ♧

Currencies: $ € £ £¥

Symbols: ☯ ☮ ☭☪ ✈ ☠ ☢ ☻ ☺ ☣ ☫ ☬ ☤ ۞ ♨ ۩ 웃 유 ⌂ ⚜ ㋖〄 ☊ ϟ ツ ૭ の๑ ை あ ぃ☿ღ Ƹ̵̡ Ӝ̵̨̄ Ʒ ❦ ❧ ◕ ◔ 回 ₪ & ß : ♂ ♀ ƒ : • •

Fingers: ☚ ☛ ☜ ☞ ☟✌☞

Geometric: ▷ ◁ ⊳ ⊲ ∇∆△ ▽Δ ▼ ▲ ◀ ► ◄ ◇ ◆ ♦ ♢ ◊ ◈ ▢ ■ ▪ □ ❙ ❘ ❚ ⚪ • ˙ • ● ◦ ° ০ ○ ◯ ◎ ⦿ ⊙ ❖⠛ ፨ ∴

Greek
Γ (Gamma) ∆ (Delta) Ⅰ (Iota) Λ (Lambda) Ξ (Xi) Φ (Phi) Σ (Sigma) Ω (Omega)
β (beta) ε (epsilon) ռ (eta) λ (lambda) µ (my) π (pi) φ (phi) т (tau)

Hearts: ❤♥❥♡

Japanese: 見本盤 (Promo) | 非売品 (Not For Sale)

Lines/Dashes: ¯ - ‒ – _ — ¦ ┊ | ¬ Γ

Mathematics: ± – ≠ ∞ × < > ÷ Λ ⋀ ⋁ / \ Σ ✓ ✔ √ ∧∠ ∨ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ Π

Musical symbols: ♪ ♫ ♬ ♭ ♩ ∫ ♮ ♯

Office: ☎ ☏ ✄ ✂ ✆ ✉

Quotes: ❛ ❜ ❝ ❞ ˂˃ « »„ “

Stars | Crosses | Rosettes
٭✳ ✱ ✲ ✶ ★☆ ✮ ✯⋆ ✩ ✴ ✦ ✧✡ ✪ ✫ ✬ ✭ ✰ ✵ ✷ ✸ ✹ ✺
✖ ✗ ✘× ⊗ † ✝ ✞ ✟ ☦☨‡☩҂ ✕ ☥ ☧ ╋ ✙ ✚ ✛ ✜ ✠
✽❖✢ ✣ ✤ ✥ ✻ ✼ ✾ ✿ ❀ ❁ ❂ ❃ ❇ ❈ ❉ ❊ ❋

Upside down: ∀ ɐ ɔ ∃ ә ɟ ɥ ч ɯ и ʁ я ɹ d ⊥ ʌ ʍ λ ¿ ¡

Weather: ☾ ☽ ☼ ☀ ☁ ☂ ☃ ⁂ ☄❄ ❅ ❆

Pressing Plant Information for LPs:
❀ flower and bird motifs to the right of AZ = Brian Gardner.
ⓤ = Pressed by United Record Pressing
0 = Capitol Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Jacksonville
—◁ = Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Winchester
✲ or ☆ (prior to '64 = Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Los Angeles)
◈-P-◈ = MCA Pressing Plant, Pinckneyville
▣-G-▣ = MCA Pressing Plant, Gloversville
a, Q, O Check Allied Record Company
@ (DC Interlocked) = Dave Crawford (2)
AL = Allentown Record Co. Inc.
AR or ARC= Allied Record Company
ARP = American Record Pressing Co.
BW = Bestway Products Inc.
CS or CSM = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
G or G1= Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Carrollton, GA
H (RCA Releases) RCA Records Pressing Plant, Hollywood
HRM = Hauppauge Record Manufacturing Ltd.
I (RCA Releases) RCA Records Pressing Plant, Indianapolis
LY = Shelley Products
MG or MGS = MGM Record Mfg. Division, Bloomfield, NJ
MO = Monarch Record Mfg. Co.
PH = PRC Recording Company, Richmond, IN
P, PIT = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman
PL or PP= Plastic Products
PR = Presswell
PRC = PRC Recording Company, Richmond, IN
PRC-C or PRC-W = PRC Recording Company, Compton, CA
RI = Philips Recording Co., Richmond, IN
R (RCA Releases) RCA Records Pressing Plant, Rockaway
SO = Sonic Recording Products, Inc.
SP = Specialty Records Corporation
Ƨ, S, SI, S S2, = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
TI, TII, TII, CT or CTH = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
T, 1T, T1, 2T, T2 = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
X = Embosed or S Backwards In or our of circle = Shelley Products
★ or ◈ = At the end of the matrix number on B-side is Decca Records Pressing Plant, Richmond, IN. ★ (pre-1952), ◈ (1953 and after). Can also be identified by a small stamped "3" in the runout.

The below A&M Records label codes also contribute to pressing plant identification which include the Terre Haute plant and others;
X = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman
Y or y = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
Z = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
W = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Carrollton, GA
C = Monarch Record Mfg. Co. (pre-1985), Electrosound Los Angeles (1985-86)
B = Electrosound Group Midwest, Inc.
R = RCA Records Pressing Plant, Indianapolis

W = H.V. Waddell Co. (Not on Atlantic Releases)
Columbia Recording Studios Identifiable by machine-stamped codes in the runouts: ZTSP (7" 45 RPM mono), ZTEP (7" 45 RPM EP mono), TLP (1949 custom 10" LP's), XTLP (1949 custom 12" LP's), TV (10"), XTV (12" LP mono), XSV (12" LP stereo), ZTV (7" mono), ZSV (7" stereo), QXSV (12" LP quadraphonic), QZSV (7" quadraphonic), P (10" 78 RPM), XP (12" 78 RPM), ZP (7" 78 RPM), PA (10" 78 RPM EP), XPA (12" 78 RPM EP), ZPA (7" 78 RPM EP). Additionally one of Columbia Recording Studios' mastering rooms, in the 1956-57 period, did have a stamped 5-pointed star on some lacquers on both LP and 45. Seen on both Hollywood and Bridgeport pressings.

16 = Sonic Recording Products, Inc./Goldisc Recording Products, Inc.
18 = Presswell
19 = Bestway Products Inc.
22 = Allied
24 = Monarch Record Mfg. Co.
25 = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
26 = PRC Recording Company, Compton, CA
30 = Plastic Products
49 = Specialty Records Corporation
53 = Keel Mfg. (prior to ’79); Hauppauge Record Manufacturing, Ltd. (’79 and later)
54 = Shelley Products
56 = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman
70 = RCA Records Pressing Plant, Indianapolis
72 = PRC Recording Company, Richmond, IN
73 = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
74 = Electrosound Group Midwest
76 = Hub-Servall Record Mfg. Corp.

Forum discussions:
=================

Runout Etchings:
http://www.discogs.com/forum/thread/743281
------------------------------------------------------------
Guideline changelog:
http://www.discogs.com/forum/thread/356624
------------------------------------------------------------
Masterlist of recording/mixing/mastering studios:
http://www.discogs.com/help/forums/topic/277190
------------------------------------------------------------



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