- Northeast Brazil
- Joined on June 29, 2015
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No Artist - Discogs Dummy Release™
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Blank artist page: http://www.discogs.com/history?artist=
Blank label page: http://www.discogs.com/history?label=
Portuguese accented characters:
´ (acento agudo): Áá Éé Íí Óó Úú
^ (acento circunflexo): Ââ Êê Ôô
` (acento grave): Àà
~ (til): Ãã Õõ
¨ (trema [no longer used]): Üü
Brazilian releases / manufactured in Brazil
The first vinyl record from Brazil is Carnaval Em "Long Playing", a 10" LP containing recordings from various artists, dated 1951. The second vinyl record was Paradas De Sucessos released by Sinter in 1952. The first 12" LP is Waldir Calmon's Feito Para Dançar 1, dated 1953. 10" LPs would be the standard format until 1958. Nara Leão's Garota de Ipanema (Philips) was the first Brazilian CD, dated 9 April 1986.
Barcodes are very rare in pre-90s Brazilian releases. Around 1994 the majority of releases already had barcodes printed.
General legislation in Portuguese.
1) Batch ID
Introduced on 22 April 2003 as an anti-piracy measure, the batch numbering system is applied to the majority of media related to the main music industry (pressed CDs, vinyl records and concert DVDs - although some recordable media may also have it: Kassava - Brincando Com Fogo). The code consists of two letters followed by numbers, making use of all 26 letters of the latin alphabet (AA to AZ, BA to BZ, CA to CZ...)
The letter indicates to which manufacturing run a copy belongs to. Any Batch ID other than AA is a repress, so use the "Repress" tag in the format section. On 22 April 2003 all Batch IDs were resetted to AA. AA will indicate:
-A first press, if a release was first manufactured on 22 April 2003 or later.
-A repress, if a release was originally issued before Batch IDs were introduced (see Martinho Da Vila - Martinho & Amigos - originally issued in 2002).
The number that comes after the two letters represents the number of copies manufactured in that run:
AA0001000 - 1st run, a thousand copies
AB0000500 - 2nd run, five hundred copies
AC0020000 - 3rd run, twenty thousand copies
The codes are easy to spot, often black print on white rectangles on artwork. Batch IDs can generally be found:
-near barcode on back cover
-on disc mould (inner disc ring), label/artwork side (generally that version removes the leading zeros: AA0001000 on spine - AA1000 on mould).
Batch IDs must never be entered as catalog numbers because that's not what they are. Different Batch ID = different submission.
To enter a Batch ID, go to BAOI (Barcode & Other Identifiers) and use Other, Add Description, "Batch ID":
-Other (Batch ID): AA0001000
-Other (Batch ID): AB0050000
2) Company roles
Companies are often credited on the back cover and disc of vinyl records, CDs and DVDs, and on cassette shells. Here is a list that might be helpful:
Produzido Por = Manufactured By/Made By/Pressed By
Fabricado Por = Manufactured By/Made By/Pressed By
Distribuído Por = Distributed By
Sob Licença De = Licensed From
Sob Encomenda De = Manufactured For*
Gravado/Gravação = Recorded At (if studio/venue, Recorded By if person)
Mixado/Mixagem = Mixed At (if studio/venue, Mixed By if person)
Masterizado/Masterização = Mastered At (if studio/venue, Mastered By if person)
Através De = Licensed Through (that's a rather rare credit, it's an intermediate company between label/artist and manufacturer, see disc image on Tapasya - Unrelenting Terror 1997-2002)
*"Sob encomenda de" can be translated to "ordered by": it is the person (CPF) or company (CGC/CNPJ) who contacts a pressing plant to start the manufacture of a certain release. You might notice that in many releases the credit added is "Licensed Through" or "Licensed From": that's because "Manufactured For" and "Produced For" are fairly new company roles.
Common legal name endings are S/A (S.A.) and Ltda. Releases with Lda. are very likely to be Portuguese.
"Cia." is the abbreviation of "Companhia" ("Company").
Do not credit the following:
-Polo Industrial De Manaus (economic/geographic region)
-Zona Franca De Manaus (economic/geographic region)
-Conheça A Amazônia (logo/slogan, anything produced in the industrial zone of Manaus has it printed)
-Disco É Cultura (actually a slogan)
-Indústria Brasileira (actually a slogan, analagous to the Chinese "made in China")
3) CGC (C.G.C. = Cadastro Geral de Contribuintes) x CNPJ (C.N.P.J. = Cadastro Nacional de Pessoa Jurídica) - CPF (C.P.F. - Cadastro De Pessoa Física)
Private companies are given a unique ID - a 14-digit number (XX.XXX.XXX/XXXX-XX) - by the government: either CGC or CNPJ. Industrial products (industrialised food, toys, music media etc) must have either one or the other printed.
CGC was introduced in 1964 - being mandatory around 1965 - and started being replaced by CNPJ in 1 July 1998. Some 1999 and early 2000's releases still bear CGC codes though.
Individuals are also given unique numbers: 11-digit number (XXX.XXX.XXX-XX) CPF, which is printed on releases when the individual is responsible for ordering (see Terror Revolucionário - Mr. Crack) or licensing a release.
No need to enter CGC/CNPJ/CPF numbers in the release page, but if you want to you can use the release notes or BAOI: LCCN must never be used
RSG §4.7.2 ("For other companies on the release, leave the catalog number field blank, unless there is a sequential identifying number that relates directly to the company."). Those numbers identify the company/person and are not sequential. In other words, every release a company/individual is credited for will have the same CGC/CNPJ/CPF number printed.
CGC legislation in Portuguese.
CNPJ legislation in Portuguese.
To find information on a company based on its CGC/CNPJ use this link, entering the string (only numbers).
4) SCDP-PF (SCDP.PF = Serviço de Censura de Diversões Públicas do Departamento de Polícia Federal)
From 1 April 1964 to 15 March 1985 Brazil was governed by a military dictatorship. SCDP-PF was introduced in 1 August 1967 as the means to regulate what music could be considered "safe" for sale and public performance. The meaning of the code has not been deciphred, it still appeared in late 90's releases.
SCDP-PF codes consist of three numbers and two letters, e.g.: SCDP - PF - 002/RJ
You can use BAOI / release notes to enter them.
SCDP-PF legislation in Portuguese.
5) Human credits
Atabaque = Percussion [Atabaque]
Bateria = Drums
Diagramação = Layout [Diagramação]
Direção Artística = A&R
Metais = Brass
Participação Especial (Part. Esp.) = Featuring
Seleção de Repertório = Compiled By
Teclado = Keyboards
Violão = Acoustic Guitar
Zabumba = Percussion [Zabumba]
You can use square brackets to preserve the Portuguese spelling, e.g.: Drums [Bateria]
-Compacto is how 7" vinyl records were called in Brazil
-Fita K7 (or simply K7) is how cassette tapes were also called in Brazil (in Portuguese: K = ka, 7 = sete). "Cassette" in Portuguese is "cassete".
-Disquete = floppy disk
-Pen-Drive = USB stick
Common format suffixes:
1 = vinyl
2 = CD
4 = cassette
7) CEP (Código de Endereçamento Postal)
CEP is the standard postal code in Brazil. Often printed in the company address. No need to credit it as it only semi-identifies the company. Introduced in 1971 as a five-digit number, became an eight-digit number in 1992.
8) Matrix info
Sony Music Entertainment (Brasil) Ind. E Com. Ltda. and Sony Music Manaus Ind. e Com. Ltda.
MASTERED BY SME BRASIL = Glass Mastered At - SME Brasil
1-1-123456 = 1 disc release
1-2-123456 = disc 1 out of 2-disc release
2-2-123456 = disc 2 out of 2-disc release
S M B in the disc mould stands for Sony Music Brasil.
IFPI G701 not IFPI 6701
IFPI G702 not IFPI 6701
Sonopress-Rimo da Amazônia Indústria e Comércio Fonográfica Ltda.
IFPI LB43 not IFPI L843
IFPI LB49 not IFPI L849
9) Notorious individuals
Technical, Production: Ary Carvalhaes, Guti Carvalho, João Moreira, Jorge "Gordo" Guimarães, Luigi Hoffer, Rogério Gauss