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ⓅⒸ ®

(https://www.discogs.com/forum/thread/706164?page=1)
-1929 BIEM was formed

Introduced 1947:
Ⓐ or A = Artistique
Ⓜ or M = Médium
Ⓢ or S = Standard
Microgroove (CBS)

Introduced 1948
High Fidelity (Decca)

Introduced 1959 (for Philips)
Ⓓ = Deluxe for classic records later used for other releases with a price lower than Ⓐ
Ⓟ = Popular but no corresponding date

Introduced 1964:
Ⓝ (for Visadisc 7")
la Gravure Universelle

Pathé Marconi alternate price code system (between 1967 and 1968 ):
A: Large orchestrations
B: small or medium orchestrations
C: Solo artists
D: Foreign artists.

Introduced 1968:
ⓉⓊ
For 45RPM:

For EPs


Introduced 1969:
P4 for Visadisc 7"

Introduced 1970:
ⒷⒸⒺⒻⒼⒽⓇ

Introduced 1971:
ⒾⓀⓆⓌⓍ
For 45RPM:
NA (1971 - 1975)

⚠ BIEM/SACEM transition :1971
SACEM SDRM SACD SGDL

Introduced 1972:

For 45RPM:


Introduced 1973:



Introduced 1974:

For 45RPM:
LA, PN

Introduced 1975:
FB
OE for Carrousel LP
For 45RPM:


Introduced 1976 for 45RPM:
EA
Barcode appears in Europe
Label Codes appear on May 1

Introduced 1977:
Ⓥ KC, RB, SE, SF
For 45RPM:
EC
Last quarter of the year new price code begin to appear.
International label codes appear.

Introduced 1979 until late 1984:
Company specific price codes:

PM, POL, AE, PG, BA, CB, etc.

1980/81
BIEM / GEMA

1984
Barcode appears in in Germany

_____________________________________

Up to around 15 minutes of audio per side does not fit to the LP format, it is a more loud cut.
LP means Long Play microgroove cut. It allows to engrave up to approximately 30 minutes per side on a 12".

Discogs database discriminates between those two formats (see RSG §6.6).
Thereby, even if labels' marketing communication could sometime use 'LP' to notify that the release contains the usual amount of audio for an album, It should be understood as 'Long Playing release', not as 'Long Play cut'.

For example here is two different cuts for the same album:
-Original LP release: Roots
-Same audio material later distributed on a 2X12" 33RPM: Roots

RP means repressed with a master originated from a lacquer that has been used previously, it should only be ticked by providing a link to a previous version sharing the same runouts, or at least a strong source.
If none of this information is provided, RE is enough.
Moreover, note that RE + RP can be used together, if there is a significant time gap between releases and if they share same runouts.

Some pressing plants:

08 ##### AA BCD E (e.g. 08 45171 20 1A1) Record Industry
XY#####-ZZ (e.g. B847793-01) Optimal Media Production
######X~/Z (e.g. 197618E1/A) GZ Media
####### A1 / B1 or ## #### - A1 / B1 EMI Electrola GmbH
###### YY ZZ (e.g. 05944 A1 FK ) Celebrate Records GmbH
#### or ##### +or "ST" / "TST" / "ETST" Schallplattenfabrik Pallas GmbH

https://www.piliapp.com/cool-text/strikethrough-text/

Recent Activity

Action Description
Seatbelts* - Cowboy Bebop (Original Series Soundtrack)
posted a review of Seatbelts* - Cowboy Bebop (Original Series Soundtrack). 7 months ago
So you have this one, that possibly sounds different, who knows?: https://www.discogs.com/fr/release/22605056-Seatbelts-Cowboy-Bebop-Original-Series-Soundtrack
Kromestar - Kalawanji / Surgery
posted a review of Kromestar - Kalawanji / Surgery. 7 months ago
Yes I wonder if this new lacquer is as loud as the first press one...
FM (32) - Gymnasium
posted a review of FM (32) - Gymnasium. about 1 year ago
Reviewed by fafanos (moved from release notes):
Debut 12" from Parisian producer FM.
2 tracks distiling the vintage rave house vibe of a TR808 on a cassette tape.
posted a review that has since been deleted. about 1 year ago
Ennio Morricone - Les Bandes Sonores De Ses Films Vol. 2
submitted Ennio Morricone - Les Bandes Sonores De Ses Films Vol. 2. about 1 year ago
The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture)
posted a review of The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture). about 1 year ago
Just to say that this one sounds good! to my mind.... : )
Lunice - One Hunned
posted a review of Lunice - One Hunned. about 1 year ago
So glad this one got a proper RE, with great RMXs by the way...
Patrick Michaud - Synthétiseurs, Samplers & Polarweiss
posted a review of Patrick Michaud - Synthétiseurs, Samplers & Polarweiss . about 1 year ago
Unheard tracks of french musician Patrick Michaud. A journey from synth to computer, a sequence of the New Wave mutation in between two decades. 1988 - 1992.

Comment from ethyenedj moved from notes to Review as per RSG §11.3.
The Papeete Players - Wild, Wild Tahiti
submitted The Papeete Players - Wild, Wild Tahiti. about 1 year ago
Arthur Lyman - Tabou / Les Sons Exotiques D'Arthur Lyman
submitted Arthur Lyman - Tabou / Les Sons Exotiques D'Arthur Lyman. about 1 year ago
Various - Maya L'Abeille
submitted Various - Maya L'Abeille. about 1 year ago
Kromestar - My Sound
posted a comment on Kromestar - My Sound. about 1 year ago
Not a repress but it's just reissued with a new mastering by Beau : My Sound
Michel Magne - Mélodie En Sous-Sol / Un Singe En Hiver
submitted Michel Magne - Mélodie En Sous-Sol / Un Singe En Hiver. about 1 year ago
Various - Jackie Brown (Music From The Miramax Motion Picture)
submitted Various - Jackie Brown (Music From The Miramax Motion Picture). about 1 year ago
Mikis Theodorakis - Z (Bande Originale Du Film)
submitted Mikis Theodorakis - Z (Bande Originale Du Film). over 2 years ago
Bourvil - Tendre Bourvil
submitted Bourvil - Tendre Bourvil. over 2 years ago
Django Reinhardt & Stéphane Grappelli -
submitted Django Reinhardt & Stéphane Grappelli - "Django Et Stéphane". over 2 years ago
Various - More Reggae Music
submitted Various - More Reggae Music. over 2 years ago
Georges Guétary - Georges Guétary
submitted Georges Guétary - Georges Guétary. over 2 years ago
Strategy (6) X Fiend (22) - Premium Grease
submitted Strategy (6) X Fiend (22) - Premium Grease. over 2 years ago
Various - Galicia Canta
submitted Various - Galicia Canta. over 2 years ago
Marc Taynor Et Ses Cow Boys* - Western Parade
submitted Marc Taynor Et Ses Cow Boys* - Western Parade. over 2 years ago
posted a comment that has since been deleted. over 3 years ago
The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture)
submitted The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture). over 3 years ago
Le Groupe Apollo* - Les Mystérieuses Cités D'Or (Bande Originale De La Série Télévisée)
posted a comment on Le Groupe Apollo* - Les Mystérieuses Cités D'Or (Bande Originale De La Série Télévisée). over 3 years ago
Le Groupe Apollo* - Les Mystérieuses Cités D'Or (Bande Originale De La Série Télévisée)
posted a comment on Le Groupe Apollo* - Les Mystérieuses Cités D'Or (Bande Originale De La Série Télévisée). over 3 years ago
The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture)
posted a comment on The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture). over 3 years ago
'original Japanese pressing' ? what are you talking about? I thought there was only unoficial back in the days, and pressed by who now? as this VICTOR is a unofficial, and the pressing is done By MPO. Let me know if you get some infos or even if you... See full review
The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture)
posted a comment on The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture). over 3 years ago
+1, at least enter the runouts to let us know if it is a different lacquer cut than the 2020 NRP's one that seems to be failed
The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture)
posted a comment on The RZA* - Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai (Music From The Motion Picture). over 3 years ago
it seems to be another lacquer cut than the 2020 NRP's lacquer cut that have been pointed out to be not good
CESRV, Fleezus, Febem - BRIME!
posted a comment on CESRV, Fleezus, Febem - BRIME!. over 3 years ago
Great! it's been a long time I'm waiting for this kind of crossover, last time it was Violet on https://www.discogs.com/Sarantis-DeVille-Vocals-And-Versions/release/6822382 (2009)
Biga*Ranx* - 1988
posted a comment on Biga*Ranx* - 1988. over 3 years ago
il y en a 10 à vendre actuellement, ici même l'ami
Mussorgsky*, Ravel*, Karajan*, Philharmonia Orchestra - Tableaux D'une Exposition
submitted Mussorgsky*, Ravel*, Karajan*, Philharmonia Orchestra - Tableaux D'une Exposition. over 3 years ago
Various - Panorama Du Jazz Classique
submitted Various - Panorama Du Jazz Classique. over 3 years ago
Nick Martinelli & David Todd
posted a comment on Nick Martinelli & David Todd. over 3 years ago
sorry, the link is here (and some more words cause i'm asked too): https://www.thediscoparadise.com/dj.php?l=david-todd
Nick Martinelli & David Todd
posted a comment on Nick Martinelli & David Todd. over 3 years ago
have a look here mate, seems there's one, at least ^_*
Barbara (5) - Bobino 1967
submitted Barbara (5) - Bobino 1967 . over 3 years ago
B.T. (Brenda Taylor)* - You Can't Have Your Cake And Eat It Too
posted a comment on B.T. (Brenda Taylor)* - You Can't Have Your Cake And Eat It Too. over 3 years ago
you mean the US one? and what about the UK, german etc...same lacquer?
Otis Redding - Pain In My Heart
posted a review of Otis Redding - Pain In My Heart. over 3 years ago
Nice quite pressing by Optimal. An interesting selection of tracks, A and B sides are very contrasted.
Kabuki (4) - I Am A Horse / My Hair
posted a comment on Kabuki (4) - I Am A Horse / My Hair. over 3 years ago
Wow! what a tune ! I'm a horse and I'm smashed
Gainsbourg* - Musiques De Films
posted a comment on Gainsbourg* - Musiques De Films. over 3 years ago
it's a strong info, why don't update you the entry ?
Beastie Boys - Licensed To Ill
posted a comment on Beastie Boys - Licensed To Ill. over 3 years ago
it's manufactured in US but pressed in EU, looking at the pressing plant entry
Beastie Boys - Licensed To Ill
posted a comment on Beastie Boys - Licensed To Ill. over 3 years ago
It seems that EU and US share the same lacquer cut by Ron McMaster
But it's not pressed by GZ nor in EU or US
Beastie Boys - Licensed To Ill
posted a comment on Beastie Boys - Licensed To Ill. over 3 years ago
WolfRideDeadHorse I guess you confund the Optimal scheme with the current UMG's catalogue scheme. Pay attention, it shows one more digit : ) there's a warning about that on the Optimal's entry.
No trace of a GZ's scheme on this EU pressing nor in the... See full review
Chilly Gonzales* - Solo Piano
submitted Chilly Gonzales* - Solo Piano. over 3 years ago
Stan Getz / Charlie Byrd - Jazz Samba
posted a comment on Stan Getz / Charlie Byrd - Jazz Samba. over 3 years ago
Thanx, it should be usefull to make that warning directly on the concerned entry's comments field (the 1974 RE http://www.discogs.com/release/392597)
posted a comment that has since been deleted. over 3 years ago
Various - Alfred Hitchcock - The Best Scores From Alfred Hitchcock's Films
posted a review of Various - Alfred Hitchcock - The Best Scores From Alfred Hitchcock's Films. over 3 years ago
Nice mastering from tracks that seems extracted from movies themselves, tracks are blended in a very immersive way, shorts silences between tracks makes a kind of mix into the compilation. Good job !
Orelsan - Le Chant Des Sirènes
posted a comment on Orelsan - Le Chant Des Sirènes. over 3 years ago
Very nice cut here, sounds and vocals are clear and very well layered.
I wonder where the the first release was cut ,as there's no runouts entered yet...
Pierre Dac , Au Piano Alain Evans - Histoires De Paris
submitted Pierre Dac , Au Piano Alain Evans - Histoires De Paris. over 3 years ago
Various - Samurai Champloo - The Way Of The Samurai / Vinyl Collection
posted a comment on Various - Samurai Champloo - The Way Of The Samurai / Vinyl Collection. over 3 years ago
And what about anti skating ? (if you have the adjustement on your turntable, this should be set to same value as weight on needle)