Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman

Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman

Profile:
A record, cassette and CD manufacturing facility that operated in Pitman, New Jersey from 1961 until 2011.

History:
Designed by Minoru Yamasaki on a 72-acre site, CBS Inc. (Columbia) officially opened the plant on May 17, 1961 as a high capacity record production facility operated on two shifts by staff of 300 employees managed by Joe Massimino (although the facility actually began limited operations on Oct. 29, 1960, per the booklet that came with The Pitman Family Of Music: Our First 20-Years).

In the fall of 1986, CBS Inc. announced that it would convert the plant to compact disc manufacturing by 1988 and would reach an annual production goal of 20 million units while consolidating its US vinyl record manufacturing business to the Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Carrollton, GA facility.

In 1988, it became part of the Sony Corporation when Sony acquired CBS Inc.'s music business, which ultimately realigned it as a part of the Sony DADC network. During this time it grew into a 500,000 square foot complex with a purported average monthly output of 18 million CDs. DADC, Pitman is the preferred entity for CDs produced by this plant.

Sony DADC closed the facility in early 2011 and migrated the CD manufacturing operations to the DADC, Terre Haute, Indiana facility. At the time of the Pitman plant's closure, its average daily output had decreased to 16,000 CDs.

Pitman Vinyl Record Identifiers:
- CPFR,
- PIT etched (See profile image)
- P hand-etched (and in a rather big size) instead of machine-stamped as up to 1981-82. (See image)
- P or p or CP - Stamped. Pitman, NJ (see image]
- On Capitol Records contract pressings, the number 54 in the runout and a large sized pressing ring (69 mm) on the labels.
- 2.75" (69 mm) main pressing ring diameter. A secondary small pressing ring of 14/32" (11 mm) may often be found on Side B.

(Useful tips for correctly identifying Pitman vinyl records)
It should be noted that, in some cases, locating the plant identifier "P" can be challenging.
A good magnification tool is recommended for this task, as the stamping can be very faint sometimes.
The "P" is often inverted at an angle so that it may seem like a "d" when viewed from the disc edge.
The stamp is most commonly found in the near vicinity of the matrix string, sometimes appearing
an inch before it, or directly after it. Many unusual configurations also exist, so check carefully.
Pitman identification is one of the most commonly overlooked in the DB.

Pitman CD Pressing Identifiers:
On CDs (1989 or later): Pressed By - DADC, Pitman can be added based on the presence of a "CMU P nn" (or "CMU P nnn") mould stamp in large font on inner plastic ring, readable from label side, or "P nn" (or "P nnn" or Pn) in small font near the hole. (nn or nnn or n may be any number.) These codes should be added as Other Identifiers, but not Catalog Numbers, because they are not unique. Don't credit this plant if there is no "P" on the hub.

Note: After Sony's acquisition the plant was converted to CD manufacturing only, to make more CDs for CBS (now fully owned by Sony). Due to the use of Code 39 matrix barcodes, the discs look very similar to WEA Mfg discs, but the matrix font is Sony's and the plastic hub has the "P" stamps described above. These different looking discs continued until about 1996, when Sony apparently replaced the lines with the same ones as other DADC plants. Discs made after this changeover are difficult to distinguish from those of other DADC plants.

Miscellaneous:
Customatrix, a division of CBS Inc.'s Columbia vinyl record manufacturing operations, handled the making of metal parts (e.g. mothers, stampers) for many pressings by Columbia's plants, including those used at the Pitman facility. However, parts from other companies, such as Longwear Plating were also used.

The Pitman Plant was known to have pressed for:
-Pitman pressings on PolyGram labels (such as Mercury, Polydor, RSO and Casablanca) from 1979-80 were indicated by a '56' code on the label.
-ECM product (ECM Records) was pressed by Columbia Pitman plant only in the period when Polydor distributed that label.
-A&M Records
-ATCO Records
-ABC Records
-White Whale
-K-Tel - indicated by a '16' code on the label.
-Gordy with metal parts supplied by Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
-Blue Thumb Records
-CTI Records with metal parts supplied by Audio Matrix, Inc.

The below A&M Records label codes also contribute to pressing plant identification which include the Pitman plant and others;
X = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman
Y or y = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
Z = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
W = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Carrollton, GA
C = Monarch Record Mfg. Co. (pre-1985), Electrosound Los Angeles (1985-86)
B = Electrosound Group Midwest, Inc.
R = RCA Records Pressing Plant, Indianapolis
Contact Info:
Lambs & Woodbury Roads
Pitman, NJ 08071
USA
(609) 589-8000
(Contact info now obsolete)
Sites:
[l447694]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
Put Your Hand In The Hand  album cover Gene MacLellan Put Your Hand In The Hand(Acetate, 8") Beechwood Music Corp. US 1970 Sell This Version
Andy Gibb Shadow Dancing(LP, Album, Pit) RSO Colombia 1978 Sell This Version
001 The Modern Dance  album cover Pere Ubu The Modern Dance (Album) 001 US 1978 Sell This Version
1C8-39913 Hard Rock  album cover Herbie Hancock Hard Rock(12", Ltd, Pic) Columbia 1C8-39913 US 1984 Sell This Version
1CD 8126 This Is Your Country: Today's Greatest Hits & Stars  album cover Various This Is Your Country: Today's Greatest Hits & Stars(CD, Comp, Club) Realm Records 1CD 8126 US 1991 Sell This Version
1R1 6108 I'm Coming Home  album cover Johnny Mathis I'm Coming Home(Reel, 4tr Stereo, 7" Reel, Album) Columbia 1R1 6108 US 1973 Sell This Version
1R1 7214 Kansas (2) Audio-Visions(Reel, 5" Reel, Album) Kirshner 1R1 7214 US 1980 Sell This Version
002 Make A Record  album cover The Suicide Commandos Make A Record(LP, Album) Blank Records (2) 002 US 1978 Sell This Version
2 BR 6952 Todd  album cover Todd Rundgren Todd(2xLP, Album, Pit) Bearsville, Bearsville 2 BR 6952 US 1974 Sell This Version
2BS 2923 We Sold Our Soul For Rock 'N' Roll  album cover Black Sabbath We Sold Our Soul For Rock 'N' Roll (Comp) 2BS 2923 US 1979 Sell This Version
2BS 3140 Waiting For Columbus  album cover Little Feat Waiting For Columbus(2xLP, Album, Club, Col) Warner Bros. Records 2BS 3140 US 1978 Sell This Version
2BX 2066 Something / Anything?  album cover Todd Rundgren Something / Anything?(2xLP, Album, Pit) Bearsville 2BX 2066 US 1972 Sell This Version
2C 0141 The Gregg Allman Tour   album cover Gregg Allman With Cowboy (6) / Boyer* & Talton* Gregg Allman With Cowboy (6) / Boyer* & Talton* - The Gregg Allman Tour (2xLP, Album, Pit) Capricorn Records 2C 0141 US 1974 Sell This Version
2C 064-92167 Naturally  album cover Three Dog Night Naturally(LP, Album) Probe 2C 064-92167 France 1970 Sell This Version
2CA-60018 Inside Ramsey Lewis  album cover Ramsey Lewis Inside Ramsey Lewis(2xLP, Comp, Pit) Cadet 2CA-60018 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH-1514 Chuck Berry's Golden Decade  album cover Chuck Berry Chuck Berry's Golden Decade (Comp) 2CH-1514 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CH-50030 The Golden Age Of Rhythm & Blues  album cover Various The Golden Age Of Rhythm & Blues(2xLP, Comp, Pit) Chess, Chess 2CH-50030 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CP 0102 Eat A Peach  album cover The Allman Brothers Band Eat A Peach (Album) 2CP 0102 US 1972 Sell This Version
2CP 0139 An Anthology Vol. II  album cover Duane Allman An Anthology Vol. II(2xLP, Comp, Pit) Capricorn Records 2CP 0139 US 1974 Sell This Version
2 CPN 0185 Raisin' Hell  album cover Elvin Bishop Raisin' Hell(2xLP, Album, Pit) Capricorn Records 2 CPN 0185 US 1977 Sell This Version
2CX 0131 The Allman Brothers Band At Fillmore East  album cover The Allman Brothers Band The Allman Brothers Band At Fillmore East(2xLP, Album, RE, Pit) Capricorn Records 2CX 0131 US 1974 Sell This Version
2CX 0132 Beginnings  album cover Allman Brothers Band* Beginnings(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Capricorn Records 2CX 0132 US 1974 Sell This Version
2CX0177 Wipe The Windows, Check The Oil, Dollar Gas  album cover The Allman Brothers Band Wipe The Windows, Check The Oil, Dollar Gas(2xLP, Album, Pit) Capricorn Records, Capricorn Records 2CX0177 US 1976 Sell This Version
2F 1019 Sinatra At The Sands  album cover Frank Sinatra With Count Basie & The Orchestra* Arranged & Conducted By Quincy Jones Frank Sinatra With Count Basie & The Orchestra* Arranged & Conducted By Quincy Jones - Sinatra At The Sands(2xLP, Album, Mono, Pit) Reprise Records 2F 1019 US 1966 Sell This Version
2FS 1019 Sinatra At The Sands  album cover Frank Sinatra Sinatra At The Sands(2xLP, Album, Gat) Reprise Records 2FS 1019 US 1966 Sell This Version
2HS 3350 Tusk  album cover Fleetwood Mac Tusk(2xLP, Album, Club) Warner Bros. Records 2HS 3350 US 1979 Sell This Version
2HW 3577 The George Benson Collection  album cover George Benson The George Benson Collection(2xLP, Comp, Club, CRC) Warner Bros. Records 2HW 3577 US 1981 Sell This Version
2MS 2024 The Mothers Of Invention* Uncle Meat (Album) 2MS 2024 US 1969 Sell This Version
2PS 606/7 Hot Rocks 1964-1971  album cover The Rolling Stones Hot Rocks 1964-1971 (Comp) 2PS 606/7 Canada 1971 Sell This Version
2RS 2237 Gord's Gold  album cover Gordon Lightfoot Gord's Gold(2xLP, Comp) Reprise Records, Reprise Records 2RS 2237 US 1975 Sell This Version
2RS 6307 Electric Ladyland  album cover The Jimi Hendrix Experience Electric Ladyland (Album) 2RS 6307 US 1968 Sell This Version
2RS 6334 Sweet Child  album cover The Pentangle* Sweet Child (Album) 2RS 6334 US 1968 Sell This Version
2RS 6482 John Renbourn John Renbourn(2xLP, Comp, Pit) Reprise Records 2RS 6482 US 1973 Sell This Version
2RS 6484 In Concert  album cover The Beach Boys In Concert(2xLP, Album, Pit) Reprise Records, Brother Records (3) 2RS 6484 US 1973 Sell This Version
2 SFS 6012 Richie Havens On Stage  album cover Richie Havens Richie Havens On Stage (Album, Single) 2 SFS 6012 US 1972 Sell This Version
2SR 3590 The Name Of This Band Is Talking Heads  album cover Talking Heads The Name Of This Band Is Talking Heads(2xLP, Album, Pit) Sire 2SR 3590 US 1982 Sell This Version
2T-540 The Songs Of John Lennon & Paul McCartney Performed By The World's Greatest Rock Artists (The Soundtrack From All This And World War II)  album cover Various The Songs Of John Lennon & Paul McCartney Performed By The World's Greatest Rock Artists (The Soundtrack From All This And World War II)(2xLP, Album, RE) 20th Century Records 2T-540 US 1977 Sell This Version
2T-541 Star Wars  album cover John Williams (4), The London Symphony Orchestra John Williams (4), The London Symphony Orchestra - Star Wars(2xLP, Album, Gat) 20th Century Records 2T-541 US 1977 Sell This Version
2 THS 12/13 This Is The Moody Blues  album cover The Moody Blues This Is The Moody Blues (Comp) 2 THS 12/13 US 1974 Sell This Version
2TS 2106 Living In The Past  album cover Jethro Tull Living In The Past (Comp) 2TS 2106 US 1972 Sell This Version
2WB 3500 Fleetwood Mac Live  album cover Fleetwood Mac Fleetwood Mac Live(2xLP, Album, Pit) Warner Bros. Records 2WB 3500 US 1980 Sell This Version
2WS 1555 In Concert  album cover Peter, Paul And Mary* In Concert (Album) 2WS 1555 US 1964 Sell This Version
2WS-1830 Live/Dead  album cover The Grateful Dead Live/Dead (Album) 2WS-1830 US 1969 Sell This Version
2WS 1868 "Live"  album cover The Association (2) "Live"(2xLP, Album, Pit) Warner Bros. Records 2WS 1868 US 1970 Sell This Version
2WS1935 Grateful Dead  album cover Grateful Dead* Grateful Dead (Album) 2WS1935 US 1971 Sell This Version
2WS 2701 Made In Japan  album cover Deep Purple Made In Japan(2xLP, Album, Gat) Warner Bros. Records 2WS 2701 US 1973 Sell This Version
2WS 2809 I And II  album cover Seals & Crofts I And II(2xLP, Comp, Pit) Warner Bros. Records 2WS 2809 US 1974 Sell This Version
2WS 1555 2W 1555 Peter, Paul And Mary* In Concert(2xLP, Album, Gat) Warner Bros. Records 2WS 1555 2W 1555 US 1964 Sell This Version
2XS 1942 Colosseum Live  album cover Colosseum Colosseum Live(2xLP, Album, Gat) Warner Bros. Records 2XS 1942 US 1971 Sell This Version
2XS 6329 The Berkeley Concert  album cover Lenny Bruce The Berkeley Concert(2xLP, RP, Gat) Reprise Records, Bizarre Records 2XS 6329 US Unknown Sell This Version
2XS 6454 The Kink Kronikles  album cover The Kinks The Kink Kronikles(2xLP, Comp, Pit) Reprise Records, Reprise Records 2XS 6454 US 1972 Sell This Version
2XS 6476 The Ballad Of Calico  album cover Kenny Rogers And The First Edition* The Ballad Of Calico(2xLP, Album, Pit) Reprise Records 2XS 6476 US 1972 Sell This Version
2XS 6480 Journey Through The Past  album cover Neil Young Journey Through The Past(2xLP, Pit) Reprise Records 2XS 6480 US 1972 Sell This Version
2Z8-1281 I Got It  album cover New York Port Authority I Got It(12", Single, Promo) Invictus 2Z8-1281 US 1977 Sell This Version
2Z8-2283 The Isley Brothers I Wanna Be With You / Rockin' With Fire(12", Single, Pit) T-Neck 2Z8-2283 US 1979 Sell This Version
2Z8-2773 Instant Replay  album cover Dan Hartman Instant Replay(12", Single, P) Blue Sky 2Z8-2773 US 1978 Sell This Version
2Z8 3671 Phiss-Phizz / Goldmine  album cover Edwin Birdsong Phiss-Phizz / Goldmine(12", Single, Promo) Philadelphia International Records 2Z8 3671 US 1979 Sell This Version
2Z8 3682 You Gonna Make Me Love Somebody Else  album cover The Jones Girls You Gonna Make Me Love Somebody Else(12", Single) Philadelphia International Records 2Z8 3682 US 1979 Sell This Version
2Z8 3692 I'll Never Forget (My Favorite Disco)  album cover Dexter Wansel I'll Never Forget (My Favorite Disco)(12", Single) Philadelphia International Records 2Z8 3692 US 1979 Sell This Version
2Z8 3697 Strut Your Funky Stuff  album cover Frantique Strut Your Funky Stuff(12", Promo) Philadelphia International Records 2Z8 3697 US 1979 Sell This Version
2Z8-4279 Sinner Man  album cover Sarah Dash Sinner Man(12", Single) Kirshner 2Z8-4279 US 1978 Sell This Version
2Z8 9028 Here Comes The Night  album cover The Beach Boys Here Comes The Night (Single) 2Z8 9028 US 1979 Sell This Version
#3 Harper Valley P.T.A. / Yesterday All Day Long Today  album cover Jeannie C. Riley Harper Valley P.T.A. / Yesterday All Day Long Today(7", Single, Pit) Plantation Records #3 US 1968 Sell This Version
3 Calypso And Goombay Rhythms  album cover Freddie Munnings & His Silver Slipper Orchestra Calypso And Goombay Rhythms(LP, Album, RE) Bahama Records, Bahama Records 3 Bahamas, The Unknown Sell This Version
4 Devotion  album cover John McLaughlin Devotion(LP, Album, RE, Gat) Douglas, Douglas 4 US 1972 Sell This Version
4C006-60563 Because The Night  album cover Patti Smith Group Because The Night(7", Single) Arista 4C006-60563 Belgium 1978 Sell This Version
4R9-03574 Electric Avenue / Time Warp  album cover Eddy Grant Electric Avenue / Time Warp (Single) 4R9-03574 US 1982 Sell This Version
4R9-04086 The Party Scene  album cover The Russell Brothers The Party Scene 4R9-04086 US 1983 Sell This Version
4R9-04971 Girls Just Want To Have Fun  album cover Cyndi Lauper Girls Just Want To Have Fun(12") Portrait 4R9-04971 US 1984 Sell This Version
4R9-05106 Say Yeah  album cover The Limit (2) Say Yeah(12", Single) Portrait 4R9-05106 US 1984 Sell This Version
4R9-05172 Don't Take My Guns Away  album cover The Elvis Brothers Don't Take My Guns Away(12", Single) Portrait 4R9-05172 US 1985 Sell This Version
4R9 05331 Don't You Want My Love  album cover Nicole* Don't You Want My Love(12") Portrait, Portrait 4R9 05331 US 1986 Sell This Version
4R9-05949 Housecalls  album cover Nicole* Housecalls(12") Portrait 4R9-05949 US 1985 Sell This Version
4S-45106 But For Love / Angeline  album cover Jerry Naylor But For Love / Angeline(7", Styrene, Pit) Columbia 4S-45106 US 1970 Sell This Version
4S-45110 (If You Let Me Make Love To You Then) Why Can't I Touch You?  album cover Ronnie Dyson (If You Let Me Make Love To You Then) Why Can't I Touch You? (Single) 4S-45110 US 1970 Sell This Version
4S-45125 Miss America  album cover Mark Lindsay Miss America(7", Single, Pit) Columbia 4S-45125 US 1970 Sell This Version
4S-45127 Make Me Smile / Colour My World  album cover Chicago (2) Make Me Smile / Colour My World (Single) 4S-45127 US 1970 Sell This Version
4S-45138 Listen To The Young Folks  album cover Freddy Weller Listen To The Young Folks(7", Mono, Promo, Styrene) Columbia, Columbia 4S-45138 US 1970 Sell This Version
4S-45150 Gone Movin' On / Interlude (To Be Forgotten)  album cover Raiders (2) Gone Movin' On / Interlude (To Be Forgotten)(7", Single) Columbia 4S-45150 US 1970 Sell This Version
4V9 42681 Lifeline (Special Club Mix)  album cover Spandau Ballet Lifeline (Special Club Mix)(12") Chrysalis 4V9 42681 US 1983 Sell This Version
4V9 42685 White Wedding  album cover Billy Idol White Wedding 4V9 42685 US 1982 Sell This Version
4V9 42701 Hot Hot Hot  album cover Arrow (2) Hot Hot Hot(12", Pic) Chrysalis 4V9 42701 US 1984 Sell This Version
4V9 42708 Street Beat  album cover Toni Basil Street Beat(12") Chrysalis, Radialchoice, Virgin 4V9 42708 US 1983 Sell This Version
4V9 42734 Love Is A Battlefield (Special Extended Re·mix)  album cover Benatar* Love Is A Battlefield (Special Extended Re·mix) (Single) 4V9 42734 US 1983 Sell This Version
4V9 42741 Rush Rush  album cover Deborah Harry Rush Rush(12", Advance, Promo) Chrysalis 4V9 42741 US 1983 Sell This Version
4V9 42754 Over My Head  album cover Toni Basil Over My Head(12") Chrysalis 4V9 42754 US 1983 Sell This Version
4V9-42810 Flesh For Fantasy (Below The Belt Mix)  album cover Billy Idol Flesh For Fantasy (Below The Belt Mix)(12") Chrysalis 4V9-42810 US 1984 Sell This Version
4V9 42878 Invincible (Theme From The Legend Of Billie Jean) (Extended Remix)  album cover Pat Benatar Invincible (Theme From The Legend Of Billie Jean) (Extended Remix)(12") Chrysalis 4V9 42878 US 1985 Sell This Version
4V9 42889 The Power Of Love  album cover Huey Lewis And The News* The Power Of Love(12") Chrysalis 4V9 42889 US 1985 Sell This Version
4V9 42934 Legs  album cover The Art Of Noise Legs (Single) 4V9 42934 US 1985 Sell This Version
4V9 42937 Just For Money (Extended Version)  album cover Paul Hardcastle Just For Money (Extended Version)(12", M/Print) Chrysalis 4V9 42937 US 1985 Sell This Version
4V9 42992 Peter Gunn (Extended Version)  album cover The Art Of Noise Featuring Duane Eddy The Art Of Noise Featuring Duane Eddy - Peter Gunn (Extended Version)(12", Single) China Records, Chrysalis 4V9 42992 US 1986 Sell This Version
4V9 43023 International Language Of Dance  album cover Wild Blue International Language Of Dance(12") Chrysalis 4V9 43023 US 1986 Sell This Version
4W8 5309 Feel It  album cover Revelation (2) Feel It(12") Handshake Records And Tapes 4W8 5309 US 1980 Sell This Version
4W9 02174 I Really Love You  album cover Heaven & Earth* I Really Love You(12", Single) WMOT Records 4W9 02174 US 1981 Sell This Version
4W9 02237 Let Me Give You Love  album cover Barbara Mason Let Me Give You Love(12") WMOT Records 4W9 02237 US 1981 Sell This Version
4W9 02438 Why'd You Have To Be So Sexy  album cover Amii Stewart Why'd You Have To Be So Sexy(12", Pit) Handshake Records And Tapes 4W9 02438 US 1981 Sell This Version
4W9 02605 Here To Stay (Me And My Double R.R.)  album cover Count Coolout Here To Stay (Me And My Double R.R.)(12", Promo) WMOT Records 4W9 02605 US 1981 Sell This Version
4W9 02624 Fun  album cover Bliss (32) Fun(12", Promo) WMOT Records 4W9 02624 US 1981 Sell This Version
4W9 02761 It's Good To Be The King  album cover Mel Brooks It's Good To Be The King(12") WMOT Records 4W9 02761 US 1982 Sell This Version