Designed by the Minoru Yamasaki on a 72-acre site, CBS Inc. (Columbia) opened the plant on May 17, 1961 as a high capacity vinyl production facility operated on two shifts by staff of 300 employees managed by Joe Massimino.
In the fall of 1986, CBS Inc. announced that it would convert the plant to compact disc manufacturing by 1988 and would reach an annual production goal of 20 million units while consolidating its US vinyl manufacturing business to the Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Carrollton, GA facility.
In 1988, it became part of the Sony Corporation when it acquired CBS Inc.'s music business, which ultimately realigned it as a part of the Sony DADC network. During this time it grew into a 500,000 square foot complex with a purported average monthly output of 18 million CDs.
Sony DADC closed the facility in early 2011 and migrated Pitman's compact disc manufacturing operations to the Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute facility. At the time of the Pitman plant's closure, its average daily output had decreased to 16,000 CDs.
Pitman Vinyl Pressing Identifiers:
-PIT etched (See profile image)
-P hand-etched (and in a rather big size) instead of machine-stamped as up to 1981-82. (See image)
-P or p or CP - Stamped. Pitman, NJ (see image]
-On Capitol Records contract pressings, the number 54 in the runout and a large sized pressing ring on the labels.
Pitman CD Pressing Identifiers:
On CDs (1989 or later): "CMU P nn" (or "CMU P nnn") mould stamp in large font on inner plastic ring, readable from label side, or "P nn" (or "P nnn") in small font near the hole. (nn or nnn may be any number.) These codes should be added as Other Identifiers, but not Catalog Numbers, because they are not unique.
Note: After Sony's acquisition the plant was converted to CD manufacturing only, to make more CDs for CBS (now fully owned by Sony), but the discs looked very similar to WEA Mfg discs, except they had "CMU" in the plastic hub. This plant is known as Sony DADC SDM (Sony Disc Mfg). These different looking discs continued into the 90s, when Sony replaced the lines with the same ones DADC uses, so the discs were identical to DADC's other plants.
Customatrix, a division of CBS Inc.'s Columbia vinyl manufacturing operations, handled the making of metal parts (e.g. mothers, stampers) for many pressings by Columbia's plants, including those used at the Pitman facility. However, parts from other companies, such as Longwear Plating were also used.
The Pitman Plant was known to have pressed for:
-Pitman pressings on PolyGram labels (such as Mercury, Polydor, RSO and Casablanca) from 1979-80 were indicated by a '56' code on the label.
-ECM product (ECM Records) was pressed by Columbia Pitman plant only in the period when Polydor distributed that label.
-K-Tel - indicated by a '16' code on the label.
-Gordy with metal parts supplied by Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
-Blue Thumb Records
The below A&M Records label codes also contribute to pressing plant identification which include the Pitman plant and others;
X = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman
Y or y = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute
Z = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria
W = Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Carrollton, GA
C = Monarch Record Mfg. Co. (pre-1985), Electrosound Los Angeles (1985-86)
B = Electrosound Group Midwest, Inc.
R = RCA Records Pressing Plant, Indianapolis